Jesse Hallenbeck, CFI
Goals  <ul><li>To walk away with… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A refreshed memory  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some new tools in t...
Overview  <ul><li>ADM  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why!? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use  </l...
Overview  (continued) <ul><li>Putting the pieces together  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are ADM and Pilotage intertwined? </l...
ADM Defined <ul><li>Definition (AC 60-22)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a systematic approach to the mental process used by ai...
 
Why ADM?! <ul><li>80% </li></ul>
ADM Concept  <ul><li>Provides a structured framework to decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to both reduce and manage ...
Use  <ul><li>Everything  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight planning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation of the aircraft  </li...
Pilotage  <ul><li>Navigation by reference to landmarks or other easily identifiable checkpoints  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It ...
Basic Process <ul><li>First and Foremost you have correct and  current  charts </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold and lay out your c...
Basic Process  (Continued) <ul><li>Plot your initial course and refine it as necessary  </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plotter to...
Practical Use  <ul><li>One of the oldest forms of navigation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used during the earliest days of aviat...
An example…
Putting the pieces together  <ul><li>ADM often focuses on four main factors when talking abut flight planning  </li></ul><...
The Pilot  <ul><li>The one factor you have most control over: YOU!  </li></ul><ul><li>Are you fit for the flight?  </li></...
The Aircraft  <ul><li>Is the aircraft Suitable for the flight being conducted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight limits  </li><...
The Environment  <ul><li>Offers the most variables of the four factors  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather  </li></ul></ul><ul>...
External Pressures  <ul><li>Anything external to the flight itself that places more pressure on you to complete the flight...
Remember to DECIDE… <ul><li>D –  Detect </li></ul><ul><li>E -   Estimate </li></ul><ul><li>C -  Choose </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Operational Pitfalls  Scud Running  Get-There-Itis  Continuing VFR into IMC  Loss of SA Flying outside the Envelope
Resources  <ul><li>Google Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://earth.google.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sky Vector  </li></ul...
Questions?
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ADM and Pilotage

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A presentation covering the various aspects of Aeronautical Decision Making and Pilotage.

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ADM and Pilotage

  1. 1. Jesse Hallenbeck, CFI
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>To walk away with… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A refreshed memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some new tools in the toolbox </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To reflect on past experiences, and ideas gained from those experiences </li></ul><ul><li>To be a safer pilot! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>ADM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why!? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pilotage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition and Concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical Use </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Overview (continued) <ul><li>Putting the pieces together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are ADM and Pilotage intertwined? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What principals of ADM are involved when planning a flight? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some operation pitfalls that relate to ADM? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources to use in Flight Planning </li></ul>
  5. 5. ADM Defined <ul><li>Definition (AC 60-22) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a systematic approach to the mental process used by aircraft pilots to consistently determine the best course of action in response to a given set of circumstances” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steps for good decision making are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying personal attitudes hazardous to safe flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning behavior modification techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning how to recognize and cope with stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing risk assessment skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using all resources in a multi-crew situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating the effectiveness of ones ADM skills </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Why ADM?! <ul><li>80% </li></ul>
  7. 8. ADM Concept <ul><li>Provides a structured framework to decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to both reduce and manage risk by helping the pilot first recognize the risk </li></ul><ul><li>In short: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is what a pilot intends to do based on the latest information he or she has. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Use <ul><li>Everything </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation of the aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Pilotage <ul><li>Navigation by reference to landmarks or other easily identifiable checkpoints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the most common form of navigation and is often used in conjunction with other forms of navigation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Basic Process <ul><li>First and Foremost you have correct and current charts </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold and lay out your charts, giving yourself lots of room to work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows you to get the big picture of your overall trip </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Give consideration to the many different factors that can affect your route of flight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checkpoints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>How does this relate to the concepts of ADM???
  11. 12. Basic Process (Continued) <ul><li>Plot your initial course and refine it as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Use a plotter to measure your course in nautical miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ENSURE you are using the correct scale! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your goal is to fly the course your drew on the chart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires you to constantly maintain your situational awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use wind correction as needed to maintain your selected course </li></ul>
  12. 13. Practical Use <ul><li>One of the oldest forms of navigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used during the earliest days of aviation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easiest to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You, Your map, and the World </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often times the most enjoyable to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You get to enjoy the view! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. An example…
  14. 15. Putting the pieces together <ul><li>ADM often focuses on four main factors when talking abut flight planning </li></ul><ul><li>P – P ilot </li></ul><ul><li>A – A ircraft </li></ul><ul><li>V – En v ironment </li></ul><ul><li>E – E xternal Factors </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Pilot <ul><li>The one factor you have most control over: YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Are you fit for the flight? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul>Affects on flight planning/pilotage?
  16. 17. The Aircraft <ul><li>Is the aircraft Suitable for the flight being conducted? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment installed (instruments and the like) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More importantly, are YOU suitable to the airplane? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you thoroughly familiar with the AFM/POH? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have the emergency procedures memorized? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V Speeds? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Environment <ul><li>Offers the most variables of the four factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night vs. Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Illusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. External Pressures <ul><li>Anything external to the flight itself that places more pressure on you to complete the flight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friend waiting for you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big event where you are going </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Get-there-itus” and/or ego </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eager to please, even with a reduction in safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects on flight planning/pilotage? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Remember to DECIDE… <ul><li>D – Detect </li></ul><ul><li>E - Estimate </li></ul><ul><li>C - Choose </li></ul><ul><li>I - Identify </li></ul><ul><li>D - Do </li></ul><ul><li>E - Evaluate </li></ul>
  20. 21. Operational Pitfalls Scud Running Get-There-Itis Continuing VFR into IMC Loss of SA Flying outside the Envelope
  21. 22. Resources <ul><li>Google Earth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://earth.google.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sky Vector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://skyvector.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Air-Nav </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.airnav.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FAA.gov </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.faa.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/publications/ATpubs/AIM/ </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Questions?

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