Iceberg Theory:• Hemingway strippes everything but the bare essentials from his stories and novels, leaving readers to sift through the remaining dialogue and bits of narrative on their own.• Just as the visible tip of an iceberg hides a far greater mass of ice underneath the ocean surface, so does Hemingway’s dialogue belie the unstated tension between his characters.
• Hemingway firmly believed that perfect stories conveyed far more through subtext than through the actual words written on the page.• The more a writer strips away, the more powerful the “iceberg,” or story, becomes.
Hemingway’s Economy of Style:• Hemingway is known for his economic prose—his writing is minimalist and sparse, with few adverbs or adjectives.• He includes only essential information, often omitting background information, transitions, and dialogue tags such as “he said” or “she said.• He often uses pronouns without clear antecedents, such as using the word it without clarifying what it refers to.
• Hemingway applies the “iceberg principle” to his stories: only the tip of the story is visible on the page, while the rest is left underwater—unsaid.• Hemingway uses fewer words and lets the effect of his style speak for itself.
• Hemingway’s technique is uncomplicated, with plain grammar and easily accessible language.• Hemingway is also considered a master of dialogue. The conversations between his characters demonstrate not only communication but also its limits.• The way Hemingway’s characters speak is sometimes more important than what they say, because what they choose to say (or leave unsaid) illuminates sources of inner conflict.
• Sometimes characters say only what they think another character will want to hear. In short, Hemingway captures the complexity of human interaction through subtlety and implication as well as direct discourse.
Hemingway Quotes on Writing:• “All my life Ive looked at words as though I were seeing them for the first time. “• “All our words from loose using have lost their edge. “• “For a long time now I have tried simply to write the best I can. Sometimes I have good luck and write better than I can. “• “I dont like to write like God. It is only because you never do it, though, that the critics think you cant do it. “
• “Its none of their business that you have to learn how to write. Let them think you were born that way. “• “My aim is to put down on paper what I see and what I feel in the best and simplest way. “• “There is no rule on how to write. Sometimes it comes easily and perfectly; sometimes its like drilling rock and then blasting it out with charges.”• “There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed.”• “When writing a novel a writer should create living people; people not characters. A character is a caricature. “