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Henry Briggs
  Open Source Software
Diffusion and Integration of
 Technology in Education
EDUC-7101-1/EDUC-8841-1
      Dr. D. Thornburg
     Walden University
     07/08/09, revised
Open Source
 Software
Open Source Software
                   Abstract
  The utilization of the computer and web
    technology has given rise to many
innovations in the educational community.
Quote Accompanying Richard
        Stallman's software


 “Share this code with your fellow users. Learn
from it. Improve upon it. And when you're done,
 please give something back to the community”
                  (Kidd, 2000).
Richard Stallman

Man With A Vision
Open Source Software

Open Source Software has addressed
many of the technological difficulties
   of online learning. In this age of
  communication, the Open Source
 Software has enabled the world to
connect and collaborate, through the
      circulation of the software.
Open Source Software
Who, What, Who, What?
Who would you expect to be (or who are) the innovators and
            early adopters in Open Source?

        What strategies are the most persuasive in
         convincing them to adopt Open Source?

   Who do you think would be (or who are) the laggards
           in terms of rejecting Open Source?

     What strategies would be best to help move them
             toward adoption of Open Source?
Attributes:
    Which combination of perceived attributes would be best for
    helping your innovation meet critical mass in your industry?

➢Unrestricted distribution
➢Source code distribution

➢Modifications

➢Author's source code integrity.

➢No personal discrimination

➢No restriction on application License distribution

➢License must not be product-specific

➢No restriction on other software - Technology

neutrality
    (Open Source Software in Education 2008)
Collaboration
Free Open Source Collaborative Tools

1. Access Grid; audio and video collaboration
2. Citadel; collaboration suite
3. OpenGroupware.org; software server for
multiple clients
4. Spicebird; personal information manager
5. Audacity; audio recorder and editor
6. Synfig; animation builder
7. Cmap; concept mapping tool
  A Plethora of other free open source applications
that are used for collaboration.
Benefits:
public collaboration behind each project.
➢




“created by tens of thousands of programmers all
➢




collaborating to create, and improve upon, a flawless

website framework” (Dynamic Website Development and

Design 2009).

others can modify the Open Source Software to suit their
➢




individual person or group or school needs

➢
Benefits Continued - 2:
-free open source code

-detect and change or delete the attacker program, where

as propriety software has hidden codes and spy-ware

maybe hidden in the code without the knowledge of users

and may require a fee by the proprietary vendor to rid the

system of the spy-ware (The Linux Information Project

2004).
Benefits Continued - 3:
    -can be used on older hardware and thereby this is beneficial to all and

especially to lower income individuals and others in third world countries who get

donations of older computers who can take advantage of these open source

software resources

    -savings monetarily lets one invest in other educational endeavors

    -allow teachers to expose students to a wide range of software products

    -addresses security issues because its source code is open and available to

the users and if any “back-doors” or spy-ware is written into the program the users

will be able to use
Open Source Software is compatible
 with most computer hardware and
        other applications
Free Open Source Code
The Keys Are Free To All
Open Source Software: Adapted and
     Used by Older Hardware
Development
   -One of the diffusion studies positioned the thoughts

on this paper titled “Why Open Source Software / Free

Software (OSS/FS, FLOSS, or FOSS)? Look at the

Numbers!” By David A. Wheeler and uses quantitative

data to give reasons why institutions and individuals

may consider using Open Source Software.
A Variety of Software Available for
           Many Uses.
Quantitative Research
Commercialism

 -The commercialism and marketing of the
Open Source Software is easy because there
       is minimal if any charge for the
     various software download and use.
   -In the educational community through
sharing information and educational tools has
  seen the use of this software more wide
                    spread.
Used by the business community:
Used by the many of the educational community from
    primary to post-secondary educational users.
Open Source can be utilized by many
    learners around the world.




        Huli Wigmen of Papua, New Guinea using laptop computers.
References:
Lakhan,S. E., Jhunjhunwala,K.: Open Source
Software in Education 2008,EDUCAUSE
Quarterly, vol. 31, no
2 Clipart retrieved from;
http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarter
ly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/Open
SourceSoftwareinEducation/162873 on 6/25/09.

