Winter is cold.
Children dress warmly to
play in the snow.
Cool and dry wind blows from
North to South.
Animals head to their winter
homes. It remains from
December to Feb.
Long, hot days.
Summer fruit and
vegetables are ready to
You see many bees and
butterflies fly flower to
flower. It remains from
March to May
Hot and dry wind called
It begins in the month of June and remains till
The wind blow from Arabian Sea and bay of Bengal
towards the land carry moisture with them and falls
It’s the picture of
Winds move back from the mainland to the Bay of
Southern part of India receives rainfall.
It remains for two months that is October and
The climate of a place is affected by its location and
distance from the Sea.
Jaisalmer in the desert of Rajasthan is very hot
while Drass and Kargil in Jammu are Freezing cold.
Mumbai and Kolkata faces Moderate climate.
Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the worlds
highest rainfall at the same time in Jaisalmer it
might not rain
The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their
own without interference from human beings are
called NATURAL VEGETATION
Due to varied climatic conditions, India has a vide
range of Natural vegetation such as
Tropical, Mountain vegetation, Thorny and
1:- Tropical Evergreen forest or Rainforest.
2:- Tropical Deciduous forest.
3:- Thorny Bushes.
4:- Mountain Vegetation and
5:- Mangrove forests.
FIRST OF ALL LET US SEE What is Tropical forest and
why are they called so ?
Almost all Tropical Forests lie between two
imaginary lines North and South of the Equator
called the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
That is why they are called Tropical forest or
That area can be seen in the WORLD MAP.
Trees which are found are ,Mahogany, Ebony and Rosewood. Andaman and
Nicobar,North-eastern states and narrow strip of Western Ghats are home of these
Rosewood is used for costly show pieces and for shade.
Ebony’s seed is an alternative of coffee and of
THEY ARE ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR LSLANDS.N.E. STATES, western slope of W.Ghat
THESE FORESTS ARE ALSO
CALLED MONSOON FORESTS
THEY SHED THEIR LEAVES
TIMELY, THEY ARE LESS
DENSE. THE IMPORTANT
ARE S AL, TEAK,
PEEPAL, AND NEEM.
NORMALLY FOUND IN
M.P. U.P. & BIHAR.
NOW we will see the trees of SAL, PEEPAL and NEEM
This type of vegetation is found in dry areas of the country.
The leaves are in the form of spines to reduce the loss of
water. For Example :- Cactus, Babul and Khair and
Jujuba.These trees are found in Haryana, Punjab and Gujarat.
Some more figures of Thorny bushes->->->
Most of the trees are conical in shape thus
they are called coniferous trees, they
are, Chir Pine and Deodar
MANGROVE OR TIDEL FOREST
Mangrove forest are found on
the swampy, marshy coastal
areas of West Bengal and in
the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands. It is named after the
Sundari tree that grows here.
Normally trees have special
roots that come out of the
water for breathing.
Let us see the Marshy, Swampy and coastal land
Here is mangrove trees roots in the morning of Sunder ban
WHY ARE FOREST NECESSARY?
Trees provide us Oxygen, Fuel
wood, fodder, medicinal plants and
herbs, lac, honey, gum, honey, Sports
Goods, Furniture, Fruits, Gum and
Lac, Habitat for Wildlife, Timber, Rubber
etc. As we know that forest are home to a
variety of wild life so we will see The Asiatic
lions,Elephants, Leopard, Birds such as our
National Bird etc.
LET US HAVE SOME EXERCISES
Qus.1. Which wind Brings rainfall in India?
Qus.2. Name the different seasons in India?
Qus.3. Name the different type of vegetation found in India?
Qus.4. Name the area which receives highest rainfall in the world?
Qus.5. Where can we get Mangrove forest in India?
Qus.6. Rosewood trees are found in----------------- ?
Qus.7. ----------- is a well-known species of mangrove forests?
Qus.8. ------------- are also called monsoon forests?
Qus.9. Name the National Bird of India? `
Oh! You answered all
the questions .
Presented By :- Ajay Kumar (T.G.T.) Central
School for Tibetans Ravangla, South. Sikkim.