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Advances in information technology, coupled with the
changes in society, are creating new paradigms for education
These massive changes have tremendous impact on our
educational and training systems .
To stay viable in this global competitive market, providers
of education and training must develop efficient and effective
learning systems to meet the society’s needs.
Usage of new technologies, internet and e-learning in
higher education especially in teacher education programs,
can increase speed of development, and educate citizens
familiar with ICT and needs of living in 21century.
The process by which different parts of
the world interact economically,
politically, and culturally.
• Europeans discover the Americas
• European Imperialism
• Industrial Revolution
• Free market capitalism
– End of the Cold War
• THE INTERNET
– Exchange ideas
– Transfer $$
– Share culture
“Destiny of India is now being
shaped in her classrooms”.
D. S. Kothari
NEED AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Teachers play a very important role in a student's life.
It is, to a great extent, the teachers who decide the
shape a student's life will take.
So, it is very necessary to be adequately equipped with
resources that will make the teacher a perfect role
model to the students.
To study the differences between/among the following
categories of Students with reference to their
Current level knowledge on e-skills
• (a) Male and female students
• (b) Government, aided an un-aided colleges students
• (c) Science, Art and Languages subjects students
There is no significant difference between/among
the following categories of Students with reference
Current level of knowledge on e-skills;
(a) Male and female students
(b) Government, aided an un-aided colleges students
(c) Science, Art and Languages subjects students
Spread Sheets (Excel)
Data Bases (Access)
LMS (Learning Management System)
LCMS ( Learning Content Management System)
Population of the Study
Type of College
Students 100 882 2352 3334
Sample of the Study
Type of College
GOVT. PVT. AIDED PVT.
Students 20 70 284 374
TOOL USED FOR DATA COLLECTION
Variables for Testing Name of the Tool Author of the Tool
Reliability coefficient for scale
Name of the Tool
374.0 45 .8980
VARIABLES OF THE STUDY
I. Criterion Variables:
• Current level of E-Skills Knowledge
II. Background Variables:
• Gender: Male and female
• Types of institutions (Governmental /Private-aided / Private-
• Different types of subjects (Science / Art / Language)
Statistical Techniques Used for Analysis of Data
• Descriptive statistics like Mean and Percentage have
been employed to analyze the data descriptively.
• Independent samples ‘t’ test,
• one way ANOVA,
• and DMRT (Duncan’s Multiple Range Test)
A total of 374 Students were selected through
Stratified Random Sampling of which
143 were Male Students (38.2%)
231 (61.8%) were Female Students.
Among e-skills current knowledge, Maximum knowledge
PowerPoint (rank 1), followed by
Email (rank 2),
Word processing (rank 3), and
Chat (rank 4)
were observed, where Minimum knowledge was found for
LCMS (rank 13),
Statistical Software (rank 12),
Graphic Software (Rank 11) and
Digital Cameras (ranks 10).
A non-significant difference was observed on
gender differentiation and
types of colleges revealed that there was a
non-significant difference between students in their
mean e-skills knowledge scores.
Analysis results showed that there is a significantly
difference among students studying in different subjects
(science / art / language) in their e-skills current
DMRT revealed that those students studying in arts and languages
had least knowledge scores and those students who were studying in
Science stream had highest scores and language students in between
Findings of this study reviled to students, faculty
members ,management of B.Ed. Colleges and educators
to expand their own knowledge
and proficiency in
and lead to more efficient utilization.
Based on the findings of Ranking and Hypothesis
related to e-skills,
Decision makers and Heads can decide for the
Designing workshops and
Intensive courses for faculty members, based on
The findings in the present dissertation could
also give Students
a better idea of themselves, etc., and they could
be encouraged to take measure that would
diminish their weakness e-skills knowledge.