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Curriculum specification F5

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Curriculum specification F5

  1. 1. WAVESLearning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective A student is able to:1.1Understanding Observe situations to gain an • describe what is meant by wave amplitude - amplitudWaves idea of waves as illustrated by motion. frequency- frekuensi vibrations in ropes, slinky longitudinal wave – springs, or a ripple tank. gelombang membujur Carry out activities using a • recognise that waves transfer period - tempoh ripple tank and a slinky spring to energy without transferring propagation – demonstrate: matter. perambatan a) that waves transfer energy • compare transverse and resonance - without transferring matter, longitudinal waves and give resonans b) transverse and longitudinal examples of each. transverse wave – waves, • state what is meant by a gelombang c) wavefronts, wavefront. melintang d) the direction of • state the direction of vibration – getaran propagation of waves in wavefront – muka propagation of waves in relation relation to wavefronts. to wavefronts. gelombang wavelength – View computer simulations to panjang gelombang gain an idea of: wave – gelombang a) transverse and longitudinal waves, b) wavefronts, c) direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts for transverse and longitudinal waves. 16
  2. 2. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Observe an oscillating system such as a simple pendulum or a • define loaded spring to define i.amplitude, amplitude, period and ii.period, frequency. iii.frequency, iv.wavelength, View computer simulations to v.wave speed. gain an understanding of: a)amplitude (a), b)period (T), c)frequency (f), d)wavelength(λ), e)wave speed (v). Discuss amplitude and period with the aid of a displacement- • sketch and interpret a time graph for a wave. displacement-time graph for a wave. Discuss amplitude and wavelength with the aid of a • sketch and interpret a displacement-distance graph for displacement-distance graph for a wave. a wave. Discuss the relationship v = fλ can be between speed, wavelength and • clarify the relationship between derived from frequency. speed, wavelength and s frequency. v= t Discuss to solve problems involving speed, wavelength • solve problems involving speed, and frequency. wavelength and frequency. 17
  3. 3. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Observe and discuss the effect • describe damping in a oscillating of: system. a) damping in an oscillating • describe resonance in a system oscillating system. b) resonance in an oscillating system such as a Barton’s pendulum. A student is able to:1.2Analysing Carry out activities to observe • describe reflection of waves in Reflection of angle of incidence –reflection of reflection of: terms of the angle of incidence, circular water sudut tujuwaves a) plane waves in a ripple angle of reflection, wavelength, waves and the angle of reflection – tank, frequency, speed and direction use of curved sudut pantulan b) light , of propagation. reflectors are echo - gema c) sound waves. • draw a diagram to show not required. plane wave – reflection of waves. gelombang satah Discuss the characteristics of reflection – pantulan the reflected wave in terms of ripple tank – tangki the angle of reflection, riak wavelength, frequency, speed sound wave – and direction of propagation in gelombang bunyi relation to the incident wave. View computer simulations of reflection of waves. 18
  4. 4. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective A student is able to:1.3Analysing Carry out activities to observe • describe refraction of waves in Include angle of refraction –refraction of refraction of: terms of the angle of incidence, refraction of sudut pembiasanwaves a) plane water waves in a angle of refraction, wavelength, water waves refraction – ripple tank, frequency, speed and direction over straight, pembiasan b) light waves, of propagation. concave and LIGHT SENSOR c) sound waves. • draw a diagram to show convex refraction of waves. transparent CBL MICROPHONE Discuss the characteristics of blocks. the refracted wave in terms of the angle of refraction, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation in relation to the incident wave. View computer simulations of refraction of waves. A student is able to:1.4Analysing Carry out activities to observe • describe diffraction of waves in Discuss the diffraction -diffraction of diffraction of: terms of wavelength, frequency, effect of size pembelauanwaves a) water waves in a ripple speed, direction of propagation of gap on the tank, and shape of waves. degree of b) light waves, • draw a diagram to show diffraction. c) sound waves. diffraction of waves. Discuss the characteristics of the diffracted waves in terms of wavelength, frequency, speed, 19
