Copper ppt 12345

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Copper ppt 12345

  1. 1. Submitted by:- ABDUR - AFTAB - SAJID – SHAHROZ – RASHID - VAISHALI
  2. 2. COPPER AS AN ELEMENT  Periodic symbol: Cu.  Density: 8930kg/m3.  Melting point: 1083˚C.  Thermal expansion: 0.0168mm/m/˚C (20-100˚).  Tensile strength: 210 - 240 N/mm2 PROPERTIES OF COPPER  Copper is a reddish coloured metallic metal and is ductile.  Copper is easily transformed mechanically or by hand.  COMPATIBILITY CHARACTERISTICS Light in weight Low thermal movement
  3. 3. OCCURRENCE  Copper is present in the Earth's crust at a concentration of about 50 parts per million (ppm),where it occurs as native copper or in minerals such as the copper sulfides chalcopyrite and chalcocite, copper carbonates azurite and malachite and the copper(I) oxide mineral cuprite. PRODUCTION Most copper is mined or extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits that contain 0.4 to 1.0% copper. EXTRACTION OF COPPER Copper is extracted from Copper sulphide via heat. This is the most traditional method of extraction. This method of thermal decomposition uses a lot of energy and releases toxic sulphur dioxide into the air. Pure copper is extracted via electrolysis. Copper (II) sulphide copper + sulphur dioxideHeat  Indefinite life  No maintenance  Durable  Cost-effective CuS(s) Cu(s) + SO2(g) EXTRACTION OF COPPER
  4. 4. HISTORY OF COPPER  Copper is one of the oldest metals of mankind. It’s history traces back over 10,000 years.  The Bronze age was named after the well known copper alloy.  Copper was the first metal to be mined and crafted by man. It was used for tools, weapons, art objects and ornaments.  Copper was used as early as : 7000BC to make weapons ,5000BC to make jewellery and ornaments due to it’s colour. THE NARA BUDDHA,JAPAN USE OF COPPER IN MAKING TOOLS COPPER PLATE REPRODUCTIONS COPPER PLATE BEING HAMMERED STATUE OF LIBERTY HILDERSHEIM CATHEDRAL,1280
  5. 5. PROUCTION OF COPPER Source SECONDARYPRIMARY TYPES OF COPPER PRODUCTION MADE FROM CONCENTRATES AND PRECIPITATe EG CEMENT COPPER MADE FROM SCRAP MATERIALS EG. OLD SCRAP S.NO PURE COPPER ALLOYED COPPER 1. Used for sheet and strip applications in roofing, exterior cladding, and flashing, intricate ornamental work Copper alloys, such as brass and bronze, are also used in residential and commercial building structures. 2. major use for high-yield copper is in flashing products, where malleability and strength are both important Variations in color stem primarily from differences in the alloy chemical composition. COPPER- PURE/ALLOYED
  6. 6. ALLOYS OF COPPER S.NO COMPONENTS ALLOY USES 1. COPPER+ZINC BRASS BULLETS,PLUMBING,HANDLES 2. COPPER+TIN BRONZE LEAD FREE SOLDERS 3. COPPER+NICKEL CUPRONICKEL USED FOR OUTER CLADDING AND COINS 4. COPPER+ALUMINIUM CUPROALUMINIUM HAVE A GOLDEN COLOR USED FOR DECORATIONS 5. GOLD/SILVER COPPER JEWELRY INDUSTRY AND CONSTITUENTS OF CARAT SILVER AND GOLD DEVELOPMENT OF A PATINA COLOURS OF ALLOYED COPPER
  7. 7. USES OF COPPER USES OF COPPER COPPER ALLOYS COPPER TUBE OTHER COPPER SHEET/ STRIP WIRE ROD ESTIMATED COPPER CONSUMPTION IN INDIA
  8. 8. USES OF COPPER
  9. 9. USE OF COPPER IN A BUILDING – EXAMPLE TAKEN OF A HOUSE ROOFING e.g.- SHINGLES/SHEETS AS A ROD IN WATER HEATERS BATH TUBS PIPES INTERIORS GUTTERS CONTAINER WASH BASIN RODS WIRES UTENSILS ACCESSORIES STOVE EXTERIOR e.g.- CLADDING
  10. 10. COPPER IN BUILDING Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp PIPES SERVICES DUCTS
  11. 11. USE OF COPPER IN ARCHITECTURE  EXTERIOR  INTERIOR  SERVICES
  12. 12. EXTERIOR Source: http://www.sabmagazine.com/blog/2011/05/24/modular-exterior-cladding-systems/ 1. WALL CLADDNG 2. ROOFING – ROOF TILES 3. AWNING 4. SCOUNCES 5. ROOF TOP 6. WALL PANELLING 7. FENCING WITH POINTERS 8. EXTERIOR /WALL LIGHTING 9. LIGHTENING RODS 1. 3.2. 4. 5. 6. 8.7. 9.
