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  1. 1. Brainstorming Before Speaking Tasks Brian Cullen
  2. 2. Brainstorming <ul><li>An activity used to generate ideas in small groups </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brainstorming <ul><li>Brainstorming Encourages Better Learning </li></ul><ul><li>A Research Study on the Use of Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Practical Aspects of Brainstorming </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brainstorming Encourages Better Learning <ul><li>Good Learners Organize Information About Language </li></ul><ul><li>Good Learners Find Their Own Way and Take Charge of Their Own Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Good Learners Make Intelligent Guesses </li></ul><ul><li>Good Learners Use Contextual Cues to Help Them in Comprehension </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Research Study on the Use of Brainstorming <ul><li>A research study on the use of brainstorming was carried out in Oral Communication classes at a Japanese senior high school </li></ul><ul><li>The type of brainstorming used was word-mapping. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Practical Aspects of Brainstorming <ul><li>Simple Word Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Lists Based on a Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Alternatives for a Blank in a Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming on a Picture </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Brainstorming Using a Song </li></ul><ul><li>Word-mapping or Phrase-mapping Around a Central Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Changing One Word in a Sentence Each Time </li></ul><ul><li>Listing Different Ways of Expressing a Particular Language Function </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Free Association </li></ul><ul><li>Group Storytelling </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Brainstorming is a very useful activity that can be easily introduced into language classes </li></ul>