Clipart retrieved from www.tcpd.org on
7/1/09.
DATES:

         1950's-
         1960's

          1969

         1970's

          1976

         1980's

          1983

          1986

          1989

          1991

          1992

          1993

          1997

          1998

          2000

          2007




Page 1
                                                              S Curve




          2009
                   Open Source / No Cost Software "S Curve"
"S Curve" Timeline for Open Source / No Cost Software
                           Produced by academics & corporate researchers working in collaboration and was not seen as a
1950's-1960's



                           commodity
                           Distributed and maintained by the community of users
                           Source Code was distributed with software to enable users to modify, debug or add functionality
                           IBM 701 Share Digital Equipment Corp. called
                           USA vs. IBM Anti-trust suit - bundled software anti-competition - some software with cost on the rise
1969




                           AT&T distributed early version of UNIX to government & academic researchers at no cost but no
1970's




                           distribution rights

                           Bill Gates wrote "Open Letter to Lobbyist" Message is that hackers sharing was in fact stealing
1976




                           Develop USENET - connected the programming community to share & contribute to software others had
1980's




                           written

                           Richard Stallman GNU Project wrote complete operating system from constraints of its source code
1983




                           Richard Stallman coined the term "free software" and founded the Free Software Foundation
                           Recursive Acronym GNU
                           Definition of Free Software published
1993 1992 1991 1989 1986




                           Recursive Acronym "CYGNUS" your GNU support
                           GPL General Public License more widely used free software license
                           GPL updated
                           LINUX Freely modifable source code; license not free
                           LINUX relicensed under GPL free license

                           GNU LINUX release - commitment to free software
                           Free BSD, Berkeley Software Distribution
                           Debram Free Software Guidelines
1997




                           Eric Raymond published "The Cathedral and the Bazaar" analysis of hacker community and free software
                           Netscape Communication internet suite - free software for web browsers - now Mozilla, Foxfire, and
                           Thunderbird
1998




                           Open Source initiative founded
                           OT Toolkit Grap user interface images
2000
2007
2009

