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Human rights in islam

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Human rights in islam

  1. 1. HAMAIL AHMED 9883 MURTAZA UR REHMAN 9727 MUBASHIR ASLAM MAGRAY 9719
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION: The first thing that we find in Islam in this connection is that it lays down some rights for man as a human being. In other words it means that every man whether he belongs to this country or that, whether he is a believer or unbeliever, whether he lives in some forest or is found in some desert he is a human being, which should be recognized by every Muslim. In fact it will be his duty to fulfill these obligations.
  3. 3. The Right to Life The first and the foremost basic right is the right to live and respect human life. The Holy Quran lies down: Whosoever kills a human being without (any reason like) man slaughter, or corruption on earth, it is as though he had killed all mankind.
  4. 4. The Right to the Safety of Life; The Quran has mentioned this belief of the Israelites and quotes the Jews saying: "There is no blame on us (for anything we may do) with regard to the unlettered folk "And whoever saves a life it is as though he had saved the lives of all mankind"
  5. 5. The Right to a Basic Standard of Life Islam has recognized the right of the needy people for help and assistance to be provided to them. In the Holy Quran from the English translation of the "Kanzul Iman", it states: "And in their wealth there was the right of the beggars and the unfortunate."
  6. 6. "There are three categories of people against whom I shall myself be a plaintiff on the Day of Judgment. Of these three, one is he who enslaves a free man, then sells him and eats this money" (al-Bukhari and Ibn Majjah). Individual's Right to Freedom; Islam has clearly and categorically forbidden the primitive practice of capturing a free man, to make him a slave or to sell him into slavery. On this point the clear and unequivocal words of the Prophet (S) are as follows:
  7. 7. Right to Co-Operate and Not to Co-Operate "Co-operate with one another for virtue and heedfulness and do not co-operate with one another for the purpose of vice and aggression" This means that the man who undertakes a noble and righteous work, irrespective of the fact whether he is living at the North Pole or the South Pole, has the right to expect support and active co-operation from the Muslims. On the contrary he who perpetrates deeds of vice and aggression, even if he is our closest relation or neighbor, does not have the right to win our support and help in the name of race, country, language or nationality, nor should he have the expectation that Muslims will co-operate with him or support him.
  8. 8. "O mankind, we have created you from a male and female." In other words all human beings are brothers to one another. They all are the descendants from one father and one mother. Equality of Human Beings; PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW) SAID: SURELY GOD DOES NOT LOOK AT YOUR FACES OR YOUR BODIES BUT LOOK AT YOUR HEARTS AND YOUR DEEDS.
  9. 9. Conclusions When principles of Human Rights enshrined in Islamic Scriptures are seen in the present day context, it is difficult to believe that even seemingly trivial issues, such as, payment of wages to a laborer, poking fun at others, calling someone by nicknames, not spying on others and not entering some one else’s house without permission have been taken care of. This is the divinity of the scriptures Islam has clearly and explicitly denounced killing of innocents and says that saving one life is like saving the mankind
  10. 10. THANK YOU

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