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Ban Newsletter

  1. 1. Ban Newsletter, Issue 27, October 2010EditorialA strong Vientiane Action Plan will set the Bar for the Implementationof the Convention on Cluster Munitions at the First Meeting of StatesParties in November 2010On the First of August 2010, the decision-making process on theinternational community, the Cluster implementation of the Convention, inMunition Coalition and in particular the particular in their own countries. Whosurvivors of cluster munition incidents, knows better than the survivorscelebrated the entry into force of the themselves how their needs can beConvention on Cluster Munitions. In less fulfilled? They have reiterated the needthan two years since the beginning of for their call to be heard now with thethe Oslo Process a groundbreaking and same sense of urgency as at theexemplary humanitarian and beginning of this process.disarmament treaty has come intoeffect. The world will be a safer placeand the plight of affected communitieswill be better recognized if theinternational community works togetherto implement all the provisions outlinedunder the Convention. The work ondrafting the Vientiane Action Plan, whichwill translate all provisions into action,has already been undertaken.Realism and ambition will be necessaryto make it strong enough to assuresurvivors, their families and all affected The First Meeting of States Parties willcommunities that their needs will be take place in Lao PDR, a symbolic venue,taken into account, needs which they as it is the most severely affectedcan claim as ‘rights’ under this country in the world. If at thisConvention. Handicap International, its conference in November 2010, thecivil society partners and survivors States Parties show a willingness tothemselves have highlighted over and commit to a constructive Vientianeover again the lack of effective support Action Plan, it will be a demonstration offor all survivors, even for those located the international community’s politicalin the most remote areas. will to translate the Convention into practice, and will also serve to send aIn recent conferences on cluster strong message to affected people andmunitions, survivors have stressed the communities that internationalnecessity of being included in the 1
  2. 2. cooperation can lead to effective needs to be done in the very near futureclearance of the land within a time- and for the years to come. More andbound period, and coordinated and more the focus will be on how we domore effective assistance for the victims things rather than on what we have toand survivors. Handicap International as do. It is not enough, for example, topart of the Cluster Munition Coalition stress on more funding, how funds arecalls on all states to listen carefully to used is even more important. Thisthe people in the affected areas and to should be reflected in the wording ofprepare a strong Vientiane Action Plan. the Vientiane Action Plan. Consultations with victims and their representative organizations should be “systematic” not only regarding the victim assistance provision but in relation to the implementation of the Convention as a whole. They should be “actively” and “meaningfully” involved in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of relevant national plans, budgets, laws and policies.Focus on Victim Assistance andInternational CooperationVictim Assistance and InternationalCooperation and Assistance areincreasingly at the heart of thediscussions on the Mine Ban Treaty andthe Convention on Cluster Munitions.Negotiations on the implementation ofthe Cartagena Action Plan of the MineBan Treaty as well as preparatory talks The plan should not only mention thaton the Vientiane Action Plan for the survivors’ capacities should beConvention on Cluster Munitions that enhanced but should go further bywill be adopted during the First Meeting saying that those capacities should beof States Parties in Lao PDR in November built up “by financial and technical2010, build on the same experiences resources, effective leadership andand have to face similar challenges. management trainings, exchange programs”. Awareness-raising has to beA sense of greater quality, efficiency “effective” and implementedand urgency should guide all steps of “adequately”, if words are to bethe implementation of victim assistance translated into action. Actions should befrom the planning to the reporting and “specific”, “measurable”, “achievable”monitoring stages. Within this whole and “realistic”.process, the active involvement ofsurvivors and their representativeorganizations is now recognized as anecessity by all actors. Assessing theneeds of survivors is a first step to betaken. Consensus is growing about whathas been done up to now and what 2
  3. 3. inclusion and psychological support, and on servicing remote areas. The First Meeting of States Parties offers an excellent opportunity for States Parties to come up with victim assistance plans already in place, provide information on decisions taken and show results on the ground. Moreover, affected states can make clear how they can strengthen national ownership and extend their capacity for implementing victim assistance programs, while donor states can demonstrate their capacity to extend funding for victim assistance.To achieve results soon, actions shouldbe time-bound with specified deadlines. Another important recognition is that ofResponsibilities and focal points should the expertise and competence ofbe identified within six months; data affected states and their capacity to setshould be collected, actions coordinated up regional partnerships for a South-and a plan developed (if this has not yet South cooperation, eventually based onbeen the case) within one year after the best practices. Building upon nationalentry into force of the Convention for a capacities, international and multilateralparticular States Party. Availability and cooperation can strengthen nationalaccessibility of services should be ownership.reviewed within two years.All services need to be available andaccessible to all survivors, no matterwhere they live. States should identifythe environmental, political and socialbarriers preventing access to essentialservices and take action to removeIn many countries, services already inplace need to be expanded substantiallyand geographically. The Vientiane Action Plan should make use of all the expertise governments, civil society and international organizations have gathered over the years, always bearing in mind that survivors, their families and communities need to see tangible improvements on the ground soon. Therefore the Vientiane Action Plan on victim assistance should be ambitious, clear and measurable.The focus should be on the whole rangeof support going from medical care,rehabilitation to economic and social 3
  4. 4. Finally a word on reporting: Reporting is not something that has to be encouraged but it is something States Parties are obliged to do so. States Parties should provide the relevant information in their annual transparency reports as well as at relevant international, regional and national fora. Progress reports shall also be used as a means to share good practices.Photos: Handicap International, CMC and Mary WarehamSee below for more information on: - Developments on the Mine Ban Treaty, the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - Victim Assistance and International Cooperation under the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions - The Ban Advocates and the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions - Investments in Mines and Cluster Munition Producers - Recent articles, publications, videos, films and sitesMore on the First Meeting of States Parties in;; on the CMC and the Entry into Force Events:www.august1.orgwww.stopclustermunitions.orgMore on the Ban 4
