Introducing simple search Nigel Sturt Librarian, HMS Sultan
My CV• Started selling books in my school library in 1978• Graduated with a library degree in 1990• Chartered professionally in 2001• Worked in public, museum, commercial & education libraries.• I enjoy my career I bought the tshirt!
The prologue“Google will bring you back 100,000,000answers. A librarian will bring you back the rightanswer.” Neil Gaiman, author.In the digital search environment you havebecome the librarian seeking information fromthe Internet.
Simple searching• Identify – Voluntary information • E.volve • Gosport Voluntary Action – Local information • Gosport.info – Government information • Gov.uk (replaced www.direct.gov.uk 17/10/2012) • Office for National Statistics • Gosport Council • Hampshire County Council
Simple searching• Scope – Information types could be physical or virtual • Websites could be – Blogs / microblogs (e.g. Twitter) record personal opinions – Wikis provide and record collaborative information sharing – RSS (not the Royal Statistical Society, but Really Simple Syndication) which are web pages read by computer and delivered to you. – Information & data, for example, the BBC or the Office for National Statistics
Simple searching• Plan – Search techniques • Keywords • Boolean language – Alternative • Simple search spellings • Advanced search – Alternative words – Abbreviations • Google custom search
Simple searching• Evaluate – Where is my website from? • UK is United Kingdom, AU Australia, EU European – Quality • Do you recognise the author, company or organisation? • .ac.uk is from academic sources in the UK, or .gov.uk would be government – Relevance • Does it contain most or all of the keywords, when published, revised, updated, or posted to the web?
What’s on Google?• Google – whats on offer? – Web search – Books – Images – Scholar – Maps – Alerts – News – Reader
Google web searchSimple web search Advanced web searchOn results given you can refine by choosing As simple search but with the addition of filtering by Images Language Videos Region News When updated Select a geographical focus Search within a web site Select a time span for the results By file type Usage rights
Google v. Boolean• Boolean search language (AND, OR, NOT) can still be found in some search services, but have been overshadowed by the use of keywords.• In Google you can – exclude material by using the – sign (Boolean Not) – Search for two or more words using AND – Search for a variety of words using OR
Search example:Keyword too generalToo many search hits
Search example:Keywords improvedToo many search hits
Search example:Keywords joined as aphrase, surplus onesremoved
ConclusionAnswers to your questions may be in the Internetsomewhere; knowing what, where and how to findthem is vital to becoming information literate anddevelop effective searching.
Further support• Two recommended guides to web searching – Phil Bradley, President of CIILIP & consultant • http://www.philb.com – Karen Blakeman, consultant • http://www.rba.co.uk/