Task #4 timeline


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Task #4 timeline

  1. 1. Colonial Period (1600-1750) 1745 - 1770 - 1635 - The 1647 - Old Arithmetic Massachussetts Philadelphia Boston Latin Deluder Satan introduced into Act of 1642 African School School founded Act Latin Grammar founded Schools The purpose of education at this time was overall to promote the reading of the Bible and the support of religion.This was especially important to American colonists because they came to America to practice their religion freely; therefore it was a cornerstone of their society. This is especially seen with the Puritans. Education was a privilege to the white and wealthy, though there were some Quaker schools for Native Americans and African Americans. Of course, schools remained segregated at this time. The Massachussets Act of 1642 promoted Important subjects There was no Dame schools (run by Schools were reserved during this period universal compulsory separation of church widows or and state in these mainly for the wealthy education by fining indluded: housewives), reading white males, towns for having times. and writing the classic Although, the lower children unable to read.Parochial schools were schools, and Latin languages (Latin Grammar schools class could attend The Old Deluder Satan established for and different creeds, so (equivalent to todays through the elementary Act soonthere was segregation secondary schools) level, learning followed, mandating Greek), reading, of schools even by were the institutions of reading, writing, and the establishment and writing, the time math. support of schools.religion at these times. P These acts greatly and arithmetic S L supported universal literacy L E
  2. 2. History of Education Timeline Hannah Foster EFC 310 Theme Symbol Key: P = Public Education L = Universal Literacy E = Essential Subjects S = Secular Education LC = Local Control C = Comprehensive Education
  3. 3. Early Nationalization (1750-1820) 1751- Benjamin 1779 - Thomas 1783 - Noah Franklins Jefferson proposed Websters Speller is Philadelphia education ideas to published Academy opens Congress Schools in this era started to progress more toward the secular side with the development of academies and new importance of subjects besides purely religion. The beginning of the push for public education started with Thomas Jefferson as well. Private secondary schools New subjects to surface in Thomas Jefferson pushed thrived with Benjamin for elementary schools Noah Webster was academies: important for Franklins foundation of Sarah Pierce established controlled by the statethe Philiadelphia Academy. English grammar, female focusing on writing one fo the Academies replaced Latin modern foreign academies, beginning the writing, reading, and math first American Grammar schools and languages, science, growth of opportunities for and offered for free to allbegan to focus on subjects the education of women. white children. Also textbooks which geography, supported enrollment of seen as more relevant to Another option for girls became extremely the present day . They agriculutre, poor children in grammar used public funding and was a female schools. popular in mechanics. seminary, aimed at training were secular institutions. Though Jeffersons education. This Considered public since Some of these subjects are women for service to the widespread public revolutionary ideas didnt anyone could attend found today in secondary schools, though some survive Congress, his ideas circulation helpedregardless of creed, as long as they could pay the clearly dont apply to PL started the thought to promote process for providing free tuition. P S society today E universal literacy. L education P
  4. 4. Middle Nationalization (1820-1860) 1821 - 1839 - 1855 - 1862 - Boston English First normal First Morrill Land- Classical School school in the US kindergarten Grant Act established opens opens in the USThis period was characterized by great gains in the growth of public education. Teachers were also expected to hold higher training, further improving the education system. The Morrill Land- McGuffey Grant Act "provided Readers, with 6 total federal land for states State supported Horace Mann said volumes, became either to sell or to rent "common schools" "Education is the even more popular in order to raise funds Kindergartens surfaced inbegan to emerge, kick the US, based off of great equalizer of the than Websters for the establishmentstarting the beginning Mann also pushed for Friedrich Froebels conditions of men". Speller. The books of colleges" of widespread public further training of theories emphasizing He was the 1st included positive Huge amounts of education. Common teachers, sparking the child growth and secretary of a state short stories money were schools have lead to emergence of normal development before board of education containing valuable raised, and this began entrance into formalthe school system we schools. and greatly supported moral lessons. They the common practice schooling. Format have today (free, public, and the growth of common schools. LC simultaneously taught much of the of the federal included play, music, stories,and locally controlled). government actively population to read language activities. L working with and P LC and live upright. influencing higher L education in America.LC
