Measurement1: Ang Fuey Lin
Construction Technology1:Leong Boon Tik
Building Materials: Pn. Hasmanira Mokhtar
Recently we went to site visitation lead by our lecturer Ang Fuey Lin. Our site was in the
Klang valley. It is a first site visitation since Sem 1. The site visitation conducted on 20th June
as a part of our learning process and assignment for; Construction Technology, Building
Material and Measurement. The aim of this assignment is to apply the theoretical knowledge to
practical. This report identifies the overall construction management, how construction done,
technologies and materials used for one construction.
The building was situated in the Jalan Klang Lama. It was twenty-five story building.
Until the level seven it is for car-parking and commercial purposes; from level seven to level
twenty-five it is for residential purposes. Four levels of car park, three levels of commercial
spaces and probably there will be 400-403 apartments. The main purpose of the building is to
link via bridge to the next shopping center called Pearl Point. The developer of the construction
is ENCORP BERHAD.
SAFETY: Before the site visitation we had to take some safety precaution. We bought
BUILDING STRUCTURE: The first things we notice when we arrived at site, that basic
structure of the building like slab, columns and beams are exposed. Basically there are two
kinds of structure of a building 1) sub structure and 2) super structure. The picture below
showing the super structure of the building. Super-structure is that part of the structure which is
above ground level, and which serves the purpose of its intended use. Next to see the sub
structure of the building we had to go to basement. In the basement there is another car park
used for commercial purpose and the foundation of the building still exposed.
Sub-structure basically Foundation is the lower portion of the building, usually located
below the ground level, which transmits the loads of the super-structure to the supporting soil.
Foundation of this construction done by Contiguous piling. This method used when work space
is limited and to control over the ground movement.
Then column is vertical configuration in a structure. Usually it bears the loads of the
building and transfer to earth. Beam is the horizontal configuration in a structure that transfer
the load of slab to column and last of all slab transfer the structural load to soil. On the whole
column, beam and slab are load bearer.
EQUIPMENT USED: There is a portable concrete mixture, which can easily move from
one place to another.
PORTABLE CONCRETE MIXTURE
There is electricity power generator to run other equipment in the construction site.
The image below showing tower crane in the construction site. Crane basically used for
carrying heavy items in construction. Crane equipped with a winder/rope drum. Tower crane
always fixed with ground.
The another crane we noticed called truck mounted crane, same function like other
crane but it can move around the construction site.
TRUCK MOUNTED CRANE
The general principle of a scaffolding is to provide a platform for workers and materials
while work takes place. It can be used for a variety of purposes, including: Maintaining the
exterior of an existing structure eg. Painting, providing working platforms for workers building a
structure, stair towers for access to other raised platforms such as flat roofs, temporary roofs
temporary walkways, temporary bridges.
Goods bearing truck always move around the construction site for to carry materials.
Ventilation duct use for passing the air in the building.
RAW MATERIAL USED: Cement is the main component of concrete. It's an
economical, high-quality construction material used in construction projects worldwide.
Cement, one of the key construction materials available today.
Cement is made from a mixture of calcium carbonate (generally in the form of
limestone), silica, iron oxide and alumina.
Concrete is a versatile construction material: it is plastic and malleable when newly
mixed, yet strong and durable when hardened.
The another material is very noticeable, because it was spreader everywhere in the
construction site and that is Reinforcement bar. Reinforcing steel bars are used for
reinforcement of concrete structure. Rebar is common steel reinforcing bar, an important
component of reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures. It is usually formed from
mild steel, and is given ridges for better frictional adhesion to the concrete. Rebar is formed
into it to carry the tensile loads.
Timber is the most environment friendly materials used in construction. Basically timber
used is construction to accomplish formwork. The role of timber, reducing the carbon footprint
of the construction industry.
ACCOMODATION AND SCHEDULE FOR WORKERS: On the site there is some
workers accommodation for convenience. So that neighborhood won’t be affected, there will
be no traffic jam because of workers have accommodation in the site and schedule will make
sure that work load distribute and done properly and the building handover on time.
SAFETY PRECAUTION FOR WORKERS: In the site there is a safety measure for
workers, we noticed, some safety signs and warnings for workers and others people related
LEARNING OUTCOME: The learning outcome of this site visit and assignment are very
simple. Gain our knowledge through practical learning with our theoretical knowledge. When
we visited site everything become more clear and practical knowledge become stable in our
memory, understanding of how construction and measurement done of a structure and the
application the building materials/resourses.