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Open Souce Ver5

  • 1. Henry Briggs Open Source Software Diffusion and Integration of Technology in Education EDUC-7101-1/EDUC-8841-1 Dr. D. Thornburg Walden University 07/08/09, revised
  • 3. Open Source Software Abstract The utilization of the computer and web technology has given rise to many innovations in the educational community.
  • 4. Quote Accompanying Richard Stallman's software “Share this code with your fellow users. Learn from it. Improve upon it. And when you're done, please give something back to the community” (Kidd, 2000).
  • 6. Open Source Software Open Source Software has addressed many of the technological difficulties of online learning. In this age of communication, the Open Source Software has enabled the world to connect and collaborate, through the circulation of the software.
  • 8. Who, What, Who, What? Who would you expect to be (or who are) the innovators and early adopters in Open Source? What strategies are the most persuasive in convincing them to adopt Open Source? Who do you think would be (or who are) the laggards in terms of rejecting Open Source? What strategies would be best to help move them toward adoption of Open Source?
  • 9. Attributes: Which combination of perceived attributes would be best for helping your innovation meet critical mass in your industry? ➢Unrestricted distribution ➢Source code distribution ➢Modifications ➢Author's source code integrity. ➢No personal discrimination ➢No restriction on application License distribution ➢License must not be product-specific ➢No restriction on other software - Technology neutrality (Open Source Software in Education 2008)
  • 11. Free Open Source Collaborative Tools 1. Access Grid; audio and video collaboration 2. Citadel; collaboration suite 3. OpenGroupware.org; software server for multiple clients 4. Spicebird; personal information manager 5. Audacity; audio recorder and editor 6. Synfig; animation builder 7. Cmap; concept mapping tool A Plethora of other free open source applications that are used for collaboration.
  • 12. Benefits: public collaboration behind each project. ➢ “created by tens of thousands of programmers all ➢ collaborating to create, and improve upon, a flawless website framework” (Dynamic Website Development and Design 2009). others can modify the Open Source Software to suit their ➢ individual person or group or school needs ➢
  • 13. Benefits Continued - 2: -free open source code -detect and change or delete the attacker program, where as propriety software has hidden codes and spy-ware maybe hidden in the code without the knowledge of users and may require a fee by the proprietary vendor to rid the system of the spy-ware (The Linux Information Project 2004).
  • 14. Benefits Continued - 3: -can be used on older hardware and thereby this is beneficial to all and especially to lower income individuals and others in third world countries who get donations of older computers who can take advantage of these open source software resources -savings monetarily lets one invest in other educational endeavors -allow teachers to expose students to a wide range of software products -addresses security issues because its source code is open and available to the users and if any “back-doors” or spy-ware is written into the program the users will be able to use
  • 15. Open Source Software is compatible with most computer hardware and other applications
  • 16. Free Open Source Code The Keys Are Free To All
  • 17. Open Source Software: Adapted and Used by Older Hardware
  • 18. Development -One of the diffusion studies positioned the thoughts on this paper titled “Why Open Source Software / Free Software (OSS/FS, FLOSS, or FOSS)? Look at the Numbers!” By David A. Wheeler and uses quantitative data to give reasons why institutions and individuals may consider using Open Source Software.
  • 19. A Variety of Software Available for Many Uses.
  • 21. Commercialism -The commercialism and marketing of the Open Source Software is easy because there is minimal if any charge for the various software download and use. -In the educational community through sharing information and educational tools has seen the use of this software more wide spread.
  • 22. Used by the business community:
  • 23. Used by the many of the educational community from primary to post-secondary educational users.
  • 24. Open Source can be utilized by many learners around the world. Huli Wigmen of Papua, New Guinea using laptop computers.
  • 25. References: Lakhan,S. E., Jhunjhunwala,K.: Open Source Software in Education 2008,EDUCAUSE Quarterly, vol. 31, no 2 Clipart retrieved from; http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarter ly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/Open SourceSoftwareinEducation/162873 on 6/25/09. Clipart retrieved from www.tcpd.org on 7/1/09.
  • 26. DATES: 1950's- 1960's 1969 1970's 1976 1980's 1983 1986 1989 1991 1992 1993 1997 1998 2000 2007 Page 1 S Curve 2009 Open Source / No Cost Software "S Curve"
  • 27. "S Curve" Timeline for Open Source / No Cost Software Produced by academics & corporate researchers working in collaboration and was not seen as a 1950's-1960's commodity Distributed and maintained by the community of users Source Code was distributed with software to enable users to modify, debug or add functionality IBM 701 Share Digital Equipment Corp. called USA vs. IBM Anti-trust suit - bundled software anti-competition - some software with cost on the rise 1969 AT&T distributed early version of UNIX to government & academic researchers at no cost but no 1970's distribution rights Bill Gates wrote "Open Letter to Lobbyist" Message is that hackers sharing was in fact stealing 1976 Develop USENET - connected the programming community to share & contribute to software others had 1980's written Richard Stallman GNU Project wrote complete operating system from constraints of its source code 1983 Richard Stallman coined the term "free software" and founded the Free Software Foundation Recursive Acronym GNU Definition of Free Software published 1993 1992 1991 1989 1986 Recursive Acronym "CYGNUS" your GNU support GPL General Public License more widely used free software license GPL updated LINUX Freely modifable source code; license not free LINUX relicensed under GPL free license GNU LINUX release - commitment to free software Free BSD, Berkeley Software Distribution Debram Free Software Guidelines 1997 Eric Raymond published "The Cathedral and the Bazaar" analysis of hacker community and free software Netscape Communication internet suite - free software for web browsers - now Mozilla, Foxfire, and Thunderbird 1998 Open Source initiative founded OT Toolkit Grap user interface images 2000 2007 2009