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Dynamic and Wind
Turbine
1/30/2018
1
1/30/2018 2
Hamza Anjum (7080)
Waqar Azeem (7144)
Aimal Khan (7285)
Asif Ali (7654)
Table of content
1/30/2018 3
Wind turbine
• Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..6
• Wind turbine design…………………………………………………..…7-8
• Main components of wind turbine………………………………9-10
• How Does a Wind Turbine Generate Electricity?.............11-15
• Typical Wind Turbine Operation…………………………………...16-17
• Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine……………..18
Dynamic turbine
• Introduction …………………………………………………………………..20-21
• Types of dynamic turbine…………………………………................22-26
1/30/2018 4
Wind project
• Operational wind project………………………………..36
• Under construction ………………………………………37
Advantages and disadvantages
• Advantages ……………………………………………………………28-30
• Disadvantages ………………………………………………………..31-33
• Why wind turbine is not much common in Pakistan …34
1/30/2018
Hamza Anjum (7080)
Wind turbine
• Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..6
• Wind turbine design…………………………………………………..…7-8
• Main components of wind turbine………………………………9-10
• How Does a Wind Turbine Generate Electricity?.............11-15
• Typical Wind Turbine Operation…………………………………...16-17
• Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine……………..18
5
Wind Turbine
• Wind turbines generate electrical power in the
same way as all other generation
technologies. The only difference is in the
source of the mechanical power supplied to
the electrical generator: wind, rather than a
diesel engine or steam turbine, provides the
energy. Blades capture energy in the wind and
turn the turbines.
1/30/2018 6
Wind Turbine Design
• Two types of turbine design are possible –
Horizontal axis and Vertical axis. In horizontal axis
turbine, it is possible to catch more wind and so the
power output can be higher than that of vertical
axis. But in horizontal axis design, the tower is
higher and more blade design parameters have to
be defined. In vertical axis turbine, no yaw system is
required and there is no cyclic load on the blade,
thus it is easier to design. Maintenance is easier in
vertical axis turbine whereas horizontal axis turbine
offers better performance
1/30/2018 7
1/30/2018
8
Main components of a Horizontal
Axis Wind Turbine
• Blades and rotor Converts the wind power to a
rotational mechanical power.
• Generator Converts the rotational mechanical power to
electrical power.
• Gear box Wind turbines rotate typically between 40 rpm
and 400 rpm. Generators typically rotates at 1,200 to 1,800
rpm. Most wind turbines require a step-up gear-box for
efficient generator operation (electricity production).
1/30/2018 9
Rotor
The portion of the wind turbine that collects energy from the
wind is called the rotor. The rotor usually consists of two or
more wooden, fiberglass or metal blades (new design) which
rotate about an axis (horizontal or vertical) at a rate
determined by the wind speed and the shape of the blades.
The blades are attached to the hub, which in turn is attached
to the main shaft.
1/30/2018 10
How Does a Wind Turbine Generate
Electricity?
1/30/2018 11
Wind power converts the kinetic energy in wind to generate
electricity or mechanical power. This is done by using a large
wind turbine usually consisting of propellers; the turbine can
be connected to a generator to generate electricity.
Converting Wind to Mechanical Energy:
Wind is converted by the blades of wind turbines. The
blades of the wind turbines are designed in two different
ways, the drag type and lift type.
1/30/2018 12
Drag type:
• This blade design uses the force of the wind to push the
blades around. These blades have a higher torque than
lift designs but with a slower rotating speed. The drag
type blades were the first designs used to harness wind
energy for activities such as grinding and sawing. As the
rotating speed of the blades are much slower than lift
type this design is usually never used for generating
large scale energy.
1/30/2018 13
Lift type:
Most modern HAWT use this design. Both sides of the
blade has air blown across it resulting in the air taking
longer to travel across the edges. In this way lower air
pressure is created on the leading edge of the blade, and
higher air pressure created on the tail edge. Because of
this pressure difference the blade is pushed and pulled
around, creating a higher rotational speed that is needed
for generating electricity.
1/30/2018 14
1/30/2018 15
1/30/2018 16
There are about 4,800 wind turbines in California at Altamont
Pass (between Tracy and Livermore). The capacity is 580 MW,
enough to serve 180,000 homes. In the past, Altamont
generated 822x106
kW hours, enough to provide power for
126,000 homes (6500 Kwh per house)
17
0 ~ 10 mph --- Wind speed is too low for generating power. Turbine is not
operational. Rotor is locked.
