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  1. 1. Persia First Mediterranean Empire
  2. 3. Rise of the Persians <ul><li>Persian compete with Medes after fall of Assyrians. </li></ul><ul><li>550 BC – King Cyrus consolidates and expands his empire </li></ul><ul><li>Expands from Asia Minor to West India </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Used diplomacy and tolerance to unite many groups of people </li></ul><ul><li>Used their military to back up their rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed local customs and religions. </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodless occupation of Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed Jews to return </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Cyrus’ Son Cambyses Expands his empire, but is less tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>With death came rebellion and empire falls apart </li></ul>
  5. 6. Rise of Darius (We’ll meet him later with the Greeks) <ul><li>Darius – noble of the ruling dynasty – seizes power. </li></ul><ul><li>Puts down revolts over 3 years and expands empire. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Ruling a large government <ul><li>Governed area by dividing area into 20 provinces – each governed by a SATRAP. </li></ul><ul><li>Each area had some autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Darius standardized money and created the Royal Road. </li></ul>