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S C H O O L   O F
A R C H I T E C T U R E ,
B U I L D I N G   &   D E S I G N
C U L T U R E   &   H I S T O R Y   I I
PROJECT 2 : REPORT
S A B D
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS) IN
ARCHITECTURE
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA
Content
Introduction



Building Information



History of Building



Site Context Analysis



Architectural Layout of Building



Architectural Style Analysis



Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis



Architectural Elements/Components Analysis

Conclusion



References
3



4



5



6 - 24



25 - 37



38 - 63



64 - 69

70 - 79


80
81 - 84
2
Introduction
Malaysia is a country filled with different cultures and tradition unlike any other place.
Being a multiracial country, influence from all ethnics and cultures surrounds us
everyday. One of the major influences from different cultures and background that we
come across everyday would be our local architecture. Malaysia architecture has gain
influence from all over, including Asian traditions, Colonial influence, Islamic
background and International style. Kuala Lumpur being the capital of Malaysia, is of
course, without a doubt the most developed part of the country. After gaining it’s
independence, more and more modern buildings started coming up around the city
and in the 90s, Malaysia’s concrete jungle came to live with it’s Late Modernist and
Post modernist style.
The Islamic Arts Museum has taken a tow on Modern Architecture but added touches
of details derived from Islamic architecture which brought meaning to the building’s
purpose as it’s main reason was to display Islamic arts. The building is well designed in
a way where it form an airy and well lit place which gives visitors an indescribable
ambience while strolling around the inside of the museum. The seamless continuity of
light in the spaces is maintained throughout the galleries, the library and the
restaurant. The openness of floor places did not give any restriction in displaying all
their artworks and gave a flow for visitors to walk around and enjoy whatever that
have to offer.
3
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The Islamic Arts Museum is situated near Lake Gardens and Kuala Lumpur’s Bird Park.
It the largest museum to house Islamic art in Southeast Asia. Being of it’s size, it is
filled with over 10,000 artefacts. Despite being and Islamic art museum, it’s focus isn’t
100% towards Islamic art, but incorporates components from different parts of Asia
such as China and India.
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, Jalan Lembah Perdana,
50480 Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.
+603 2092 7070 or
+603 2274 2020

info@iamm.org.my
Address :



Contact :

E-Mail :
4
History
Upon entering the museum, a welcome of the museum's booklet gave an insight as to
what the museum has to offer.
Mirroring the growing interest in Islamic crafts, in December 1998, Malaysia
became home to Southeast Asia's biggest historical centre of Islamic crafts. The
building possesses 30,000 square meters, arranged in the midst of the verdant
surroundings of focal Kuala Lumpur's Lake Gardens.
The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia houses more than ten thousand relics, and
in addition an excellent library of Islamic workmanship books. The building
illustrates the whole view of the Islamic world. The craftsmanship questions in
plain view extend from the most minor bits of gems to one of the world's
biggest scale models of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. Accentuating towards
the Islamic growth in Asia, China and Southeast Asia are particularly all around
spoke to.
The style of the historical centre building is present day, with an Islamic feel
made by the subtle elements instead of by the structure itself. Iranian tile
laborers changed the Iwan-style spellbind into a clay woven artwork that edges
an inviting verse from the Qur'an. On the rooftop, these artisans transformed
the arch development conventions of Central Asia into the building's delegated
magnificence. The turquoise-shaded vaults are currently a point of interest on
the Kuala Lumpur horizon.
Inside the building, the rakishness of 21st century configuration is appeared
differently in relation to the delicate, adjusted types of the five arches that rule
the exhibition hall's inside. Worked over by skilled workers from Uzbekistan,
these forcing highlights frame a mood that is both vaporous and congruity. The
consistent congruity of light and space is kept up all through the exhibitions
and into different zones of the historical centre, for example, the library and
the restaurant.
5
S i te C o ntex t An al ys i s
6
Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA
p e r d a n a b o t a n i c a l g a r d e n
PLAN
The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM); also known as Muzium Kesenian Islam Malaysia was
officially established on 12 December 1988. The building is a cross between moderniskc and
tradikonal Middle Eastern architecture. It sits in the heart of Kuala Lumpur’s tourist region
among the rich landscape of the Perdana Botanical Gardens.
IAMM is located in an urban selng, where it harmonizes to the neighbouring context in the
company of Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTM Bhd), Masjid Negara, Planetarium Negara,
Muzium Polis Diraja Malaysia and Muzium Negara, so on and so forth. The museum is easily
accessible through various methods of transportakon system, which one of the mostly used
transport is the railway; located opposite of IAMM.
IAMM is one of the newly developed building amongst the other historical establishments. It sits
slightly on top of a hill; where a part of the museum can only be completely seen upon reaching
Jalan Perdana – Lembah. The seleckon of site is well planned as it is located within the areas of
public community and to government offices such as the KTMB office and the JAWI office.
7
Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Carpark Main Entrance
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Upon arrival (when taking the Jalan Perdana route), an oblique approach of the building is seen.
The path to arriving the IAMM can be redirected a few more kmes to prolong the sequence of
the approach.
Approach of IAMM Upon Arrival
9
BUILDING APPROACH
Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
That being the case, the entrance of IAMM is seen projected beyond its façade to be more clearly
visible.
The main entrance of the building is seen projected beyond the facade; defining a field of
exterior transikonal space; announcing it’s entry funckon to the approach; thus providing an
overhead shelter.
Signage of the museum easily seen beside the main entrance
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
ENTRANCE ACCESS
A. MAIN ENTRANCE ON LOWER GROUND FLOOR ( LEGEND 1)
MAIN ENTRANCE OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 1
ENTRANCE AT LOWER GROUND FLOOR
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
ENTRANCE

STAIRS AND RAMPS
To introduce a verkcal dimension and add a temporal quality to the act of entering the IAMM
building.
Change in split levels to establish a threshold and mark the passage from one place to another
within the museum.
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
A. REHAL TERRACE ENTRANCE ON LEVEL 2 ( LEGEND 2 )
SECOND ENTRANCE (REHAL TERRACE) OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 2
ENTRANCE AT FIRST FLOOR
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
RESPONSE OF BUILDING TO CLIMATE
As viewed from site plan, the spaces can be classified into three disknckve massing solids which
surround an opened-space central courtyard that allows maximum light penetrakon and cross air
venklakon within the space.
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 15
Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Depressed Base Plane
Ground plane is lowered to define outdoor spaces which are sheltered. The central courtyard is
sunken; while protected from surface-level noise by the solid massing around it. Hence, it
funckons as a source of air, light, and views for the underground spaces opening onto it.
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
TRANSPORTATION
There are various methods of transportakon to get to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Public
transportakons such as the Light Rail Transit (LRT), monorails and taxis are easily accessible to get
to IAMM.


