Indian%20Law.ppt

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Indian%20Law.ppt

  1. 1. Indian Law Research Guide: Indian Law Research
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Indian </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Tribe </li></ul><ul><li>Federally Recognized Tribe </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reservations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allotted land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent Indian communities </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Washington Reservations
  4. 4. Washington Reservations – and the Lands the Indians Ceded
  5. 5. Muckleshoot Reservation
  6. 6. U.S. Reservations
  7. 7. Sovereignty <ul><li>Indian tribes are sovereign: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inherent rights to self-determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But federal government can limit sovereignty </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treaties <ul><li>Pre-1871 </li></ul><ul><li>See links from guide </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: find provisions in treaties with Northwest tribes about fishing rights. Compare provisions for Duwamish, Makah, Yakama </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tribal Codes <ul><li>See links from guide </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: Your client lives in Sequim. She is afraid of her ex-boyfriend who lives on the Makah reservation. Can she petition for an order of protection? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Federal Trust Responsibility <ul><li>“[The government’s] conduct, as disclosed in the acts of those who represent it in dealings with the Indians, should . . . be judged by the most exacting fiduciary standards.” </li></ul><ul><li>Seminole Nation v. U.S. (1942) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jurisdiction <ul><li>Civil / Criminal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PL 280 (1953) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tribe </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul>
  12. 12. Major Federal Statutes <ul><li>Indian Civil Rights Act (1968) </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Child Welfare Act (1978) </li></ul><ul><li>American Indian Religious Freedom Act (1978) </li></ul><ul><li>Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hypo 1 <ul><li>Ingrid Hansen has been taking care of her sister’s two children while her sister was deployed in Iraq. She has learned that her sister was killed, and she would like to make the custody permanent. </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>(Can you find Washington state regs on adopting Indian children?) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hypo 2 <ul><li>The Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees union has been approached by staff at the Tulalip Casino. Can the employees there unionize? Will the NLRB have jurisdiction? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Indian Claims Commission
  17. 17. BIA <ul><li>Cobell litigation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Taxes <ul><li>Nat’l Council State Legislatures, Piecing Together the State-Tribal Tax Puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Wash. Dep’t of Revenue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Guide to Washington State Excise Taxes (2004) </li></ul></ul>

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