Confederate Military Leaders


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Confederate Military Leaders

  1. 1. Military Leaders<br />Confederacy<br />
  2. 2. Lewis A. Armistead<br /><ul><li> mortally wounded in Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
  3. 3. attended US Military Academy but resigned after breaking a plate over fellow cadet Jubal Early</li></li></ul><li>Braxton Bragg<br /><ul><li> principle commander in the Western Theater
  5. 5. Perryville
  6. 6. Stones River & Tullahoma
  7. 7. Chickamauga
  8. 8. Chattanooga</li></li></ul><li>Franklin Buchanan<br /><ul><li> captain of the ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly CSS Merrimack) during the Battle of Hampton Roads in VA</li></li></ul><li>Simon Bolivar Buckner<br /><ul><li> accepted Grant’s demand for “unconditional surrender” at the Battle of Fort Donelson
  9. 9. the first and last Confed. gen. to surrender an army in the war</li></li></ul><li>Patrick Ronayne Cleburne<br /><ul><li> strategic ability gained him the nickname “Stonewall of the West”
  10. 10. Robert E. Lee referred to him as “a meteor shining from a clouded sky”
  11. 11. killed at the Battle of Franklin</li></li></ul><li>Samuel Cooper<br /><ul><li> little known today
  12. 12. highest ranking Confed. gen. during the Civil War
  13. 13. he outranked:
  14. 14. Albert Sidney Johnston
  15. 15. Robert E. Lee
  16. 16. Joseph E. Johnston
  17. 17. P.G.T. Beauregard
  18. 18. reported directly to Jeff Davis</li></li></ul><li>Basil Duke<br /><ul><li>Jeff Davis’s bodyguard when he fled from Richmond, VA
  19. 19. known as a historian of Confed. experiences
  20. 20. helped found the Filson Club Historical Society and started preserving Shiloh battlefield
  21. 21. “No Southerner was more dedicated to the Confederacy than General Basil W. Duke”</li></li></ul><li>Jubal A. Early<br /><ul><li>served under Stonewall Jackson and then Lee
  22. 22. commander in key battles of the Valley Campaign of 1864 , including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington D.C.</li></li></ul><li>Richard S. Ewell<br /><ul><li>achieved recognition as a senior commander under Stonewall Jackson and Lee
  23. 23. legacy clouded by controversies over his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg and at the Battle of Spotslyvania Court House</li></li></ul><li>Nathan Bedford Forrest<br /><ul><li>self-educated, cavalry leader during the war, leading insurgent in postwar years
  24. 24. lacked formal military education but had a gift for strategy and tactics
  25. 25. nicknamed The Wizard of the Saddle
  26. 26. accused of war crimes at the Battle of Ft. Pillow for allowing forces under his command to conduct a massacre of black Union Army prisoners
  27. 27. first Grand Wizard of Ku Klux Klan</li></li></ul><li>William J. Hardee<br /><ul><li>pre-Civil War writings about military tactics were well known and widely used on both sides during the war</li></li></ul><li>Ambrose Powell Hill<br /><ul><li>gained early fame as the commander of “Light Division” (the largest corps under Lee), becoming one of Stonewall Jackson’s ablest subordinates
  28. 28. known to his soldiers as Little Powell </li></li></ul><li>John Bell Hood<br /><ul><li>had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness
  29. 29. one of the best brigade and division commanders in the CSA army but became increasingly ineffective as he was promoted to lead larger, independent commands late in the war
  30. 30. career marred by defeats in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign</li></li></ul><li>Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson<br /><ul><li>considered to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US history </li></li></ul><li>Albert Sidney Johnston <br /><ul><li>considered by Pres. Jeff Davis to be the finest general in the Confederacy before the emergence of Robert E. Lee
  31. 31. killed early in the Battle of Shiloh and was the highest ranking officer (Union or Confederate) killed during the entire war</li></li></ul><li>Joseph E. Johnston <br /><ul><li> Johnston's effectiveness in the Civil War was undercut by tensions with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, but he also suffered from a lack of aggressiveness and victory which eluded him in every campaign he personally commanded</li></li></ul><li>Edward Johnston <br /><ul><li>American Indian war soldier
  32. 32. Medal of Honor recipient </li></li></ul><li>Robert E. Lee<br /><ul><li> commanded the Army of Northern VA
  33. 33. Lee’s greatest victories
  34. 34. Seven Days Battles
  35. 35. Second Battle of Bull Run
  36. 36. Battle of Fredericksburg
  37. 37. Battle of Chancellorsville
  38. 38. Battle of Cold Harbor
  39. 39. Campaigns to invade the North failed
  40. 40. Battle of Antietam
  41. 41. Battle of Gettysburg
  42. 42. Surrendered at Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865</li></li></ul><li>James Longstreet <br /><ul><li>principle subordinate to Robert E. Lee who called him his “Old War Horse”
  43. 43. served as corps commander</li></li></ul><li>William Wing Loring<br /><ul><li>first assignment was to defend western VA from George McClellan, who was invading from Ohio
  44. 44. acquired nickname “Old Blizzards” for his battle cry “Give them blizzards, boys! Give them blizzards!”</li></li></ul><li>John McCausland<br /><ul><li>famous for the
  45. 45. ransom of Hagerstown, MD
  46. 46. razing of Chambersburg, PA</li></li></ul><li>John Hunt Morgan<br /><ul><li>best known for Morgan’s Raid in 1863 when he led 2,460 troops racing past Union lines into KY, Indiana, and Ohio
  47. 47. this would be the farthest north any uniformed Confed. troops penetrated during the war</li></li></ul><li>James Johnston Pettigrew<br /><ul><li> major leader in the disastrous Pickett’s Charge
  48. 48. killed few days after the Battle of Gettysburg during Confed. retreat to VA</li></li></ul><li>George E. Pickett<br /><ul><li>best remembered for his participation in the futile and bloody assault at the Battle of Gettysburg that bears his name, Pickett’s Charge</li></li></ul><li>Edmund Kirby Smith<br /><ul><li>notable for his command of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederacy after the fall of Vicksburg</li></li></ul><li>J.E.B. Stuart<br /><ul><li>cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations
  49. 49. serious work made him the trusted ears and eyes of Lee’s army and inspired Southern morale</li></li></ul><li>Joseph Wheeler<br /><ul><li>has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces:
  50. 50. first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War
  51. 51. later as a general in the US Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the century</li>