IAMM is also located within the bounds of walking distance to the Nakonal Mosque, KL Bird Park
and Nakonal Planetarium.
Route to IAMM from KL Internakonal Airport via bus/taxi
Route to IAMM from LRT Pasar Seni via Light Rail Transit (LRT)
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
SURROUNDING BUILDINGS
The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is surrounded by various historical buildings; which are
inclusive of Nakonal Mosque, Islamic Centre, Police Museum, Nakonal Planetarium, Keretapi
Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Headquarters, KL Stakon Malayan Railway Stakon.
As coming from Jalan Damansara, the first approach of one of the historical buildings is the
Nakonal Museum; Suleiman Building 1930, subsequently the KL Stakon Malayan Railway Stakon
and Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) along Jalan Hishamuddin. Following that, Islamic
Centre, Al-Bukhary Foundakon and the Nakonal Mosque can be seen before arriving IAMM.
LEGEND
CASE STUDY BUILDING
1. Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM)
NEIGHBOURING BUILDINGS
2. National Mosque
3. Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB)
4. Jabatan Agama Wilayah Persekutuan (JAWI)
5. National Planetarium
6. Royal Police Museum Malaysia
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
HISTORICAL TIMELINE WITHIN TASIK PERDANA DISTRICT
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
SIMILARITIES WITH SITE CONTEXT
(SURROUNDING BUILDINGS)
SIMILARITY
MOORISH DOMES; INVOLVING MOORISH - ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
INCORPORATING TRADITIONAL & MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN RELATION TO SITE
Despite IAMM being built in the late 20th century, its modern architecture skll
incorporates the tradikonal Islamic – Moorish architecture; where it involves the use of
Moorish domes which is arkculated with decorakve ornaments; similar to the buildings of
KTMB and Nakonal Planetarium that were built in early 20th century. Hence, it can be
perceived that the IAMM building amalgamates to the site; by bringing a revival of
Moorish – tradikonal Islamic architecture; incorporakng to the modern architecture; also
adapkng to the new era in the late 20th century.
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ART, QATAR
SITE & SETTING
The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is a museum that sits on the Corniche in the town, capital of
Doha called Qatari. The museum is designed by the architect I.M. Pei.. The museum was built on
November 2008, which is a few years later aser the IAMM building was built; hence it can be
perceived that these buildings were constructed about the same era as well.
The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is situated in a township where it has easy access to other
historical establishments within the district, similarly to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia;
where it is located in an area where it has convenient access to many other areas in town.
21
Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
TRADITIONAL ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE & MODERNISM
This establishment incorporates ancient Islamic architecture; and it has a large colleckon of
Islamic Art; similar to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia which comprises of tradikonal Islamic
Architecture as well.
DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ARTS
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
SIMILARITY OF MASSING IN BUILDING
DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ARTS
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA
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Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
In both context of the buildings, it can be perceived that the outdoor space (sunken space) is
defined through the ground plane being lowered; which protects surface-level noise by the solid
massing surrounding the space. Hence, this space acts as a source of air, light, and views for the
underground spaces opening onto it.
24
Arch i tectu ral L ayo u t
o f B u i l d i n g
25
Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
PLAN TO SECTION OR ELEVATION
The horizontal configurakon of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building plans shares a verkcal
relakonship to the building’s seckon as well as its elevakon. The spakal use of the building can be
seen through its organisakon of ackvikes at certain locakons. Withstanding, it gives reinforcements
on the massing, geometrical, hierarchy, symmetry, balance, addikve, subtrackve, relakonships of unit
to whole and repekkve to unique ideals.
Architectural layout refers to analysing and determining the relakonships between architectural spaces,
rooms, structures and other physical features within a consolidate structure.
This topic follows through analysing the layout of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia and its comparison to
that of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha.
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
PLAN
ELEVATION
An analogous relakonship is what connects the plan to its elevakon. This is apparent as seen in the
building’s plans where the domes are located and that generally configure the shape of the domes in
the building’s elevakon. The analogous relakonship analyses the resemblances in the configurakon of
the plan to its seckon or elevakon. This refers to differences in form language, size, locakon or
irregular increments of change—which accounts for resemblance instead of equivalence.
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Similarly to the I.M. Pei’s work of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, these two buildings have a
combinakon of form language and size changes, which evokes variakon.
PLAN
SECTION
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The building’s plan share a different relakonship with the building’s seckon as they connect through a
one to one-half relakonship. A one one-half relakonship refers to the configurakon of the whole plan
or seckon is equivalent to the part of the other.
PLAN
LONGITUDINAL SECTION
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Compared to the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, which has a straighvorward visual conneckon in
regards of the relakonship in its plan and elevakon, the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building has
a somewhat obvious visualisakon of parts of its seckon in the building’s plans.
ELEVATION
PLAN
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
CIRCULATION TO USE-SPACE
Circulakon to use-space generally comprehends the significant dynamic and stakc components of a
building as well as provides a clear movement and stable condikons as per formed in the essence of
the building. Circulakon configures the engagement of ackvikes and access to each use-space—that
is the main focus of architectural design of funckon.
The analysis revolves about the pawern that follows the relakonship between the major spaces of the
building.
The relakonship of the spaces within the building is connected through a radial circulakon path. Each floor of
the building is verkcally connected through accessibilikes of stairs and ramps. The locakon of these
accessibilikes coincides amongst the display cases which uklises the radial circulakon pawern. This provides
flexibility in passing and culng through spaces and creakng spaces of rest and mokon, which maintains the
integrity of the building’s design layout.
RADIAL CIRCULATION
PATTERN
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
ORGANISATION:
- SYMMETRY AND BALANCE
The Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia buildings components are perceived and conceived to sub stain
equilibrium in its built form. Balance is achieved through configurakon—whereby the building
components achieved equilibrium but are different in shape and language form. Evidently so, the
Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building is asymmetrically balanced withstanding the locakons of its
designated spaces that separates the public showrooms to the semi-public spaces.
The blue lines signify the asymmetry of the building which brings about the balance in the spakal
division within the building.
- GEOMETRY
The museum building’s form is determined with solid geometrical forms and planes. The building, as
one can easily perceived, is designed with squares. The combinakons of squares would then form a
grid that further assists in the designing subdivisions of funckonal spaces according to its purposes.
The red lines signify how the subdivisions of spaces concur to the geometric form of the building’s
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
ELEVATIONPLAN
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Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
- HIERARCHY
The museum follows a rank ordering of elements that relates to the awributes of importance. This is
important as it influences the placement of showcases and displays throughout the arrangement of
the building’s form.
IAMM: Beginning from the lower ground floor, the spaces here are dedicated to act as the building’s
entrance and exit, which is why the recepkon as well as the gis shop is located here. Special Gallery 1
is located here as well where it displays the beginning of Islam.
IAMD: Beginning from the first floor, the spaces are delegated as a beginning of the museum’s
experience as it locates the auditorium as well as the special exhibikon gallery (which inhibits the
main awrackon of the museum).
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
33
Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
IAMM: Following that, the ground floor has a transcendent outlook as the inverted dome hangs here.
Further in, the museum’s café and library locates here for visitors’ convenience. A courtyard is located
here as well as the Special Gallery 2 which follows Special Gallery 1’s theme of introducing the Islamic
culture and its beginnings.
IAMD: Next, the second floor displays the introduckon and visual art forms of the Islamic culture.
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
34
Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
IAMM: The first floor is showcases the Malay, Chinese, Indian, Quran and Manuscript as well as
Architecture Galleries. This signifies the expand of cultures and its co-relakon to the other exiskng
cultures within their kme periods.
IAMD: The third floor showcases significant eras and countries of development of the Islamic art
kmeline, beginning from the 7th century to the 19th.
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
35
Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
IAMM: The second floor displays the Islamic crass such as ceramics, jewellery, texkle, metalwork,
weapons and coins. Located on this floor but is projected outside, the main dome—the blue dome.
This floor displays the wonders of the Islamic culture in visual art forms.
IAMD: The fourth floor locates the temporary exhibikons, displaying artefacts and works that are
limited for showcasing.
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA
36
Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The hierarchal order of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia follows from a chronology of the
background to the achievements that were produced. The pawern goes on that it exhibits the bigger
picture before going into the details of the Islamic cultural empire.
The hierarchal order of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, on the other hand, approaches a
descending order of interests, starkng from the main (commercialised) exhibikon to the temporary
exhibikons. The showcasing goes in an order that is reverse of that of the Islamic Arts Museum of
Malaysia—from minor details before escalakng towards the bigger picture.
37
Arch i tectu ral S tyl e
An al ys i s
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Introduckon

All buildings that we see or come across nowadays will definitely be categorised under a certain
type of architectural style. From prehistoric architecture to gothic architecture and whats popular
amongst us today, modern architecture, all building will have a specific style or even a mixture of
styles depending of it’s elements, features and characteriskcs.

Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia

Based on a brief research, the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is a mixture of two architectural
era. The style of the museum consist of components, details and characteriskcs of Islamic
Architecture and Internakonal Style. It carries equal features of both architectural style and it’s
not predominantly one or the other.

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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha

As an internakonal case study in comparison to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM) , I’ve
understood that the Museum of Islamic Arts (MIA) , Doha by I.M. Pei pertains some nokceable
feature of Islamic Architecture, but the building is very much design with the heavy influence of
contemporary architecture. Unlike Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, the MIA is predominantly
Internakonal style. I.M. Pei explained how his design of the MIA has taken inspirakon from the
Ibn Tulun Mosque in Cairo. I.M. Pei states his belief of how the water feature of Ibn Tulun
Mosque being surrounded by rounded arches has the essence of Islamic architecture. However,
I.M. Pei altered his design to suit a more contemporary, more internakonal style building but
maintaining features of Islamic Architecture that are subtle and not so much in your face.
40
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Islamic Architecture
Islamic architecture is widely used in many countries, prominently distinguished in
religious buildings such as mosques and madrasahs. Not only that, Islamic architecture
can be spotted in countries and places ruled by Muslims. The architecture in Muslim
countries will show its evidence from public places such as mausoleum also known as
a monument to houses events. The other types of buildings/structures showcasing
Islamic architecture includes caravanserai, casbah/citadel and hammam. The most
important features in Islamic architecture are pointed arches, window openings and
domes.
Dome of Rock Timur Mausoleum
Islamic architecture focuses on balance and symmetry, concept of perfect creation,
landscape, entered upon God and the use of striated masonry.

41
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
In Islamic architecture, there are a few important components that distinguishes itself
from other types of architecture.
- Mihrab - Sahn - Qibla

- Minbar - Minaret - Chatti



- Iwan - Harem



- Bab - Selamlik
Mihrab Sahn
Portable Qibla CompassMinaret
Iwan
Minbar
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Features/Characteriskcs
In Islamic architecture, despite having many domes in a building, there is usually a
dome that is more prominent as compared to the other domes located throughout the
same building, this is know as the main dome (Kubah Utama). The space under the
main dome is usually the space where it draws the most attention to, whether it’s the
main prayer hall or something else. The space under the main dome usually has the
most volume as compared to the rest of the building, and it’s purpose is to welcome
people and users into the space.
Blue Mosque in Muscat Jame Mosque of Yazd
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Early Islamic architecture is mainly derived from Persian architecture such as arches
and arcades. They too have components borrowed from Early Christians and Byzantine
era such as striated masonry.
Arches & Arcades

Tin Mal Mosque
Striated Masonry

El Aksa Mosque
During one of the Eras in Islamic Architecture, the Atrium/Courtyard is ornamented
with a large scale geometrical pattern.
44
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Islamic architecture aren’t crazy on decorations and ornamentations unlike the
Baroque era. They only showcase abstract mosaics, geometry shapes (circle
emphasizes one god ; triangle symbolizes human and harmony ; square symbolizes
physical experiences and materiality ; hexagon symbolizes heaven ; star symbolizes the
spread of Islam) , calligraphic, arabesques (Islimi) and water.
Mosaics
Calligraphic
Arabesques

(Floral Mokfs)
Geometry Shapes
Water Features
Decorakons / Ornamentakons
45
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
International Style of Modern Architecture
International style is widely used and common amongst buildings nowadays. Ever since
it first made its debut back in the 1920s, buildings after buildings started popping up
one by one all over the world. It is widespread among skyscrapers in America and this
style eventually took a toll on churches, schools and even houses.



The response for this movement is so great because of the idea of prefabrication
materials, not only did it increase employment in factories back in the days but it
definitely help constructing buildings easier. This has reduces decorations and
ornamentations and increase the use of steel and glass which gave buildings and sleek
and minimal look. The removal of decorations and elements which carries little to no
function to the building and creating something as aesthetically please with only
prefabricated materials has pushed design to it’s limits.
Villa Savoye Museum of Modern Arts
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The characteristics of an International Style building consist of rectilinear forms and
planes surfaces. Open floor plans are important as they believed “Less is More”. The
usage of modern materials such as reinforced concrete, steel, glass, marble etc is a key
feature in International Style.
Bethlehem Bapkst Church The Bauhaus School Building
Internakonal Style Floor Plan Falingwater (Interior)
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Case study comparison analysis





