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Marketing research


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Marketing research

  1. 1. Chapter One Introduction to Marketing Research
  2. 2. Be an MR! Be a DM! Opening Vignette Definition of Marketing Research Fig. 1.2 A Classification of Marketing Research Fig 1.3 Marketing Research Process Fig 1.4 The Role of Marketing Research in Decision Making Fig 1.5 The Information Value Chain for Marketing Research Fig 1.6 Application to Contemporary Issues International Technology Ethics What Would You Do? Experiential Learning Figure 1.1 Introduction to Marketing Research: An Overview
  3. 3. Be an MR! Be a DM! Opening Vignette Marketing Research Industry Fig 1.7 What Would You Do? Experiential Learning Figure 1.1 Introduction to Marketing Research: An Overview (cont.) Table 1.1 Selecting a Research Supplier Careers in Marketing Research The Role of Marketing Research in MIS and DSS Fig. 1.8 and 1.9 Application to Contemporary Issues International Technology Ethics
  4. 4. Definition of Marketing Research Marketing research is the systematic and objective      identification, collection, analysis, dissemination, and use of information for the purpose of improving decision making related to the  identification and  solution of problems and opportunities in marketing.
  5. 5. Figure 1.2 Defining Marketing Research Identification of Information Needed Identifying and Solving Marketing Problems Collection of Data Analysis of Data Dissemination of Information Use of Information
  6. 6. Market Research • Specifies the information necessary to address these issues • Manages and implements the data collection process • Analyzes the results • Communicates the findings and their implications
  7. 7. Classification of Marketing Research Problem Identification Research • Research undertaken to help identify problems which are not necessarily apparent on the surface and yet exist or are likely to arise in the future. Examples: market potential, market share, image, market characteristics, sales analysis, forecasting, and trends research. Problem Solving Research • Research undertaken to help solve specific marketing problems. Examples: segmentation, product, pricing, promotion, and distribution research.
  8. 8. Figure 1.3 A Classification of Marketing Research Marketing Research Problem Identificatio n Research • • • • Market Potential Research Market Share Research Image Research Market Characteristics Research • Forecasting Research • Business Trends Research Problem Solving Research • Segmentation Research • Product Research • Pricing Research • Promotion Research • Distribution Research
  9. 9. Table 1.1 Problem Solving Research SEGMENTATION RESEARCH  Determine the basis of segmentation  Establish market potential and responsiveness for various segments  Select target markets  Create lifestyle profiles: demography, media, and product image characteristics PRODUCT RESEARCH  Test concept  Determine optimal product design  Package tests  Product modification  Brand positioning and repositioning  Test marketing  Control score tests
  10. 10. Table 1.1 (cont.) Problem Solving Research PROMOTIONAL RESEARCH   Sales promotion relationship  Optimal promotional mix  Copy decisions  Media decisions  PRICING RESEARCH Optimal promotional budget Creative advertising testing  Evaluation of advertising effectiveness  Claim substantiation  Pricing policies  Importance of price in brand selection  Product line pricing  Price elasticity of demand  Initiating and responding to price changes
  11. 11. Problem Solving Research DISTRIBUTION RESEARCH Determine…  Types of distribution  Attitudes of channel members  Intensity of wholesale & resale coverage  Channel margins  Location of retail and wholesale outlets
  12. 12. Problem Solving Research Segmentation Research - determine basis of segmentation - establish market potential and responsiveness for various segments - select target markets and create lifestyle profiles for demography, media, and product image characteristics Product Research - test concept - determine optimal product design - package tests - product modification - brand positioning and repositioning - test marketing - control store tests
  13. 13. Problem Solving Research (Cont.) Pricing Research - importance of price in brand selection pricing policies - product line pricing - price elasticity of demand initiating and responding to price changes
  14. 14. Problem Solving Research (Cont.) • Promotional Research optimal promotional budget sales promotion relationship optimal promotional mix copy decisions media decisions creative advertising testing claim substantiation evaluation of advertising effectiveness
  15. 15. Problem Solving Research (Cont.) Distribution Research - - determine type of distribution attitudes of channel members intensity of wholesale and retail coverage channel margins location of retail and wholesale outlets
  16. 16. Figure 1.4 The Marketing Research Process Step 1: Defining the Problem Step 2: Developing an Approach to the Problem Step 3: Formulating a Research Design Step 4: Doing Field Work or Collecting Data Step 5: Preparing and Analyzing Data Step 6: Preparing and Presenting the Report
