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Lp power point r

  1. 1. LESSON PLANNING INSTUDENT CENTERED-CLASSROOMS Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 1
  2. 2. CLASSROOMTeacher-Centered Student-CenteredT Tss ss Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 2
  3. 3. STUDENT-CENTERED CLASSROOM• How do students actively learn?• What is learning? Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 3
  4. 4. Ten Principles of Learning1. We learn to do by doing.2. We learn to do what we do and not something else.3. Without readiness, learning is inefficient and may be harmful.4. Without motivation there can be no learning at all.5. For effective learning, responses must be immediately reinforced.6. Meaningful content is better learned and longer retained than less meaningful content.7. For the greatest amount of transfer learning, responses should be learned in the way they are going to be used.8. Ones response will vary according to how one perceives the situation.9. An individuals responses will vary according to the learning atmosphere.10. One does the only thing one can do given the physical inheritance, background, and present acting forces. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 4
  5. 5. Tell me and I will forget Show me and I might not remember Involve me and I will understandCe qui reste quand on a tout oublié Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 5
  6. 6. What Do We Remember?• We remember …• 10% of what we read;• 20% of what we hear;• 30% of what we see;• 50% of what we see and hear• 80% of what we say;• 90% of what we say and do From: Resources for Organizations and Creative Training TechnIques, 1997 Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 6
  7. 7. The teacher helps students construct THEIR own knowledge. HOW? Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 7
  8. 8. Teacher Should:• check students’ prior knowledge about the desired topic• help/guide students to say and do To construct THEIR own knowledge. CONSTRUCTIVISM Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 8
  9. 9. GAPSNO lazy students but students with gaps inprior knowledge.Teachers are one major cause of students’gaps in knowledge.(students with normal abilities) Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 9
  10. 10. Types of Learners & Learning StylesTypes of learners Learning stylesHigh VAKAverage }Achievers Visual,Auditory,KinestheticLow VARK Visual,Aural,Read/Write, Kinesthetic Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 10
  11. 11. Some Prerequisites for a Successful Lesson Plan• Material• -Rapport between Teacher and students -Appropriate Use of Motivational Strategies• Reward/Punishment System• Effective Classroom Management Techniques Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 11
  12. 12. MATERIAL• Interesting/ motivating• Valuable/ relevant• Appropriate level of difficulty (neither too easy nor too difficult)• Balanced activities• Suitable for different types of learners (individual differences)• Appropriate visual aids and graphic organizers (Importance of visual aids especially in lower elementary class rooms).• Integration of language skills. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 12
  13. 13. Rapport between teachers and students:Teacher should:• Create a positive environment ( A classroom where it is FUN to learn and where students’ anxiety level is low)• have NO teacher’s pets• Be friendly but firm• promote affiliation and approval among students• Apply effective motivational strategies before during and after the lesson plan Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 13
  14. 14. How can a Teacher motivate students? 8 characteristics to motivate students:1. Instructors enthusiasm2. Relevance of the material3. Organization of the course4. Appropriate difficulty level of the material5. Balanced activities6. Active involvement of students7. Variety8. Rapport between teacher and students Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 14
  15. 15. HOW CAN YOU MOTIVATEYOUR STUDENTS? Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 15
  16. 16. Incorporate Instructional Behaviors • Hold high but realistic expectations for your students • Help students set achievable goals for themselves • Tell students what they need to do to succeed in your course • Strengthen students self-motivation • Avoid creating intense competition among students • Be enthusiastic about your subject Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 16
  17. 17. Structure Your Course• Work from students strengths and interests• When possible, let students have some say in choosing what will be studied• Increase the difficulty of the material as the semester progresses• Vary your teaching methods. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 17
  18. 18. Respond To Their Work• Give students feedback as quickly as possible• Reward success• Introduce students to the good work done by their peers• Be specific when giving negative feedback• Avoid demeaning comments• Avoid giving in to students pleas for "the answer" to homework problems Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 18
  19. 19. De-emphasize Grades• Emphasize mastery and learning rather than grades• Design tests that encourage the kind of learning you want students to achieve• Avoid using grades as threats to punish: a-Student’s misbehavior b-Incomplete tasks Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 19
  20. 20. 8 Simple Rules for Teachers• Rule 1: Emphasize the most critical concepts continuously.• Rule 2: Provide students with a "visual aid" when possible to explain abstract concepts.• Rule 3: Rely on logic when applicable.• Rule 4: Use in-class activities to reinforce newly presented material.• Rule 5:Help students create a “link” when teaching something new.• Rule 6: Recognize the importance of vocabulary in a course.• Rule 7: Treat students with respect.• Rule 8: Hold students to a high standard. Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 20
  21. 21. Other Important Teacher’s CharacteristicsTeacher should develop the 3 RogerianCharacteristics of a counselor:a. Listen intently to his/her studentsb. Unconditionally accept all studentsc. Empathize with his/her students Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 21
  22. 22. Reward/punishment system:• Be consistent in applying class rules agreed upon on the first day of school• Use happy/sad face chart (or equivalent)• Use appropriately token economy &Time- Out• Don’t punish students RATHER motivate them to complete the task• Don’t ridicule students Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 22
  23. 23. Classroom Management Techniques Effective management of: • Class time (time on task) • Students behavior ( behavior modification and reward/punishment system) • Classroom instructions Tell students: 1- what to do 2- what material to use 3- how much time to complete the task Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 23
  24. 24. Useful Educational Sites• http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet /committees/FacDevCom/guidebk /teachtip/teachtip.htm• www.teAchnology.com Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 24
  25. 25. Neuroscience & Lesson PlanningFROM BRAIN SCAN TO LESSON PLANhttp://www.apa.org/monitor/mar00/brainscan.html Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 25
  26. 26. THANK YOU Hanadi Mirza hanadym@hotmail.com 26