(Islamic Architecture)
Based on my research, the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia contains components,
ornamentations and features of Islamic Architecture .
Applicakon of Dome 1. Inverted Dome
1. Inverted Dome 2. China World Gallery Dome
Dome
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
5. Architecture Gallery Dome
5
1
2
3
4
4. Quran & Manuscript Gallery Dome3. Malay World Gallery Dome
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Arches on the south east of the building
Aches being an important feature of Islamic architecture, the IAMM has implemented
this in their design. The arches featured in the IAMM isn’t very decorative and they
carry a slightly more modern look as compared to traditional Islamic arches.
Water Feature in the Courtyard (Sahn)
Arches
Water Feature
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Usage of Mosaics and Floral Mokfs are visible in the IAMM as it’s located on the main facade as well
as the exterior of the dome.
Floral mokf displayed on theFacade Pillar Floral mokf displayed on the Dome
Mosaics / Floral Mokfs
Replicakon of Mihrab placed in the museum is for display purposes. It does not mark the the exact
direckon of the Qibla.
Mihrab
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Inverted Dome Atrium Main Lobby Atrium
Geometrical Shapes
Courtyard Wall
IAMM has featured large geometrical shapes in atriums throughout the building. The most
disknckve geometrical shape that has been featured is hexagons which symbolizes heaven, stars
which symbolizes God and squares which symbolises materiality.
52
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The calligraphic used on both the facade and the Dome of the Islamic Arts Museum
Malaysia translates to, “Roam the Earth, and observe how the creation was initiated.
Thus God will establish the final creation. God is capable of all things.” - Surah Al-
Ankabut, Verse 20.
Usage of Calligraphy
Calligraphic
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Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Courtyard
The courtyard of the IAMM is located between the restaurant and the main dome
atrium. This space itself show cases a few islamic architecture features as well as
international style. Despite being outdoor, it’s not hot because the water feature gave
the area a cooling effect. It’s one of the main features of this museum.
54
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
(International Style)



The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is also design based on International Style despite
it’s Islamic architectural components. The usage of glass is abundant in the museum as
well well steel and concrete giving it a modern, contemporary look.
Usage of Glass and Concrete
Usage of marble and steel
Usage of prefabricated railings and glass
Recklinear forms and planes
Openess of floor plan
55
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha
(Islamic Architecture)
As for the Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha, all these Islamic features and characteristics
are very subtle and it’s doesn't scream Islamic architecture at first glance.
As a strong support of my research, the applicakon of a dome. When you think of a dome,
you think of a hemisphere. I.M. Pei has designed a double-shell dome but it take a cubic
form on the outside. He applied styles from the modern era and Islamic architecture in just
this one feature alone.
Coffered domes were also added to the interior
Dome
Exterior of Main Dome Interior of Main Dome
56
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Arches
Arches being on of the features in Islamic architecture, the MIA has implemented that. Unlike
Islamic architecture, the arches at the MIA isn’t as decorakve and it’s more toned down to match
the modern era.
Arches by the Courtyard
Mihrab
The glass curtain is one of the most beaukful and most sought for feature of the MIA in Doha. It
is actually design to replicate a Mihrab. It’s was design to signify Islamic architecture despite it
not funckoning as a Mihrab nor is it facing the Imam in Mecca.
57
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Water Feature
A water canal and a water fountain has been placed in front of the main entrance of the MIA. A few
water features were placed in the courtyard as well. Not to menkon, the whole museum itself is
surrounded by the Persian gulf.
Water Canal Water Fountain
Water Feature (Courtyard) Persian Gulf
Interior Water Fountain
58
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Geometrical Shapes
MIA has also featured large geometrical shapes on the floor of the main atrium of the Museum.
MIA has also showcased a water feature with a strong geometrical form by the glass curtain.
Ablaq
Despite not featuring floral mokfs and calligraphic as decorakon and ornamentakons, MIA
features the Ablaq, which is an Islamic architecture feature involving alternakng rows of light and
dark stone.
Floor of main atrium Geometric Water Fountain (interior)
Ablaq on exterior wall of MIA Ablaq on interior wall of MIA
59
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Courtyard
The courtyard of the MIA is located on the east and west of the museum. This space is
flourished with water features and arches. City skyline and the Persian Gulf is
noticeable from both courtyards. The western courtyard is has lesser arches as
compared to the central courtyard but the western courtyard is connected to a boat
dock. The central courtyard however connects the main building to the library.
West Courtyard
West Courtyard
Central Courtyard
West Courtyard
Central Courtyard
Central Courtyard
60
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
(International Style)
The Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha, all these Islamic features and characteristics are
very subtle and it’s doesn't scream Islamic architecture at first glance.
Immense Usage of Glass
Usage of marble throughout exterior of building
Usage of prefabricated railings and glass
Recklinear forms and planes

(also a form of cubism)
Openess floor plan
Usage of marble (interior)
61
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Islamic Arts Museum
Malaysia
Features

(Islamic and Internakonal Style)
Islamic Arts Museum,
Doha
Consist of 5 Dome, 1 of
which is inverted and it
happens to be the main
Dome.
Dome Faceted dome at the top of
the atrium, taken cube
form from the exterior.
Located on the south-east
of the building.
Arches Present throughout the
building. Arch windows
located on the facade of
building as well as walls of
the courtyard.
Present in the courtyard. Water Feature L o c a t e d a c r o s s t h e
entrance of the building
and inside the building by
the glass curtains and gulf
surrounding the museum
Replication present but not
functional.
Mihrab Idea applied to glass
curtain but not functional.
Can be found on the dome
and facade of the building.
Mosaics / Floral Motif No evidence of mosaics or
floral motifs.
As decorative features.
Located on the walls in the
courtyard, as well as
decoration on the ceiling of
the main lobby.
Geometrical Shapes Plan view of building
s h o w s a d i s t i n c t
geometrical form. Interior
water feature shows a
clear geometrical shape as
well.
Can be found on the dome
and facade of the building.
Caligraphic No evidence of calligraphy.
No evidence of Ablaq. Ablaq Can be found both on the
exterior and interior of the
building.
Can be found north-west of
the building. Located right
next to the main dome
(Inverted dome)
Courtyard One located on the west
a n d o n e l o c a t e d i n
between the main building
and library.
Can be seen in elevation
and plan of the building.
Doesn't show organic
forms.
Rectilinear Forms/Plans Can be seen in elevation
and plan of the building.
Doesn't show organic
forms.
Present thought elevations
of the building.
Usage of Glass/Concrete Infamous glass curtain
displays a use of glass.
When enter, the whole
area can be seen. No
room within rooms and no
hidden corners.
Open Floor Plan Floor plan seemed open
with few secluded corners.
Railings for ramps and
stairs are all prefabricated.
Usage of Prefabricated Materials Glass balustrade and
railings for spiral stairs are
prefabricated.
Summary Table
62
Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Although both museums showcase similar and distinct features of Islamic architecture
and international style. The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia has translated Modern
Islamic Architecture in a more direct way as compared to the Museum of Islamic arts
in Doha. 



As a visitor , you’ll definitely be able to distinguish the style of Islamic Arts Museum
Malaysia, but without research and understanding of Islamic Architecture, you
wouldn’t think the Museum of Islamic Arts in Doha conjured any features and
components of Islamic Architecture.



All in all, they are two well planned projects of Islamic architecture that fits into
today’s modern society.
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha
63
Bu i l d i n g Con stru cti on ,
S tru ctu re & Materi al
An al ys i s
64
Building Construction, Structure
& Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The national Islamic museum of Kuala Lumpur was constructed with a clear influence
of Islamic and with a little touch of modern architecture. Elements of Islamic
architecture are shown in the diagrams below.
Figure 1.0 shows the Mihrab located at the entrance of the Islamic arts museum. The
MIhrab is one of the main characteristics of Islamic architecture. It points towards the
direction of Mecca.
Figure 1.1 shows the dome in the museum. The dome is a significant element in
Islamic architecture as it has Islamic calligraphy writings on it.
(FIGURE 1.1)
(FIGURE 1.0)
Building Construckon
65
Building Construction, Structure
& Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
The structure also has an organic form with some curves in the interior of the building.
The foundation of the museum was constructed with the usage of concrete piling to
stabilize and support the heavy structure. As shown in figure 1.2
(FIGURE 1.2)
66
Building Construction, Structure
& Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Building Materials
CERAMIC TILES

ceramic kles are used throughout the building. The use
of ceramic kles is to represent Islamic architecture as it
is an Islamic museum. Ceramic kles are very durable
and require very less maintenance. This means that the
kles last for a very long kme without fading away
LAMINATED GLASS

Glass is widely used in the museum both for
interior and exterior purposes. Glass allows
natural light to pass through therefore
reducing the usage of electricity in the
museum. Glass is also used to protect the
displays from damages.
CONCRETE PILLARS 

concrete pillars are used in the exterior of the building
to help hold the building together and also to form the
skeleton of the building. Concrete pillars are strong and
can provide support to the whole building
MARBLE TILES

Marble kles are used in the interior and exterior
of the museum. Marble kles are proven to be
very durable and can withstand strong heat but
are also a hassle to maintain. It also improves the
overall look of the building
67
Building Construction, Structure
& Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
COLUMNS 

colunms are used in the inner parts of the
museum to support the ceiling and also to
provide a bewer visual effect to the interior
PLASTER CEILING 

Plaster ceiling is used for the ceilings of
every floor. It has superior workability that
allows it to be shaped into various pawerns.
This is shown by the pawern on the ceiling
of the museum.
MARBLE FLOORING

Marble is used as the flooring of the interior
spaces in the museum. Marble enhances
the overall look of the place and also blends
in with the art and also pillars of the
building. Marble also brings a cooling effect
to the building thus making the
environment inside the building colder and
more comfortable
68
Building Construction, Structure
& Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
COMPARISON OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSUEM MALAYSIA AND ISLAMIC
ARTS MUSUEM OF DOHA
ISLAMIC ARTS MUSUEM KL ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM DOHA


ARCHITECURE


Incoperate mostly Islamic architecture


uses mostly modern and cubic
architecture


FORM AND SHAPE


Made up of basic geometric shapes


Made up of all geometric and
asymmetrical shapes


LOCATION


located In the middle of the city in a
very conjusted area


located in the middle of the lake
providing a very clam environment


MATERIALS


uses a variety of materials that potray
Islamic architecture and also provides
various kinds of benefits to the
building


uses mostly all the same materials as
the museum in kl and serves the same
purpose


CONCLUSION


This building is build by incooperaring
as many Islamic elements as possible
making it a simple building that also
reflects the architecture of islam


