Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Jesse Hallenbeck, CFI
Goals  <ul><li>To walk away with… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A refreshed memory  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some new tools in t...
Overview  <ul><li>ADM  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why!? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use  </l...
Overview  (continued) <ul><li>Putting the pieces together  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are ADM and Pilotage intertwined? </l...
ADM Defined <ul><li>Definition (AC 60-22)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a systematic approach to the mental process used by ai...
 
Why ADM?! <ul><li>80% </li></ul>
ADM Concept  <ul><li>Provides a structured framework to decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to both reduce and manage ...
Use  <ul><li>Everything  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight planning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation of the aircraft  </li...
Pilotage  <ul><li>Navigation by reference to landmarks or other easily identifiable checkpoints  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It ...
Basic Process <ul><li>First and Foremost you have correct and  current  charts </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold and lay out your c...
Basic Process  (Continued) <ul><li>Plot your initial course and refine it as necessary  </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plotter to...
Practical Use  <ul><li>One of the oldest forms of navigation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used during the earliest days of aviat...
An example…
Putting the pieces together  <ul><li>ADM often focuses on four main factors when talking abut flight planning  </li></ul><...
The Pilot  <ul><li>The one factor you have most control over: YOU!  </li></ul><ul><li>Are you fit for the flight?  </li></...
The Aircraft  <ul><li>Is the aircraft Suitable for the flight being conducted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight limits  </li><...
The Environment  <ul><li>Offers the most variables of the four factors  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather  </li></ul></ul><ul>...
External Pressures  <ul><li>Anything external to the flight itself that places more pressure on you to complete the flight...
Remember to DECIDE… <ul><li>D –  Detect </li></ul><ul><li>E -   Estimate </li></ul><ul><li>C -  Choose </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Operational Pitfalls  Scud Running  Get-There-Itis  Continuing VFR into IMC  Loss of SA Flying outside the Envelope
Resources  <ul><li>Google Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://earth.google.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sky Vector  </li></ul...
Questions?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

ADM and Pilotage

A presentation covering the various aspects of Aeronautical Decision Making and Pilotage.

  • Be the first to comment

ADM and Pilotage

  1. 1. Jesse Hallenbeck, CFI
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>To walk away with… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A refreshed memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some new tools in the toolbox </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To reflect on past experiences, and ideas gained from those experiences </li></ul><ul><li>To be a safer pilot! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>ADM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why!? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pilotage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition and Concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical Use </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Overview (continued) <ul><li>Putting the pieces together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are ADM and Pilotage intertwined? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What principals of ADM are involved when planning a flight? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some operation pitfalls that relate to ADM? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources to use in Flight Planning </li></ul>
  5. 5. ADM Defined <ul><li>Definition (AC 60-22) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a systematic approach to the mental process used by aircraft pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steps for good decision making are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying personal attitudes hazardous to safe flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning behavior modification techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning how to recognize and cope with stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing risk assessment skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using all resources in a multi-crew situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating the effectiveness of ones ADM skills </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Why ADM?! <ul><li>80% </li></ul>
  7. 8. ADM Concept <ul><li>Provides a structured framework to decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to both reduce and manage risk by helping the pilot first recognize the risk </li></ul><ul><li>In short: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is what a pilot intends to do based on the latest information he or she has. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Use <ul><li>Everything </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation of the aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Pilotage <ul><li>Navigation by reference to landmarks or other easily identifiable checkpoints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the most common form of navigation and is often used in conjunction with other forms of navigation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Basic Process <ul><li>First and Foremost you have correct and current charts </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold and lay out your charts, giving yourself lots of room to work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows you to get the big picture of your overall trip </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Give consideration to the many different factors that can affect your route of flight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checkpoints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>How does this relate to the concepts of ADM???
  11. 12. Basic Process (Continued) <ul><li>Plot your initial course and refine it as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plotter to measure your course in nautical miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ENSURE you are using the correct scale! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your goal is to fly the course your drew on the chart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires you to constantly maintain your situational awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use wind correction as needed to maintain your selected course </li></ul>
  12. 13. Practical Use <ul><li>One of the oldest forms of navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used during the earliest days of aviation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easiest to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You, Your map, and the World </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often times the most enjoyable to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You get to enjoy the view! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. An example…
  14. 15. Putting the pieces together <ul><li>ADM often focuses on four main factors when talking abut flight planning </li></ul><ul><li>P – P ilot </li></ul><ul><li>A – A ircraft </li></ul><ul><li>V – En v ironment </li></ul><ul><li>E – E xternal Factors </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Pilot <ul><li>The one factor you have most control over: YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Are you fit for the flight? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul>Affects on flight planning/pilotage?
  16. 17. The Aircraft <ul><li>Is the aircraft Suitable for the flight being conducted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment installed (instruments and the like) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More importantly, are YOU suitable to the airplane? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you thoroughly familiar with the AFM/POH? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have the emergency procedures memorized? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V Speeds? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Environment <ul><li>Offers the most variables of the four factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night vs. Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Illusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. External Pressures <ul><li>Anything external to the flight itself that places more pressure on you to complete the flight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friend waiting for you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big event where you are going </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Get-there-itus” and/or ego </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eager to please, even with a reduction in safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Remember to DECIDE… <ul><li>D – Detect </li></ul><ul><li>E - Estimate </li></ul><ul><li>C - Choose </li></ul><ul><li>I - Identify </li></ul><ul><li>D - Do </li></ul><ul><li>E - Evaluate </li></ul>
  20. 21. Operational Pitfalls Scud Running Get-There-Itis Continuing VFR into IMC Loss of SA Flying outside the Envelope
  21. 22. Resources <ul><li>Google Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://earth.google.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sky Vector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://skyvector.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Air-Nav </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.airnav.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FAA.gov </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.faa.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/ATpubs/AIM/ </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Questions?

×