THE PROGRESSIVE ROOTS OF CUBA PERHAPS CATALYZED BY SOCIALISM? CUBA STANDS OUT AMONG NEIGHBORING LATIN AMERICAN NATIONS AS PROGRESSIVE
EVEN THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY CONSTITUTION, CALLING FOR EQUAL TREATMENT OF WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE AND CALLING AN END TO DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES AGAINST WOMEN IN GENERAL.
CURRENT CUBAN CONSTITUTION (3) Article 32 guarantees that women and men enjoy the same economic, political, cultural, social and family rights. Article 41 says that all citizens have equal rights and are subjected to equal duties. Article 42 forbids discrimination based on sex, and discrimination in any other form in general. Article 43 gives all citizens equal access to provisions made in society in the realms of education, work, housing, transport and public utilities. Article 44 stipulates women's right to equality in the home and at work, and in health provisions and state benefits.
LA FEDERECION DE MUJERES CUBANA Cuba's current progressive status, specifically in the field of women's rights can be attributed to La Federacion de la Mujer Cubana— or The Federation of Cubam women.
LA FEDERECION DE MUJERES CUBANA THE FMC WAS FOUNDED IN THE 1960s. 85% OF CUBAN WOMEN OVER THE AGE OF 14 ARE CURRENTLY MEMBERS. THERE ARE NEARLY 70,000 BRANCHES IN CUBA.
STATISTICS ON CURRENT LIFE (1) CUBAN NATIONAL ASSEMBLY CUBAN PARLIAMENT
TO PUT THAT INTO PERSPECTIVE... UNITED STATES PARLIAMENT
ADDITIONAL STATISTICS (cont.) PROFESSIONALS & TECHNICIANS MILITARY OFFICERS
IN CONCLUSION... WHILE THERE ARE BUREAUCRATIC FLAWS, AND THE SITUATION LOOKS BETTER ON PAPER AND CUBA HAS A WAYS TO GO TO ACHIEVE EQUALITY ON ALL FRONTS, THEIR EFFORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS A STARK CONTRAST TO MUCH OF THE REST OF THE REGION, IN MANY CASES CONSIDERING THE UNITED STATES.
DATA SOURCES 1) "Women in Parliaments: World Classification." *Parliamentary Democracy - Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)* . Web. 2 Apr. 2011. < http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/arc/classif310111.htm >. 2) "Cuba." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . Web. 2 Apr. 2011. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuba >. 3) "Cuba. " U.S. Department of State . Web. 2 Apr. 2011. < http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2886.htm >. 4) Cruz-Taura, Graciella. REHABILI TATING EDUCATION IN CUBA: ASSESSMENT OF C ONDITIONS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS . 2003. University of Miami.