  5. 5. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective direction of propagation and shape of waves in relation to the incident wave. View computer simulations on diffraction of waves. A student is able to:1.5Analysing Observe a mechanical model • state the principle of Young’s interference –interference of such as a slinky spring to gain superposition. double-slit interferenswaves an idea of superposition. experiment interference may be used patterns– corak Carry out activities to observe • explain the interference of to show interferens interference patterns of: waves. interference of superposition - a) water waves in a ripple tank, • draw interference patterns. light. superposisi b) light waves, • interpret interference patterns. c) sound waves. Discuss constructive and destructive interference. λ - w ave- ax • solve problems involving length Discuss λ = . x - the D ax λ= . distance D between two consecutive nodes a - the distance between the two wave 20
  6. 6. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective sources D – the perpendicular distance from the source to the position where x is measured A student is able to:1.6Analysing sound Discuss • describe sound waves. loudness –waves a) the production of sound by kenyaringan vibrating sources pitch - kelangsingan b) sound waves as a vibration – getaran longitudinal wave requiring a CBL MICROPHONE medium for propagation. View computer simulations or • explain how the loudness carry out activities to observe relates to amplitude. the effect of: • explain how the pitch relates to a) amplitude on loudness, frequency. b) frequency on pitch. View computer simulations or • describe applications of video to gain an idea of reflection of sound waves. applications of sound waves. • calculate distances using the reflection of sound waves. Research and report on applications of the reflection of sound waves, e.g. sonar and ultrasound scanning. 21
  7. 7. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective A student is able to:1.7Analysing Research and report on the • describe the electromagnetic Emphasise electromagneticelectromagnetic components of the spectrum. that the spectrum –waves electromagnetic spectrum in • state that visible light is a part of electro- spektrum terms of: the electromagnetic spectrum. magnetic electromagnet a) decreasing wavelength and • list sources of electromagnetic spectrum is gamma rays – sinar increasing frequency, waves. continuous. gama b) sources. infrared rays – sinar inframerah Discuss the properties of • describe the properties of microwaves – electromagnetic waves. electromagnetic waves. gelombang mikro optical fibres – Discuss applications of gentian optik electromagnetic waves such as: • describe applications of radio waves – a) radio waves in broadcasting electromagnetic waves. gelombang radio and communications, ultraviolet rays – b) microwaves in satellites and sinar cellular telephones, ultralembayung/ultra c) infra-red rays in household ungu appliances, remote controls visible light – cahaya and night-vision devices, tampak d) visible light in optical fibres X-rays – sinar X and photography, e) ultraviolet rays in fluorescent lamps and sterilisation, f) X-rays in hospital and engineering applications, g) gamma rays in medical treatment. 22
  8. 8. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Research and report on the detrimental effects of excessive • describe the detrimental effects exposure to certain components of excessive exposure to certain of the electromagnetic components of the spectrum. electromagnetic spectrum. 23
  9. 9. ELECTRICITYLearning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities A student is able to:2.1Analysing electric Discuss electric current as the • state the relationship between Recall the electric charge – casfields and charge Q electron flow and electric activity carried elektrikflow rate of charge flow, i.e. I = current. out using a electric current – arus t • define electric current. Van de Graff elektrik • describe an electric field. generator to electric field – medan Carry out activities/view • sketch electric field lines show the elektrik computer simulations to study showing the direction of the relationship electron flow – aliran electric field lines for different field. between electron arrangements of charges. electric charge CONDUCTIVITY • describe the effect of an electric and current SENSOR Observe the effect of an electric field on a charge. flow. field on: a) a ping-pong ball coated with I – current conducting material, Q – charge b) a candle flame. t - time Discuss to solve problems • solve problems involving involving problems involving electric charge and current. electric charge and current. A student is able to:2.2Analysing the View computer simulations to • define potential difference. Potential potential difference –relationship gain an understanding of difference and beza keupayaanbetween electric potential difference. voltage may resistance – rintangancurrent and be used inter- voltage – voltanpotential changeably work – kerjadifference here. CURRENT/VOLTAGE 24
