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Tenses

english

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Tenses

  1. 1. TENSES PRESENT /PAST/FUTURE INDEFINITE
  2. 2. Present Simple Structure and Usage The present simple is used to express daily routines and habits. Adverbs of frequency such as 'usually', 'sometimes', 'rarely', etc. are often used with the present simple. This tense is often used with the following time expressions: always, usually, sometimes, etc. ... every day ... on Sundays, Tuesdays, whenever, everyday, often, frequently, rarely, occasionally, never etc.
  3. 3. Basic Construction Positive Subject + Present Tense + object(s) + time Expression Frank usually takes a bus to work. Negative Subject + do / does + not (don't / doesn't) + verb + object(s) + time Expression They don't often go to Chicago. Question (Question Word) + do / does + subject + verb + object(s) + time Expression How often do you play golf?
  4. 4. Past Simple Structure and Usage The past simple is used to express something that happened a past point in time. Remember to always use a past time expression, or a clear contextual clue when using the past simple. If you do not indicate when something happened, use the present perfect for unspecified past. This tense is often used with the following time expressions: ... ago ... in + year / month ...yesterday ...last week / month / year ... when .... Basic Construction Positive Subject + Past Tense + object(s) + time Expression I went to the doctor's yesterday. Negative Subject + did + not (didn't) + verb + object(s) + time Expression They didn't join us for dinner last week. Question (Question Word) + did + subject + verb + object(s) + time Expression When did you buy that pullover?
  5. 5. Future with Going to for Future Plans This tense is often used with the following time expressions: ... next week / month ... tomorrow ... on Monday, Tuesday, etc. Basic Construction Positive Subject + be + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression Tom is going to fly to Los Angeles next on Tuesday. Negative Subject + be not (isn't, aren't) + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression They aren't going to attend the conference next month. Question (Question Word) + be + subject + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression When are you going to meet Jack?
  6. 6. Future with Going to for Future Intent The future with 'going to' is used for future intent. Remember that you can express a future intent without expressing the exact future time that something will occur. This use of the future with 'going to' can be used to discuss future study plans, career plans, and more. This tense is often used with the following time expressions: ... next week / month ... tomorrow ... on Monday, Tuesday, etc. Basic Construction Positive Subject + be + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression Anna is going to study medicine at university. Negative Subject + be not (isn't, aren't) + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression They aren't going to develop any new projects for the next few years. Question (Question Word) + be + subject + going to + verb + object(s) + time Expression Why are you going to change your job?
  7. 7. Future with Will for Promises and Predictions Structure and Usage The future with 'will' is used to make future predictions and promises. Often the precise moment the action will occur is unknown or not defined. This tense is often used with the following time expressions: ... soon ... next month / year / week Basic Construction Positive Subject + will + verb + object(s) + time Expression The government will increase taxes soon. Negative Subject + will not (won't) + verb + object(s) + time Expression She won't help us much with the project. Question (Question Word) + will + subject + verb + object(s) + time Expression Why will they reduce taxes?
  8. 8. Simple Present Tense is used: • When you are referring to habitual actions, or actions that you always or never do • When you are referring to unchanging truths or making general statements of fact • To report what appears in print. (this use is common in academic writings) • To describe past events as they are happening now (historical present)
  9. 9. • write 5 things about your daily routine life. • Write 5 facts about earth • Write 5 things you like about your favorite TV drama serial. • Write in 5 lines how to boil an egg. • Write in 5 lines what are you doing and feeling Now. Words suggestions: often , always, sometimes, never, usually, every day, then, afterwards. Do the work sheets.

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