10 ~ 25 mph --- 10 mph is the minimum operational speed. It is called “Cut-in
speed”. In 10 ~ 25 mph wind, generated power increases with
the wind speed.
25 ~ 50 mph --- Typical wind turbines reach the rated power (maximum
operating power) at wind speed of 25mph (called Rated wind
speed). Further increase in wind speed will not result in
substantially higher generated power by design. This is
accomplished by, for example, pitching the blade angle to
reduce the turbine efficiency.
> 50 mph --- Turbine is shut down when wind speed is higher than 50mph
(called “Cut-out” speed) to prevent structure failure.
Typical Wind Turbine Operation
18
Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine
Power = ½ (ρ)(A)(V)3
A = swept area = (radius)2
, m2
V = Wind Velocity, m/sec.
ρ = Density of air = 1.2 kg/m3
(.0745 lb/ft3
), at sea level, 20 o
C and dry air
1/30/2018 19
Aimal Khan (7285)
Dynamic turbine
• Introduction …………………………………………………………………..20-21
• Types of dynamic turbine…………………………………................22-26
Dynamic Turbines
• Dynamic turbines do not have closed volumes. Instead,
spinning blades called runners or buckets transfer
kinetic energy and extract momentum from the fluid.
• Dynamic turbines are used for both flow measurement
and power production. For example, turbine flowmeters
for air and water
1/30/2018 20
1/30/2018 21
1/30/2018 22
Types of dynamic turbine
Impulse turbines:
Fluid is sent through a nozzle that then impinges on the rotating blades, called buckets.
Compared to reaction turbines, impulse turbines require higher head, and work with a
lower volume flow rate.
The most common example is the Pelton wheel turbine.
1/30/2018 23
1/30/2018 24
Reaction turbines:
Instead of using water jets, reaction turbines fill a volute
with swirling water that rotates the runner blades.
Compared to impulse turbines, reaction turbines require a
lower head, and work with a higher volume flow rate.
They are used primarily for electricity production
(hydroelectric dams).
1/30/2018 25
1/30/2018 26
Here is a typical setup for a hydroelectric plant that produces electricity with a
hydroturbine and generator. Note that net head H across the turbine is measured
from just upstream of the turbine to just downstream of the draft tube, while gross
head Hgross is measured from the upstream reservoir surface to the downstream
tailrace surface.
1/30/2018 27
Asif Ali (7654)
Advantages and disadvantages
• Advantages ……………………………………………………………25-27
• Disadvantages ………………………………………………………..28-30
• Why wind turbine is not much common in Pakistan …31
Advantages of Wind Energy
1. Clean Source of Power
The production of wind energy is
“clean”. Unlike using coal or Oil, creating energy from the
wind doesn’t pollute the air or require any destructive
chemicals. As a result, wind energy lessens our reliance on
Fossil Fuels from outside nations as well.
2. Renewable Source
As We All Know Winds are
caused by rotation of the earth, heating of the
atmosphere by sun,Wind is free. In the event that you
live in Such area that gets a lot of wind, it is ready and
waiting. it’s an Everlasting Resource Or we can say a gift
from Allah.
3. Cost Effective
You don’t actually have to possess a wind
turbine keeping in mind the end goal to harvest the profits;
you can buy your power from a service organization that
offers wind energy for a specific area.
4. Extra Savings for Land Owners
Land holders who rent area to wind can
make a considerable amount of additional cash, and wind
energy If you produce more power than you require from
wind power, it may go into the general electric matrix,
which in turn will make you some extra cash. Government
organizations will also pay you if they can install wind
turbines on your land.
5. Use of Modern Technology
Wind turbines are considered by
some to be incredibly attractive. The newest models don’t
look like the clunky, rustic windmills of old. Instead, they
are white, slick, and modern looking. That way, you don’t
have to worry about them becoming an eyesore on your
land.
6. Can be Built on Existing Farms
Wind turbines can be installed on
existing farms or agricultural land in rural areas where it
can be a source of earning for the farmers as wind plant
owners make payment to farmers for use of their land for
electricity generation. It doesn’t occupy much space and
farmers can continue to work on the land.