This building is build mainly using
modern architecture and is also much
more beaukful and complex compared
to the museum in KL.
69
Arch i tectu ral
E l ement s / C o mp o n ent s
An al ys i s
70
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
1. Glass Door
Entrance
Floor plan of Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
71
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
This building welcomes its visitors with a clear and big tempered glass sliding door with
aluminium frame. The transparent glass door allows natural light to enter the building. The space
does not receive direct light from the sun so the lobby is not always brightly lit because the there
is no window on the other sides of the lobby.
72
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
2. Panel
A white decagon panel in the middle of the high ceiling gives the space a feeling of the purity and
the star symbolises Islamic. The detailed pawerns on the star are of gold which makes the panel
the awrackon of the room when light shines on it. The panel is actually air-condikoner designed
to bring a different kind of atmosphere to the space.
3. Inverted Dome
The inverted dome in the hall gets all the awenkon when visitors first step into the galley. It is
also one of the main awrackons of the building. The shade of pastel colour blends in to the rest
of the space magnifies the effect of the dome which makes visitors sink in. One feature of the
building that makes the dome stand out is the minimal amount of walls at the surrounding.
73
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
Also, there are detailed carvings on the dome that illuminate light. The wrikngs on the dome
symbolises Islamic.
4. Dome
The dome emphasises on open spaces and Islamic’s geographical origins. The dome increases the
aesthekcian with the help of the light. It stands out in the space because of its curvature circular
shape surrounded with solid squares and rectangular elements.
74
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
5. Exterior Dome
The big turquoise dome placed on top of the building symbolises Islamic and it brings out the
specialikes of Islamic by adding carvings of Islamic wrikngs on the surface. It awracts awenkon of
people outside the museum and lets people know that it is an Islamic place by just looking.
75
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
6. Column
The column is a Corinthian column that has carvings of different designs. The strong and double-
storey tall columns are placed around the gallery. It rises the standard of the space and gives a
different atmosphere.
7. Glass Window
All the windows in this museum are huge glass windows which allow natural lights to enter.
However, there are shades extended outside of the glass windows, creakng only parts of the light
rays are able to enter the museum. The building receives dimmed sunlight so the dome stands
out among the elements.
76
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
8. Stairs
The stairs is special in its own way as it curves up to another floor which blends in just fine
among the other elements around the stairs which are edgy. The staircase is placed in just the
right posikon that as soon as visitors are at their last steps, they will be awracted to the inverted
dome which makes it an incredible entrance.
77
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
In comparison to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, we have chosen Islamic Arts Museum in
Doha to be compared.
1. The water fountain
Water features acts as items to beaukfy a place. The water fountain is one of the most significant
elements as it is built at the entrance of the museum. It catches the awenkon of the visitors
before they enter the building. It is also considered as one of the salient architecture elements of
all Islamic dynaskes. It gives the place a sense of beaukfulness and peace. 



While in the Islamic Arts Museum in Malaysia, the water feature is rather smaller and different.
It catches the awenkon of the visitors but at the same kme, it stays humble without gelng all
the awenkon. Visitors will skll have their eyes on the surrounding and buildings.
78
Architectural Elements / Components
Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
2. Dome
View from exterior
View from interior
The dome element in the interior of the museum was the coffered domes that cover the ceilings
of each floor. The concept is extraordinary by using the small domes to cover the ceilings of the
museum.
It is different from the domes in the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia as the domes in Malaysia is
more to round while the dome in Doha is edgy. It is also different from the exterior. The exterior
of the dome in Malaysia is round whereas the dome in Doha is squarish.
79
Conclusion
The Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia ventured towards signifying Islamic architecture
with the local Malaysian architecture blend into it. With the incorporation of these
two styles with a modern twist, exists Malaysia’s famous home for displaying Islamic
cultural arts.
Its perceivable geometrically-clad building and minimal external ornamentation evokes
a plain feeling and exudes the authoritarian vibe, instead of a commercial one. This
contradicted the museum’s settings as it locates itself in one of Kuala Lumpur’s famous
commercial hubs. Its plain exteriors also contradicts its elusive interiors that is fully
ornamented with Islamic-modernist decorations and design. This gave the museum a
grand-like transition from its outdoors to indoors. Adopting from this observation, the
museum conceptualises the idea of Malaysian Islamic art cultures in its exhibition
pieces as well as its decor. Leaving behind subtle hints of the evolvement of Islamic
culture in various components throughout the showcases within the building.
Known for being the most prominent Islamic arts museum in Southeast Asia, the
Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia began with the intention of fabricating the Islamic
cultural arts into its structure. This intention coincides the Islamic Arts Museum of
Doha whereby its architect, I.M. Pei, revelled on a journey of capturing the “true
essence” of Islamic architecture. The fabrication and interpretation of each buildings’
architects on one of the most unique and prominent cultures has managed to
celebrate the Islamic culture as it is, kindling interests in the uniqueness of its final
outcome.
80
References
BOOKS
Clark, R. & Pause, M. (2012). Precedents in architecture (1st ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley &
Sons.
Salin, F. (2013). The Museum of Islamic Art (Form,Percepkon and Environment) (1st ed.). Illinois,
USA: CommonGroundPublishing.
WEBSITES
Archnet. (n.d.). Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Retrieved from hwp://archnet.org/sites/5074/
media_contents/36753
Asia-Europe Museum Network. (2016). Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Retrieved from hwp://
asemus.museum/museum/islamic-arts-museum-malaysia/
Design Colleckve | Museum of Islamic Art - Doha, Qatar. (2016). Design Colleckve. Retrieved 26
November 2016, from hwp://www.designcolleckve.co.za/museum-of-islamic-art-doha-qatar/
desMena » Museum of Islamic Art, Doha by I. M. Pei. (2016). Desmena.com. Retrieved 26
November 2016, from hwp://desmena.com/2010/07/museum-of-islamic-art-doha-by-i-m-pei/
Ferwak, M. (2016). The Museum of Islamic Art_Form-Percepkon- and Environment.
Academia.edu. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://www.academia.edu/7618939/
The_Museum_of_Islamic_Art_Form-Percepkon-_and_Environment
History of Islamic Architecture. (2011). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://
www.slideshare.net/shahrilkhairi/history-of-islamic-architecture
IAMM | Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2016). Iamm.org.my. Retrieved 17 November 2016, from
hwp://www.iamm.org.my
81
References
Internakonal Style Architecture. (2015). Retrieved 2 November 2016, from hwp://
www.slideshare.net/fethullah95/internakonal-style-
architectureqid=106342be-6c91-4d80a405-92653a8df9fc&v=&b=&from_search=1
Internakonal Style of Modern Architecture: Origins, Characteriskcs. (2016). Visual- arts-cork.com.
Retrieved 2 November 2016, from hwp://www.visual-arts-cork.com/ architecture/internakonal-
style.htm
Introduckon to Islamic Architecture | Muslim Heritage. (2016). Muslimheritage.com. Retrieved 1
November 2016, from hwp://muslimheritage.com/arkcle/introduckon-islamic-architecture
Islamic architecture. (2016). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwps://
global.britannica.com/topic/Islamic-architecture
Islamic Architecture. (2008). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://www.slideshare.net/
iqamar/islamic-architecture-lecture
Islamic Architecture. (2013). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://www.slideshare.net/
saiAltovar/islamic-architecture-history
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2014). About Us. Retrieved from hwp://www.iamm.org.my/
about-us/
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2016). asiaeuropefoundakon. Retrieved November 8, 2016, from
ASEMUS Asia-Europe Museum Network
hwp://asemus.museum/museum/islamic-arts-museum-malaysia/
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia - Floor Plan | Venue Directory. (2016). Venue.myceb.com.my.
Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://venue.myceb.com.my/floor-plan/islamic-arts-
museum-malaysia-floor-plan
82
References
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia | Longitudinal seckon, second floor plan | Archnet. (2016).
Archnet.org. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://archnet.org/sites/5074/media_contents/
36757
Islamic Tourism Center of Malaysia. (2016). Masjid Negara (Nakonal Mosque). Retrieved from
hwp://www.itc.gov.my/mosque/masjid-negara-nakonal-mosque/
jackiekraven (2016). Column Types and Styles, Ancient to Modern. Retrieved November 8, 2016,
from Architect Expert
hwp://architecture.about.com/od/buildingparts/tp/Column-Styles.htm
Kevin D Riley Jr Wentworth Architecture. (2016). Myweb.wit.edu. Retrieved 26 November 2016,
from hwp://myweb.wit.edu/rileyk/Kevin_D_Riley_Jr/circulakon.html
KTM Berhad. (2016). Mengenai KTMB. Retrieved from hwp://www.ktmb.com.my/ktmb/
index.php?r=portal/index
Kuriositas. (2010). The Museum of Islamic Art. Retrieved from hwp://www.kuriositas.com/
2010/04/museum-of-islamic-art.html
Malaysia focuses on Islamic art from Southeast Asia - ASEF culture360.asef.org. (2016). ASEF
culture360.asef.org. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://culture360.asef.org/magazine/
malaysia-focuses-on-islamic-art-from-southeast-asia/
Nakonal Planetarium. (2016). Profil Korporat. Retrieved from hwp://
www.planetariumnegara.gov.my/?q=arkcle/profil-korporat
Poopong, K. (2016). Museum of Islamic Art : By I.M. Pei. Housevariety.blogspot.my. Retrieved 26
November 2016, from hwp://housevariety.blogspot.my/2011/02/museum-of-islamic-art-by-im-
pei.html#.WDeTZeF94dU
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References
The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2016). nowsarthistory. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from
hwps://nowsarthistory.wordpress.com/2014/09/01/the-islamic-arts-museum-malaysia/
The Museum of Islamic Art - I.M. Pei Architect. (2016). Arcspace.com. Retrieved 26 November
2016, from hwp://www.arcspace.com/features/im-pei-architect/the-museum-of-islamic-art/
User, S. (2016). Floor Plans for the Museum of Islamic Art. Mia.org.qa. Retrieved 26 November
2016, from hwp://www.mia.org.qa/en/visikng/floor-plans
84
%7SIMILARITY INDEX
%7
INTERNET SOURCES
%4
PUBLICATIONS
%
STUDENT PAPERS
1 %2
2 %1
3 %1
4 <%1
5 <%1
6 <%1
7 <%1
8 <%1
9 <%1
10 <%1
[Ms Patma - Group A] Culture & History 2 Report
ORIGINALITY REPORT
PRIMARY SOURCES
www.absoluteastronomy.com
Internet Source
www.malaysiacentral.com
Internet Source
ent.library.utm.my
Internet Source
iphone.app-search.jp
Internet Source
hajar-alwi.blogspot.com
Internet Source
www.klcityguide.com
Internet Source
www.ejawatankosong.net
Internet Source
www.rtbg.tas.gov.au
Internet Source
www.info.usda.gov
Internet Source
www.hackney.gov.uk
Internet Source
11 <%1
12 <%1
13 <%1
14 <%1
15 <%1
16 <%1
17 <%1
EXCLUDE QUOTES OFF
EXCLUDE
BIBLIOGRAPHY
OFF
EXCLUDE MATCHES OFF
keatsthesunshinegirl.blogspot.co.uk
Internet Source
Gallop, Annabel Teh. "The spirit of
Langkasuka? Illuminated manuscripts from
the East Coast of the Malay Peninsula",
Indonesia and the Malay World, 2005.
Publication
cms.mohawkcollege.ca
Internet Source
www.scribd.com
Internet Source
filocartia.blogspot.com
Internet Source
university.taylors.edu.my
Internet Source
Ahmad Zakaria, Ros Mahwati, and Ramli
Zuliskandar. "Physical Analysis of the 19th
Century AD East Coast Red Quran Bindings",
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences,
2016.
Publication
BSC ARC (Sem 2) : Culture & History 2 - Report