  10. 10. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities Discuss potential difference(V) SENSOR SYSTEM as work done (W) when moving 1C of charge(Q) between two CONDUCTIVITY points in an electric field, i.e. SENSOR W V = Q. Plan and conduct an • plan and conduct an experiment experiment to find the to find the relationship between relationship between current current and potential difference. and potential difference for an • describe the relationship ohmic conductor. between current and potential difference. Discuss Ohm’s law as the • state Ohm’s law. relationship between potential • define resistance. difference and current at constant temperature. Discuss resistance as the ratio of potential difference to current for an ohmic conductor. Conduct experiments to study • explain factors that affect and discuss factors that affect resistance. resistance, i.e. the type of material, cross-sectional area, length and temperature. • solve problems involving Discuss to solve problems potential difference, current and involving potential difference, resistance. current and resistance. 25
  11. 11. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities Research and report on • describe superconductors. superconductors. A student is able to:2.3Analysing series Carry out activities to identify • identify series and parallel effective resistance –and parallel series and parallel circuits. circuits. rintangan berkesancircuits parallel circuits – litar Carry out activities to study the • compare the current and selari current, I, and potential potential difference of series series circuit – litar difference, V, in series and circuits and parallel circuits. sesiri parallel circuits using ammeters CURRENT/VOLTAGE and voltmeters to show the SENSOR SYSTEM value of I and V. Calculate the effective • determine the effective resistance of resistors resistance of resistors connected in: connected in series. a) series, • determine the effective b) parallel. resistance of resistors connected in parallel. Discuss and apply principles of • solve problems involving current, potential difference and current, potential difference and resistance in series and parallel resistance in series circuits, circuits to new situations and to parallel circuits and their solve problems. combinations. 26
  12. 12. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities A student is able to:2.4Analysing Discuss e.m.f. as the work • define electromotive force Clarify that electromotive force –electromotive done by a source in driving a (e.m.f.). e.m.f. is not a daya gerak elektrikforce and internal unit charge around a complete force but internal resistance –resistance circuit. energy per rintangan dalam unit charge. Carry out activities to distinguish between e.m.f. and • compare e.m.f. and potential potential difference. difference. Carry out an activity to study • explain internal resistance. internal resistance. Carry out an activity to • determine e.m.f. and internal determine e.m.f. and internal resistance. resistance of a battery by plotting a voltage against current graph. Discuss to solve problems • solve problems involving e.m.f. involving e.m.f. and internal and internal resistance. resistance. A student is able to:2.5Analysing Discuss the relationship • define electrical energy. energy efficiency –electrical energy between: • define electric power. kecekapan tenagaand power a) energy (E), voltage (V), power – kuasa current (I) and time (t), b) power (P), voltage (V) and 27
  13. 13. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities current(I), • solve problems involving Discuss to solve problems electrical energy and power. involving electrical energy and power. • compare power rating and Compare the power rating of energy consumption of various various household appliances electrical appliances. and calculate energy used for a fixed period of time. • compare various electrical Carry out activities to compare appliances in terms of efficient household electrical appliances use of energy. that perform the same function such as a tungsten-filament light bulb and an ‘energy-saver’ bulb in terms of efficient use of energy. • describe ways of increasing Research and report on ways of energy efficiency. increasing energy efficiency in the home or school. Discuss the importance of maintenance in ensuring efficiency of electrical appliances. 28
  14. 14. ELECTROMAGNETISMLearning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities A student is able to:3.1Analysing the Recall what an electromagnet • state what an electromagnet is. The right- coil – gegelungmagnetic effect of is. hand grip solenoid – solenoida current-carrying • draw the magnetic field pattern rule may be MAGNETIC FIELDconductor Carry out activities to study the due to a current in a: introduced. SENSOR pattern and direction of the i. straight wire, magnetic field due to a current ii. coil, CURRENT/VOLTAG in a: iii. solenoid. E SENSOR SYSTEM a) straight wire, b) coil, c) solenoid. • plan and conduct experiments Plan and conduct experiments to study factors that affect the to study factors that affect the strength of the magnetic field of strength of a magnetic field of an electromagnet. an electromagnet, i.e.: a) the number of turns on the coil, b) the size of current carried by the coil, c) the use of a soft iron core. • describe applications of electromagnets. Research and report on applications of electromagnets such as in electric bells, circuit breakers, electromagnetic relays and telephone ear- 29