Disadvantages Of Wind Energy
1. Wind Reliability
Wind doesn’t generally blow reliably, and turbines
usually function at about 30% capacity or so. In the event
that the weather is not going to support you, you may
wind up without power (or at any rate you’ll need to
depend on the electric company to take care of you during
those times).
2. Threat to Wildlife
The edges of wind turbines can actually be unsafe
to natural life, especially birds and other flying creatures that
may be in the area. There isn’t really a way to prevent this,
but it’s definitely something that you want to make sure that
you are aware of be possible consequences that may come up
as a result of it.
3. Noise and Visual Pollution
Wind turbines can be a total
and complete pain to install and deal with on a regular basis.
Wind turbines make a sound that can be between 50 and 60
decibels, and if you have to put it next to your home. Some
individuals believe that wind turbines are ugly, so your
neighbors may also complain about them.
4. Expensive to Set Up
Wind turbines and other
supplies needed to make wind energy could be extremely
costly in advance, and relying upon where you live, it might
be hard to find someone to sell them to you and somebody
who can maintain it over time.
5. Safety of People
Severe storms and high winds can
cause damage to the blades of wind turbine. The
malfunctioned blade can be a safety hazard to the people
working nearby. It may fall on them causing life term physical
disability or death in certain cases.
6. Suitable to Certain Locations
Wind energy can only be harnessed
at certain locations where speed of wind is high. Since they
are mostly setup in remote areas, transmission lines have to
be built to bring the power to the residential homes in the
city which requires extra investment to set up the
infrastructure.
Why Wind Turbines are not common
in Pakistan?
• Lack Of Manufacturing Facilities.
• Corruption On Higher Level.
• Obsolete Government Management System.
• High Initail And Maintenance Cost.
• Very Limited Financing From Local Banks.
• Lack Of Renewable Energy Education
Implementation.
• Weak Electricity Grid
1/30/2018 35
Waqar Azeem (7144)
Wind project
• Operational wind project………………………………..36
• Under construction ………………………………………37
1/30/2018 36
Operational Wind Project
• Jhimpir Wind Power Plant(2009).
• HydrChina Dawood Power Ltd(2017).
• Sachal Engineering Works Pvt Ltd(2017).
• Jhimpir Wind Energy Project(2012).
• Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan Ltd(2014).
• United Energy Ltd(2017).
Under Construction
• Quaid-e-Azam Wind park.
• Tricon Boston Corporation (March 2018).
• Hawa Energy Ltd (February 2018).
• Western energy Pvt Ltd (2018).
• AJ Power Pvt Ltd (january 2018).
Hydro China Dawood 50MW Wind
Farm(Gharo,Thatta)
UNITED ENERGY PAKISTAN 100MW
WIND FARM (Jhimpir,Thatta)
Project UEP 100MW Wind Farm (Jhimpir,Thatta)
Primary Energy Input Wind
Technology Wind Turbine
Installed Capacity (MW) 100
Tariff Upfront tariff
Location Jhimpir ,District Thatta Sindh
Estimated Cost (US $ Million) 250
Executing Company/Sponsors Hdro China(EPC) Gold Wind China (supplier)/United Energy
Pakistan(Pvt) Ltd
Financing Independent Power Producer(IPP)
Coordinating Ministry Ministry of Water and Power
Supervising Agency Alternative Energy Development Board(AEDB)
Project Progress Update • Financial Closed(FC) achieved on March 30,2015.
• Commercial Operation Date(COD) attained 16th
june,2017.
• Project Completed .
• Current status: Operational.
Sachal 50MW Wind Farm
(Jhimpir,Thatta)
Three Gorges Second Wind Power Project
Three Gorges Third Wind Power Project
Project Three Gorges Second Wind Power Project
Three Gorges Third Wind Power Project
Primary Energy Input Wind
Technology Wind Turbine
Installed Capacity (MW) 50
50
Tariff Cost + Tariff()
Location Jhimpir,District Thatta Sindh
Estimated Cost (US $ Million) 150
Executing Company/Sponsors Hdro China / Arif Habib Corporation Limited
Financing Independent Power Producer(IPP)
Coordinating Ministry Ministry of Water and Power
Supervising Agency Alternative Energy Development Board(AEDB)
Project Progress Update • LOS issued in August 2016.