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BSC ARC (Sem 2) : Culture & History 2 - Report

  • 1. S C H O O L   O F A R C H I T E C T U R E , B U I L D I N G   &   D E S I G N C U L T U R E   &   H I S T O R Y   I I PROJECT 2 : REPORT S A B D BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS) IN ARCHITECTURE ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA
  • 2. Content Introduction
 
 Building Information
 
 History of Building
 
 Site Context Analysis
 
 Architectural Layout of Building
 
 Architectural Style Analysis
 
 Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis
 
 Architectural Elements/Components Analysis
 Conclusion
 
 References 3
 
 4
 
 5
 
 6 - 24
 
 25 - 37
 
 38 - 63
 
 64 - 69
 70 - 79 
 80 81 - 84 2
  • 3. Introduction Malaysia is a country filled with different cultures and tradition unlike any other place. Being a multiracial country, influence from all ethnics and cultures surrounds us everyday. One of the major influences from different cultures and background that we come across everyday would be our local architecture. Malaysia architecture has gain influence from all over, including Asian traditions, Colonial influence, Islamic background and International style. Kuala Lumpur being the capital of Malaysia, is of course, without a doubt the most developed part of the country. After gaining it’s independence, more and more modern buildings started coming up around the city and in the 90s, Malaysia’s concrete jungle came to live with it’s Late Modernist and Post modernist style. The Islamic Arts Museum has taken a tow on Modern Architecture but added touches of details derived from Islamic architecture which brought meaning to the building’s purpose as it’s main reason was to display Islamic arts. The building is well designed in a way where it form an airy and well lit place which gives visitors an indescribable ambience while strolling around the inside of the museum. The seamless continuity of light in the spaces is maintained throughout the galleries, the library and the restaurant. The openness of floor places did not give any restriction in displaying all their artworks and gave a flow for visitors to walk around and enjoy whatever that have to offer. 3
  • 4. Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The Islamic Arts Museum is situated near Lake Gardens and Kuala Lumpur’s Bird Park. It the largest museum to house Islamic art in Southeast Asia. Being of it’s size, it is filled with over 10,000 artefacts. Despite being and Islamic art museum, it’s focus isn’t 100% towards Islamic art, but incorporates components from different parts of Asia such as China and India. Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, Jalan Lembah Perdana, 50480 Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia. +603 2092 7070 or +603 2274 2020
 info@iamm.org.my Address :
 