  15. 15. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities pieces. A student is able to:3.2Understanding the Carry out activities to show the • describe what happens to a Fleming’s current-carryingforce on a current- force on a current-carrying current-carrying conductor in a left-hand rule conductor –carrying conductor conductor in a magnetic field magnetic field. may be konduktor membawain a magnetic field including the effect of reversing introduced. arus the direction of the current and direct current motor – magnetic field. motor arus terus magnetic field – View computer simulations to • draw the pattern of the medan magnet gain an understanding of the combined magnetic field due to moving-coil ammeter resultant magnetic field a current-carrying conductor in – ammeter gegelung obtained by combining the a magnetic field. bergerak magnetic fields due to a • describe how a current-carrying MAGNETIC FIELD current-carrying conductor and conductor in a magnetic field SENSOR a magnet. experiences a force. CURRENT/VOLTAG E SENSOR SYSTEM • explain the factors that affect Carry out experiments to study the magnitude of the force on a factors that affect the force on current-carrying conductor in a a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field. The working a magnetic field and discuss principle of a how they affect the force on a moving-coil current-carrying conductor in a ammeter magnetic field. may also be • describe how a current-carrying discussed. Carry out activities to observe coil in a magnetic field the turning effect of a current- 30
  16. 16. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities carrying coil in a magnetic field. experiences a turning force. • describe how a direct current Discuss how the turning effect motor works. of a current carrying-coil in a Comparisons magnetic field is used in the to an action of a motor. alternating • state factors that affect the current motor Carry out activities or view speed of rotation of an electric may also be computer simulations to study motor. discussed. factors that affect the speed of rotation of an electric motor. A student is able to:3.3Analysing Carry out activities to observe • describe electromagnetic Faraday’s alternating current –electromagnetic electromagnetic induction in a: induction. law and arus ulang-alikinduction a) straight wire, Lenz’s law direct current – arus b) solenoid. may be terus introduced. electromagnetic Discuss electromagnetic induction – aruhan induction as the production of Fleming’s electromagnet electromotive force in a right-hand MAGNETIC FIELD conductor when there is relative rule may be SENSOR motion of the conductor across introduced. a magnetic field. CURRENT/VOLTAG E SENSOR SYSTEM Discuss the direction of the • indicate the direction of the induced current in a: induced current in a: a) straight wire, i. straight wire, 31
  17. 17. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities b) solenoid. ii. solenoid. Carry out activities to study • explain factors that affect the factors that affect the magnitude of the induced magnitude of the induced current. current and discuss how they affect the magnitude of the induced current. Research and report on applications of electromagnetic • describe applications of induction such as in direct electromagnetic induction. current (d.c.) and alternating current (a.c.) generators. Observe and discuss the output generated by a direct current • compare direct current and and alternating current source alternating current on a display unit such as a cathode ray oscilloscope. A student is able to:3.4Analysing Carry out activities to gain an • describe the structure and the primary – primertransformers understanding of the structure operating principle of a simple secondary - sekunder and the operating principle of a transformer. step-down simple step-up transformer and • compare and contrast a step-up transformer – a step-down transformer. transformer and a step-down transformer injak transformer. turun step-up transformer – 32
  18. 18. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities transformer injak naik MAGNETIC FIELD Vp Np SENSOR Carry out activities to study the • state that = for an ideal relationship between number of Vs Ns CURRENT/VOLTAG turns of the primary coil (Np), transformer. E SENSOR SYSTEM number of turns of the secondary coil (Ns) primary voltage (Vp) and secondary voltage (Vs). • state that VpIp =VsIs for an ideal Discuss the relationship transformer. between output and input power in an ideal transformer, i.e. VpIp =VsIs. • describe the energy losses in a Discuss transformer. a) energy losses in a • describe ways to improve the transformer, efficiency of a transformer. b) ways to improve the efficiency of a transformer. • solve problems involving transformers Discuss to solve problems involving transformers. A student is able to:3.5Understanding the Research and report on various • list sources of energy used to biomass – biojisimgeneration and sources of energy used to generate electricity. hydro – hidrotransmission of generate electricity such as National Grid Network 33