  5. 5. Late Nationalization (1860-1900) 1880 - Booker T. 1930 - 1892-93 - 1893 - Washington founds Committe of Ten all states pass Committe of Tuskegee Institute meet compulsory Fifteen meet for African education laws Americans Universal literacy and public education made great gains during this period as compulsory education laws were passed. The subjects of schools were also specifically defined, as well as their main purposes. With the meeting of the Committee of Ten, the core Committee of Fifteen subjects for high school were met to determine the With all states passing Special institutions were identified: five basic subjects atcompulsory education laws founded for minorities Greek, Latin, English, and the elementary level:by 1930, school enrollments typically shunned from other modern languages; skyrocketed. public schools. mathematics, physics and grammar, Therefore, with more An example includes chemistry, history, and geography. literature, children in the school Booker T. Washingtons system, literacy rates Tuskegee Institute for High schools main purpose arithmetic, exploded as well. African Americans. identified as preparign "intellectually elite geography, L LC P L students" for life and and history preparing them for college. E E
  6. 6. Global Presence and Immigration (1900-1945) 1896 - 1915 - John Dewey and his almost 100 1944 - wife found their Montessori schools G.I. Bill of Rights Laboratory school operating in the USThe philosophy of progressivism greatly influenced the development ofeducation at this time. The main principles included learning lead bystudent interest and a focus on practical needs. By the early 1930s, 2/3 of The G.I. Bill of The Montessori Native Americans attended Rights, passed by method, originating inJohn Dewey embraced the Europe, spread to the US boarding schools which President Franklin D. aimed to assimilate them Roosevelt, providedprogressive movement and and is still used today. into white society and bring college money for established a "laboratory The method focuses on them "salvation". In the veterans. school" in which the surrounding the students process, these schools curriculum was entirely with materials designed This resulted in a huge devastated the continuance conducted by the interest growth of colleges and to develop the students of Native American culture. of the students. skills and knowledge, but Many public schools universities and E the choice of what to forbade speaking any other development of higher play or experiment with language besides English. education in US overall. is the childs. S LC L
  7. 7. Modern Period (1945- Present) 1954 - 1957 - Sputnik was 1958 - National launched, turned Defense Education 1965 - Elementary 1975 - Education 2001-Brown v. Board of 1975- the publics eye Act - the U.S.s and Secondary for all Handicapped No Child Left Education of toward US response to Education Act Title IX Children Act Behind Topeka education Sputnik The Modern era of education has been host to numerous revolutionarychanges. An emphasis on quality education emerged in order to keep up with an advancing world. There was a movement for equality in schools, including desegregation and acts to promote equality across gender and ability. With the launch of Title IX prohibitsSputnik, Americas eye John F. Kennedys War discrimination based No Child Left Immediate Behind, passed turned on the on Poverty on sex and the desegregation waseducation system and established such The Elementary and Education for all by President ordered through the blamed it for the lack programs as Secondary Education Handicapped Children of advances occuring court case Brown v. subsidized breakfast Act, passsed by Act guaranteed that George W. Board of Education of Bush, requires in the US. and lunch, Head President special needs students Topeka. In response, the Start, and Upward Johnson, distributed would receive improvement Desegregation was a Bound, all of which federal funding based free, appropriate National Defense long and tiresome aimed to equalize the on the number of education. on standardizedEducation Act placed a process, whit many push on fighting the change. playing field and move poor children in the These both helped to tests by schools science, math, and towards school districts promote and districts in Finally today we have comprehensive modern foreign desegregated schools. education. LC comprehensive order to receive languages as well as education support areading, English, histo CP truly public school more federal C LC funding LCry, and geography. E system.C