Information Communication Technology in the 21st Century English Classroom
Contents0 This slideshare presentation is designed to explore the challenges and rewards of implementing ICT in the English classroom in the 21st century.0 This presentation contains the following sections: 0 My How Technology Has Changed! 0 How does Technology impact on the classroom? 0 Teachers must become digital-age teachers. 0 The scandal surrounding text-speak in the 2005 VCE Exam. 0 How can English teachers use technology in the classroom? 0 Conclusion
First it was….the printing press 0 We were able to send messages out. This was one way communication.Guidara S (2011)
Then it was…the telephone 0 An exciting innovation in which people could have a voice-based conversation in real time and the communication involved sound.Guidara S (2011)
Then it was….radio and television 0 Now picture and/or sound could be received by a group of people. Communication was once again one way but it allowed us the ability to broadcast a message to a group of people.Guidara S (2011)
The internet brought with it a huge shift in technology!The radioMigrates to theInternet. Newspapers and magazines migrate to the internet.Telephones migrateto the internet. Television, film and photographs migrate to the Guidara S (2011) internet.
Media is becoming more social and as a result theinternet is becoming more social, constantly changingand allowing for more communication between more people. Guidara S (2011)
So what does this mean in the English classroom?
It means that….. 21st Century learners in the English classroom must be open to autonomous, assisted and collaborative learning.Guidara S (2011)
In 2009…..0 72% of Australian households had access to the internet.0 841,000 Australian children aged 5-15 owned a mobile phone.0 2.7 Million children aged 5-15 used the internet.0 5 Million Australian households had broadband internet.Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009)
Digital Age Teachers 0 Education, according to Lord David, has not moved fast enough into the digital world. 0 Technology has the ability to transform education. Teachers must be open minded and become Digital- Age Teachers.Guidara S (2011)
Digital Age Teachers Have the ability to facilitate and inspire student learning and creativity, they design digital-age learning experiences and assessments, they model digital-age work and learning and they are a part of learning institutions that are rethinking the possibilities about what can be learnt and expressed using ICT.Guidara S (2011)
Scandal!0 In 2005 the Victorian Certificate of Education English examination paper caused an uproar. The exam asked students to compare ‘text speak’ to a poem by John Keats. VCAA (2005)
To this…“You fear, sometimes I donot love you as much as youwish.” (Keats, cited VCAA2005: 15)
The problem?SMS language had therefore emerged as a distinctive genreof writing with its own grammatical, lexical, stylistic andvisual features (Taylor 2009:33). It was even to be analysedby young Victorian English students. This was, for some, anoutrageous piece of text to include on an Englishexamination paperUnfortunately, those who protested against this paper didnot seem to have understand that this form of language ishow some students of the 21st Century communicate to eachother. It is imperative that digital communication is analysedand utilised in the English classroom of the 21st Century.
Digital communication has fundamentally changed theways in which young people of today, read, write, share information and structure their communication.
21st Century Students as ProducersStudents are writing using instant messaging, textmessaging, Twitter, and e-mail, sharing electronicdocuments, posting on blogs and utilising socialnetworking sites such as facebook. (Sweeny 2010:121).This writing is not following traditional forms butinstead students are becoming producers of technologyand incorporating music, videos and photography totheir work. The writing also changes in form asstudents are using shorthand and finding some vowelsand punctuation to be irrelevant.(Sweeny 2010:121).
How can English teachers use technology in their classrooms? Here are some examples of how easily technology can be used in the English classroom…..
Are English classrooms really changing? Students are still required to summarise passages of Shakespeare in the English classroom, as they have for decades. In the 21st Century however, there is so much technology available teachers can ask students to text or tweet that summary, forcing students to analyse and summarise the passage in a creative way.Sweeny (2010)
Wikis can be used as an online space inwhich students can work on collaborativewriting projects together.
Creative WritingTechnology has not only changed how young peoplecommunicate it has changed how workplaces function,and how people collaborate on tasks (Sweeny2010:122).Online blogs allow English students of the 21st Centuryto receive feedback on their writing from more than oneperson, and this feedback may be more effective thantraditional self-editing. (Sweeny 2010:127). Studentsbecome aware of the audience for their pieces as theycan publish writing that is received by a larger socialcommunity. (Sweeny 2010:127)
Digital Age Teachers as ProducersTeachers can create resources such as onlinepresentations, or videos which students can downloadand watch at home. Therefore if a student is not able toconcentrate properly on a lesson, which could happenfor a variety of reasons they are still able to catch up onwhat they missed by studying at home. It also allows forstudents to become more independent learners and totake ownership of their own learning through theresources that are available using ICT.(Rance-Roney 2010)
To Conclude…..English teachers must become Digital-Age Teachers.They must be aware of the new technology that theirstudents are using to communicate to one another andthey must endeavour to use this technology, apply thistechnology and understand this technology in order tocreate a Digital Learning Space in the English classroomthe 21st century.
References0 Guidaria S (2011) “Understanding 21st Century Learning” Digimuve Presentation Slideshare Accessed at: [http://www.slideshare.net/guidars/cse-leadership-in-digital- age-education] on November 4 20110 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2009) “Household Use of Information Technology” accessed at: [http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/9B44779BD8AF6A9CCA2 5768D0021EEC3/$File/81460_2008-09.pdf] On November 4 20110 Victorian Curriculum Assessment Authority (2005) English Exam Paper Melbourne. Available at:[http://www.vcaa.vic.edu.au/vce/studies/english/pastexams/2005english.pdf] on November 4 20110 Taylor C (2009) “Pre-paid Literacy: Negotiating the Cost of Adolescent Mobile Technology Use” English in Australia44(2) pp.26-340 Rance-Roney J (2010) “Jump-Starting Language and Schema for English Language Leaners: Teacher-Composed Digital Jumpstarts for Academic Reading” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 53:5 pp.386-3950 Sweeny M (2010) “Writing for the Instant Messaging and Text Messaging Generation: Using New Literacies to Support Writing Instructions” Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy October 54:2 pp.121-130