Group Dynamics & Facilitation for Emerging Leaders Emerging Leaders Level III
What is Group Dynamics? <ul><li>The term “Group Dynamics” refers to the interactions between people who are talking togeth...
Group Dynamics & Team Development <ul><li>Dr. Bruce Tuckman’s Team Development Model suggests that the behaviors of the te...
Storming Phase <ul><li>Toby vs. Michael (4:43 to 9:15) </li></ul><ul><li>Who was leading? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was pushin...
How Team Dynamics Change Performing Storming Forming Norming Transforming Working Group Pseudo Team Potential Team Real Te...
Facilitation for Group Dynamics FORMING  STORMING  NORMING  PERFORMING Teambuilding Elements to Reduce Disruptive Behavior...
Working vs. Non-working Groups <ul><li>Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Goals are clear and specifi...
Team Psyche at Each Stage: What to Look Out For… Facilitators role:  make sure nobody feels excluded, get group acquainted...
Group Functions <ul><li>Task Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate behaviors that are concerned with getting the job done...
Peck’s Community Dynamics
The Analogy of the Gem Community has many facets.  It is a place of realism, contemplation, “a safe place”, a laboratory f...
References <ul><li>Croft, L.  Group Dynamics.  Presentation Handout, University of Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>Nazzaro, A...
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Group dynamics

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Group dynamics

  1. 1. Group Dynamics & Facilitation for Emerging Leaders Emerging Leaders Level III
  2. 2. What is Group Dynamics? <ul><li>The term “Group Dynamics” refers to the interactions between people who are talking together in a group setting (business, volunteer, social) </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding group dynamics is critical for facilitators to determine realistic expectations for group behavior, interpret needs and help groups reach their outcomes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Group Dynamics & Team Development <ul><li>Dr. Bruce Tuckman’s Team Development Model suggests that the behaviors of the team members change as the team matures </li></ul><ul><li>He believed that this maturity occurs in stages </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding these stages is critical to facilitation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Storming Phase <ul><li>Toby vs. Michael (4:43 to 9:15) </li></ul><ul><li>Who was leading? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was pushing their own agenda? </li></ul><ul><li>Who played the ‘credential game’? </li></ul><ul><li>Who backed-off? </li></ul><ul><li>Who did people align themselves with? </li></ul>
  5. 5. How Team Dynamics Change Performing Storming Forming Norming Transforming Working Group Pseudo Team Potential Team Real Team High Performing Team Team Effectiveness Performance Impact
  6. 6. Facilitation for Group Dynamics FORMING STORMING NORMING PERFORMING Teambuilding Elements to Reduce Disruptive Behavior Problem Solving Elements to Reduce Group Think Conflict Harmony
  7. 7. Working vs. Non-working Groups <ul><li>Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Goals are clear and specific </li></ul><ul><li>Members feel included </li></ul><ul><li>Shared leadership </li></ul><ul><li>High cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and direct communication </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of group process </li></ul><ul><li>Norms are clear </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Members are empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrust, hostility and withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Incoherent/abstract goals </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion of members/ cliques </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of caring and distant </li></ul><ul><li>Blame game </li></ul><ul><li>Communication unclear or indirect </li></ul><ul><li>Members or leaders use power over others </li></ul><ul><li>Low awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Norms imposed by leaders and may not be clear </li></ul><ul><li>Conformity </li></ul>
  8. 8. Team Psyche at Each Stage: What to Look Out For… Facilitators role: make sure nobody feels excluded, get group acquainted and set expectations, goals and objectives Facilitators role: encourage cooperation, help team keep going on task, follow through with delegation Facilitators role: provide clarification about group role, encourage and challenge members to face and resolve conflicts Facilitators role: look for common themes among group members to provide cohesion
  9. 9. Group Functions <ul><li>Task Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate behaviors that are concerned with getting the job done, or accomplishing the task </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Important to the morale of the group. Maintain good relationships and create an environment where each member can contribute to their fullest ability </li></ul>
  10. 10. Peck’s Community Dynamics
  11. 11. The Analogy of the Gem Community has many facets. It is a place of realism, contemplation, “a safe place”, a laboratory for personal disarmament, a place where people can fight gracefully, a group of all leaders and a place of spirit. Inclusivity Commitment Consensus
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Croft, L. Group Dynamics. Presentation Handout, University of Cincinnati </li></ul><ul><li>Nazzaro, A. & Strazzabosco, J. (2002). Group Dynamics & Teambuilding. Presentation Handout, WFH Global NMO Training Workshop. </li></ul><ul><li>Novak, B.J. & Kwapis, K. (2005). Sexual Harrassment (Season 2, Episode 2). The Office. Van Nuys: Valley Center Studios. </li></ul><ul><li>Peck, S. (1987). The Different Drum: Community Making and Peace. New York: Simon & Schuster. </li></ul>

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