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Comparative religion for dakwah.

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  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO HINDUISM Presented by Mohamed Sirajudin PJM Treasurer, IPSI [email_address]
  2. 2. Some basic facts … <ul><li>The world’s third largest religion with approximately 1 billion followers. </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly concentrated in the Indian subcontinent as well as in South East Asia and among the Hindus in diasporas. </li></ul><ul><li>Often referred to as Sanata Dharma (a Sanskrit phrase meaning “the eternal law”) or Vaidika Dharma (religion of the Vedas) by its adherents. </li></ul><ul><li>It consists of thousands of different religious groups that have evolved in India since 1500 BCE. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some basic facts … <ul><li>It is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. </li></ul><ul><li>It has much influence upon the development and doctrines of Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and the Bahai religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hindu concept of God involves elements of monotheism, polytheism, henotheism and pantheism. </li></ul><ul><li>For Hindus, it is not merely a religion but an all encompassing way of life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some basic facts … <ul><li>In contrast to Buddhism, Christianity & Islam, Hinduism is not a missionary religion (with the exception of groups like ISKCON and Arya Samaj). </li></ul><ul><li>There are many religious texts but the most important are the Vedas and the Bhagavad Geeta, written in Sanskrit. </li></ul><ul><li>Aum or Om is a mystical or sacred syllable understood as the Name of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Cremation of the dead is practised widely instead of burial. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major themes in Hindu beliefs <ul><li>Dharma (ethics/duties/righteous conduct) </li></ul><ul><li>Samsāra (the continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth) </li></ul><ul><li>Karma (action and consequence) </li></ul><ul><li>Moksha (liberation from samsara ) </li></ul><ul><li>Avatars ( the descent of God to Earth in bodily form to restore dharma to society) </li></ul><ul><li>Varna (caste system which is divided into four social classes) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indus River Civilisations (3300 BCE)
  7. 7. Hinduism in comparison … <ul><li>Hinduism differs from Christianity and other </li></ul><ul><li>monotheistic religions in that it does not have: </li></ul><ul><li>a single founder, </li></ul><ul><li>a specific theological system, </li></ul><ul><li>a single concept of deity, </li></ul><ul><li>a single holy text, </li></ul><ul><li>a single system of morality, </li></ul><ul><li>a central religious authority, </li></ul><ul><li>the concept of a prophet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sharing Islam with Hindus <ul><li>God ALONE is to be worshiped (Qur’an 7:172-74) </li></ul><ul><li>PROHIBITION against idolatry (7:191-198, 46:5-6) </li></ul><ul><li>Islam REJECTS caste system (49:13) </li></ul><ul><li>TREATMENT of women (2:187, 4:1, 24:4) </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Muhammad in Hindu SCRIPTURE </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENTIFIC facts in the Qur’an (21:30) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Common Misconceptions <ul><li>All religions are the same as they lead to God. One should LIVE & DIE in the religion s/he is born into </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism is the OLDEST religion – not Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is a MALAY religion – not for Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE perception on Malay community & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims WORSHIP the Ka’aba. Is that not idol-worship? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Further readings & references <ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.hindustoislam.com/main/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.islamandhinduism.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing Hinduism (World Religions) by Hilary Rodrigues (Routledge, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>One God One Religion: with reference to Holy Qur'an and Hindu Scriptures by Dr S. M. Mohiuddin Habeebi & Syed Ahsan Habibi (Saba Islamic Media) </li></ul>