  5. 5. MINE BAN TREATY (MBT) the Ottawa Convention in the comingFor an update on the Status of the years.”Mine Ban Treaty: www.apminebanconvention.org 68 US Senators ask the President to join the MBT - On 18 May 2010, aMilitary investigation on landmine letter signed by 68 Senators, askinguse by the Turkish army - After the Obama administration to join theICBL voiced grave concern over Mine Ban Treaty, was delivered toreports mentioning allegations of President Obama. The signatorieslandmine use by the Turkish Army included 10 Republicans and two(see press release from 19 April Independents, constituting more than2010), Turkey said a military the two-thirds of the Senate needed toinvestigation was underway and no ratify a treaty. In a statement Senatorcomments could be made until the Patrick Leahy said: “… it would be ainvestigation report was available. mistake to underestimate or the positive reaction, practical effects and depth of goodwill toward theCentral America first landmine- United States and our military thatfree region of the world - On 22 would result from joining the treaty.”June 2010, at the Standing Committee Representative James McGovern said:on Mine Clearance for the Mine Ban “I have met with landmine survivors,Treaty, Nicaragua officially announced including children, who were onlythat it had completed clearance of all working their fields or walking toknown mined areas. This major school when they stepped on amilestone has resulted in all of Central landmine. They are not victims, (…) –America becoming a mine-free region. they are survivors and leaders in global movement to ban this weapon from all current and future arsenals.”Lao PDR able to become party to He expressed his belief “that it is inthe MBT - On 21 June 2010, at the our best national and security interestsStanding Committee of the Mine Ban to join the Convention.”Treaty, the Lao PDR stated: “We arenow in the process of consultation with Information provided by Zach Hudson,all Ministries concerned to verify with USCBL Coordinator, Handicapreadiness to meet all obligations International US on HI US on 18 Maystated in the Ottawa Convention. We 2010 by mail to the ICBL.are confident that, with all the effortswe are undertaking and the support of More information and statements on:the international community, the Lao would be able to become party to tent/view/full/23295 5
  6. 6. 29 Nov –3 Dec: 10th Meeting of the StatesAgenda: Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty, Geneva, SwitzerlandNovember24: Landmine Monitor Report 2010, GlobalRelease, Geneva, SwitzerlandFOCUS ON VICTIM ASSISTANCE AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATIONUNDER THE MBTVictim Assistance: NeedsAssessment, Plans, Coordination Reports from the affectedRequired States were quite encouraging showing breakthroughs in In its capacity of Co-Chair of implementing victim assistance.the Standing Committee on Victim Several affected states reported newAssistance and Socio-Economic developments in working out aReintegration of the MBT, Turkey national plan and budget, as forwished “more clarity through a example from Afghanistan, Burundi,comprehensive mapping concerning Cambodia, Colombia, DR Congo,victim assistance”. The ICRC insisted Croatia, El Salvador, Senegal andon “transparency on the part both of Thailand. Some states mentioneddonors and of stakeholders” and said explicitly how they tried to improvethat “Information can be shared, for coordination. Afghanistan stated thatexample through a donor database or the “the establishment of an inter-a donor review” (…). Referring to ministerial taskforce for people with“Voices from the Ground”, a 2009 disabilities” was decreed and “twostudy by Handicap International Regional Disability StakeholdersBelgium, Austria stated: “This Coordination Groups in both thesystematic survey of survivors in Northern and Eastern regions” wereaffected countries revealed once again established in order to integrate thethat there has been progress, in Cartagena Action Plan into the currentparticular in the area of emergency policies, such as the Afghanistanand continuing medical care, but only National Disability Action Plan”. Croatia28% of the respondents believed that announced an inter-ministerialoverall services were better in 2009 meeting of a victim assistancethan in 2005.” Austria concluded: coordination group to develop the first“much more needs to be done”. ICBL victim assistance plan with broadrecommended states with significant inter-ministerial support. Guineanumber of victims that “Victim Bissau reported on collaboration withassistance should be identified as a disabled people’s organizations,national priority”. The ICRC said “that Mozambique on the collaborationwithout strong national ownership to between the National Institute forlead efforts and without a strategy to Demining (IND) and the Network ofdevelop and/or strengthen national Mine Survivors (RAVIM) to identify andcapacities, assistance activities have assess the needs of survivors living inlittle chance to become sustainable” rural areas near Maputo and Sudan onand said that without “national a efforts to coordinate government andcoordinating body national efforts to civil society activities.raise awareness are impeded.” 6
  7. 7. Several initiatives have been during the Intersessional Standingundertaken to assess the needs of Committee Meetings in Geneva, somesurvivors. Nicaragua mentioned that proposals were made to improvethe Ministry of Health is collecting data international cooperation in general.on all services received by mine/ERW Zambia reiterated its proposal tosurvivors. Senegal reported on a create a Standing Committee onsurvey on the needs of civilian mine Resources to mitigate the needs ofsurvivors. Uganda reported that a affected States in particular, “as a“Baseline Survey was conducted to forum where both affected States andestablish the needs of survivors, States in a position to assist wouldservice providers and services brainstorm on resource mobilizationavailable”. and utilization strategies”, as well as Using this baseline “a Mine “an opportunity to exchangeAction Victim Assistance Project” and information”. This proposal was“a training manual on psychosocial supported by the ICBL, the ICRC andsupport” were developed in Uganda. In several other countries.order “to expand” this project and Canada insisted on“create a sense of national ownership, “coordination on the level of thethe government allocated additional contributing state to ensure thatfunds for implementation of activities efforts by different agencies arefor landmine survivors and other consistent, synergistic and mutuallypersons with disabilities.” However, reinforcing” and stated: “CoordinationUganda admitted that “there is still must be within countries, inter-more to do to reach all landmine ministerial as well as international.survivors; hence the need to request States should work together tofor more support from the donor maximize the combined effectivenesscommunity.” Peru stated similarly that of assistance efforts. It is also relevantthe government managed “to allocate to consider that multilateral andmore funds for disability but that bilateral actions and initiatives mightnevertheless the public funding be supplemented by plurilateralwouldn’t be sufficient”. cooperation among groups of Despite the availability of interested states.”disability services in all provinces, Affected states called on donorCambodia admitted that challenges states to take into account their needsremain such as the inaccessibility of and principles. Cambodia expressedpublic buildings, transport etc., a low the hope that “ALL donors tonational budget allocation for the Cambodia will commit to thedisability sector, lack of human “Partnership Principles for theresources, technical an financial implementation of the National Minecapacity to fully respond to the needs, Action Strategy” drafted by theunreliable disability statistics, limited government”, and “increase alignmentinclusion of disability into existing and harmonization of their assistanceprograms and services and a limited to the needs of the sector.”national coordination mechanism. This Afghanistan asked to allow thelist is generally representative for national governments to play a role inmany affected states. determining needs and to assist “donors in targeting the priorities ofSuggestions for More Efficient the country”.International Cooperation Thailand stated that cooperation and assistance may be in-During a special session on kind instead of financial, and can alsoInternational Cooperation and arise in the South-South context. ToAssistance held on 25 June 2010 ensure efficient use of limited 7