  19. 19. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activitieselectricity hydro, gas, nuclear, diesel, coal, – Rangkaian Grid biomass, sun and wind. Nasional • describe the various ways of tranmission – View computer simulations to generating electricity. penghantaran gain an understanding on the use of various sources to renewable energy – generate electricity. tenaga diperbaharui • describe the transmission of Study a model of electricity electricity. transmission. • describe the energy loss in Discuss the energy loss in electricity transmission cables cables and the advantage of and deduce the advantage of high voltage transmission. high voltage transmission. • state the importance of the View computer simulations to National Grid Network. gain an understanding of the National Grid Network. • solve problems involving electricity transmission. Research and report on: a) the importance of the • explain the importance of National Grid Network in renewable energy. terms of efficient energy distribution, • explain the effects on the b) the importance of energy environment caused by the use efficiency and renewable of various sources to generate energy sources in view of electricity. limited energy sources, c) the effects on the environment caused by the use of various sources to generate electricity. 34
  20. 20. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities 35
  21. 21. ELECTRONICSLearning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective A student is able to:4.1Understanding the View computer simulations to • explain thermionic emission. thermionic emissionuses of the gain an understanding of – pancaran termionCathode Ray thermionic emission. cathode rays – sinarOscilloscope katod(C.R.O.) Carry out activities to study the • describe the properties of cathode ray properties of cathode rays using cathode rays. oscilloscope – apparatus such as the Maltese osiloskop sinar Cross tube. katod fluorescent - Discuss the cathode ray • describe the working principle of pendafluor oscilloscope from the following the cathode ray oscilloscope. aspects: a) electron gun, b) deflection system, c) fluorescent screen, d) energy changes. Carry out activities using a • measure potential difference C.R.O. to: using the C.R.O. a) measure potential • measure short time intervals difference, using the C.R.O. b) measure short time • display wave forms using the intervals, C.R.O. c) display wave forms. • solve problems based on the Discuss to solve problems C.R.O. display. based on the C.R.O. display. 36
  22. 22. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective A student is able to:4.2Understanding View computer simulations to • describe semiconductors in doping –semiconductor gain an understanding of terms of resistance and free pengedopandiodes properties of semiconductors in electrons. diode - diod terms of its resistance and free semiconductor – electrons. semikonductor rectification – View computer simulations to The term retifikasi gain an understanding of: • describe n-type and p-type doping may full wave – a) n-type and p-type semiconductors. be gelombang penuh semiconductors, • describe semiconductor diodes. introduced. half wave – b) semiconductor diodes. gelombang setengah Carry out activities to observe capacitor - kapasitor current flow through a • describe the function of diodes. semiconductor diode (p-n junction) in forward bias or reverse bias. Build a half-wave rectifier circuit and a full-wave rectifier circuit. • describe the use of diodes as rectifiers. Observe half-wave rectification and full-wave rectification using an instrument such as a C.R.O. Observe and discuss the effect of putting a capacitor in a: • describe the use of a capacitor a) half-wave rectifier circuit, to smooth out output current and b) full-wave rectifier circuit. output voltage in a rectifier 37
  23. 23. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective circuit. A student is able to:4.3Understanding With the aid of diagrams, • describe a transistor in terms of base - tapaktransistors discuss a transistor in terms of its terminals. emitter - pengeluar its terminals, i.e. base, collector collector – and emitter. pengumpul transistor - transistor Carry out activities to show a • describe how a transistor can be transistor as a current amplifier. used as a current amplifier. Set up a transistor-based • describe how a transistor can be electronic circuit that functions used as an automatic switch. as a light, heat or sound- controlled switch. A student is able to:4.4Analysing logic Discuss logic gates as switching • state that logic gates are logic gategates circuits in computers and other switching circuits in computers – get logik electronic systems. and other electronic systems. Research and report on symbols • list and draw symbols for the for the following logic gates: following logic gates: a) AND, i. AND, b) OR, ii. OR, c) NOT, iii. NOT, d) NAND, iv. NAND, e) NOR v. NOR. 38
