Theme 4 assign 1

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Theme 4 assign 1

  1. 1. The French in North AmericaCanada and Iroquoia1500-1600 <br />Theme 4<br />Hayley Phillips<br />History 140<br />Dr. Arguello<br />
  2. 2. The Fur TradeCanada and Iroquoia<br />Some of the more attractive furs consisted of beaver, fox, otter, lynx, and martin<br />The mariners purchased these furs from the eager Indians<br />Furs were an ideal colonial commodity<br />One that could pay more, just like gold or silver<br />Indians volunteered to perform hard work by hunting the animals and treating their fur<br />The Indians considered all objects, even stones, as possessed of some spiritual power<br />
  3. 3. CanadaCanada and Iroquoia<br />The French had shifted their focus northward to reclaim the St. Lawrence Valley, formally probed by Jacques Cartier, known as Canada<br />The French had a prime focus of the Fur Trade, they did not come to farm<br />The St. Lawrence was ideal for 5 reasons: <br />1. The Valley was safely distant from Spanish power<br />2. The northern location mean especially thick and valuable furs<br />3. the resident Montagnais and Algonkin were especially skilled hunters<br />4. The long St. Lawrence offered the deepest access westward into the continent of any river and flowed into the North Atlantic<br />5. At a place the French called Quebec, the river narrowed to provide both good harbor and high ground<br />
  4. 4. The Five NationsCanada and Iroquoia<br />The women cultivated large fields of maize, beans, and squash<br />The Five Nation Iroquois could sustain long distance and large-scale raids against enemies<br />Success in war boosted powerful esteem for young men to prove themselves to outsiders<br />A captive man faced death by torture<br />The Iroquois held ceremonies to contest the skills of the torturers and the stoic endurance of the victim<br />A captive could be chosen for adoption and be lavished with care and affection<br />
  5. 5. The Dutch TradeCanada and Iroquoia<br />In 1614 a Dutch company established a year round trading post on the upper Hudson near present day Albony<br />The Iroquois suddenly enjoyed immediate proximity on the Hudson to the Dutch<br />The Iroquois acquired growing quantities of European weaponry<br />The French came to depend upon Iroquois hostility as a barrier that kept northern Indians from traveling south to trade with the Dutch<br />
  6. 6. French America1650-1750<br />As British colonies grew in numbers, power and ambition, the French increasingly looked to the Indians<br />The French could more readily recruit them because the French was less threatening to the Indians<br />New French worked well as militarized the colony for harassing and hindering the British expansion<br />
  7. 7. EmigrantsFrench America<br />The French learned they needed more colonists to defend Quebec from their English rivals<br />Fearful of losing the colony again, the French crown ordered the company of New France to recruit more inhabitants<br />By 1675, seventy seigneuries divided most of the land between Quebec and Montreal in the St. Lawrence Valley<br />Seigneuries were men of means who could obtain immense colonial estates and titles of nobility<br />
  8. 8. OpportunityFrench America<br />Habitants took pride in their regular consumption of meat and white bread, which few French peasants could afford<br />The Canadian habitant enjoyed privileges of hunting and fishing<br />Although most habitants lived comfortably, few became wealthier than their neighbors<br />The colony’s limited economy and authoritarian government also discouraged entrepreneurial initiative and thrift in favor of leisure<br />
  9. 9. Rebels and AlliesFrench America<br />Selective settlement divided the vast colony into two landscapes; settlers and Indians<br />The French lumped together as the “Petites Nation”<br />These peoples had been depleted during the seventeenth century by exposure to the diseases and slave raids<br />When one Chitimacha killed a French Priest, the French enslaved all the women and children<br />

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