• EPA initialed on 30th November,2016
• Construction activity already started from from equity.
• Financial close March 2017.
• COD September ,2018.
Thanks
1/30/2018 48

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Dynamic and wind turbine

  • 2. 1/30/2018 2 Hamza Anjum (7080) Waqar Azeem (7144) Aimal Khan (7285) Asif Ali (7654)
  • 3. Table of content 1/30/2018 3 Wind turbine • Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..6 • Wind turbine design…………………………………………………..…7-8 • Main components of wind turbine………………………………9-10 • How Does a Wind Turbine Generate Electricity?.............11-15 • Typical Wind Turbine Operation…………………………………...16-17 • Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine……………..18 Dynamic turbine • Introduction …………………………………………………………………..20-21 • Types of dynamic turbine…………………………………................22-26
  • 4. 1/30/2018 4 Wind project • Operational wind project………………………………..36 • Under construction ………………………………………37 Advantages and disadvantages • Advantages ……………………………………………………………28-30 • Disadvantages ………………………………………………………..31-33 • Why wind turbine is not much common in Pakistan …34
  • 5. 1/30/2018 Hamza Anjum (7080) Wind turbine • Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..6 • Wind turbine design…………………………………………………..…7-8 • Main components of wind turbine………………………………9-10 • How Does a Wind Turbine Generate Electricity?.............11-15 • Typical Wind Turbine Operation…………………………………...16-17 • Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine……………..18 5
  • 6. Wind Turbine • Wind turbines generate electrical power in the same way as all other generation technologies. The only difference is in the source of the mechanical power supplied to the electrical generator: wind, rather than a diesel engine or steam turbine, provides the energy. Blades capture energy in the wind and turn the turbines. 1/30/2018 6
  • 7. Wind Turbine Design • Two types of turbine design are possible – Horizontal axis and Vertical axis. In horizontal axis turbine, it is possible to catch more wind and so the power output can be higher than that of vertical axis. But in horizontal axis design, the tower is higher and more blade design parameters have to be defined. In vertical axis turbine, no yaw system is required and there is no cyclic load on the blade, thus it is easier to design. Maintenance is easier in vertical axis turbine whereas horizontal axis turbine offers better performance 1/30/2018 7
  • 9. Main components of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine • Blades and rotor Converts the wind power to a rotational mechanical power. • Generator Converts the rotational mechanical power to electrical power. • Gear box Wind turbines rotate typically between 40 rpm and 400 rpm. Generators typically rotates at 1,200 to 1,800 rpm. Most wind turbines require a step-up gear-box for efficient generator operation (electricity production). 1/30/2018 9
  • 10. Rotor The portion of the wind turbine that collects energy from the wind is called the rotor. The rotor usually consists of two or more wooden, fiberglass or metal blades (new design) which rotate about an axis (horizontal or vertical) at a rate determined by the wind speed and the shape of the blades. The blades are attached to the hub, which in turn is attached to the main shaft. 1/30/2018 10
  • 11. How Does a Wind Turbine Generate Electricity? 1/30/2018 11 Wind power converts the kinetic energy in wind to generate electricity or mechanical power. This is done by using a large wind turbine usually consisting of propellers; the turbine can be connected to a generator to generate electricity. Converting Wind to Mechanical Energy: Wind is converted by the blades of wind turbines. The blades of the wind turbines are designed in two different ways, the drag type and lift type.
  • 12. 1/30/2018 12 Drag type: • This blade design uses the force of the wind to push the blades around. These blades have a higher torque than lift designs but with a slower rotating speed. The drag type blades were the first designs used to harness wind energy for activities such as grinding and sawing. As the rotating speed of the blades are much slower than lift type this design is usually never used for generating large scale energy.
  • 13. 1/30/2018 13 Lift type: Most modern HAWT use this design. Both sides of the blade has air blown across it resulting in the air taking longer to travel across the edges. In this way lower air pressure is created on the leading edge of the blade, and higher air pressure created on the tail edge. Because of this pressure difference the blade is pushed and pulled around, creating a higher rotational speed that is needed for generating electricity.
