English Language Teaching


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English Language Teaching

  1. 1. English Language Teaching<br />Dr.HalaSalih Mohammed Nur<br />English Language Institute<br />University of Khartoum<br />
  2. 2. ?<br />
  3. 3. Course Content<br />Abbreviations and Acronyms <br />Teaching of English in Sudan<br />Methodology of English Language Teaching<br />Teaching Language Skills<br />Teaching Language Systems<br />Computer Assisted Language Learning<br />Teaching Young Learners<br />Learners’ of English Language<br />Second Language Acquisition <br />Assessment and Testing <br />Syllabus Design<br />Lesson Planning <br />
  4. 4. Terms<br />ESL<br />ESOL<br />EFL<br />EAL<br />EIL<br />ELF<br />ESP<br />EAP<br />ELL<br />English as a Second Language<br />English to Speakers of Other Languages<br />English as a Foreign Language<br />English as an Additional Language<br />English as an International Language<br />English as a Lingua Franca<br />English for Specific Purposes<br />English for Academic Purposes<br />English Language Learner<br />
  5. 5. Other Terms<br />World English<br />refers to the English language as a lingua franca used in business, trade, diplomacy and other spheres of global activity.<br />World Englishes<br />refers to the emergence of localised or indigenisedvarieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in nations colonised by Great Britainor the United States<br />
  6. 6. BrajKachru (1985)<br />
  7. 7. Teaching of English Language in Sudan<br />(Problems /Challenges)<br />
  8. 8. The Changing Status of English Language in Sudan<br />Past, Present and Future.<br />
  9. 9. Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest country in Africa.<br />
  10. 10. Linguistic diversity is a feature of Sudan.<br />This diversity has become a symbol of multiple identities: religious, cultural, ethnic and <br />Linguistic.<br />It is estimated that there are around 177 languages <br />spoken in Sudan (Abu Manga, 2006).<br />
  11. 11. Sudan has been historically both a north-south and an east-west migration crossroad. This factor and other factors like the constant population movement as a result of drought, famine, civil war and emigration from neighboring countries has made Sudan very diverse linguistically. <br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Language Policy<br />Northern Sudan<br />The British wanted to create an elite administrative body of Sudanese so they opened some primary, intermediate schools to teach English language.<br />1902 Gordon Memorial Collage was opened. In 1946 it was affiliated with London University. <br />1934 BukterAlruda teacher training institute was opened. <br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Discovery of oil<br />Globalization <br />Internet<br />Conflicts<br />NGOs<br />
  16. 16. Language Policy<br />Southern Sudan<br />Education was left for the missionaries. <br /> Very few schools were opened.<br />The situation was very complex, 44 languages were spoken.<br />Arabic was spoken as the lingua franca in many areas.<br /> "little money there was for education was spent in the North and southern education became 'the lowest priority in a low-priority area' " (Sandell, 1982<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. The First Civil War<br />
  19. 19. The Second Civil War<br />In 1983 when President Jafaar Numeri declared the nationwide application of Sharia Laws and revived efforts to impose Arabic language and Islamic themed curriculum in the South. A rebellion broke out which turned into a cancerous civil war that continued for more than twenty years with Sudan's People Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M)growing as a major force in the South.<br /> <br />
  20. 20. Comprehensive Peace Treaty<br /> March 2005<br />Chapter 2, article 8 of the CPA stated:<br />2.8 Language<br />2.8.1. All indigenous languages are national languages which shall be respected and developed and promoted.<br />2.8.2. Arabic language is the widely spoken national language in the Sudan.<br />2.8.3. Arabic, as a major language at the national level, and English shall be the official working languages of the national Government business and languages of instruction for higher education.<br />……<br />2.8.5 The use of either language at any level of government or education shall not be discriminated against.<br />
  21. 21. The Future of English Language in Sudan<br />?<br />