 Contact :
 E-Mail : 4
  • 5. History Upon entering the museum, a welcome of the museum's booklet gave an insight as to what the museum has to offer. Mirroring the growing interest in Islamic crafts, in December 1998, Malaysia became home to Southeast Asia's biggest historical centre of Islamic crafts. The building possesses 30,000 square meters, arranged in the midst of the verdant surroundings of focal Kuala Lumpur's Lake Gardens. The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia houses more than ten thousand relics, and in addition an excellent library of Islamic workmanship books. The building illustrates the whole view of the Islamic world. The craftsmanship questions in plain view extend from the most minor bits of gems to one of the world's biggest scale models of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. Accentuating towards the Islamic growth in Asia, China and Southeast Asia are particularly all around spoke to. The style of the historical centre building is present day, with an Islamic feel made by the subtle elements instead of by the structure itself. Iranian tile laborers changed the Iwan-style spellbind into a clay woven artwork that edges an inviting verse from the Qur'an. On the rooftop, these artisans transformed the arch development conventions of Central Asia into the building's delegated magnificence. The turquoise-shaded vaults are currently a point of interest on the Kuala Lumpur horizon. Inside the building, the rakishness of 21st century configuration is appeared differently in relation to the delicate, adjusted types of the five arches that rule the exhibition hall's inside. Worked over by skilled workers from Uzbekistan, these forcing highlights frame a mood that is both vaporous and congruity. The consistent congruity of light and space is kept up all through the exhibitions and into different zones of the historical centre, for example, the library and the restaurant. 5
  • 6. S i te C o ntex t An al ys i s 6
  • 7. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA p e r d a n a b o t a n i c a l g a r d e n PLAN The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM); also known as Muzium Kesenian Islam Malaysia was officially established on 12 December 1988. The building is a cross between moderniskc and tradikonal Middle Eastern architecture. It sits in the heart of Kuala Lumpur’s tourist region among the rich landscape of the Perdana Botanical Gardens. IAMM is located in an urban selng, where it harmonizes to the neighbouring context in the company of Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTM Bhd), Masjid Negara, Planetarium Negara, Muzium Polis Diraja Malaysia and Muzium Negara, so on and so forth. The museum is easily accessible through various methods of transportakon system, which one of the mostly used transport is the railway; located opposite of IAMM. IAMM is one of the newly developed building amongst the other historical establishments. It sits slightly on top of a hill; where a part of the museum can only be completely seen upon reaching Jalan Perdana – Lembah. The seleckon of site is well planned as it is located within the areas of public community and to government offices such as the KTMB office and the JAWI office. 7
  • 8. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Carpark Main Entrance 8
  • 9. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Upon arrival (when taking the Jalan Perdana route), an oblique approach of the building is seen. The path to arriving the IAMM can be redirected a few more kmes to prolong the sequence of the approach. Approach of IAMM Upon Arrival 9 BUILDING APPROACH
  • 10. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia That being the case, the entrance of IAMM is seen projected beyond its façade to be more clearly visible. The main entrance of the building is seen projected beyond the facade; defining a field of exterior transikonal space; announcing it’s entry funckon to the approach; thus providing an overhead shelter. Signage of the museum easily seen beside the main entrance 10
  • 11. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia ENTRANCE ACCESS A. MAIN ENTRANCE ON LOWER GROUND FLOOR ( LEGEND 1) MAIN ENTRANCE OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 1 ENTRANCE AT LOWER GROUND FLOOR 11
  • 12. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia ENTRANCE
 STAIRS AND RAMPS To introduce a verkcal dimension and add a temporal quality to the act of entering the IAMM building. Change in split levels to establish a threshold and mark the passage from one place to another within the museum. 12
  • 13. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia A. REHAL TERRACE ENTRANCE ON LEVEL 2 ( LEGEND 2 ) SECOND ENTRANCE (REHAL TERRACE) OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 2 ENTRANCE AT FIRST FLOOR 13
  • 14. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia RESPONSE OF BUILDING TO CLIMATE As viewed from site plan, the spaces can be classified into three disknckve massing solids which surround an opened-space central courtyard that allows maximum light penetrakon and cross air venklakon within the space. 14
  • 15. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 15
  • 16. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Depressed Base Plane Ground plane is lowered to define outdoor spaces which are sheltered. The central courtyard is sunken; while protected from surface-level noise by the solid massing around it. Hence, it funckons as a source of air, light, and views for the underground spaces opening onto it. 16
  • 17. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia TRANSPORTATION There are various methods of transportakon to get to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Public transportakons such as the Light Rail Transit (LRT), monorails and taxis are easily accessible to get to IAMM. 
 IAMM is also located within the bounds of walking distance to the Nakonal Mosque, KL Bird Park and Nakonal Planetarium. Route to IAMM from KL Internakonal Airport via bus/taxi Route to IAMM from LRT Pasar Seni via Light Rail Transit (LRT) 17
  • 18. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia SURROUNDING BUILDINGS The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is surrounded by various historical buildings; which are inclusive of Nakonal Mosque, Islamic Centre, Police Museum, Nakonal Planetarium, Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Headquarters, KL Stakon Malayan Railway Stakon. As coming from Jalan Damansara, the first approach of one of the historical buildings is the Nakonal Museum; Suleiman Building 1930, subsequently the KL Stakon Malayan Railway Stakon and Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) along Jalan Hishamuddin. Following that, Islamic Centre, Al-Bukhary Foundakon and the Nakonal Mosque can be seen before arriving IAMM. LEGEND CASE STUDY BUILDING 1. Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM) NEIGHBOURING BUILDINGS 2. National Mosque 3. Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) 4. Jabatan Agama Wilayah Persekutuan (JAWI) 5. National Planetarium 6. Royal Police Museum Malaysia 18
  • 19. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia HISTORICAL TIMELINE WITHIN TASIK PERDANA DISTRICT 19
  • 20. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia SIMILARITIES WITH SITE CONTEXT (SURROUNDING BUILDINGS) SIMILARITY MOORISH DOMES; INVOLVING MOORISH - ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE INCORPORATING TRADITIONAL & MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN RELATION TO SITE Despite IAMM being built in the late 20th century, its modern architecture skll incorporates the tradikonal Islamic – Moorish architecture; where it involves the use of Moorish domes which is arkculated with decorakve ornaments; similar to the buildings of KTMB and Nakonal Planetarium that were built in early 20th century. Hence, it can be perceived that the IAMM building amalgamates to the site; by bringing a revival of Moorish – tradikonal Islamic architecture; incorporakng to the modern architecture; also adapkng to the new era in the late 20th century. 20
  • 21. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ART, QATAR SITE & SETTING The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is a museum that sits on the Corniche in the town, capital of Doha called Qatari. The museum is designed by the architect I.M. Pei.. The museum was built on November 2008, which is a few years later aser the IAMM building was built; hence it can be perceived that these buildings were constructed about the same era as well. The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is situated in a township where it has easy access to other historical establishments within the district, similarly to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia; where it is located in an area where it has convenient access to many other areas in town. 21
  • 22. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia TRADITIONAL ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE & MODERNISM This establishment incorporates ancient Islamic architecture; and it has a large colleckon of Islamic Art; similar to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia which comprises of tradikonal Islamic Architecture as well. DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ARTS ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 22
  • 23. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia SIMILARITY OF MASSING IN BUILDING DOHA MUSEUM OF ISLAMIC ARTS ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM MALAYSIA 23
  • 24. Site Context Analysis Racquel Ooi Yi Lynn 0326676 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia In both context of the buildings, it can be perceived that the outdoor space (sunken space) is defined through the ground plane being lowered; which protects surface-level noise by the solid massing surrounding the space. Hence, this space acts as a source of air, light, and views for the underground spaces opening onto it. 24
  • 25. Arch i tectu ral L ayo u t o f B u i l d i n g 25
  • 26. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia PLAN TO SECTION OR ELEVATION The horizontal configurakon of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building plans shares a verkcal relakonship to the building’s seckon as well as its elevakon. The spakal use of the building can be seen through its organisakon of ackvikes at certain locakons. Withstanding, it gives reinforcements on the massing, geometrical, hierarchy, symmetry, balance, addikve, subtrackve, relakonships of unit to whole and repekkve to unique ideals. Architectural layout refers to analysing and determining the relakonships between architectural spaces, rooms, structures and other physical features within a consolidate structure. This topic follows through analysing the layout of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia and its comparison to that of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha. ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA 26
  • 27. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia PLAN ELEVATION An analogous relakonship is what connects the plan to its elevakon. This is apparent as seen in the building’s plans where the domes are located and that generally configure the shape of the domes in the building’s elevakon. The analogous relakonship analyses the resemblances in the configurakon of the plan to its seckon or elevakon. This refers to differences in form language, size, locakon or irregular increments of change—which accounts for resemblance instead of equivalence. ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA 27
  • 28. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Similarly to the I.M. Pei’s work of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, these two buildings have a combinakon of form language and size changes, which evokes variakon. PLAN SECTION ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA 28
  • 29. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The building’s plan share a different relakonship with the building’s seckon as they connect through a one to one-half relakonship. A one one-half relakonship refers to the configurakon of the whole plan or seckon is equivalent to the part of the other. PLAN LONGITUDINAL SECTION ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA 29
  • 30. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Compared to the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, which has a straighvorward visual conneckon in regards of the relakonship in its plan and elevakon, the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building has a somewhat obvious visualisakon of parts of its seckon in the building’s plans. ELEVATION PLAN ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA 30
  • 31. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia CIRCULATION TO USE-SPACE Circulakon to use-space generally comprehends the significant dynamic and stakc components of a building as well as provides a clear movement and stable condikons as per formed in the essence of the building. Circulakon configures the engagement of ackvikes and access to each use-space—that is the main focus of architectural design of funckon. The analysis revolves about the pawern that follows the relakonship between the major spaces of the building. The relakonship of the spaces within the building is connected through a radial circulakon path. Each floor of the building is verkcally connected through accessibilikes of stairs and ramps. The locakon of these accessibilikes coincides amongst the display cases which uklises the radial circulakon pawern. This provides flexibility in passing and culng through spaces and creakng spaces of rest and mokon, which maintains the integrity of the building’s design layout. RADIAL CIRCULATION PATTERN 31
  • 32. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia ORGANISATION: - SYMMETRY AND BALANCE The Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia buildings components are perceived and conceived to sub stain equilibrium in its built form. Balance is achieved through configurakon—whereby the building components achieved equilibrium but are different in shape and language form. Evidently so, the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia building is asymmetrically balanced withstanding the locakons of its designated spaces that separates the public showrooms to the semi-public spaces. The blue lines signify the asymmetry of the building which brings about the balance in the spakal division within the building. - GEOMETRY The museum building’s form is determined with solid geometrical forms and planes. The building, as one can easily perceived, is designed with squares. The combinakons of squares would then form a grid that further assists in the designing subdivisions of funckonal spaces according to its purposes. The red lines signify how the subdivisions of spaces concur to the geometric form of the building’s ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA ELEVATIONPLAN 32
  • 33. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia - HIERARCHY The museum follows a rank ordering of elements that relates to the awributes of importance. This is important as it influences the placement of showcases and displays throughout the arrangement of the building’s form. IAMM: Beginning from the lower ground floor, the spaces here are dedicated to act as the building’s entrance and exit, which is why the recepkon as well as the gis shop is located here. Special Gallery 1 is located here as well where it displays the beginning of Islam. IAMD: Beginning from the first floor, the spaces are delegated as a beginning of the museum’s experience as it locates the auditorium as well as the special exhibikon gallery (which inhibits the main awrackon of the museum). ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA 33
  • 34. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia IAMM: Following that, the ground floor has a transcendent outlook as the inverted dome hangs here. Further in, the museum’s café and library locates here for visitors’ convenience. A courtyard is located here as well as the Special Gallery 2 which follows Special Gallery 1’s theme of introducing the Islamic culture and its beginnings. IAMD: Next, the second floor displays the introduckon and visual art forms of the Islamic culture. ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA 34
  • 35. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia IAMM: The first floor is showcases the Malay, Chinese, Indian, Quran and Manuscript as well as Architecture Galleries. This signifies the expand of cultures and its co-relakon to the other exiskng cultures within their kme periods. IAMD: The third floor showcases significant eras and countries of development of the Islamic art kmeline, beginning from the 7th century to the 19th. ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA 35
  • 36. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia IAMM: The second floor displays the Islamic crass such as ceramics, jewellery, texkle, metalwork, weapons and coins. Located on this floor but is projected outside, the main dome—the blue dome. This floor displays the wonders of the Islamic culture in visual art forms. IAMD: The fourth floor locates the temporary exhibikons, displaying artefacts and works that are limited for showcasing. ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF DOHA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM OF MALAYSIA 36
  • 37. Architectural Layout of Building Rebecca Marie Tanduba 0322757 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The hierarchal order of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia follows from a chronology of the background to the achievements that were produced. The pawern goes on that it exhibits the bigger picture before going into the details of the Islamic cultural empire. The hierarchal order of the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha, on the other hand, approaches a descending order of interests, starkng from the main (commercialised) exhibikon to the temporary exhibikons. The showcasing goes in an order that is reverse of that of the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia—from minor details before escalakng towards the bigger picture. 37
  • 38. Arch i tectu ral S tyl e An al ys i s 38
  • 39. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Introduckon
 All buildings that we see or come across nowadays will definitely be categorised under a certain type of architectural style. From prehistoric architecture to gothic architecture and whats popular amongst us today, modern architecture, all building will have a specific style or even a mixture of styles depending of it’s elements, features and characteriskcs.
 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia
 Based on a brief research, the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is a mixture of two architectural era. The style of the museum consist of components, details and characteriskcs of Islamic Architecture and Internakonal Style. It carries equal features of both architectural style and it’s not predominantly one or the other.
 39
  • 40. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha
 As an internakonal case study in comparison to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM) , I’ve understood that the Museum of Islamic Arts (MIA) , Doha by I.M. Pei pertains some nokceable feature of Islamic Architecture, but the building is very much design with the heavy influence of contemporary architecture. Unlike Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, the MIA is predominantly Internakonal style. I.M. Pei explained how his design of the MIA has taken inspirakon from the Ibn Tulun Mosque in Cairo. I.M. Pei states his belief of how the water feature of Ibn Tulun Mosque being surrounded by rounded arches has the essence of Islamic architecture. However, I.M. Pei altered his design to suit a more contemporary, more internakonal style building but maintaining features of Islamic Architecture that are subtle and not so much in your face. 40
  • 41. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Islamic Architecture Islamic architecture is widely used in many countries, prominently distinguished in religious buildings such as mosques and madrasahs. Not only that, Islamic architecture can be spotted in countries and places ruled by Muslims. The architecture in Muslim countries will show its evidence from public places such as mausoleum also known as a monument to houses events. The other types of buildings/structures showcasing Islamic architecture includes caravanserai, casbah/citadel and hammam. The most important features in Islamic architecture are pointed arches, window openings and domes. Dome of Rock Timur Mausoleum Islamic architecture focuses on balance and symmetry, concept of perfect creation, landscape, entered upon God and the use of striated masonry.
 41
  • 42. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia In Islamic architecture, there are a few important components that distinguishes itself from other types of architecture. - Mihrab - Sahn - Qibla
 - Minbar - Minaret - Chatti
 
 - Iwan - Harem
 
 - Bab - Selamlik Mihrab Sahn Portable Qibla CompassMinaret Iwan Minbar 42
  • 43. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Features/Characteriskcs In Islamic architecture, despite having many domes in a building, there is usually a dome that is more prominent as compared to the other domes located throughout the same building, this is know as the main dome (Kubah Utama). The space under the main dome is usually the space where it draws the most attention to, whether it’s the main prayer hall or something else. The space under the main dome usually has the most volume as compared to the rest of the building, and it’s purpose is to welcome people and users into the space. Blue Mosque in Muscat Jame Mosque of Yazd 43
  • 44. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Early Islamic architecture is mainly derived from Persian architecture such as arches and arcades. They too have components borrowed from Early Christians and Byzantine era such as striated masonry. Arches & Arcades
 Tin Mal Mosque Striated Masonry
 El Aksa Mosque During one of the Eras in Islamic Architecture, the Atrium/Courtyard is ornamented with a large scale geometrical pattern. 44
  • 45. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Islamic architecture aren’t crazy on decorations and ornamentations unlike the Baroque era. They only showcase abstract mosaics, geometry shapes (circle emphasizes one god ; triangle symbolizes human and harmony ; square symbolizes physical experiences and materiality ; hexagon symbolizes heaven ; star symbolizes the spread of Islam) , calligraphic, arabesques (Islimi) and water. Mosaics Calligraphic Arabesques
 (Floral Mokfs) Geometry Shapes Water Features Decorakons / Ornamentakons 45
  • 46. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia International Style of Modern Architecture International style is widely used and common amongst buildings nowadays. Ever since it first made its debut back in the 1920s, buildings after buildings started popping up one by one all over the world. It is widespread among skyscrapers in America and this style eventually took a toll on churches, schools and even houses.
 
