How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph


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How to: Write an Introduction and Closing Paragraph

  1. 1. By: Husain Baaqel ENC 1102 Kyle Stedman
  2. 2. Writing an Essay The most important factors to consider when writing an essay are a proper introduction and conclusion. These two paragraphs are the backbone of the essay. It’s sort of like a sandwich. The introduction and conclusion symbolize the bread slices.
  3. 3. The Introduction! First impressions are very important. The first sentence of a paper sets the stage for a lasting opinion.1 The start of the introduction should always grab the reader’s attention. When starting the introduction, do NOT blatantly announce the purpose of the essay.2 Example: In this paper, I will…. 1: Quoted from Grace Fleming’s “How to Write a Strong Introduction” 2: Adapted from- Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph.
  4. 4. Introduction Guidelines When writing an introduction, important concepts to keep in mind are: Clearly state the subject being dealt with State the narrow topic the paper is focusing on End the introduction with a clear thesis by mentioning the position being taken
  5. 5. The Dreaded Thesis Statement! Coming up with a proper thesis statement can be difficult. To make this process simpler follow these simple rules3 : Make the thesis statement narrow, specific and clear Do NOT promise any analysis or review on the topic Try to find a specific argument to defend Yes!: I will argue that the use of marijuana should be legalized. No!!: I wish to review the pros of making marijuana legal. 3: Quoted from “How to write a structured essay”
  6. 6. Wrapping It Up The conclusion provides the writer one last chance to persuade the reader. It should contain the restated thesis and a summary of the main points. The most important thing to remember is that the conclusion should “convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic.”4 4: Harvard’s website on Writing a Conclusion
  7. 7. A Conclusion Should NOT… Be a simple summary of the essay Contain an apology for your position on the argument Allow readers the chance to question your stance on the topic Do not undercut your authority by using phrases such as: “This is just one approach..” “It seems like…” Begin with: “in conclusion,” “to conclude,” or “in summary”5 5: Harvard's Website on Writing a Conclusion
  8. 8. In the end… Using these simple tips will help you create effective introduction and conclusion paragraphs which will make your essay flow.
  9. 9. "A Proper Introduction: Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph." The Guide to Grammar and Writing. Capital Community College Foundation. 29 Apr 2009 <>. Bellanca, Pat. "Ending The Essay: Conclusions." Writing Center. 1998. Harvard University. 29 Apr 2009 <>. Fleming, Grace. "The Introductory Paragraph: Start With a Great First Sentence." 29 Apr 2009 <>. "How to Write a Structured Essay." 2000. 29 Apr 2009 <>.