Introduction toIntroduction to
ArchitectureArchitecture
GRACE Art Lake Anne ElementaryGRACE Art Lake Anne Elementary
The ParthenonThe Parthenon
The National Gallery of Art WestThe National Gallery of Art West
WingWing
Can you compare the two?Can you compare the two?
 The ParthenonThe Parthenon  The National Gallery ofThe National Galler...
ColumnsColumns
Ionic ColumnIonic Column Doric Column CorinthianDoric Column Corinthian
ColumnColumn
Neo-classical ArchitectureNeo-classical Architecture
National Gallery of ArtNational Gallery of Art The Supreme CourtThe S...
Neo-classical: National Gallery of ArtNeo-classical: National Gallery of Art
Built in 1941Built in 1941
The U.S. Capitol built from 1793-1863The U.S. Capitol built from 1793-1863
by William Thortonby William Thorton
The dome in architectureThe dome in architecture
The Capitol DomeThe Capitol Dome Inside the PantheonInside the Pantheon
D...
Gothic ArchitectureGothic Architecture
The National Cathedral built byThe National Cathedral built by
Philip FrohmanPhilip...
Flying ButtressesFlying Buttresses
East Wing of the National GalleryEast Wing of the National Gallery
Tetrahedron Skylights for theTetrahedron Skylights for ...
East Wing of the National GalleryEast Wing of the National Gallery
Paul Mellon, J. Carter Brown, I.M.PeiPaul Mellon, J. Ca...
East Wing National Gallery of ArtEast Wing National Gallery of Art
Commissioned Art Work for the EastCommissioned Art Work for the East
Wing of the National GalleryWing of the National Gall...
Commissioned Art Work for the EastCommissioned Art Work for the East
Wing of the National GalleryWing of the National Gall...
Dulles AirportDulles Airport
Washington National MonumentWashington National Monument
Built by Robert Mills inBuilt by Robert Mills in
1848-18851848-18...
Washington National MonumentWashington National Monument
Architecture in Washington, D.C.Architecture in Washington, D.C.
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Introduction 20to 20architecture

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  • {"5":"In Classical Greek and Roman architecture, columns sit on rectangular bases and connect to the top of roof of the building. The top of the columns are called Capitals. There are three types of well known columns. Ionic: slim columns designed to represent a tall tree of stream of water with two spirals at the top of the column representing waves. Doric: enormous, solid structures with no ornamentation on top. Corinthian: resembles a tree with leaves at the top. \n","11":"A flying buttress is a type of structure used to support the high vaulted ceilings in Gothic architecture. The flying buttress is connected to the building on the outside walls using an arch. These types of supports are most commonly found in Cathedrals.\n","17":"Designed by Eero Saarinen in the Modern style, Saarinen wanted the airport to have the look of the curve of flying. The entire airport was created as a sculpture made to give the feel of upward movement. The airport’s outer walls are all windows, transparent for those looking in and out.\n","6":"Can you tell which types of columns have been used for each building?\n","12":"The East Wing was designed by I.M.Pei, a prominent modern architect. Mr. Pei wanted the East Wing to be completely different from the West Wing. The East Wing was created on a piece of land shaped as a trapezoid. In order to accommodate this shape, Mr. Pei created the East Wing by using two triangular buildings that used both large and small spaces within the buildings to create symmetry between space needed for large and small pieces of artwork.\n","18":"The Washington Monument is both a symbol of Washington, D.C. and a tribute to George Washington, our first president. The architect, Robert Mills, chose to the shape of an Obelisks, a form of an Egyptian monument which has a large rectangular base, narrowing center, and pyramid cap.\nNo other building in Washington, D.C. is allowed to be built higher than the Monument.\n","7":"The aerial view shows the dome on the National Gallery of Art. \n","13":"The East Wing was created to reflect the artwork within. The East building focuses on modern and contempory art. This building was considered the first modern piece of Washington, D.C. building architecture.\n","2":"The Parthenon is located in Athens, Greece. Considered a classic example of Greek Architecture, The Parthenon was built to represent the gods and goddesses in abstract form. The Greeks built their structures using mathematical proportions and considered their buildings as a type of sculpture.\n","19":"The Washington Monument was designed and placed purposefully in the center of: The Capitol (to the East), The Lincoln Memorial (to the West), The White House (to the North), The Jefferson Memorial (to the South), in order to provide a view an honor other important monuments in Washington, D.C. \n","8":"The Capitol is also an example of neo-classical architecture. The Capitol building has columns, a dome, symmetrical spaces, and pediments. Can you see all of these in the Capitol?\n","3":"Built in 1941 it is an example of neo-classical architecture. Neo-classical architecture is architecture inspired by the buildings designed and created during Ancient Greece and Rome. Neo-classical architecture uses some if not all of these styles in its design: symmetry, columns, triangular pediments, and/or domes.\n","20":"Can you name the different styles of architecture found in Washington, D.C.?\n","9":"Domes were used primarily by the Roman in their architecture and can be seen here in example on the Pantheon. The underneath, inside of a dome is called the Rotunda. The Capitol building was built with a dome similar to the one found in the Pantheon. Inside the Dome, the founders, Washington, D.C. history, and architects of Washington, D.C. have been honored through artwork on the Rotunda walls, ceiling, and statues placed on the floor. What sort of feelings do you get looking at both the Capitol and Pantheon domes? Power? Strength?\n","15":"Alexander Calder was commissioned to make own of his signature mobile pieces for the East buildings atrium. Calder’s mobiles are designed using a system of weights and counterbalances that move with the air.\n","4":"What similarities do you see between the Parthenon and the National Gallery?\n","10":"The National Cathedral took 83 years to be completed. The first stone was laid in 1907 and the Cathedral was completed in September of 1990. The Cathedral was constructed primarily out of limestone and though it was commissioned by the Episcopal Church, the Cathedral is open to all religions and is also considered a center for all types of religious learning.\nThe National Cathedral can be compared to the Chartres Cathedral built in France during the Middle Ages. This Cathedral took 309 years to complete. Why do you think this Cathedral took so long to build. What was different in the 1900’s as opposed to the Middle Ages? \nThe Gothic Architecture found in these Cathedrals include Rose windows ( circular windows), Rectangular Bell Towers, Triangular arches above windows, Rectangular aisles, flying buttresses.\n"}
  • Introduction 20to 20architecture