 The response for this movement is so great because of the idea of prefabrication materials, not only did it increase employment in factories back in the days but it definitely help constructing buildings easier. This has reduces decorations and ornamentations and increase the use of steel and glass which gave buildings and sleek and minimal look. The removal of decorations and elements which carries little to no function to the building and creating something as aesthetically please with only prefabricated materials has pushed design to it’s limits. Villa Savoye Museum of Modern Arts 46
  • 47. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The characteristics of an International Style building consist of rectilinear forms and planes surfaces. Open floor plans are important as they believed “Less is More”. The usage of modern materials such as reinforced concrete, steel, glass, marble etc is a key feature in International Style. Bethlehem Bapkst Church The Bauhaus School Building Internakonal Style Floor Plan Falingwater (Interior) 47
  • 48. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Case study comparison analysis
 
 
 (Islamic Architecture) Based on my research, the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia contains components, ornamentations and features of Islamic Architecture . Applicakon of Dome 1. Inverted Dome 1. Inverted Dome 2. China World Gallery Dome Dome 48
  • 49. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 5. Architecture Gallery Dome 5 1 2 3 4 4. Quran & Manuscript Gallery Dome3. Malay World Gallery Dome 49
  • 50. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Arches on the south east of the building Aches being an important feature of Islamic architecture, the IAMM has implemented this in their design. The arches featured in the IAMM isn’t very decorative and they carry a slightly more modern look as compared to traditional Islamic arches. Water Feature in the Courtyard (Sahn) Arches Water Feature 50
  • 51. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Usage of Mosaics and Floral Mokfs are visible in the IAMM as it’s located on the main facade as well as the exterior of the dome. Floral mokf displayed on theFacade Pillar Floral mokf displayed on the Dome Mosaics / Floral Mokfs Replicakon of Mihrab placed in the museum is for display purposes. It does not mark the the exact direckon of the Qibla. Mihrab 51
  • 52. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Inverted Dome Atrium Main Lobby Atrium Geometrical Shapes Courtyard Wall IAMM has featured large geometrical shapes in atriums throughout the building. The most disknckve geometrical shape that has been featured is hexagons which symbolizes heaven, stars which symbolizes God and squares which symbolises materiality. 52
  • 53. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The calligraphic used on both the facade and the Dome of the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia translates to, “Roam the Earth, and observe how the creation was initiated. Thus God will establish the final creation. God is capable of all things.” - Surah Al- Ankabut, Verse 20. Usage of Calligraphy Calligraphic 53
  • 54. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Courtyard The courtyard of the IAMM is located between the restaurant and the main dome atrium. This space itself show cases a few islamic architecture features as well as international style. Despite being outdoor, it’s not hot because the water feature gave the area a cooling effect. It’s one of the main features of this museum. 54
  • 55. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (International Style)
 
 The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is also design based on International Style despite it’s Islamic architectural components. The usage of glass is abundant in the museum as well well steel and concrete giving it a modern, contemporary look. Usage of Glass and Concrete Usage of marble and steel Usage of prefabricated railings and glass Recklinear forms and planes Openess of floor plan 55
  • 56. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha (Islamic Architecture) As for the Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha, all these Islamic features and characteristics are very subtle and it’s doesn't scream Islamic architecture at first glance. As a strong support of my research, the applicakon of a dome. When you think of a dome, you think of a hemisphere. I.M. Pei has designed a double-shell dome but it take a cubic form on the outside. He applied styles from the modern era and Islamic architecture in just this one feature alone. Coffered domes were also added to the interior Dome Exterior of Main Dome Interior of Main Dome 56
  • 57. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Arches Arches being on of the features in Islamic architecture, the MIA has implemented that. Unlike Islamic architecture, the arches at the MIA isn’t as decorakve and it’s more toned down to match the modern era. Arches by the Courtyard Mihrab The glass curtain is one of the most beaukful and most sought for feature of the MIA in Doha. It is actually design to replicate a Mihrab. It’s was design to signify Islamic architecture despite it not funckoning as a Mihrab nor is it facing the Imam in Mecca. 57
  • 58. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Water Feature A water canal and a water fountain has been placed in front of the main entrance of the MIA. A few water features were placed in the courtyard as well. Not to menkon, the whole museum itself is surrounded by the Persian gulf. Water Canal Water Fountain Water Feature (Courtyard) Persian Gulf Interior Water Fountain 58
  • 59. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Geometrical Shapes MIA has also featured large geometrical shapes on the floor of the main atrium of the Museum. MIA has also showcased a water feature with a strong geometrical form by the glass curtain. Ablaq Despite not featuring floral mokfs and calligraphic as decorakon and ornamentakons, MIA features the Ablaq, which is an Islamic architecture feature involving alternakng rows of light and dark stone. Floor of main atrium Geometric Water Fountain (interior) Ablaq on exterior wall of MIA Ablaq on interior wall of MIA 59
  • 60. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Courtyard The courtyard of the MIA is located on the east and west of the museum. This space is flourished with water features and arches. City skyline and the Persian Gulf is noticeable from both courtyards. The western courtyard is has lesser arches as compared to the central courtyard but the western courtyard is connected to a boat dock. The central courtyard however connects the main building to the library. West Courtyard West Courtyard Central Courtyard West Courtyard Central Courtyard Central Courtyard 60
  • 61. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (International Style) The Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha, all these Islamic features and characteristics are very subtle and it’s doesn't scream Islamic architecture at first glance. Immense Usage of Glass Usage of marble throughout exterior of building Usage of prefabricated railings and glass Recklinear forms and planes
 (also a form of cubism) Openess floor plan Usage of marble (interior) 61
  • 62. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Features
 (Islamic and Internakonal Style) Islamic Arts Museum, Doha Consist of 5 Dome, 1 of which is inverted and it happens to be the main Dome. Dome Faceted dome at the top of the atrium, taken cube form from the exterior. Located on the south-east of the building. Arches Present throughout the building. Arch windows located on the facade of building as well as walls of the courtyard. Present in the courtyard. Water Feature L o c a t e d a c r o s s t h e entrance of the building and inside the building by the glass curtains and gulf surrounding the museum Replication present but not functional. Mihrab Idea applied to glass curtain but not functional. Can be found on the dome and facade of the building. Mosaics / Floral Motif No evidence of mosaics or floral motifs. As decorative features. Located on the walls in the courtyard, as well as decoration on the ceiling of the main lobby. Geometrical Shapes Plan view of building s h o w s a d i s t i n c t geometrical form. Interior water feature shows a clear geometrical shape as well. Can be found on the dome and facade of the building. Caligraphic No evidence of calligraphy. No evidence of Ablaq. Ablaq Can be found both on the exterior and interior of the building. Can be found north-west of the building. Located right next to the main dome (Inverted dome) Courtyard One located on the west a n d o n e l o c a t e d i n between the main building and library. Can be seen in elevation and plan of the building. Doesn't show organic forms. Rectilinear Forms/Plans Can be seen in elevation and plan of the building. Doesn't show organic forms. Present thought elevations of the building. Usage of Glass/Concrete Infamous glass curtain displays a use of glass. When enter, the whole area can be seen. No room within rooms and no hidden corners. Open Floor Plan Floor plan seemed open with few secluded corners. Railings for ramps and stairs are all prefabricated. Usage of Prefabricated Materials Glass balustrade and railings for spiral stairs are prefabricated. Summary Table 62
  • 63. Architectural Style Analysis Renee Teoh Yen Qin 0322438 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Although both museums showcase similar and distinct features of Islamic architecture and international style. The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia has translated Modern Islamic Architecture in a more direct way as compared to the Museum of Islamic arts in Doha. 
 
 As a visitor , you’ll definitely be able to distinguish the style of Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, but without research and understanding of Islamic Architecture, you wouldn’t think the Museum of Islamic Arts in Doha conjured any features and components of Islamic Architecture.
 