  8. 8. resources, Thailand proposed that in Geneva, where States PartiesStates Parties in need of assistance in reported on developments andsimilar areas may work together with challenges in implementing victimdonor countries or agencies to form a assistance under the Cartagena Actiongroup, aimed at collectively sharing Plan, adopted during the Secondexperiences and expertise or training. Review Conference of the Mine Ban Treaty in December 2009 inMore on the Intersessional Standing Cartagena, Colombia.Committee Session on VictimAssistance and Socio-Economic of the Mine Ban Treaty ssional-work-programme/june-2010/was held on 21-24 June 2010, Summary and ICBL statements:together with a parallel program for Assistance Experts on 22-23 ews-Articles/intersessionals10June and a special session onCooperation and Assistance on 25 JuneCONVENTION ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS (CCM)For an update on the Status of the More information on the First Meeting ofMine Ban Treaty: States Parties in Vientiane: and;;atus First Meeting of States Parties CMC Statement at the UN - In a(1MSP) will be held in Laos PDR on 9- statement to the First Committee of the12 November 2010. At a preparatory United Nations General Assembly on 25meeting, held on 6 September in October 2010 in New York, the CMC gaveGeneva, UNDP reported on the “Trust two messages: first ‘get on board’ andFund for the Full Implementation of second ‘deliver results’. “We say ‘get onthe Convention on Cluster Munitions in board’ to those who have signed, but not yet ratified the Convention; to those whothe Lao PDR within the framework of have not yet signed or acceded; but also tothe Vientiane Declaration on Aid those who have joined the Convention toEffectiveness” and announced that so reach out to and convince other countries tofar only 5 donors have provided funds get on board and join the Convention. (…)(mostly for the First Meeting of States In particular we urge affected states such asParties) US$ 2,2m (Australia), 0.09m Cambodia and Vietnam, Serbia and(Canada), 0.06m (France), 1.8m (US) Tajikistan to join the Convention so that youand 3m (Switzerland). The formulation can share your experiences and expertiseof the Vientiane Action Plan (VAP) and with other affected countries and begin tothe Vientiane Declaration was reap the benefits of the Convention’swelcomed, although both documents humanitarian provisions. We say ‘deliverrequire further work. The reporting results now’ because this is the primaryformat, presented by Belgium, Friend purpose of the CCM (…) The treaty was notof the Chair on Reporting, was established to manage the status quo ofwelcomed by States Parties and the clearance, victim assistance andCMC was pleased with the level of international cooperation that is alreadydetail. Field trips will be organized going on, in particular in the context of thebefore and during the Conference. Mine Ban Treaty. The CCM requires new action, more work, increased resources and improved lives. For States Parties affected 8
  9. 9. by cluster munitions, the Convention Montenegro destroyed clusterdemands that we see positive change for munitions stockpiles - Montenegroindividuals and communities. At the 1MSP, announced at the Event in New Yorkwe expect to see plans set out by affected that two weeks ago, MontenegroStates Parties to accelerate clearance work destroyed its remaining 353 clusterand to expand the coverage of services to bombs, thereby concluding its processvictims and survivors. We expect States of stockpile destruction well ahead ofParties in a position to provide assistance to the treaty deadline. It said it wasset out their intention to support these plans ready to share its experience.with additional resources.”Special Event on the CCM at the Belgium’s stockpiles of clusterUN - On 19 October the Lao People’s munitions destroyed - In a PressDemocratic Republic and Japan hosted Release issued on 14 September 2010,a special event on the Convention on the Belgian Ministry of DefenseCluster Munitions (CCM) in New York announced “the complete destructionduring the UN General Assembly’s First of its entire stockpile of submunitionsCommittee on Disarmament and in early August 2010”. Belgium wasInternational Security. 45 countries the first country in the world to banparticipated in the event including 13 cluster munitions and it has lived up tonon signatories. The panel consisted of its commitment to destroy itsthe Deputy Secretary-General of the stockpiles within the eight yearsUN, the Ambassador, Permanent foreseen. The Ministry of DefenseRepresentative of the Lao PDR, further pointed out that this “herebyAmbassador, Permanent shows its determination to live up toRepresentative of Japan and the Head the commitments of the Oslo Treaty.of the ICRC Delegation to the United Moreover, our country plays an activeNations in New York as well as the role in the Universalization of thecoordinator of the Cluster Munition treaty and in the finalization of aCoalition. The Deputy Secretary- reporting format in order to work asGeneral stated that the entry into transparently as possible.”force demonstrated the world’s revulsion to the impact of nl&id=1556cluster munitions. She recognized therole of civil society and of mine action Entry into Force of the CCMworkers and called on all states to Munitions on 1 August 2010 - On 1ratify or accede the Convention on August 2010, the date of the entryCluster Munitions without delay. into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, a number of governmentsPrincess Astrid of Belgium spoke out in support of the CCM, asparticipating in the First Meeting well as the UN Secretary General,of States Parties – The Belgian various international organisations, theAmbassador announced at the Event Cluster Munition Coalition andon 19 October that the Belgian survivors and their organisations fromdelegation in Laos will be led by all over the world. “The entry intoPrincess Astrid “in order to show our force in little more than two yearscontinuing commitment” and added since its adoption, highlights,”that Belgium will spare no efforts according to the UN Secretary General,through its membership of EU, NATO “not only the worlds collectiveand OSCE to universalize the revulsion at these abhorrent weapons,Convention. but also the power of collaboration among Governments, civil society and the United Nations to change attitudes 9