  17. 17. Figure 1.5 The Role of Marketing Research in Marketing Decision Making Uncontrollable Environmental Factors • Economy • Technology • Competition • Laws and Regulation • Social and Cultural Factors • Political Factors Assessing Information Needs Customer Groups • Consumers • Employees • Channel Members • Suppliers Controllable Marketing Variables • Product • Pricing • Promotion • Distribution Marketing Research Marketing Decision Making Marketing Managers • Market Segmentation • Marketing Programs • Target Market Selection • Performance and Control Providing Information
  18. 18. Figure 1.6 The Information Value Chain Data The Information Value Chain Information Knowledge Data with structure Information endowed with meaning Decision Making Implementing Action Processes Outcomes Expertise in measurement
  19. 19. Figure 1.7 Marketing Research Industry: Supplier and Services Research Suppliers External Internal Full Service Limited Service Syndicated Services Customized Services Internet Services Field Services Other Services
  20. 20. Marketing Research Suppliers & Services • Internal suppliers • External suppliers – Full-service suppliers • Syndicated services • Standardized services • Customized services • Internet services – Limited-service suppliers • Field services • Coding and data entry services • Analytical services • Data analysis services • Branded marketing research products
  21. 21. Criteria for Selecting a Research Supplier What is the reputation of the supplier? Do they complete projects on schedule? Are they known for maintaining ethical standards? Are they flexible? Are their research projects of high quality? What kind and how much experience does the supplier have? Has the firm had experience with projects similar to this one?  Do the supplier's personnel have both technical and non-technical expertise?  Can they communicate well with the client?       Competitive bids should be obtained and compared on the basis of quality as well as price.
  22. 22. Careers in Marketing Research • Career opportunities are available with marketing research firms (e.g., AC Nielsen, Burke, Inc., M/A/R/C) • Careers in business and non-business firms and agencies with in-house marketing research departments (e.g., Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola, AT & T, the Federal Trade Commission, United States Census Bureau) • Advertising agencies (e.g., BBDO International, Ogilvy & Mather, J. Walter Thompson, Young & Rubicam) • Positions: vice president of marketing research, research director, assistant director of research, project manager, field work director, statistician/data processing specialist, senior analyst, analyst, junior analyst, and operational supervisor.
  23. 23. Selected Marketing Research Career Descriptions Research Director Vice President of Marketing Research • • Also part of senior management Part of company’s top • Heads the development management team • Directs company’s entire market and execution of all research operation • research projects Sets the goals & objectives of the marketing research department Assistant Director of Research •Administrative assistant to director •Supervises research staff members Senior Project Manager • Responsible for design, implementation, & research projects
  24. 24. Selected Marketing Research Career Descriptions Senior Analyst • Participates in the development of projects • Carries out execution of assigned projects • Coordinates the efforts of analyst, junior analyst, & other personnel in the development of research design and data collection • Prepares final report Analyst • Handles details in execution of project • Designs & pretests questionnaires • Conducts preliminary analysis of data Statistician/Data Processing • Serves as expert on theory and application on statistical techniques • Oversees experimental design, data processing, and analysis Junior Analyst Fieldwork Director • Secondary data analysis • Edits and codes questionnaires • Conducts preliminary analysis of data • Handles selection, training, supervision, and evaluation of interviewers and field workers
  25. 25. Preparation for a Career in Marketing Research • Take all the marketing courses you can. • Take courses in statistics and quantitative methods. • Acquire Internet and computer skills. Knowledge of programming languages is an added asset. • Take courses in psychology and consumer behavior. • Acquire effective written and verbal communication skills. • Think creatively. Creativity and common sense command a premium in marketing research.
  26. 26. Figure 1.8 The Development of MIS and DSS Internal Billing, Production, and Other Records + External Market Information = Marketing Information Systems Decision Support Systems Expert Systems
  27. 27. Figure 1.9 Marketing Information Systems (MIS) vs. Decision Support Systems (DSS) MIS DSS • Structured problems • Unstructured problems • Use of reports • Use of models • Information displaying restricted • Adaptability • Can improve decision making by clarifying new data • Can improve decision making by using “what if” analysis
  28. 28. Figure 1.10 Stakeholders in Marketing Research: An Ethical Perspective Client Marketing Researcher Public Respondents
  29. 29. Marketing Research Associations Online Domestic AAPOR: American Association for Public Opinion Research ( AMA: American Marketing Association ( ARF: The Advertising Research Foundation ( CASRO: The Council of American Survey Research Organizations ( MRA: Marketing Research Association ( QRCA: Qualitative Research Consultants Association ( RIC: Research Industry Coalition (www.research