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Jesse D. Hallenbeck CFI, Snohomish Flying Service
Overview  <ul><li>That Time of Year… </li></ul><ul><li>Operational Considerations  </li></ul><ul><li>Engine Starting Proce...
That Time of Year…
That Time of Year… <ul><li>Winter for pilots means  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncomfortable  Preflight’s  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
That Time of Year… <ul><li>Human Factors everywhere… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter time requires a heightened sense  of ale...
Operational Considerations <ul><li>Oil  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grade’s based on temperature  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cabin H...
Operational Considerations <ul><li>Aircraft Pre-Heat  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm Hanger  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engine...
Operational Considerations <ul><li>Taxing  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced Braking Action  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow B...
Operational Considerations  <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fS1TBuPvvj4&feature=related </li></ul>
Engine Starting Procedures  <ul><li>Overview  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Facts  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Common Erro...
Engine Starting Procedures  <ul><li>First some Facts  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower temperatures can lead to oil congealing ...
Engine Starting Procedures  <ul><li>Common Errors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biggest: Over Priming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N...
Engine Starting Procedures  <ul><li>Preventative Measures  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Up Keep! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Some Things to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Common Sense goes a long way… </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing! </li></ul>Yes: No:
Some Thinks to Keep in Mind  <ul><li>Survival Kit  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember: You don’t have to be Rambo!  </li></ul>...
Recourses  <ul><li>AOPA Cold Weather Course  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.aopa.org/landings/icing_b.html?SA=Quizzes&Qu...
Thanks! <ul><li>Questions?  </li></ul>
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Cold Weather Starts

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A presentation covering the various aspects of cold weather aviation operations

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Cold Weather Starts

  1. 1. Jesse D. Hallenbeck CFI, Snohomish Flying Service
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>That Time of Year… </li></ul><ul><li>Operational Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Engine Starting Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Some Things to Keep in Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. That Time of Year…
  4. 4. That Time of Year… <ul><li>Winter for pilots means </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncomfortable Preflight’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to predict weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncooperative airplanes that, now, REALLY don’t want to cooperate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cessna = F-18 (Sort of…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frozen hands from fuel strainers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. That Time of Year… <ul><li>Human Factors everywhere… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter time requires a heightened sense of alertness, a more acute focus of attention, and greater care in all that we do in the aviation world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is also precisely the time when most of us do the opposite of that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preflight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft Care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preflight Planning </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Operational Considerations <ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grade’s based on temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cabin Heater </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most valuable part! Make sure it’s operational! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wheel Pants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take em’ off for the winter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preflight: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give extra attention to fuel contamination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use alcohol additive if appropriate to engine type </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Operational Considerations <ul><li>Aircraft Pre-Heat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm Hanger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engine Heater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Heater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light Bulb! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preflight: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of frost, ice, and snow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best deicer ever: </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Operational Considerations <ul><li>Taxing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced Braking Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow Banks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vmc </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased or Decreased? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carburetor Heat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes used to help vaporize fuel (Follow POH/AFM!) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Operational Considerations <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fS1TBuPvvj4&feature=related </li></ul>
  10. 10. Engine Starting Procedures <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Common Errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative Measures </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Engine Starting Procedures <ul><li>First some Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower temperatures can lead to oil congealing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel does not readily vaporize at lower temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battery life is reduced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condensation in lines may have frozen, leading to blocked lines/strainers/filters etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Icing over of the spark plug electrodes more common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both before/during start and during prolonged idles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Engine Starting Procedures <ul><li>Common Errors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biggest: Over Priming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not abiding by starter limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft/engine dependent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to plan ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not following the POH/AFM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing to Attempt a Start when it won’t happen </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Engine Starting Procedures <ul><li>Preventative Measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Up Keep! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre Heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the POH/AFM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention </li></ul></ul>PLAY IT SAFE!
  14. 14. Some Things to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Common Sense goes a long way… </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing! </li></ul>Yes: No:
  15. 15. Some Thinks to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Survival Kit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember: You don’t have to be Rambo! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Recourses <ul><li>AOPA Cold Weather Course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.aopa.org/landings/icing_b.html?SA=Quizzes&QuizId=114&WT.mc_id=&wtmcid;&WT.mc_sect=ftn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FAA Advisory Circular Search Engine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.airweb.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/MainFrame?OpenFrameSet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aero Medix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.aeromedix.com/ </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Thanks! <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

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