  10. 10. and policies on a threat faced by all do?type=MOTION&reference=P7-RC-humankind. Such cooperation will be 2010-crucial as we seek now to implement 0413&format=XML&language=ENthe Convention, including through to victims.” On 30 July infopress_page/031-78063-186-07-2010 he encouraged all Member States 28-903-20100707IPR78062-05-07-to participate in the First Meeting of 2010-2010-false/default_en.htmStates Parties in November 2010 inthe Lao PDR “to demonstrate their Recommendation on a “Ban onsupport for the Convention” and he cluster munitions” by thecalled on “those States which have yet European Council – On 7 July 2010,to accede to the Convention, to do so the Council of Europe adopted awithout delay.” recommendation on a “Ban on munitions”. Only the Russian4697 Federation raised objections, but it remained isolated. The RussianThailand considering becoming a Federation declared “to be available tostate party to the CCM - On 18 continue its work on humanitarianAugust 2010, the Ambassador and issues related to the use of clusterPermanent Representative of Thailand munitions under the United Nationsto the UN in Geneva wrote in a letter within the framework set by theto the Team Leader of the Security Geneva process [CCW].” Theand Disarmament Department of IKV recommendation was initiated andPax Christi in the Netherlands “that promoted by the Belgian government.the relevant Thai authorities are From the 47 Council of Europecurrently in the process of considering members states Greece, Turkey,the possibility of becoming a party to Finland, Poland, Estonia, Slovakia,the Convention.” Romania, Andorra, Latvia, Ukraine,Letter provided by IKV Pax Christi to Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan,the CMC on 24 August 2010 by email. Serbia, and Monaco, have not signed the CCM. The recommendation alsoResolution on the CCM by the notes that “a large number of CouncilEuropean Parliament - On 8 July of Europe member states have either2010, the European Parliament passed ratified or signed the Convention anda resolution calling on European Union encourages all member states whichmember states to urgently sign and have not yet done so to sign and ratifyratify the Convention on Cluster as soon as possible.”Munitions and to participate in theFirst Meeting of States Parties. 20 out See for the textof 27 EU member states have signed (CM/AS(2010)Rec1871) and thethe Convention. The seven that have decisionnot yet signed are: Estonia, Finland, (CM/Del/Dec(2010)1090/10.7):Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania and The resolution was adopted pby an overwhelming majority of 558votes to 30 (mainly from Finnish and Keeping up a sense of urgency - AtPolish Members of the European the global conference on the CCM fromParliament), with 24 abstentions 7-9 June in Santiago, organized by the(mainly from Romanian Members of government of Chile in collaborationthe European Parliament). with Norway and UNDP, the CMC and the Ban Advocates urged all the 13More on: non-signatory states present, Argentina, Thailand and Vietnam as 10
  11. 11. well as absent Brazil to join the pace for the implementation of theConvention. States expressed their CCM” and send “high levelwillingness to intensify efforts to reach representation” to the 1MSP in Laos.out to non-signatories and provide “There is need for more State Partiesassistance for signatories to ratify. to participate fully in the 1MSP. ThisJapan, as Friend of the President on requires more ratifications as soon asUniversalization reported on its possible.” CMC reminded everyoneUniversalisation activities which that Africa has helped keep the focusincluded sending letters in on the humanitarian suffering and thecollaboration with the CMC. Lao PDR need to respond to it. It has kept theproposed that the President of the bar high in ensuring that the CCM was1MSP could appoint a special envoy to the strongest possible Convention thatvisit non-signatory countries that have could be achieved and went on to sayexpressed objections to signing the that it expected Africa to play theConvention. New Zealand, Australia same role at the 1MSP. Ban Advocate,and Botswana supported this initiative. Berihu Mesele from Ethiopia called onThe CMC said that “The future culture his country to sign and ratify the CCMand climate of the Convention should and posed the question: “Why only 38be based on the highly touted African countries signed and only 6partnership of governments and civil ratified the CCM?” From his ownsociety that brought it about”, “on experience, he pointed out how manyopenness and flexibility, and a challenges still remain in the field ofwillingness on occasion to step outside victim assistance concerning physicalof traditional diplomatic boundaries rehabilitation, economic integrationand practices” and “on prioritization of and psychological support. In theand focus on the humanitarian impact perspective of its role as Friend of theof the work.” The CMC reminded Chair on Reporting to the Vientianeeveryone that “urgency” has been a conference, Belgium presented lessonscatch-word of the Oslo Process, and learnt on national reporting under thestressed on keeping up that “sense of MBT for the CCM including the need forurgency”. training, improvements in data collection, and assistance. CMC notedMore information: that “fundamentally the gathering sharing of information is key to/artic/20090811/pags/2009081109292 providing good services to citizens and1.php enhancing international cooperation.” More information on The Africa“Competent and concerted African Regional Conference on theeffort” - The State Secretary of Universalization and ImplementationNorway stated at the Africa Regional of the Convention on Cluster MunitionsConference on the Universalization and on 25-26 March 2010 in Pretoria,Implementation of the CCM on 25-26 South Africa, attended by 31 AfricanMarch 2010 in Pretoria, South Africa, states/regions:that the CCM “would have been http://clustermunitionspretoria.blogspweaker in all key areas without the and concerted African” and added that “Now our html?quicksearch=Africa+Conference+common challenge is to make sure on+Cluster+Munitionsthat the obligations set out in the are translated into reality ews/?id=2168on the ground.” Malawi expectedAfrican States “to set an ambitious 11
  12. 12. “Ban on cluster bombs will havefinancial implications for Slovakia” - US use of cluster munitions in Yemen?Radio Slovakia International announced on – On 7 June 2010, Amnesty International3 August 2010 “that the Slovak Defence released images of a US-manufacturedMinistry recommends that Slovakia take Tomahawk cruise missile that carriedpart in the International Convention on cluster submunitions, apparently takenCluster Munitions (…), but only when the following an attack on an alleged al-Qaedacountry is able to meet the commitments training camp in the community of al-included in it.” Majalah in the Abyan area in the south of Yemen. On 8 June, the CMC called on the/printClanok.php?clanokID=31506&lang=2 United States to confirm or deny the reported use of US-manufactured cluster“Azerbaijan cannot join the munitions in Yemen and condemned “anyConvention on Cluster Munitions now”, use of cluster munitions anywhere by anythe Foreign Ministry arms control actor.” Neither the US nor Yemen havedepartment specialist said during a round- signed the treaty.table-meeting organized by the Azerbaijani against mines, Trend reported updates/yemen-images-missile-and-on 2 August 2010, because "Azerbaijani cluster-munitions-point-us-role-fatal-territories - Nagorno-Karabakh and seven attack-2010-06-04surrounding regions, are underoccupation.” Cambodia: Victim Assistance part of Millennium Development Goals –4.html According to the Resident Coordinator in of the United Nations DevelopmentOslo Process an example for UN Programme in Cambodia “The CambodianDisarmament Negotiations – Associated Millennium Development Goals include onePress wrote on 21 July 2010, that the UN that is unique to this country. TheSecretary General invited ministers from government recognized that land minesthe UN member states to a meeting in and UXO present significant challenges toSeptember “to revitalize UN disarmament poverty reduction and added to their goalsnegotiations which have been deadlocked CMDG9: landmines, UXO and victimfor more than a dozen years,” UN officials assistance”, so reported the Phnom Penhsaid and added: “Recent treaties on land Post on 28 May 2010. Referring to themines and cluster munitions, for example, Convention on Cluster Munitions, the UNwere negotiated outside the Geneva-based official added: “We stand ready to provideconference to bypass the bottleneck.” assistance to Cambodia to facilitate its entry as signatory to the convention.”php?storyId=128681871 052839348/National-news/lessons-from-a-Cambodia still studying CCM - On 10 violent-past.htmlJune 2010, the Phnom Penh Post quoted astatement by Handicap Internationalsaying “As a highly affected country, AgendaCambodia knows the devastating effects ofcluster munition use on families.” NovemberAccording to the Cambodian Mine ActionAuthority the government still plans to sign 1: Cluster Munition Monitor Reportthe CCM, but “must first study its 2010, Global Release, Bangkok,implications”. According to the newspaper,the Defense Minister said: “We will sign in Thailandthe future. Now we need to protect our 9-12: First Meeting of States Parties tocountry and our souvereignity first from the Convention on Cluster Munitions,other countries like Thailand, which has Vientiane, Lao PDRborder problems with us.” December 2010ticking-on-approval-of-cluster-ban.html 12