  • 16. 1/30/2018 16 There are about 4,800 wind turbines in California at Altamont Pass (between Tracy and Livermore). The capacity is 580 MW, enough to serve 180,000 homes. In the past, Altamont generated 822x106 kW hours, enough to provide power for 126,000 homes (6500 Kwh per house)
  • 17. 17 0 ~ 10 mph --- Wind speed is too low for generating power. Turbine is not operational. Rotor is locked. 10 ~ 25 mph --- 10 mph is the minimum operational speed. It is called “Cut-in speed”. In 10 ~ 25 mph wind, generated power increases with the wind speed. 25 ~ 50 mph --- Typical wind turbines reach the rated power (maximum operating power) at wind speed of 25mph (called Rated wind speed). Further increase in wind speed will not result in substantially higher generated power by design. This is accomplished by, for example, pitching the blade angle to reduce the turbine efficiency. > 50 mph --- Turbine is shut down when wind speed is higher than 50mph (called “Cut-out” speed) to prevent structure failure. Typical Wind Turbine Operation
  • 18. 18 Theoretical Power Generated by Wind Turbine Power = ½ (ρ)(A)(V)3 A = swept area = (radius)2 , m2 V = Wind Velocity, m/sec. ρ = Density of air = 1.2 kg/m3 (.0745 lb/ft3 ), at sea level, 20 o C and dry air
  • 19. 1/30/2018 19 Aimal Khan (7285) Dynamic turbine • Introduction …………………………………………………………………..20-21 • Types of dynamic turbine…………………………………................22-26
  • 20. Dynamic Turbines • Dynamic turbines do not have closed volumes. Instead, spinning blades called runners or buckets transfer kinetic energy and extract momentum from the fluid. • Dynamic turbines are used for both flow measurement and power production. For example, turbine flowmeters for air and water 1/30/2018 20
  • 22. 1/30/2018 22 Types of dynamic turbine Impulse turbines: Fluid is sent through a nozzle that then impinges on the rotating blades, called buckets. Compared to reaction turbines, impulse turbines require higher head, and work with a lower volume flow rate. The most common example is the Pelton wheel turbine.
  • 24. 1/30/2018 24 Reaction turbines: Instead of using water jets, reaction turbines fill a volute with swirling water that rotates the runner blades. Compared to impulse turbines, reaction turbines require a lower head, and work with a higher volume flow rate. They are used primarily for electricity production (hydroelectric dams).
  • 26. 1/30/2018 26 Here is a typical setup for a hydroelectric plant that produces electricity with a hydroturbine and generator. Note that net head H across the turbine is measured from just upstream of the turbine to just downstream of the draft tube, while gross head Hgross is measured from the upstream reservoir surface to the downstream tailrace surface.
  • 27. 1/30/2018 27 Asif Ali (7654) Advantages and disadvantages • Advantages ……………………………………………………………25-27 • Disadvantages ………………………………………………………..28-30 • Why wind turbine is not much common in Pakistan …31
  • 28. Advantages of Wind Energy 1. Clean Source of Power The production of wind energy is “clean”. Unlike using coal or Oil, creating energy from the wind doesn’t pollute the air or require any destructive chemicals. As a result, wind energy lessens our reliance on Fossil Fuels from outside nations as well. 2. Renewable Source As We All Know Winds are caused by rotation of the earth, heating of the atmosphere by sun,Wind is free. In the event that you live in Such area that gets a lot of wind, it is ready and waiting. it’s an Everlasting Resource Or we can say a gift from Allah.
  • 29. 3. Cost Effective You don’t actually have to possess a wind turbine keeping in mind the end goal to harvest the profits; you can buy your power from a service organization that offers wind energy for a specific area. 4. Extra Savings for Land Owners Land holders who rent area to wind can make a considerable amount of additional cash, and wind energy If you produce more power than you require from wind power, it may go into the general electric matrix, which in turn will make you some extra cash. Government organizations will also pay you if they can install wind turbines on your land.
  • 30. 5. Use of Modern Technology Wind turbines are considered by some to be incredibly attractive. The newest models don’t look like the clunky, rustic windmills of old. Instead, they are white, slick, and modern looking. That way, you don’t have to worry about them becoming an eyesore on your land. 6. Can be Built on Existing Farms Wind turbines can be installed on existing farms or agricultural land in rural areas where it can be a source of earning for the farmers as wind plant owners make payment to farmers for use of their land for electricity generation. It doesn’t occupy much space and farmers can continue to work on the land.
