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Ulysses S


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Ulysses S

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Ulysses S. Grant<br />1869-1877<br />
  3. 3. Birthplace<br />1822 – Ohio <br />
  4. 4. Son of an Ohio tanner<br />Was working in his father’s leather store in Galena, Illinois when Civil War started<br />
  5. 5. Career<br />Attended West Point against his will<br />Wanted to be a math teacher and not a soldier <br />Mexican War – fought under Zachary Taylor<br />
  6. 6. “I can’t spare this man – he fights.”<br />Appointed to take command of an unruly volunteer regiment<br />Sept. 1861 – became brigadier general<br />Sought to win control of MS valley<br />Feb 1862 – took Fort Henry and Fort Donelson<br />“No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.”<br />Promoted to major general<br />April 1862 – Battle of Shiloh <br />Sought to win Vicksburg to cut the Confederacy in two<br />Also broke Confederate hold on Chattanooga <br />March 1864 – Appointed as General-in-Chief<br />Directed Sherman to drive through the South<br />While he and the Army of the Potomac pinned down Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia<br />April 9, 1865 – Appomattox Court House, Lee surrendered <br />Grant wrote magnanimous terms of surrender that would prevent treason trials<br />
  7. 7. 1868 Presidential candidate, because<br />Grant was a symbol of Union victory<br />He sided with the Radical Republicans after quarreling with President Johnson<br />
  8. 8. Bewildered<br />“a puzzled pathos, as of a man with a problem before him of which he does not understand the terms.”<br />Grant provided neither vigor nor reform<br />Allowed Radical Reconstruction to run its course in the South<br />
  9. 9. President Grant<br />Brought part of his Army staff to the White House<br />Associated with Jay Gould and James Fisk<br />Realized their scheme to corner the market in gold<br />Authorized the Secretary of Treasury to sell enough gold to wreck their plans<br />
  10. 10. Campaign for 1872 Election<br />Attacked by Liberal Republican reformers<br />called them “narrow-headed men”, their eyes so close together that “they can look out of the same gimlet hole without winking”<br />
  11. 11. After presidency,<br />Became a partner in a financial firm which went bankrupt<br />Learned that he had cancer of the throat<br />Started writing recollections to pay off debts and provide for his family; memoir brought in $450,000<br />Died in 1885<br />