  13. 13. 3: Anniversary of the Convention onCluster Munitions Signing ConferenceFOCUS ON VICTIM ASSISTANCE AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATIONUNDER THE CCM affected states themselves to helpSuggestions for the Vientiane bring all forms of resources andAction Plan on Victim Assistance expertise together.” In that sense, Handicap International organized a 2-On 6 September 2010, during the part regional victim assistancepreparatory meeting in Geneva for the workshop in Amman, Jordan, on 25First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP) and 26 May, one for civil society andthe CMC stated that all actions should service providers, including survivorsbe time-bound and measurable. and disability advocates, and the otherAccording to the ICRC, States should for including governmentpresent their plans for the extension of representatives, donors and embassytheir capacities for the implementation staff. Most countries in the region haveof victim assistance and donor states yet to develop National Action Plans onshould come up with concrete victim assistance. Given the increasedcommitments for its funding. ICRC focus on action planning following thestressed the need for tangible benefits adoption of the Cartagena Action Plan,in 2011. the aim was to support national level processes for victim assistance actionParticipatory discussion amongst planning by multi-stakeholdercampaigners and focal points committees in the following countries: Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, theOn 13 June 2010 in Santiago, the ICBL occupied Palestinian Territories andand CMC jointly organized a Victim Yemen. Presentations and moreAssistance Workshop in response to interactive sessions brought increasedthe questions and needs identified by clarity on the need for national actionVictim Assistance Focal Points in order plans and on items to be pursued in-to better equip them to be effective in country.their work. Many Focal Points, Information provided by Elkesurvivors and campaigners gave Hottentot, Victim Assistance Technicalpresentations and participated actively Advisor, Handicap Internationalin discussions on synergies between Switzerland.MBT, CCM and CRPD, monitoring,inclusive development, creating The way from Process to Progressawareness, fundraising for Victim on Victim AssistanceAssistance and the Vientiane ActionPlan. The President of the Summit on the MBT said at the Viennaews-Articles/intersessionals10/va Expert Conference on Victim Assistance on 8-9 April 2010 “that aCivil society as a bridge between large number of victims have seen toodonors and affected states little or even no progress in their lives”, “as was demonstrated throughAs a CMC campaigner from Lebanon Handicap International’s report Voicessaid at the Santiago Conference in from the Ground”. “This situation isJune: “Civil society can also act unacceptable, and compels us to doeffectively as a bridge between donors more to achieve our goals. As weand affected states and among move ahead, our focus should be on 13
  14. 14. applying the common understandings Survivor Corps agreed “thatthat have been established for the process-related progress is important,immediate benefit of survivors, rather but there must also be focus on resultsthan on continued discussions and showing the concrete impact onamongst diplomats on words and the lives of survivors” and added thatphrases. This participative approach “Collecting relevant data to make anmust not only be continued, but appropriate needs assessment isenhanced and improved. We have to essential” and is also key to make suremake sure that the views of all that the impact of victimization issurvivors – regardless of gender or assessed comprehensively, and notage – are heard and respected, and only the impact on an individual, butthat their effective inclusion in also the family and community.”decision-making processes is Survivor participation must also beensured.” According to the Cartagena “meaningful”, which means that theAction Plan “a holistic and integrated interests of survivors are representedapproach to victim assistance must be in any document, instrument andpursued” and “The full, non- efforts that affect their lives and wherediscriminatory and inclusive their participation is facilitated.”reintegration of survivors into their The Director of CMC Austriacommunities and into social, cultural stressed the fact that “So far, financialand economic spheres of societies resources available for victimmust be ensured by central and local assistance programmes have beengovernment.” insufficient” and that for instance The ICBL recognized that “Enough funding must be available for“process” activities such as developing unique initiatives such as that of thelaws, policies, coordination, tools, Ban Advocates (…).” She said thataction plans and establishing the testimonies from several diplomatsstructures necessary to support and negotiators indicate that thenational implementation of victim passionate lobbying efforts undertakenassistance” have been “extremely by the Ban Advocates on individualimportant” and process “is visible in states have had a powerful impact onmost of the affected countries.” changing national policy in manyHowever improvements on “process” individual states. Victims and field-do not always and immediately lead to based organizations working inprogress on the ground, and our next affected states usually know what issteps should focus on how to use really happening on the ground.” Shethese new structures to improve the added that the “effective cooperationdaily lives of survivors. In addition, the between survivors and field-basedStates Parties have accepted the organizations in advocacy and mediaimportance of a social model and work should continue globally. Therights based approach in victim benefit of direct experience of victimsassistance, but they have not been and field staff makes the CMC aable to convert the theory into natural partner of governments inpractice. They continued to focus their meeting their obligations under themain attention on medical and CCM to collect reliable data and assessrehabilitation issues rather than the needs of cluster munition victims.applying victim assistance as the It is no coincidence that the Osloholistic process that has been Process has often been referred to ascommitted to in theory. We have to data-driven, as it was civil society thatkeep the pressing needs of survivors in documented humanitarian evidence onmind when implementing the action the consequences of cluster munitions.plan.” Assessing the status quo on victim assistance implementation has proved 14
