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Presentation history and systems


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History of Mental Health

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Presentation history and systems

  1. 1. History of Mental Health By: Angela Gourley
  2. 2. Early Days of Mental Health  Mental illness related to spirituality  Belief that mentally ill were possessed  Mentally ill were being punished by God  Treatments   Make a hole in the head so the spirits leave Spiritual rituals
  3. 3. Hippocrates 460 bc.-375 bc.    Proposed mental illness was a physical not spiritual condition Proposed that an imbalance of bodily fluids was the cause Treatments  Getting mentally ill to expel body fluids
  4. 4. Asylums    17th, 18th, and 19th century- Asylums were home to a large population of mentally ill Mentally ill were abused, treated inhumane, and constrained Treatments  Putting them in ice water, drugged
  5. 5. Life in Asylums
  6. 6. Phillip Pinel 1745-1826  Humanitarian Movement  Pinel saw the abuse of mentally ill  He proposed treating them kindly, without abuse or neglect
  7. 7. Dorothea Dix 1802-1887    Mental Hygiene Movement Observed the conditions of asylums and prisons Dix fought to change the conditions that the mentally ill were living in
  8. 8. Mental Health in the 20th Century  Clifford    Beers Institutionalized A Mind that Found Itself Connecticut Society for Mental Hygiene  Treatments     during the 20th Century Psychoanalysis Shock therapy Brain Surgery (Lobotomies) Drugs
  9. 9. Psychopharmacology  Medications used to treat mental illness  Institutions closed  Mentally ill end up in community programs, homeles s, or in prisons
  10. 10. References Advameg Inc. (2013). Psychoanalysis. Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders. Retrieved from Psychoanalysis.html#b Butcher, H. (2013). What impact has deinstitutionalization had on the well-being of mental health patients? Healthculturesociety. Retrieved from http:// Foerschner, A.M. (2010). The history of mental illness: From “skull drills” to “happy pills.” Student Pulse, 2(9). Retrieved from the-history-of-mental-illness-from-skull-drills-to-happypills Gould, M. (2008). Mental health history: Taking over the asylum. Health Service Journal. Retrieved from http:// History of the division of mental diseases. Missouri department of mental health. Retrieved from http://
  11. 11. References Parry, M. (2010). From a patient’s perspective: Clifford whittingham beers’ work to reform mental health services. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12). Retrieved from PMC2978191/ (2010). Majority of mental ill inmates don’t get treatment. Retrieved from news189882907.html (2013). Dorothea dix. Nursing 101. Retrieved from Word Press. (2011). Afflicted: 11 abandoned uk asylums “open” for exploration. Tips from the T-List. Retrieved from 35084.html#.UlofuRa9bzI (2013). Who discovered schizophrenia? Who Discovered It? Retrieved from http://