Atlantic slave trade

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Atlantic slave trade

  1. 1. Atlantic Slave Trade
  2. 2. Evolution of Slavery <ul><li>Enslavement of humans is an ancient institution </li></ul><ul><li>- Sumerians </li></ul><ul><li>- Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>- Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Minor institution in Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. Growth of Islam increases Slavery <ul><li>Belief non-Muslims could be used as slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves held some rights </li></ul><ul><li>- op. for social mobility </li></ul><ul><li>- serve military </li></ul><ul><li>- could escape bondage </li></ul><ul><li>- not hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>650-1600: 4.8 million slaves sold to SW Asia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Europeans change Slavery <ul><li>Europeans need cheap labor to work mines and plantations of new American colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Initially used Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>- Many die due to disease </li></ul><ul><li>- Many escape and return home. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Early European Slavery <ul><li>Spain brings first slaves to Americas in 1511 to work in copper mines. </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese use slaves extensively in sugar plantations in Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions so bad that women slaves could not bare children: malnutrition and beatings. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>1500-1600: 300,000 Slaves transported </li></ul><ul><li>1600-1700: 1.5 Million slaves transported </li></ul><ul><li>By 1870: 9.5 Million transported . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Slavery Spreads to North America <ul><li>Dutch, French, British demand labor to work on coffee, sugar, and tobacco plantations. </li></ul><ul><li>British dominate slave trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport 1.7 million to West Indies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport 400,000 to American Colonies </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Triangle Trade <ul><li>Series of transatlantic routes. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves – Raw Materials – Finished goods. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Middle Passage <ul><li>Long voyage that brought African slaves to North and South America. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves forced into dark holds of a slave ship. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Middle Passage, Continued <ul><li>Slaves barely able to move </li></ul><ul><li>Slept and laid in vomit and human waste </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to breath </li></ul><ul><li>Beatings </li></ul><ul><li>Many deaths </li></ul><ul><li>(Body pos on slave ship Aurora, 1784) </li></ul>

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