 All in all, they are two well planned projects of Islamic architecture that fits into today’s modern society. Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Museum of Islamic Arts, Doha 63
  • 64. Bu i l d i n g Con stru cti on , S tru ctu re & Materi al An al ys i s 64
  • 65. Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The national Islamic museum of Kuala Lumpur was constructed with a clear influence of Islamic and with a little touch of modern architecture. Elements of Islamic architecture are shown in the diagrams below. Figure 1.0 shows the Mihrab located at the entrance of the Islamic arts museum. The MIhrab is one of the main characteristics of Islamic architecture. It points towards the direction of Mecca. Figure 1.1 shows the dome in the museum. The dome is a significant element in Islamic architecture as it has Islamic calligraphy writings on it. (FIGURE 1.1) (FIGURE 1.0) Building Construckon 65
  • 66. Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The structure also has an organic form with some curves in the interior of the building. The foundation of the museum was constructed with the usage of concrete piling to stabilize and support the heavy structure. As shown in figure 1.2 (FIGURE 1.2) 66
  • 67. Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Building Materials CERAMIC TILES
 ceramic kles are used throughout the building. The use of ceramic kles is to represent Islamic architecture as it is an Islamic museum. Ceramic kles are very durable and require very less maintenance. This means that the kles last for a very long kme without fading away LAMINATED GLASS
 Glass is widely used in the museum both for interior and exterior purposes. Glass allows natural light to pass through therefore reducing the usage of electricity in the museum. Glass is also used to protect the displays from damages. CONCRETE PILLARS 
 concrete pillars are used in the exterior of the building to help hold the building together and also to form the skeleton of the building. Concrete pillars are strong and can provide support to the whole building MARBLE TILES
 Marble kles are used in the interior and exterior of the museum. Marble kles are proven to be very durable and can withstand strong heat but are also a hassle to maintain. It also improves the overall look of the building 67
  • 68. Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia COLUMNS 
 colunms are used in the inner parts of the museum to support the ceiling and also to provide a bewer visual effect to the interior PLASTER CEILING 
 Plaster ceiling is used for the ceilings of every floor. It has superior workability that allows it to be shaped into various pawerns. This is shown by the pawern on the ceiling of the museum. MARBLE FLOORING
 Marble is used as the flooring of the interior spaces in the museum. Marble enhances the overall look of the place and also blends in with the art and also pillars of the building. Marble also brings a cooling effect to the building thus making the environment inside the building colder and more comfortable 68
  • 69. Building Construction, Structure & Material Analysis Raveender Singh 0322490 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia COMPARISON OF ISLAMIC ARTS MUSUEM MALAYSIA AND ISLAMIC ARTS MUSUEM OF DOHA ISLAMIC ARTS MUSUEM KL ISLAMIC ARTS MUSEUM DOHA 
 ARCHITECURE 
 Incoperate mostly Islamic architecture 
 uses mostly modern and cubic architecture 
 FORM AND SHAPE 
 Made up of basic geometric shapes 
 Made up of all geometric and asymmetrical shapes 
 LOCATION 
 located In the middle of the city in a very conjusted area 
 located in the middle of the lake providing a very clam environment 
 MATERIALS 
 uses a variety of materials that potray Islamic architecture and also provides various kinds of benefits to the building 
 uses mostly all the same materials as the museum in kl and serves the same purpose 
 CONCLUSION 
 This building is build by incooperaring as many Islamic elements as possible making it a simple building that also reflects the architecture of islam 
 This building is build mainly using modern architecture and is also much more beaukful and complex compared to the museum in KL. 69
  • 70. Arch i tectu ral E l ement s / C o mp o n ent s An al ys i s 70
  • 71. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 1. Glass Door Entrance Floor plan of Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 71
  • 72. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia This building welcomes its visitors with a clear and big tempered glass sliding door with aluminium frame. The transparent glass door allows natural light to enter the building. The space does not receive direct light from the sun so the lobby is not always brightly lit because the there is no window on the other sides of the lobby. 72
  • 73. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 2. Panel A white decagon panel in the middle of the high ceiling gives the space a feeling of the purity and the star symbolises Islamic. The detailed pawerns on the star are of gold which makes the panel the awrackon of the room when light shines on it. The panel is actually air-condikoner designed to bring a different kind of atmosphere to the space. 3. Inverted Dome The inverted dome in the hall gets all the awenkon when visitors first step into the galley. It is also one of the main awrackons of the building. The shade of pastel colour blends in to the rest of the space magnifies the effect of the dome which makes visitors sink in. One feature of the building that makes the dome stand out is the minimal amount of walls at the surrounding. 73
  • 74. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia Also, there are detailed carvings on the dome that illuminate light. The wrikngs on the dome symbolises Islamic. 4. Dome The dome emphasises on open spaces and Islamic’s geographical origins. The dome increases the aesthekcian with the help of the light. It stands out in the space because of its curvature circular shape surrounded with solid squares and rectangular elements. 74
  • 75. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 5. Exterior Dome The big turquoise dome placed on top of the building symbolises Islamic and it brings out the specialikes of Islamic by adding carvings of Islamic wrikngs on the surface. It awracts awenkon of people outside the museum and lets people know that it is an Islamic place by just looking. 75
  • 76. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 6. Column The column is a Corinthian column that has carvings of different designs. The strong and double- storey tall columns are placed around the gallery. It rises the standard of the space and gives a different atmosphere. 7. Glass Window All the windows in this museum are huge glass windows which allow natural lights to enter. However, there are shades extended outside of the glass windows, creakng only parts of the light rays are able to enter the museum. The building receives dimmed sunlight so the dome stands out among the elements. 76
  • 77. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 8. Stairs The stairs is special in its own way as it curves up to another floor which blends in just fine among the other elements around the stairs which are edgy. The staircase is placed in just the right posikon that as soon as visitors are at their last steps, they will be awracted to the inverted dome which makes it an incredible entrance. 77
  • 78. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia In comparison to the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, we have chosen Islamic Arts Museum in Doha to be compared. 1. The water fountain Water features acts as items to beaukfy a place. The water fountain is one of the most significant elements as it is built at the entrance of the museum. It catches the awenkon of the visitors before they enter the building. It is also considered as one of the salient architecture elements of all Islamic dynaskes. It gives the place a sense of beaukfulness and peace. 
 
 While in the Islamic Arts Museum in Malaysia, the water feature is rather smaller and different. It catches the awenkon of the visitors but at the same kme, it stays humble without gelng all the awenkon. Visitors will skll have their eyes on the surrounding and buildings. 78
  • 79. Architectural Elements / Components Analysis Rachel Yeo Chi Xuan 0323005 Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia 2. Dome View from exterior View from interior The dome element in the interior of the museum was the coffered domes that cover the ceilings of each floor. The concept is extraordinary by using the small domes to cover the ceilings of the museum. It is different from the domes in the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia as the domes in Malaysia is more to round while the dome in Doha is edgy. It is also different from the exterior. The exterior of the dome in Malaysia is round whereas the dome in Doha is squarish. 79
  • 80. Conclusion The Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia ventured towards signifying Islamic architecture with the local Malaysian architecture blend into it. With the incorporation of these two styles with a modern twist, exists Malaysia’s famous home for displaying Islamic cultural arts. Its perceivable geometrically-clad building and minimal external ornamentation evokes a plain feeling and exudes the authoritarian vibe, instead of a commercial one. This contradicted the museum’s settings as it locates itself in one of Kuala Lumpur’s famous commercial hubs. Its plain exteriors also contradicts its elusive interiors that is fully ornamented with Islamic-modernist decorations and design. This gave the museum a grand-like transition from its outdoors to indoors. Adopting from this observation, the museum conceptualises the idea of Malaysian Islamic art cultures in its exhibition pieces as well as its decor. Leaving behind subtle hints of the evolvement of Islamic culture in various components throughout the showcases within the building. Known for being the most prominent Islamic arts museum in Southeast Asia, the Islamic Arts Museum of Malaysia began with the intention of fabricating the Islamic cultural arts into its structure. This intention coincides the Islamic Arts Museum of Doha whereby its architect, I.M. Pei, revelled on a journey of capturing the “true essence” of Islamic architecture. The fabrication and interpretation of each buildings’ architects on one of the most unique and prominent cultures has managed to celebrate the Islamic culture as it is, kindling interests in the uniqueness of its final outcome. 80
  • 81. References BOOKS Clark, R. & Pause, M. (2012). Precedents in architecture (1st ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons. Salin, F. (2013). The Museum of Islamic Art (Form,Percepkon and Environment) (1st ed.). Illinois, USA: CommonGroundPublishing. WEBSITES Archnet. (n.d.). Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Retrieved from hwp://archnet.org/sites/5074/ media_contents/36753 Asia-Europe Museum Network. (2016). Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. Retrieved from hwp:// asemus.museum/museum/islamic-arts-museum-malaysia/ Design Colleckve | Museum of Islamic Art - Doha, Qatar. (2016). Design Colleckve. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://www.designcolleckve.co.za/museum-of-islamic-art-doha-qatar/ desMena » Museum of Islamic Art, Doha by I. M. Pei. (2016). Desmena.com. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://desmena.com/2010/07/museum-of-islamic-art-doha-by-i-m-pei/ Ferwak, M. (2016). The Museum of Islamic Art_Form-Percepkon- and Environment. Academia.edu. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://www.academia.edu/7618939/ The_Museum_of_Islamic_Art_Form-Percepkon-_and_Environment History of Islamic Architecture. (2011). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp:// www.slideshare.net/shahrilkhairi/history-of-islamic-architecture IAMM | Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2016). Iamm.org.my. Retrieved 17 November 2016, from hwp://www.iamm.org.my 81
  • 82. References Internakonal Style Architecture. (2015). Retrieved 2 November 2016, from hwp:// www.slideshare.net/fethullah95/internakonal-style- architectureqid=106342be-6c91-4d80a405-92653a8df9fc&v=&b=&from_search=1 Internakonal Style of Modern Architecture: Origins, Characteriskcs. (2016). Visual- arts-cork.com. Retrieved 2 November 2016, from hwp://www.visual-arts-cork.com/ architecture/internakonal- style.htm Introduckon to Islamic Architecture | Muslim Heritage. (2016). Muslimheritage.com. Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://muslimheritage.com/arkcle/introduckon-islamic-architecture Islamic architecture. (2016). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwps:// global.britannica.com/topic/Islamic-architecture Islamic Architecture. (2008). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://www.slideshare.net/ iqamar/islamic-architecture-lecture Islamic Architecture. (2013). Retrieved 1 November 2016, from hwp://www.slideshare.net/ saiAltovar/islamic-architecture-history Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2014). About Us. Retrieved from hwp://www.iamm.org.my/ about-us/ Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia. (2016). asiaeuropefoundakon. Retrieved November 8, 2016, from ASEMUS Asia-Europe Museum Network hwp://asemus.museum/museum/islamic-arts-museum-malaysia/ Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia - Floor Plan | Venue Directory. (2016). Venue.myceb.com.my. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://venue.myceb.com.my/floor-plan/islamic-arts- museum-malaysia-floor-plan 82
  • 83. References Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia | Longitudinal seckon, second floor plan | Archnet. (2016). Archnet.org. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://archnet.org/sites/5074/media_contents/ 36757 Islamic Tourism Center of Malaysia. (2016). Masjid Negara (Nakonal Mosque). Retrieved from hwp://www.itc.gov.my/mosque/masjid-negara-nakonal-mosque/ jackiekraven (2016). Column Types and Styles, Ancient to Modern. Retrieved November 8, 2016, from Architect Expert hwp://architecture.about.com/od/buildingparts/tp/Column-Styles.htm Kevin D Riley Jr Wentworth Architecture. (2016). Myweb.wit.edu. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://myweb.wit.edu/rileyk/Kevin_D_Riley_Jr/circulakon.html KTM Berhad. (2016). Mengenai KTMB. Retrieved from hwp://www.ktmb.com.my/ktmb/ index.php?r=portal/index Kuriositas. (2010). The Museum of Islamic Art. Retrieved from hwp://www.kuriositas.com/ 2010/04/museum-of-islamic-art.html Malaysia focuses on Islamic art from Southeast Asia - ASEF culture360.asef.org. (2016). ASEF culture360.asef.org. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://culture360.asef.org/magazine/ malaysia-focuses-on-islamic-art-from-southeast-asia/ Nakonal Planetarium. (2016). Profil Korporat. Retrieved from hwp:// www.planetariumnegara.gov.my/?q=arkcle/profil-korporat Poopong, K. (2016). Museum of Islamic Art : By I.M. Pei. Housevariety.blogspot.my. Retrieved 26 November 2016, from hwp://housevariety.blogspot.my/2011/02/museum-of-islamic-art-by-im- pei.html#.WDeTZeF94dU 83
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