  13. 13. COPPER HAS BEEN USED AS A COMPONENT IN CERAMIC GLAZESAND STAINED GLASS. COPPER HOUSE DUE TO THE WATERPROOF NATURE OF COPPER, IT HAS BEEN USED AS THE ROOFING MATERIAL. COPPER CLADDING Source: http://peckham2.tumblr.com/materials ALSO USED IN MARINE CONSTRUCTION
  14. 14. High above the roof, copper spikes are connected to a very thick copper cable which leads to a large metal plate underneath the ground. The electric current is dispersed throughout the ground harmlessly, instead of destroying the main structure. COPPER CLADDING LIGHTENING PROTECTION COPPER SHINGLES Source: http://peckham2.tumblr.com/materials PRE PATINATED COPPER
  15. 15. Source: http://www.sabmagazine.com/blog/2011/05/24/modular-exterior-cladding-systems/ Copper roofing 1. Dome 2. Steeple 3. Flat panel 4. Panel with connected clips 1. 3. 4. 2. COPPER ROOF INSTALLATION COPPER TILE
  16. 16. Source: copper roofing design by copper development association Copper roofing–EXAMPLE momentum place, 62 storey office building,dallas,texas  Architect: John Burgee Architects, New York  Roofing contractor: Armetco systems Inc. , Irving,tx  Use of intersecting barrel vaults SIGNIFICANT ROOF DESIGN  Features over 26,000 sq.ft of curvilinear copper roof surface chosen to provide  The desired and to confront the challenge of handling enormous volumes of water over time.  The copper cladding intersecting barrel vaults each has a radius of over 34 feet. PESENT CONDITION
  17. 17. Copper flashings and copings Copper flashing  Usage-wherever a wall intersects a roof  Description- Such a system usually consists of copper counterflashing and base flashing in conjunction with roof composition flashing or coping. The counterflashing diverts water to the base flashing, which, in turn, diverts it to the composition flashing. Source: http://www.architecture-buildings.com/post/new-structure-rebuilding-project-svalbard-science-centre-by-jarmund-vigsn%C3%A6s-as/
  18. 18. Gutters and strip section Source: http://www.architecture-buildings.com/post/new-structure-rebuilding-project-svalbard-science-centre-by-jarmund-vigsn%C3%A6s-as/ GUTTER ATTACHED TO ROOF DETAIL AT C DETAIL AT A DETAIL AT B SECTION DETAIL - D A B C D
  19. 19. Wall cladding Source: http://www.architecture-buildings.com/post/new-structure-rebuilding-project-svalbard-science-centre-by-jarmund-vigsn%C3%A6s-as/
  20. 20. Source: http://greentasreno.wordpress.com/picture-page/doordreamings/ EXTERIOR– CASE STUDY- EXAMPLE- PEKHAM LIBRARY, LONDON PRESENT CONDITION
  21. 21. INTERIOR Source :http://www.docstoc.com/documents/most-recent INTERNAL LAYOUT 1. KITCHEN- Hoods,basins,pipes,stoves, rack,utensils,etc 1. DRAWING ROOM- Furnitures,decorative items,accessories,etc 2. BEDROOMS – Wall cladding,furnitures,etc. 3. TOILETS- Basins,services,pipes 4. LIVING AREA- Furnitures,wall cladding,doors,etc 1. 2.3.3.4. 4. 3.
  22. 22. COPPER USED IN INTERIORS FOOD COURT IN A MALL, AMSTERDAM, MADE OF COPPER COPPER SUNSHADE Source: library, book: exteriors by Ashleigh Barack 1. SUNSHADE 2. FOOD COURT 3. INTERIOR WALL CLADDING 1. 2. 3.
  23. 23. SERVICES Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp 1. 7. 11. 10. 4.3.2. 6. 13. 12.1. FASTENERS,SCREWS,RIVETS 2. RAIN CHAIN LOOPS 3. WALL VENT 4. ROOF VENT 5. PIPES 6. DOWNSPOUTS 7. GUTTERS 8. GUTTER RIVET 9. GUTTER SCREW 10. LEADER HEAD 11. GUTTER SPOUT 12. WIRE 13. FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM 14. LIGHTING PROTECTION 5. 14. 5.
  24. 24. Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp SERVICES - APPLICATIONS 1. Underground water services 2. Water distribution systems 3. Chilled water mains 4. Drainage and vent systems 5. Heating 6. Fuel Oil, L.P. and Natural Gas Services 7. Nonflammable Medical Gas Systems 8. Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems 9. Ground Source Heat Pump Systems 10. Fire Sprinkler Systems 11. Compressed Air 12. Copper Pipes 13. Copper wire - power generation, power transmission, power distribution, telecommunications , etc. 3. 13. 5.12.