    1. 1. Introduction toIntroduction to ArchitectureArchitecture GRACE Art Lake Anne ElementaryGRACE Art Lake Anne Elementary
    2. 2. The ParthenonThe Parthenon
    3. 3. The National Gallery of Art WestThe National Gallery of Art West WingWing
    4. 4. Can you compare the two?Can you compare the two?  The ParthenonThe Parthenon  The National Gallery ofThe National Gallery of Art West WingArt West Wing
    5. 5. ColumnsColumns Ionic ColumnIonic Column Doric Column CorinthianDoric Column Corinthian ColumnColumn
    6. 6. Neo-classical ArchitectureNeo-classical Architecture National Gallery of ArtNational Gallery of Art The Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court
    7. 7. Neo-classical: National Gallery of ArtNeo-classical: National Gallery of Art Built in 1941Built in 1941
    8. 8. The U.S. Capitol built from 1793-1863The U.S. Capitol built from 1793-1863 by William Thortonby William Thorton
    9. 9. The dome in architectureThe dome in architecture The Capitol DomeThe Capitol Dome Inside the PantheonInside the Pantheon DomeDome
    10. 10. Gothic ArchitectureGothic Architecture The National Cathedral built byThe National Cathedral built by Philip FrohmanPhilip Frohman The Chartres Cathedral in France builtThe Chartres Cathedral in France built during the Middle Agesduring the Middle Ages
    11. 11. Flying ButtressesFlying Buttresses
    12. 12. East Wing of the National GalleryEast Wing of the National Gallery Tetrahedron Skylights for theTetrahedron Skylights for the Underground ConcourseUnderground Concourse Aerial ViewAerial View
    13. 13. East Wing of the National GalleryEast Wing of the National Gallery Paul Mellon, J. Carter Brown, I.M.PeiPaul Mellon, J. Carter Brown, I.M.Pei
    14. 14. East Wing National Gallery of ArtEast Wing National Gallery of Art
    15. 15. Commissioned Art Work for the EastCommissioned Art Work for the East Wing of the National GalleryWing of the National Gallery Alexander Calder’s MobileAlexander Calder’s Mobile
    16. 16. Commissioned Art Work for the EastCommissioned Art Work for the East Wing of the National GalleryWing of the National Gallery Joan Miro’s Tapestry, “Femme” 1977Joan Miro’s Tapestry, “Femme” 1977
    17. 17. Dulles AirportDulles Airport
    18. 18. Washington National MonumentWashington National Monument Built by Robert Mills inBuilt by Robert Mills in 1848-18851848-1885 - One of the largest stoneOne of the largest stone structures in the world:structures in the world: rises 555 feet aboverises 555 feet above groundground - Models after OBELISKSModels after OBELISKS which were first built bywhich were first built by the Egyptians and thenthe Egyptians and then used by the Romansused by the Romans
    19. 19. Washington National MonumentWashington National Monument
    20. 20. Architecture in Washington, D.C.Architecture in Washington, D.C.

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