Teaching in a differentiated classroom


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Teaching in a differentiated classroom

  1. 1. Teaching in a Differentiated Classroom By Haibin Li
  2. 2. Teaching in a Differentiated Classroom • Characteristics of a Differentiated Classroom • Requirements for Teacher in a Differentiated Classroom • Strategies for Differentiation
  3. 3. Characteristics of Differentiated Classroom • Instruction Differentiation • Assessment Differentiation • Flexible Work Patterns • Students’ Engagement
  4. 4. Characteristic 1: Instruction Differentiation • All students are encouraged to explore and learn the skills and factual information related to key concepts and principles at various levels and with different approaches. • Different instructions are given to the struggling learners and advanced learners, enabling them to master and apply the knowledge and skills being taught at their own paces.
  5. 5. Characteristic 2: Assessment Differentiation • Instead of giving one-time overall assessments for the whole class, the teacher gives continuous assessments at individual or group level to check students’ readiness for moving forward. • Based on the assessment result, teacher may provide additional instructions or guidance to facilitate students’ further exploration of ideas when needed.
  6. 6. Characteristic 3: Flexible Work Patterns • Students may work individually, in pairs, or in a group. • The grouping can be based on learning style, learning ability, interest, or some other factors. • The goal is to provide a learning environment and work pattern that best meet students’ needs
  7. 7. Characteristic 4: Students’ Engagement • In a differentiated classroom, varied activities, contents, and instructions allow the teaching and learning pertain more to the students learning interests, ability, and style, thus promotes students engagement. • Students are more active in their own learning process, more eager to explore ideas and concepts, and be responsible for their own work.
  8. 8. Requirements for Teacher • Get to Know Your Student • Adjust teaching contents and design engaging activities • Planning
  9. 9. Requirement 1: Get to Know Your Student • Methods – Observation – Formative Assessment – Parent-Teacher Communication • Learning Profile – Learning Style – Learning Interest – Knowledge Level – Social Background – Cultural Background
  10. 10. Requirement 2: Adjust Contents and Design Activities • Come up with different ways for teaching and learning so that all students can work toward the same goal while each student may have his/her own path and pace to the goal. • Different learning options and tasks at different challenge levels should be arranged to help students make sense of the concepts and skills being taught.
  11. 11. Requirement 3: Planning • The teaching materials, methods, classroom activities, group and individual assignments should be carefully planned out before class time. • In this sense the teacher in a differentiated classroom moves away from the role of knowledge keeper and dispenser to the role of learning option planner and organizer.
  12. 12. Strategies for Differentiated Instruction • Content • Process • Product • Learning Environment
  13. 13. Strategy 1: Differentiation by Content • The content is what’s being taught in the classroom based on state and federal curriculum standards. • Based on the knowledge level of students, the content may be differentiated quantitatively or qualitatively. • Teachers provide different texts, novels, or any other forms of materials to help students achieve the learning goals, without changing the instructional objectives or lowering the performance standards.
  14. 14. Strategy 2: Differentiation by Process • The process is how the teaching and learning activities are organized in the classroom. • Design activities of various complexity level and targeting different learning styles so that students can learn in a way that is easiest for them. • Offer instructions in multiple modalities to ensure students’ engagement and deepen their understanding of the content. • Allow multiple working patterns, including individual assignments and group collaborations.
  15. 15. Strategy 3: Differentiation by Product • Product is what the students produce as a result of the learning process to demonstrate their understanding of a concept or mastery of a skill. • Offer students different avenues to show evidence of what they have learned. • Encourage students to choose different projects according to their learning preferences and strengths.
  16. 16. Strategy 4: Learning Environment Differentiation • Learning environment differentiation refers to creating and maintaining an optimal classroom setting and learning atmosphere to facilitate teaching and learning interactions. • A safe and collaborative learning environment promotes students’ engagement in classroom activities and makes the teaching-learning process more effective. • A teacher should consider environmental elements and students’ sensitivities when maintain classroom settings.
  17. 17. Teaching in a Differentiated Classroom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6P-XVPFXL4I
  18. 18. Teaching in a Differentiated Classroom Questions?