The Comparison Between English Idioms and Indonesian Idioms
The Comparison Between
English Idioms and Indonesian
Hade Hilma Syahidah
International Class Program of STAIN Salatiga
What is idiom?
Idiom is phrases which people use in
everyday language which do not
make sense literally but we
understand what they mean.
An idiom is an expression that has a
meaning apart from the meanings of
its individual words.
Bookworm or kutu buku
Someone who loves reading very much.
If you describe someone as a bookworm,
he/she likes reading very much and reads a lot.
• My daughter was a real bookworm when she
was a child.
• I found the joys of reading when I read that
book. I became a bookworm after that.
Scapegoat or kambing hitam
If someone, who is innocent,
gets the blame for something that has
• Rahmayani says the authorities often makes
the university students the scapegoat, when
the real cause of the problems maybe
Stage-fright or demam panggung
Stage-fright often occurs just before they
person is due to appear on stage in front of
• She is just too nervous to sing right now.
Maybe later but at the moment she is
suffering from stage-fright. Let's wait
until she calms down a bit, okay?
Crocodile tears or mata buaya
Someone may be crying but they are not
really upset. They are crying but just
for effect or for show — the tears are
not real at all.
• “They were just crocodile tears. She
wanted people to take notice of her and
she used crying to get their attention.
They weren't real tears at all”
Work like a dog or banting
Work very hard.
• John is just very busy at work. He never
has time to have lunch. He works 18 hours a
day, seven days a week, John works like a
The same words
• Let the cat out of the bag
Reveal a secret.
• Beli kucing dalam karung
Choose something that someone don’t know
a good quality.
• thick skinned : muka tembok
• above the salt : darah biru
• swelled head : besar kepala
• guinea pig : kelinci percobaan
• puppy love / childish crush : cinta monyet
• better safe than sorry : sedia payung
• window shopping / taking in another view :