School libraries - hafiz nazeer hussain


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School Libraries in Pakistan
Importance of the School Library
Structure of Library
Functions of School Libraries
Standards of School Libraries
Administration of School Libraries in Pakistan
National Education Policy for Future
School Librarianship
 Problems faced by School Libraries

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  • Education System of Pakistan is divided into Two categories1. Public2. Private
  • It is well said that ...Quotation Is to Intellectual and Emotional Development
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) developed the theory of cognitive development.[55] The theory stated that intelligence developed in four different stages. The stages are the sensorimotor stage from birth to 2 years old, the preoperational state from 2 years old to 7 years old, the concrete operational stage from 7 years old to 10 years old, and formal operational stage from 11 years old and up.[55] He also believed that learning was constrained to the child’s cognitive development. Piaget influenced educational psychology because he was the first to believe that cognitive development was important and something that should be paid attention to in education.[55] Most of the research on Piagetian theory was mainly tested and done by American educational psychologists
  • ***for Curriculum Development
  • Department of Libraries (National Library of Pakistan) acts as an advisorybody on library affairs for Federal Ministry of Education
  • School libraries - hafiz nazeer hussain

    1. 1. SCHOOL LIBRARY SERVICES IN PAKISTAN: PRESENT SCENARIO Hafiz Nazeer Hussain M.Phil University of the Punjab
    3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Goal of School Library School Libraries in Pakistan Importance of the School Library Structure of Library Functions of School Libraries Standards of School Libraries Administration of School Libraries in Pakistan National Education Policy for Future School Librarianship Problems faced by School Libraries Suggestions Q&A
    4. 4. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:The objective of this study is to undertake a review of current literature: To identify the structure of libraries in elementary and secondary schools of Pakistan. To portrait the library services provided to the students in schools. To explore the problems faced by the school libraries. To highlight the professional status of the librarianship in school libraries.
    5. 5. INTRODUCTIONA school library media center is a Learner-oriented laboratory Center and coordinating agency which supports, extends and individualizes  Schoolscurriculum  Pedagogic goals of the schoolSL media center comprises  Books/Magazines  All types of automated mediaDistinguished from Public Libraries due to above traits
    6. 6. CONT…Definition School Library (SL). An organized collection placed in a school for the use of teachers or pupils, but usually for pupils. It may comprise books and other materials, electronic resources and PCs, and be in the care of a professional librarian, teacher, or teacher-librarian. (Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary) Other parallel names for SL  Instructional materials center  Learning resources centre
    7. 7. CONT… Media centre. Used for a school library, or learning resources centre in a school, where a range of print and audio-visual media, necessary equipment, and the services of a media specialist, are accessible to students and teachers. (Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary)
    8. 8. GOAL OF SCHOOL LIBRARIESThe goal of the school library media center is to ensure that all members of the school community have equitable access to books, to information, and to information technology.
    9. 9. SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN PAKISTANPublic Sector No current statistics and need further investigation.According to a Survey conducted in 1990s Out of 171,000 schools, only 481 schools have libraries containing 980,800 volumes. About 80% schools are without any library facility in the country. Still no updated data
    10. 10. CONT… Grossly neglected No concept of libraries in primary and middle schools. Only at secondary level  Schools having libraries keep their books in locked cases  No access to students
    11. 11. CONT…Private SectorPrivate schools (urban) run by Different chain systems, Trusts, Companies and Organizations More than 95% of these have moderate school libraries  Equipped with  Books & Magazines  Audio Visual & IT Facilities (to some extant)
    12. 12. CONT…Private schools (sub-urban & Rural) run by Individuals or by groups of people Adopted by lower middle class families Do not possess libraries.
    13. 13. IMPORTANCE OF THE SCHOOL LIBRARY“SL is the soul, the core & the pivot around which academic life in the school revolves” (TREHAN, G. L. & MALHAN)1. Educational Significance2. Psychological Needs3. Social Needs
    14. 14. 1. EDUCATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE Curriculum development Essential tool in teaching program School Library a new atmosphere of  Learning  Vision  Intellect Critical for student academic achievement Leading the way for technology use in schools Inspire literacy
    15. 15. 2. PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS Cognitive Development  Sensor motor Stage (from birth to 2 years old)  Preoperational State (from 2 years old to 7 years old)  Concrete operational stage (from 7 years old to 10 years old)  Formal Operational stage (from 11 years old and up) (Intermediate Education by Punjab Textbook Board) Vocabulary & Language Development
    16. 16. 3. SOCIAL NEEDS Essential to develop reading habits Motivation Creativity Unfolding Personality To increase the clientele for public libraries
    17. 17. STRUCTURE OF LIBRARY Traditional SL Structure PublicScientific National School Public AgencyLibraries Libraries Libraries Libraries Libraries
    18. 18. CONTEMPORARY PublicScientific National School Public AgencyLibraries Libraries Libraries Libraries Libraries •Digital Collections Joint use •Digital libraries Library Services
    19. 19. FUNCTIONS OF SCHOOL LIBRARIES (TREHAN, G. L. & MALHAN ) Service agency ICT Learning related services center School Library Social Teaching Laboratory Agency Coordinating Agency ***
    20. 20. STANDARDS OF SCHOOL LIBRARIES Physical Quantitative Qualitative Standards• Building location • Staff • Good Collection• Flexible Space • Materials • Equipments• Accessible • Funds • Services• Environment
    21. 21. ADMINISTRATION OF SCHOOL LIBRARIES IN PAKISTAN Broader public administration system Federal Ministry of Education Body on library affairs National Library of Pakistan  No specific Role NLP in Policy-Making Institution regarding Libraries Provincial Education Departments In Devolution Plan 2001, responsibility of school education shifted to the District Governments
    23. 23. NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY FOR FUTURE National Education Policy 1998-2010  toestablish and strengthen one library in each school by the year 2010  To provide adequate funds,  Construct buildings,  Arrange library periods, etc.  to maximize the use
    24. 24. SCHOOL LIBRARIANSHIP IN PAKISTAN SL dont matter without highly qualified library media specialists Teacher /Librarian media specialists A teacher or clerk acts as library in charge. Librarians are too less in numbers.
    25. 25. SCHOOL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION International Association of School Librarianship (IASL) Jamaica in August 1971 American Association of School Librarians (AASL) Established in 1951 - division of ALA Australian School Library Association (ASLA) 1960s Indian School Library Association (ISLA) Pakistan?
    26. 26. PROBLEMS FACED BY SCHOOL LIBRARIES“The library is a “forgotten empire” which needs to be reconquered if our educational system has to be dynamic and meaningful.” No place in our Educational setup Not embedded in our teaching and learning system. No Legislation No budget Space/Building Non-qualified staffs The last item on the school priority Not have access to the library
    27. 27. RECOMMENDATIONS Knowledge gap needs further research Association’s Role Library should be compulsory in schools Production of children literature in Local context  Socio-cultural  Religious  Informative  recreational Part of education planning Proper place/building Full time library media specialist School library subject in LIS education/Special courses Range library period Proper Budget Provision of Resources
    28. 28. For references and queries; May be contacted