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Cyber Dissident

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As of 2008 there are more internet journalists in prisons all over the world than print, tv, or radio. In some countries a journalist can be thrown in prison for years for a single offending word or photo. These professional journalist or citizen journalist who posts news, information, or commentary on the internet, implying criticism of a government or regime. are called cyber dissidents.

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Cyber Dissident

  1. 1. The Cyber dissident MIT2412 www.bloggingatuwo.webs.com Hanan Kamal Eldahry
  2. 2. Cyber-dissident <ul><li>a professional journalist or citizen journalist who posts news, information, or commentary on the internet that implies criticism of a government or regime. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: wikipedia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Orgnizations Offering a Community for Cyber-dissidents <ul><li>Global Voices: globalvoicesonline.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A leading participatory media news room for voices from the developing world. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call Attention </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate & enable new voices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advocate for freedom of expression </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: www.globalvoicesonline.org </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Organizations Defending Journalists Worldwide <ul><li>Reporters Without Borders </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rsf.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mission: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defends </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fights </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives Financial Aid </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Works </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Organizations Defending Journalists Worldwide <ul><li>Committee to Protect Journalists </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://cpj.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>publicly reveals abuses against the press </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>warns journalists and news organizations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Why is press freedom important?
  7. 7. Answer: <ul><li>Without a free press, few other human rights are attainable. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a CORE right/freedom </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 2008 prison census: Online and in jail <ul><li>45 percent of all media workers jailed worldwide are bloggers, Web-based reporters, or online editors. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2008 prison census: Online and in jail <ul><li>125 journalists in all behind bars on December 1, 2008 </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2008 prison census: Online and in jail <ul><li>CHINA-world’s #1 jailer of journalists </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2008 prison census: Online and in jail <ul><li>Cuba, Burma, Eritrea, and Uzbekistan round out the top five jailers </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2008 prison census: Online and in jail <ul><li>Forty-five of the journalists on CPJ's census are freelancers </li></ul>SOURCE: http: //cpj .org/reports/2008/12/cpjs-2008-prison-census-online-and-in-jail. php
  13. 13. Freedom Loving Countries Source: Reporters without Borders
  14. 14. What do the Top 20 Freedom Loving Countries have in common?
  15. 15. Answer: <ul><li>A parliamentary democratic system, and not being involved in any war. </li></ul>
  16. 16. China <ul><li>24 of 28 jailed journalists worked online. </li></ul><ul><li>The leading human activist in China, Hu Jia arrested </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cuba <ul><li>the world's second worst jailer </li></ul><ul><li>21 writers and editors in prison </li></ul><ul><li>Héctor Maseda Gutiérrez- 65 is the oldest of those jailed in Cuba. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Burma <ul><li>Third worst jailer </li></ul><ul><li>Holding 14 journalists. </li></ul><ul><li>Maung Thura </li></ul>
  19. 19. Middle East <ul><li>Syria leads in cyber-repression: #159 </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt: #146 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdel Karim Suleiman, a 23 y.o. Egyptian blogger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Isreal: #46th domestically and 149th outside its own territory </li></ul>
  20. 20. Iran <ul><li>166th on the list of Freedom Loving Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Applies death penalty to Web Crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Hossein Derakhshan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick started the countries blogging revolution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34 year old Iranian Canadian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>award-winning weblog, &quot;Editor: Myself&quot; (http://hoder.com/weblog), which was started in September, 2001 </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Where does Canada Stand? <ul><li>#13 on the List of Freedom Loving Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Aside from New Zealand and Canada, the first 20 positions are held by European countries. </li></ul>
  22. 22. United States <ul><li>Holding photographer Ibrahim Jassam without charge in Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Made CPJ's list of countries jailing journalists for the fifth consecutive year </li></ul><ul><li>36th domestically and 119th outside its own territory) and Israel (46th domestically and 149th outside its own territory </li></ul><ul><li>As of Dec. 2008:The U.S. military still refusing to release him. </li></ul>
  23. 23. A decade of imprisonment
  24. 24. Trends <ul><li>2008 tally reflects the second consecutive decline in the total number of jailed journalists </li></ul>
  25. 25. Trends <ul><li>Imprisonments rose significantly in 2001, after governments imposed sweeping national security laws in the wake of the 9/11 </li></ul>
  26. 26. Trends <ul><li>Print and Internet journalists make up the bulk of the census </li></ul>
  27. 27. Trends <ul><li>Most Common Charges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>charges unrelated to journalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violations of censorship rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Defamation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>charges of ethnic or religious insult. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Trends <ul><li>For the fifth consecutive Year the U.S. makes the list of countries jailing journalists </li></ul>

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