Magna Carta• -What country was it written for? England• -When was it written? June 10, 1215• -What did it do to the power of monarchies? Limited there power• -How was this a form of "rule of law"? Because they had to actually follow rules and get things aproved, limiting there power.
Glorious Revolution• -Where did it take place? England• -Who took over as King of this country? William of Orange• -What document changed the power of Kings forever and was a result of this revolution? English Bill of Rights
The English Bill of Rights• -When was it written? 1689• -In two sentences, explain what it did?• - It finished the idea of Divine Kingship once and for all • - Began a trend in Europe against monarchy • - Gave more power to elected officials
he Enlightenment • -In two sentences, describe what the enlightenment. - The enlightenment was a philosophic movement of the 18th century. It was marked marked by a rejection of traditional social, religious, and political ideas and an emphasis on rationalism. • -When did it take place? 18th century • -Why is it important? - It rejected the idea that we should accept anything the Church says as truth just because the church says it was true. Enlightenment philosophers reasoned that knowledge had to be based on practical, scientific evidence. Traditions or religious articles were not a source for truth, because those ways of achieving truth vary a lot. Most of the Enlightenment thinkers did not deny God or religion. Rather, they believed that God had created a reasonable world that they could perceive the principles by which it worked through scientific observation.
Charles-Louis Montesquieu • -Where was he from? France • -What is he most famous for? His articulations of the seperations of power.
ohn Locke • -Where was he from? England • -Lifespan? August 29, 1632 - October 28, 1704 • -What are natural rights? (two sentences) The basic rights that everyone has. No one can interfer with these rights.
Jean Jacques Rousseau • -Where was he from? France • -Lifespan? June 28, 1712 - July 2, 1778 • -What is the Social Contract? (two sentences) A theory that in early history, no government existed. Man made his own laws and morals to live by
Thomas Jefferson• -Where was he from? Virginia• -What is he most famous for writing? The Declaration of Independence• -Why did he switch the words from "property" to "the pursuit of happiness"? Pursuit of happiness was a more universal term.