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Section 30 1 moving toward conflict

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Section 30 1 moving toward conflict

  1. 1. Moving Toward Conflict
  2. 2. US Supports France in Vietnam • Nationalist Movements – Protest French colonial rule – Protest Japanese rule during WWII • Ho Chi Minh formed Vietminh • Declared independence when Japan was defeated
  3. 3. US Supports France in Vietnam • French Indochina War (1946-1954) – France retook control of South – Vietminh controlled North – US Supported France
  4. 4. US Supports France in Vietnam • Domino Theory – Eisenhower’s justification to fight in Vietnam – If one nation falls to Communism, others will
  5. 5. US Supports France in Vietnam • Vietminh take Dien Bien Phu in 1954 • Geneva Accords divide Vietnam • Communist North and Nationalist South • Call for elections in 1956
  6. 6. The US Steps In Ho Chi Minh North • Ngo Dinh Diem (South) – Refused to hold elections – Supported by US – Corrupt regime • Vietcong Form in Resistance to Diem – Communist opposition group – Supplied along Ho Chi Minh Trail – Make Southern Vietnam unstable Ngo Dinh Diem South
  7. 7. The US Steps In • JFK and Vietnam – Supported Diem to fight Communism – Diem government unstable and corrupt – US removed Diem in 1963 • South grows unstable • Increased influence of Vietcong
  8. 8. LBJ Expands the Conflict • Tonkin Gulf Resolution – Response to incident in Gulf of Tonkin • North Vietnamese ships fired on US ship • LBJ responded by bombing Vietnam
  9. 9. LBJ Expands the Conflict – Resolution Provisions • Gave LBJ broad military powers • Launched Operation Rolling Thunder

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