Franklin Pierce


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  • At the Democratic Convention, the delegates easily agreed upon a platform.
  • Democrats refused to re-nominate him
  • Franklin Pierce

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Franklin Pierce<br />1853 - 1857<br />
    3. 3. Birthplace<br />1804 Hillsborough, New Hampshire <br />
    4. 4. Education<br />Bowdoin College in Maine<br />After graduation, studied law <br />
    5. 5.
    6. 6. Politics<br />At 24 – elected to New Hampshire legislature<br />Two years later – New Hampshire Speaker<br />1830’s – went to Washington as a Representative, then as a Senator<br />
    7. 7. Mexican War<br />
    8. 8. 1852 – New Hampshire friends proposed him for the Presidential nomination<br />
    9. 9. Platform<br />Supported the Compromise of 1850<br />Hostility towards any efforts to agitate slavery question<br />
    10. 10. “Dark horse”<br />Delegates at the Democratic Convention balloted 48 times and eliminated all the well-known candidates before nominating Pierce<br />
    11. 11.
    12. 12. President Pierce<br />Because Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise than Whigs<br />and because Whig candidate Gen. Winfield Scott was suspect in the South,<br />Pierce won with a narrow margin of popular votes<br />
    13. 13. Tragic<br /> Two months before he took office, he and his wife saw their 11-year old son killed when their train was wrecked. <br />
    14. 14. Inaugural Address<br />Proclaimed era of peace and prosperity at home and vigor in relations with other nations<br />US might have to acquire additional possessions for the sake of its own security and would not be deterred by “any timid forebodings of evil”<br />Fact: Pierce gave his 3,319-word inaugural address from memory, without the aid of notes <br />
    15. 15. Criticism<br />Northerners accused him of acting as a cat’s-paw of Southerners eager to extend slavery<br />Aroused apprehension when he pressured Great Britain to relinquish its special interests along part of the Central American coast <br />and even more when he tried to persuade Spain to sell Cuba (the Ostend Manifesto document)<br />
    16. 16. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854<br />Stephen Douglas wanted a railroad from Chicago to California through Nebraska.<br />He created the Kansas-Nebraska Act which repealed the Missouri Compromise.<br />
    17. 17. Gadsden Purchase<br />Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, advocate of a southern transcontinental route, persuaded Pierce to send James Gadsden to Mexico to buy land for a southern railroad.<br />Purchased the area making up southern Arizona and part of southern New Mexico for ten million dollars.<br />
    18. 18. Returned to New Hampshire<br /> 1869 – Died of cirrhosis of the liver as a result of years of heavy drinking <br />
    19. 19.
    20. 20. Franklin Pierce was the first President to have a Christmas tree in the White House <br />