  15. 15. to be essential for identifying ongoing from governments, UN, ICRC, CMCchallenges and elaborating new and and ICBL, as well as survivor.effective action plans for the future.And it will remain essential in the Use and Reinforce Existingfuture, as States Parties to the CCM Capacities in Affected Stateswill need to agree on a roadmap forimplementation at the First Meeting of At the Victim Assistance Session of theStates The coordinator of the CMC Pretoria Conference in March 2010,said: “It is our job to bridge the all too the Director of the Uganda Landmineoften gaping divide between policy Survivors Association, Margaret Arachdiscussions and action where it is Orech, called on all states in Africa toneeded in affected communities. Good join the global community, and signwork has been done of course, but the and ratify the Convention on Clustermessage, we in the NGO community Munitions. “Ratifying the CCM, andare getting is that much more is beginning its implementation,needed. Victim assistance is an including in the area of victimexample of how the CCM can be assistance is also a way to generatebeneficial to states and their citizens greater resources and cooperation forand that it can be done.” implementation of a number of other Dejan Dicic, a cluster munition obligations that states have undersurvivor and Ban Advocate from Niš in international law.”Serbia draw the attention “to the She admitted that “the lowlimited resources of the affected pace of ratification by African states isstates, to the large imbalance of quite disturbing” and added:economic potential between “especially as the onus for victimdisadvantages regions and developed assistance rests on them. This mayregions within affected states and the limit immediate implementation, whichnumber of layers between is quite vital if we are to see anynational/international donors on the changes and improvements in theone hand and victims or their families quality of the lives of survivors.” As aon the other hand.” landmine survivor herself, she said The Senior Advisor and Team that survivors still wait for their statesLeader on Armed Violence, Mine Action to take up responsibility whereand Small Arms, UNDP noted that necessary and reinforce existing“While the Millennium Development efforts for a better provision of victimGoals (MDG) are specifically designed assistance.” She called on “allto address the needs of the xorld’s governments to take advantage of thepoorest citizens and the world’s most resources that exist in theirmarginalized populations there are communities” and asked them toactually no references to persons with “actively empower survivors and theirdisabilities either in the MDGs representative groups to participate inthemselves or in the accompanying the social, economic and politicalbody of guidelines and policies.” sector of their community and the country.”The Vienna Expert Conference on She stressed the “need forVictim Assistance, an informal expert continuing medical care, especially tomeeting, was held from 8-9 April 2010 survivors in remote areas” and notedin Vienna, was a joint initiative of the that “governments can through theirAustrian Ministry of Defence and the focal points on victim assistance reachMinistry for European and out to survivors through theInternational Affairs and gathered community based rehabilitationover 70 participants and panellists approach and ensure that they are able to access the available services 15
  16. 16. for medical care as well as for just as important as the amount ofrehabilitation.” Services to support funds available.” She admitted: “Wesurvivors to overcome long-term must to a much larger degreepsychological trauma are lacking or recognise the competence that existsare not easily accessible in most in affected States” and referred tocommunities. Therefore, she national expertise built up in Africa.suggested that more resources should She concluded that “Internationalbe put toward the training of more cooperation must be structured in a“counselors as well as the survivors way that supports national ownershipthemselves to provide peer rather than undermines it.”counseling.” The CMC called on African The Deputy Head of the states to foster South-SouthNorwegian Mission in Pretoria stated cooperation in the sharing of bestthat to “maintain dedicated funding, practices as “the hallmark of thethe use of resources is equally as implementation of the CCM” and inimportant as fundraising” and creating a common framework atemphasized “the importance of regional, sub-regional, and regionalbuilding national capacity and sharing levels using groupings such as SADC,national expertise developed in ECOWAS, and the African Union.”affected states with others, along withtime-bound targeted strategic http://clustermunitionspretoria.blogsppartnerships at the regional and sub- levels. She recognized “that Statement by the Director of thesurvivors and other victims do not Uganda Landmine Survivorsreceive the assistance they are entitled Association at: www.handicap-to.” But achieving the aims (…) is not international.beonly about raising and spending moremoney (…) How resources are spent isFOCUS ON THE BAN ADVOCATESBan Advocates celebrate the Entry the Convention at a press conferenceinto Force of the CCM on 1 August in Brussels on 30 July 2010.2010 Cambodia: Activities in Siem Reap,Ban Advocates called on states to join Cambodia included a survivor seminar.the CCM and launched worldwide the The Cambodian Ban Advocate Yoeunfilm “Ban Advocates: from Victims to Sam En was interviewed during the 1Champions” directed by Chris August event in Phnom Penh.Anderson. Croatia: In Croatia, the governmentAfghanistan: In Afghanistan, survivors and civil society organized an event inwere included in media outreach. Zagreb, which included risk education performances for children and issued aAlbania: The Albanian Ban Advocate press release.Ardjana Mani called on thegovernment to work on quick Ethiopia: The Ethiopian Ban Advocatesimplementation of the Convention and Aynalem Zenebe and Berihu Meseleto prioritize victim assistance. called on their government to join the treaty during an event at the MekeleBelgium: Sladjan and Dusica Vučković Ayder School that was bombed byfrom Serbia called on Serbia to join cluster munitions in 1998. The film by 16
  17. 17. Chris Anderson was launched in CCM to their 600 members andMekele and Addis Ababa. communities.Laos PDR: Ban Advocates from all over More:the Lao PDR were highly involved in 1 August celebrations in Vientiane. The film can be found on:Thailand: The Laotian Ban Advocate Silampan participated in the p?post/2010/07/30/Film-The-Ban-Round Table Discussion, organized by Advocates%3A-From-Victims-to-the Foreign Ministry of Thailand in Championscooperation with ICRC in Bangkok on29-30 July 2010, with the participation Laos Training – In anticipation of theof the Defence Ministry and other Thai First Meeting of States Parties in Laogovernment agencies, Australia, PDR, the Lao Ban Advocates came toGermany, Japan, Laos, the UN, the Vientiane from their villages toCMC and the GICHD. participate in an advocacy Refresher Workshop (the first workshop was heldTajikistan: During a Round Table on 3 in January 2010) from 26-27 JulyAugust, Umarbek Pulodov, Ban 2010. They discussed the CCM andAdvocate from Tajikistan, expressed how the convention will affecthis hope that the Tajik government survivors and affected communities.would join the Convention during a They practiced dealing with journalistsRound Table on 3 August, attended by and working with governmentrepresentatives of the Presidential representatives.Administration, the Justice, Foreignand Defense Ministries the Mine Action Training: from survivors to BanCentre, local NGOs and the media as Advocates - The Tajik Campaign towell as landmine and cluster munitions Ban Landmines, with the support ofsurvivors. Umarbek Pulodov as Ban Advocate, organized an “Advocacy & AwarenessUS: Lynn Bradach, whose son was Raising Training for the Clusterkilled in Iraq while