  • 31. Disadvantages Of Wind Energy 1. Wind Reliability Wind doesn’t generally blow reliably, and turbines usually function at about 30% capacity or so. In the event that the weather is not going to support you, you may wind up without power (or at any rate you’ll need to depend on the electric company to take care of you during those times). 2. Threat to Wildlife The edges of wind turbines can actually be unsafe to natural life, especially birds and other flying creatures that may be in the area. There isn’t really a way to prevent this, but it’s definitely something that you want to make sure that you are aware of be possible consequences that may come up as a result of it.
  • 32. 3. Noise and Visual Pollution Wind turbines can be a total and complete pain to install and deal with on a regular basis. Wind turbines make a sound that can be between 50 and 60 decibels, and if you have to put it next to your home. Some individuals believe that wind turbines are ugly, so your neighbors may also complain about them. 4. Expensive to Set Up Wind turbines and other supplies needed to make wind energy could be extremely costly in advance, and relying upon where you live, it might be hard to find someone to sell them to you and somebody who can maintain it over time.
  • 33. 5. Safety of People Severe storms and high winds can cause damage to the blades of wind turbine. The malfunctioned blade can be a safety hazard to the people working nearby. It may fall on them causing life term physical disability or death in certain cases. 6. Suitable to Certain Locations Wind energy can only be harnessed at certain locations where speed of wind is high. Since they are mostly setup in remote areas, transmission lines have to be built to bring the power to the residential homes in the city which requires extra investment to set up the infrastructure.
  • 34. Why Wind Turbines are not common in Pakistan? • Lack Of Manufacturing Facilities. • Corruption On Higher Level. • Obsolete Government Management System. • High Initail And Maintenance Cost. • Very Limited Financing From Local Banks. • Lack Of Renewable Energy Education Implementation. • Weak Electricity Grid
  • 35. 1/30/2018 35 Waqar Azeem (7144) Wind project • Operational wind project………………………………..36 • Under construction ………………………………………37
  • 36. 1/30/2018 36 Operational Wind Project • Jhimpir Wind Power Plant(2009). • HydrChina Dawood Power Ltd(2017). • Sachal Engineering Works Pvt Ltd(2017). • Jhimpir Wind Energy Project(2012). • Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan Ltd(2014). • United Energy Ltd(2017).
  • 37. Under Construction • Quaid-e-Azam Wind park. • Tricon Boston Corporation (March 2018). • Hawa Energy Ltd (February 2018). • Western energy Pvt Ltd (2018). • AJ Power Pvt Ltd (january 2018).
  • 38. Hydro China Dawood 50MW Wind Farm(Gharo,Thatta)
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  • 40. UNITED ENERGY PAKISTAN 100MW WIND FARM (Jhimpir,Thatta) Project UEP 100MW Wind Farm (Jhimpir,Thatta) Primary Energy Input Wind Technology Wind Turbine Installed Capacity (MW) 100 Tariff Upfront tariff Location Jhimpir ,District Thatta Sindh Estimated Cost (US $ Million) 250 Executing Company/Sponsors Hdro China(EPC) Gold Wind China (supplier)/United Energy Pakistan(Pvt) Ltd Financing Independent Power Producer(IPP) Coordinating Ministry Ministry of Water and Power Supervising Agency Alternative Energy Development Board(AEDB) Project Progress Update • Financial Closed(FC) achieved on March 30,2015. • Commercial Operation Date(COD) attained 16th june,2017. • Project Completed . • Current status: Operational.
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  • 42. Sachal 50MW Wind Farm (Jhimpir,Thatta)
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  • 44. Three Gorges Second Wind Power Project Three Gorges Third Wind Power Project Project Three Gorges Second Wind Power Project Three Gorges Third Wind Power Project Primary Energy Input Wind Technology Wind Turbine Installed Capacity (MW) 50 50 Tariff Cost + Tariff() Location Jhimpir,District Thatta Sindh Estimated Cost (US $ Million) 150 Executing Company/Sponsors Hdro China / Arif Habib Corporation Limited Financing Independent Power Producer(IPP) Coordinating Ministry Ministry of Water and Power Supervising Agency Alternative Energy Development Board(AEDB) Project Progress Update • LOS issued in August 2016. • EPA initialed on 30th November,2016 • Construction activity already started from from equity. • Financial close March 2017. • COD September ,2018.
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