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Contribution of biomedical engineers to healthcare development

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Contribution of biomedical engineers to healthcare development

  1. 1. Prepared By: Eng. Hani Mahmoud M. Bu-Omer
  2. 2.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  3. 3.  Integrating physical, chemical, mathematical and computational sciences and engineering principles to solve medical and health related problems.
  4. 4.  Also known as:  Biotechnical Engineering  Bioengineering  Biomechanical Engineering  Bioelectrical Engineering  Biocomputing
  5. 5.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  6. 6.  Bioinstrumentation  Deals with principles and problems associated with making measurements in living systems.  Biomaterials  Design and development of new materials (natural and/or synthetic) to be used as tissue, organ, etc
  7. 7.  Biomechanics  The study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics.
  8. 8.  Clinical engineering  Deals with managing diagnostic and lab equipment in hospitals.  Rehabilitation engineering  Deals with disabled individuals to achieve better standard of life by designing or modifying new equipment for them.  (e.g. prosthetic limb)
  9. 9.  Biosignals  Use of data to uncover the mechanisms of biomedical signals.  Biosystems  Identify and characterise molecules and cells and understand their function in tissues.
  10. 10.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  11. 11.  Uses math, physics and engineering expertise to analyze and solve problems in biology and medicine.  Works with other healthcare professionals including physicians, nurses, therapists and technicians.
  12. 12.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  13. 13.  Medical Equipment companies – Research and Development – Manufacturing Engineering – Quality Assurance – Marketing/Sales  Private testing laboratories – ECRI
  14. 14.  Government  Research Laboratories  Regulatory Agencies  Public Health Service  Hospitals  Clinical Engineering  Laboratory Manager (Catheter, Radiology, etc.)
  15. 15.  Consulting  Healthcare consulting  Design  Academia  Research  Teaching
  16. 16.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  17. 17.  Anesthesiology  Cardiovascular  Clinical Chemistry andToxicology  Dental  Ear, Nose, andThroat  Gastroenterology  General and Plastic Surgery  General Hospital and Personal Use  Hematology and Pathology  Immunology and Microbiology  Neurology  Obstetrical and Gynecological  Ophthalmic  Orthopedic  Physical Medicine  Radiology
  18. 18.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  19. 19. Diagnostic Equipment Monitoring Equipment Therapeutic Equipment
  20. 20.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy
  21. 21.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ X-Ray ▪ ComputedTomography (CT) ▪ Ultrasound Imaging ▪ Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  22. 22.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ X-Ray and ComputedTomography (CT)
  23. 23.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ Ultrasound Imaging
  24. 24.  Diagnostic Equipment  Medical Imaging ▪ Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  25. 25.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging: Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  26. 26.  Imaging of Anatomy  How internal organs look like  Imaging of Flow  How blood vessels are doing
  27. 27.  Imaging of Function  How physiology is doing  Image Guided Interventions  Operation prepared or done using imaging
  28. 28.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  29. 29.  Diagnostic Equipment  Hematology ▪ Complete Blood Counter (CBC) ▪ Spectrophotometer ▪ RBCs, WBCs, Blood Sugar, etc.
  30. 30.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  31. 31.  Diagnostic Equipment  Cardiovascular ▪ ECG
  32. 32.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  33. 33.  Monitoring Equipment  Patient Monitor ▪ ECG ▪ Temperature ▪ Respiration ▪ SPO2 ▪ Invasive and Noninvasive Blood Pressure ▪ ETCO2
  34. 34.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  35. 35.  Therapeutic Equipment  Hemodialysis Machine ▪ to remove wastes, toxins and fluids from the blood when the kidneys have failed.
  36. 36.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  37. 37.  Therapeutic Equipment  Radiotherapy ▪ used to treat cancers in conjunction with surgery and chemotherapy ▪ Usually considered as palliative medicine
  38. 38.  What’s Biomedical Engineering !  Branches of Biomedical Engineering  What does a Biomedical Engineer Do?  Careers in Biomedical Engineering  FDA Medical Equipment Classifications  Simple Medical Equipment Classifications  Diagnostic Equipment ▪ Medical Imaging ▪ Medical Imaging:Applications ▪ Hematology ▪ Cardiovascular  Monitoring Equipment  Therapeutic Equipment ▪ Hemodialysis Machine ▪ Radiotherapy ▪ Rehabilitation
  39. 39.  Therapeutic Equipment  Rehabilitation

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