  25. 25. TYPE K TYPES OF COPPER TUUBING S.NO. TYPE CHARACTERISTICS REMARKS 1. K SIZE 3/8" to 12" BURSTING PRESSURE more than 5,000 lbs. per sq. inch APPLICATION used in underground installations and for almost all general heating and plumbing purposes 2. L SIZE 3/4" INSTALLATION is used chiefly for medium-pressure interior plumbing, and for steam and hot-water heating systems BURSTING PRESSURE 4,000 pounds per square inch. APPLICATION It should not be used outdoors in underground connections. 3. M SIZE 2 1/2" to 12“ INSTALLATION used where water conditions are normal for low-pressure plumbing BURSTING PRESSURE 3,000 pounds per square APPLICATION in a place where piping will not be subjected to considerable pressure and a lighter tubing is necessary TYPE L TYPE M Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp
  26. 26. USES OF COPPER PIPES S.NO TUBE TYPE COLOR CODE APPLICATION DOMESTIC WATER SERVICE ANDDISTR. FIRE PROTECT. SOLAR FUELOIL HVAC SNOW MELTING COMPRESS. AIR LPG VACUUM 1. TYPE K GREEN 2. TYPE L BLUE 3. TYPE M RED 4. DWV YELLOW 5. ACR BLUE 6. OXY/MED GREEN(K) BLUE(L) Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp
  27. 27. ADVANTAGES OF COPPER PIPES  Copper is economical.  Copper is lightweight.  Copper is formable (can be easily bent).  Copper is easy to join.  Leak proof  Copper is safe (Don’t burn )  Copper is long-lasting (Excellent resistant corrosion)  Copper is 100% recyclable. YERINGTON COPPER MINE (UNITED STATES) COPPER PRODUCTION IN WORLD
  28. 28. SECTION OF COPPER FITTINGS Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp
  29. 29. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS S.NO CHARACTERISTICS CAST IRON COPPER BRASS 1. Working life Short Longest Longer 2. Hygiene Bad Best Good 3. Weight Heavy Lighter Light 4. Installation Difficult Easy Easy 5. Cutting Difficult Easier Easy 6. Bending Low Highest High 7. Corrosive resistance Bad Best Good 8. Pressure Resistance Best Good Good 9. Leak proof Bad Best Good 10. Transport cost Highest High Low 11. Durability Good Best Better 12. Linear expansion High Low Moderate Source: http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp POOREST MODERATE BEST
  30. 30. VISUAL CASE STUDY – YALE PHYSIATRIC INSTITUTE,A THREE BUILDING RESIDENTIAL BUILDING, NEW HEAVEN,NEW ENGLAND Architect: Frank O Gehry And Associates, Santa Maria MADE UP OF COPPER SHEET
  31. 31. COPPER PAINT WITH P ATINA TREATMENT COPPER PAINT ON EMBOSSED WALLPAPER COPPER PANELS CASE STUDY – DS DOORS,FARIDABAD COPPER PIPES- IN SERVICES COPPER TAB SELECT CITY WALK MALL,SAKET
  32. 32. COPPER SPOUTS LIVE CASE STUDY COPPER WASH BASIN BASEMENT SERVICES WIRES,WASHER,MALE JOINT WELDING OF COPPER
  33. 33. Rate analysis 6" X 6" / .001" (10 Sheets) RS 1925 6" X 6" / .001 (20 sheets) RS 3300 6" X 12" / .001" (10 sheets) RS 3300 6" X 4'/.001" 1 Roll RS 1375 6" X 8'/.001" 1 Roll RS 2420 6" X 10'/.001" 1 Roll RS 2750 6" X 20'/ .001" 1 Roll RS 3630 6" X 1089'/ Bulk Copper Roll (25lbs) RS 39,875 12" X 12"/ 1 Mil (.001") (5 Sheets) RS 2750 12" X 4'/ 1 Mil (.001") 1 Roll RS 1760 12" X 8'/ 1 Mil (.001") 1 Roll RS 2750 12" X 10'/ 1 Mil (.001") 1 Roll RS 2915 12" X 20'/ 1 Mil (.001") 1 Roll RS 4345 12" X 543'/ 1 Mil Bulk Copper Roll (25 lbs) RS 39875 18" X 4'/ 1 mil (.001") 1 Roll RS 2035 Rate – 430/kg  Birla  Vedant group  Essar  Sail  Tata
  34. 34. BOOKS:  Copper – Ashleigh Bareham  Architectural applications- John Ashard  Role of copper, brass and bronze in architecture and design by Wayne seale  Copper roofing design by copper development association WEBSITES:  http://www.matweb.com/reference/copper-alloys.aspx  ASTM B601 Heat Treating Temper Codes for Coppers and Copper Alloys  ASTM Specification Codes for Coppers and Copper Alloys  Federal Specification Codes for Coppers and Copper Alloys  http://adpinj.com/copper_panels__sheets  http://www.copperinfo.co.uk/publications-and-software/homepage.shtml#generalinfo  http://www.docstoc.com/documents/most-recent  http://www.sabmagazine.com/blog/2011/05/24/modular-exterior-cladding-systems  http://peckham2.tumblr.com/materials  http://www.rutlandguttersupply.com/gutter-supplies.asp  http://www.architecture-buildings.com/post/new-structure-rebuilding-project-svalbard- science-centre-by-jarmund-vigsn%C3%A6s-as  http://www.strips/reference/copper-brass.amlx  http://wikipedia.com  http://fgnbifg.com/copper_copper_rates.co BIBLIOGRAPHY
  35. 35. THANKYOU Submitted by:- ABDUR - AFTAB - SAJID – SHAHROZ – RASHID - VAISHALI

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