clearing cluster Munition and Landmine Survivors”munitions, called on the U.S. to attend from 30 July to 4 August 2010. Thethe First Meeting of States Parties to main objective of this training was tothe CCM in Laos and to “work with have new Tajik Ban Advocates inother countries to make sure this Tajikistan to urge the government toweapon is banned globally once and sign and ratify the CCM as soon asfor all.” possible, preferably before the first meeting of states parties in NovemberSerbia: Branislav Kapetanović urged in Lao PDR. They spoke aboutthe Serbian government to sign during synergies and differences between thea TV show in Serbia on the entry into CCM, the MBT and the CRPD; theforce of the CCM. rights of persons with disabilities in Tajikistan; and received media training.Vietnam: In Vietnam, survivors andcampaigners issued a joint statement Ban Bus Tour in Tajikistan - Banto welcome entry into force of theConvention. A meeting was organized Advocate, Umarbek Pulodov, waswith representatives from 20 self-help involved in a Ban Bus Tour aroundgroups of survivors, who then affected regions of Tajikistan to informdisseminated information about the the communities about the CCM. The 17
  18. 18. Bus Tour was also planned to raise Speaking from his experience in hisawareness of people in remote own country, he said: “If we look at aaffected regions and locations and to map of Serbia we see that CM and LMhelp them raise their voices in order to victims were mostly from the leasturge the Government of Tajikistan to developed, rural regions within Serbiajoin the Convention on Cluster itself. After the war events in theMunitions. Balkans, from the economically prosperous region of Niš, today Niš isCall on states to involve survivors the most underdeveloped region in– At the Santiago Conference, Ban Serbia.” He also spoke about the roleAdvocates from Lao and Afghanistan of other family members to resolve thecalled on states to involve survivors in most basic questions of survival andthe implementation of the Vientiane living conditions.” “The monthlyAction Plan. “We, as survivors, need to income of a family in southern Serbiabe involved. We know what the real is still up to 10 times less than theneeds of the victims are. Support has income in the north of Serbia. Thatsto be based on our needs. Concrete why there is a particular need forassistance is urgently needed now, Victim Assistance in rural areas and heand for many years to come,” Bounmy added: “The role of NGOs can beVijak, Ban Advocate from Lao PDR, crucial in training the victims andsaid. “Cluster bomb survivors were a educating them how to approachdriving force behind the successful donors, national or international.”treaty negotiations, and we now callon states to make sure victims are Ban Advocates Film adapted forfully included in all aspects of bringing aurally and visually disabledthe Convention into practice,” said persons - The Film “The BanSoraj Ghulam Habib, a 19-year-old Advocates: From Victims toAfghan cluster munition survivor and Champions” directed by ChrisBan Advocate on behalf of the CMC. Anderson, has been made accessible“The more support we have from to Dutch-language aurally and visuallygovernments to rebuild our lives, the disabled persons by “Platformstronger we will become.” Handicap en Ontwikkelingssamenwerking” (PHOS)Advocating at Amman Workshop in cooperation with the organizationon Victim Assistance - Raed “Fevlado” and “Licht en Liefde” withMokaled, who lost his 5-year old son the support of the Flemishthrough a cluster munition explosion, government. The adaptedshared his experience during a documentary can be obtained fromWorkshop on Victim Assistance in Handicap International and PHOS.Amman. More information: www.banadvocates.orgSpeaking as an expert - Dejan Dicic, www.handicap-international.orgBan Advocate from Niš in Serbia, www.phos.beparticipated in the Vienna Expert-Meeting on Victim Assistance.FOCUS ON INVESTEMENTS IN MINES AND CLUSTER MUNITIONS Luxembourg, reported that a MemberLuxembourg Compensation Fund of Parliament accused the publicfor the Social Security will “Fonds de compensation de la Sécuritédisinvest - On 18 August 2010 the sociale” of financing enterprisesnewspaper “Le Quotidien” from 18
  19. 19. producing cluster munitions. On 20 International Belgium and byAugust, the enterprise said it would www.dw-stop investing in enterprises linked,,5891121,00.htwith cluster munitions. Handicap mlInternational said an official black listof cluster munition producers is Japan banks ban financing clusterdramatically missing. arms - On 30 July 2010, AFP reportedInformation provided by Handicap that Japans three largest banks wouldInternational Luxembourg to Handicap refrain from financing the manufactureInternational Belgium on 20 August of cluster bombs. Sumitomo Mitsui2010 Financial Group (SMFG), Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFG) and Mizuhoolitique-et-societe/14502-Des- Bank said they had stated in theirpensions-explosives.html regulations they would deny loans and investments for the productions ofolitique-et-societe/14530-Maintenant- cluster munitions.faut-ragir.html news-world/japan-banks-ban-Germany criticised for buying body financing-cluster-arms-20100730-scanner from cluster munitions 10zkw.htmlproducer – “Germanys interiorministry is facing criticism for buying France prohibits financing ofairport body scanners from the producers of cluster munitions -subsidiary of a US company known to On 8 July 2010, France announcedproduce internationally banned cluster that direct and indirect financing of themunitions,” Deutsche Welle, as well as production or trade of clusterother media, reported on 11 August munitions is forbidden by French law.2010, referring to two full-body On the occasion of the debate on thescanners to be used for tests at national implementation law of theHamburg airport in September from a Oslo Convention in the Frenchsubsidiary of the US L3 parliament, the government officiallyCommunications company, declared that "any knowingly direct orwhich according to a survey by the IKV indirect financial assistance, to aPAX Christi aid organization, is a manufacturing or trading activity ofproducer of cluster ammunition. cluster munitions would be consideredHandicap International Germany as an assistance, encouragement oraccused the government in Berlin of inducement falling within the scope ofdouble standards. “You simply weaken criminal law". This declaration is thethe treaty prohibiting cluster munitions first statement in France specifying theif you pursue such business activities," prohibition of assistance stipulated bythe director told Deutsche Welle. The the Oslo Convention, and incorporatedGerman organization in the law.pressure group called on the Information provided to the CMC bygovernment “to renounce such deals Handicap International France on 7immediately." According to Handicap July 2010International Germany, the The minutes of the plenary session ofgovernment replied that “this is only a the National Assemblytest phase, we don’t buy the on:www.assemblee-nationale.frappliances at this stage. If it comes to More information on www.amnesty.fra bigger order, we will apply the usual and www.handicap-international.frtender procedures”.Information provided by Handicap Dutch financial institutions calledInternational Germany to Handicap on government to prohibit 19