  24. 24. Learning Suggested Learning Activities Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Carry out activities to study the • state the action of the following action of the following logic logic gates in a truth table: gates: i. AND, a.AND, ii. OR, b.OR, iii. NOT, c.NOT, iv. NAND, d.NAND, v. NOR. e.NOR. Build truth tables for logic gates • build truth tables for logic gates and their combinations. in combination for a maximum of 2 inputs. Research and report on logic • describe applications of logic gate control systems such as in gate control systems. security systems, safety systems and street lights. 39
  25. 25. RADIOACTIVITY Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary Objective Activities A student is able to: 5.1 Understanding View computer simulations or • describe the composition of the nuclide – nuklid the nucleus of an models to gain an nucleus of an atom in terms of isotope – isotop atom understanding of: protons and neutrons. proton number – a) the composition of the • define proton number (Z) and nombor proton nucleus, nucleon number (A). mass number – b) isotopes. • explain the term nuclide nombor jisim A • use the nuclide notation Z X . Research and report on the terms nuclide and isotope. • define the term isotope. A student is able to: 5.2 Analysing View computer simulations to • state what radioactivity is. The structure radioactivity – radioactive decay gain an understanding of • name common detectors for of detectors keradioaktifan radioactivity. radioactive emissions. are not decay – reputan required. unstable – tidak Discuss: stabil a) that radioactivity is the half-life – setengah- spontaneous disintegration hayat of an unstable nucleus accompanied by the emission of energetic particles or photons, b) the detection of radioactive emission using detectors such as cloud chambers and Geiger-Muller tubes, 40
  26. 26. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities Discuss the characteristics of • compare the 3 kinds of radioactive emissions i.e. alpha radioactive emissions in terms of particles, beta particles and their nature. gamma rays in terms of their: a) relative ionising effects, b) relative penetrating powers, c) deflection by electric and magnetic fields. Discuss radioactive decay with • explain what radioactive decay is. the aid of equations • use equations to represent changes in the composition of the Carry out activities to gain an nucleus when particles are understanding of half-life. emitted. • explain half-life. Discuss a typical decay curve. • determine half-life from a decay curve. Discuss to solve problems • solve problems involving half-life. involving half-life. A student is able to:5.3Understanding Discuss radioisotopes. • define radioisotopes.the uses of • name examples of radioisotopes.radioisotopes Research and report on applications of radioisotopes in • describe applications of the fields of: radioisotopes. a) medicine, b) agriculture, c) archaeology, d) industry. 41
  27. 27. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities View computer simulations on applications of radioisotopes. Visit the Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) or other suitable places to see various applications of radioisotopes. A student is able to:5.4Understanding View computer simulations to • define atomic mass unit (a.m.u.). chain reaction –nuclear energy gain an understanding of: • describe nuclear fission. tindak balas berantai a) nuclear fission, • give examples of nuclear fission. nuclear fission – b) chain reactions, • describe chain reactions. pembelahan nukleus c) nuclear fusion. • describe nuclear fusion. nuclear fusion – • give examples of nuclear fusion. pelakuran nukleus Discuss: a) atomic mass unit (a.m.u.), b) nuclear fission, c) chain reactions, d) nuclear fusion. • relate the release of energy in a Discuss the relationship nuclear reaction with a change of between mass defect and the mass according to the equation nuclear energy produced in E=mc2. nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, i.e. E=mc2. • describe the generation of electricity from nuclear fission. Research and report on the generation of electricity from 42
  28. 28. Learning Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes VocabularyObjective Activities nuclear energy. Discuss the pros and cons of • justify the use of nuclear fission in using nuclear fission to the generation of electricity. generate electricity. • solve problems involving nuclear Discuss to solve problems energy. involving nuclear energy. A student is able to:5.5Realising the Research and report on: • describe the negative effects ofimportance of a) the negative effects of radioactive substances.proper radioactive substances,management of b) safety precautions that • describe safety precautionsradioactive should be taken when needed in the handling ofsubstances handling radioactive radioactive substances. substances, c) management of radioactive • describe the management of waste. radioactive waste. 43

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