  20. 20. investments in cluster munitions - month to exclude such firms from itsThe Dutch Bank ASN called on the actively managed Swiss andHouse of Representatives in the Luxembourg funds”, a spokeswomanNetherlands to support the proposal on said.a prohibition on investments in cluster Information provided by Handicapmunitions. “It is incomprehensible to International Switzerland on 11 Mayratify the treaty and leave space to 2010.invest in this sector”, the Bank said on July 2010. The call follows after two news/Swiss-bank-UBS-divests-from-main Dutch pension funds (APG and apf-2565382271.html?x=0MN Services) publically expressed asimilar call to the Dutch government Financial institutions continue toearlier this year to install a prohibition invest in cluster munitionon direct investments in cluster producers - IKV Pax Christimunitions. On 8 December 2009, the (Netherlands) and Netwerk VlaanderenDutch House of Representatives (Belgium) launched an update to theiradopted a motion to prohibit October 2009 report, “Worldwideinvestments in cluster munitions. investments in cluster munitions – aHowever, on 31 March 2010, the shared responsibility”, in Geneva onDutch Minister of Finance and Minister 14 April 2010. The report revealedof Social Affairs decided not to that “The world’s top financialimplement the motion. Information institutions continue to finance theprovided by IKV/Pax Christi to following seven leading producers ofHandicap International Belgium cluster bombs and cluster bomb components: Alliant (USA), Hanwha (South Korea), L-33 Communications (USA), Lockheed Martin (USA) Poongsan (South Korea),, Singapore Technologies Engineering3554504&_dad=portal&_schema=POR (Singapore) and Textron (USA).”TAL&p_item_id=6107199 AG excluded investments in portcluster munition producers - “UBS has pulled its investments from tic_security_and_disarmament_clustercompanies that manufacture cluster _munition_home_stop_explosive_invebombs, the Swiss bank said on 10 May stments.htm2010”, Associated Press in Zurich www.netwerkvlaanderen.bereported. “UBS Global AssetManagement took a policy decision lastCONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIESFor an update on the Status of the December 2010 3: International Day of Persons withSpain submitted its initial report to Disabilities: "Keeping the promise:the CRPD Committee - On 3 May, Mainstreaming disability in theSpain submitted its initial report on its Millennium Development Goalsimplementation of the CRPD to the towards 2015 and beyond"Committee on the CRPD. It is the firstcountry to submit its report. 20
  21. 21. RECENT ARTICLES, BLOGS, PUBLICATIONS, SITES, VIDEOS “Assistance, Advocacy, Access” a project “Fulfilling the Ban: Guidelines for Effectivemapping victim assistance in Serbia, June National Legislation to Implement the2010, by the website of AAA-S, Serbia. Convention on Cluster Munitions.” New legal analysis paper of Human Rights.“Ban Advocates: from Victims to Champions”,a film directed by Chris Anderson, globally “Implementing the Convention on Clusterlaunched on 1 August 2010, from Handicap Munitions,” Disarmament Forum 2010 no.International Belgium, shows how Ban 1, examines what will be required toAdvocates from different countries played a implement some of the humanitarian andcrucial role in the process towards a global ban development commitments of theon cluster munitions andremain committed to Convention.take responsibility in the implementation of the periodique.php?ref_periodique=1020-Available online at, and on Vimeo. “It’s past time for the U.S. to join a global“” updated on 1 April 2010 ban on cluster bombs”, op-ed by Banwith cases of AXA, Dexia and KBC as well Advocate, Lynn Bradach, which son Travis,as translated into Dutch. The website a corporal in the U.S. Marines, was shows the investments of by a U.S. cluster bomb in July 2003, while16 well-known banks in harmful projects. he was clearing cluster munitions in Iraq, Oregon Live,“Cluster munitions and victim assistance”, ssf/2010/08/the_us_should_join_and_leada key list of information launched by _a.html“Source”, an International InformationSupport Centre designed to strengthen the “Laos: hope for development”, report bymanagement, use and impact of IRIN, humanitarian news and analysis, ainformation on health and disability, a project of the UN Office for thecollaborative venture of CICH, Healthlink Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 5Worldwide, Handicap International and August 2010Exchange. Id=90072st2.cfm?topic=dis&search=QL_CMVA09 “Legacies of War: Unexploded Ordnances“Deadly Movements: Arms Transportation in Laos,” a US Department of StatesControls in the Arms Trade Treaty,’ report release on the first congressional hearing,by Amnesty International, 19 July 2010, held on 22 April 2010, where the non-profitNew York. It highlights examples of organisation “Legacies of War” testifieddeliveries of cluster munitions and their about the dangers of UXO. The Housecomponents on ships registered in the UK, Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommitteeand managed by UK and German shipping on Asia, the Pacific and the Globalcompanies, that were transported from Environment, examined the issue ofSouth Korea to Pakistan between March Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) in Laos and2008 and February 2010 for use by the US funding for their’s army. 4/140688.htmwsID=18893 21
  22. 22. “Laos Takes Centre Stage in Cluster Bombs Monitor and Cluster Munition MonitorTreaty”, by Marwaan Macan-Markar, reports, online country profile reportsBangkok, IPS, 5 August 2010 on the (launched on 22 June 2010 and finalizedleading role of Laos in a global campaign to by the end of August), as well asban the use of cluster bombs. factsheets and maps. All Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor research products8 are available for purchase and as a free online resource.“Negotiating the Convention on Cluster The Role of African States,”Gugu Dube, ISS Paper 187, 1 June 2009. “The Things We Left Behind: Fifty Years Later, American Cluster Bombs Continue toD=5217 Kill in Laos”, by Alexis Collatos, 5 August 2010, on “Partnership for a Secure“Survivors and activists hail cluster bomb America”.ban,” by Thin Lei Win and Maria Caspani, July 2010, AlertNet Bangkok/London. things-we-left-behind-fifty-years-later- american-bombs-continue-to-kill-in-laos/2010/06/30-142951-1.htm “The Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) – The Landmine and and Operational Progress in the Lao PDR.”Cluster Munition Monitor is an initiative The Fact Sheet provides official figures byproviding research for the International the National Regulatory Authority (NRA)Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and for UXO/Mine Action in the Lao PDR. Maythe Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC). It is 2010.the de facto monitoring regime for the Ban Treaty and the Convention on e-Unexploded-Ordnance-UXO_a701.htmlCluster Munitions. Landmine and ClusterMunition Monitor produces several researchproducts including the annual LandmineContact and coordination: Hildegarde Vansintjan, Advocacy Officer, HandicapInternational vzw-asbl, BelgiumYou have received this newsletter because your email address is on our mailing list. Ifyou would like to subscribe with a different email address or you would like tounsubscribe from this mailing list, please send a message to:Hildegarde Vansintjan, Advocacy Officer, Handicap International vzw/asbl; Phone: + 322 233 01 06 / Mobile: + 32 485 111 460 / Fax: + 32 2 230 60 30 / Spastraat 67 / 67,Rue de Spa / B - 1000 Brussels Belgium / hildegarde.vansintjan(at) /www.handicap-international.beHandicap International is an international organisation specialised in the field ofdisability. Non-governmental, non-religious, non-political and non-profit making, itworks alongside people with disabilities, whatever the context, offering them assistanceand supporting them in their efforts to become self-reliant. Since its creation, theorganisation has set up programmes in approximately 60 countries and intervened inmany emergency situations. It has eight national associations (Belgium, Canada, France,Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States) which providehuman and financial resources, manage projects and raise awareness of HandicapInternationals actions and campaigns.More on 22