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Teori berkhotbah

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Teori berkhotbah

  1. 1. Teori Berkhotbah bersama Kutipan-kutipan Ellen G. White
  2. 2. I. Kesiapan Pribadi Pengkhotbah a) Jika Pengkhotbah itu berserah, Roh Kudus akan berbicara melalui setiap khotbah dan menjadikan Efektif GW 155 b) Ada bahaya dimana pengkhotbah mengaku percaya kebenaran zaman ini akan merasa puas dengan menyatakan teori saja, sementara jiwa mereka sendiri tidak merasakan kuasa penyucian firman itu. Ada yang tidak memiliki kasih Allah didalam hati yang melembutkan, membentuk, dan memuliakan kehidupan mereka 4T 526
  3. 3. II. Isi Khotbah a) Bliblical 1. Berkhotbah yang berbunga-bunga tidak akan cukup untuk memberi makan jiwa anak-anak Allah yang sangat Lapar RH June 23, 1891 2. well educated shepherds may still not feed their flock if they do not consider the excellencies of scripture 1SM 15
  4. 4. b) Christ Centered 1. Study, and Learn of Jesus,- The minister of the gospel is never exhorted to strive to be a smart preacher, a popular speaker, but is commanded to “study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness” . Will every messenger of God give heed to these words? We are laborers together with God, and if those who accept the responsibility of holding forth the Word of life to others do not daily yoke up with Christ, and lift His burdens, and learn of Jesus day by day; it were better for them to seek some other employment TDG 119
  5. 5. 2. Study the Character of Christ,-The living water may be drawn from the fountain and yet there is no diminution of the supply. Ministers of the gospel would be powerful men if they set the Lord always before them and devoted their time to the study of His adorable character. If they did this, there would be no apostasies, there would be none separated from the conference because they have, by their licentious practices, disgraced the cause of God and put Jesus to an open shame. The powers of every minister of the gospel should be employed to educate the believing churches to receive Christ by faith as their personal Saviour, to take Him into their very lives and make Him their Pattern to learn of Jesus, believe in Jesus, and exalt Jesus. The minister should himself dwell on the character of Christ. He should ponder the truth, and meditate upon the mysteries of redemption, especially the mediatorial work of Christ for this time. 3SM 187
  6. 6. 3. Salvation through Christ is to be the Burden of every sermon,-The science of salvation is to be the burden of every sermon, the theme of every song. Let it be poured forth in every supplication. Let nothing be brought into the preaching of the Word to supplement Christ, the Word and power of God. Let His name, the only name given under heaven whereby we may be saved, be exalted in every discourse, and from Sabbath to Sabbath let the trumpet of the watchmen give a certain sound. Christ is the science and eloquence of the gospel, and His ministers are to hold forth the Word of life, presenting hope to the penitent, peace to the troubled and desponding, and grace and completeness and strength to the believing.—Manuscript 107, 1898. VSS 337.1
  7. 7. 4. The True Preacher lift up Jesus as the sinners is the only hope,--If the man who feels that he is called of God to be a minister will humble himself and learn of Christ, he will become a true preacher. If his lips are touched with a live coal from the altar, he will lift up Jesus as the sinner’s only hope. When the heart of the speaker is sanctified through the truth, his words will be living realities to himself and to others. Those who hear him will know that he has been with God, and has drawn near to him in fervent, effectual prayer. The Holy Spirit has fallen upon him, his soul has felt the vital, heavenly fire, and he is able to compare spiritual things with spiritual. Power will be given him to tear down the strongholds of Satan. Hearts will be broken by his presentation of the love of God, and many will inquire. “What must I do to be saved?” RH Apr. 15, 1902
  8. 8. II. Ilustrasi a) Inappropriate Illustrations 1. We do not want to lose sight of the peculiar sacredness of this mission of ministering in word and in doctrine to the people. It is the work of the minister to speak the words of truth to the people, solemn, sacred truth. Some form the habit of relating anecdotes in their discourses, which have a tendency to amuse and remove from the mind of the hearer the sacredness of the word which they are handling. Such should consider that they are not giving to the people the word of the Lord. Too many illustrations do not have a correct influence; they belittle the sacred dignity that should ever be maintained in the presentation of the word of God to the people. RH Feb 22, 1887
  9. 9. III. Delivery a) Words in simple language, with touching earnestness, present the truth as it is in Jesus 1 SM 157 b) Length Let the message for this time be presented, not in long, labored discourses, but in short GW 167.5
  10. 10. Berkhotbah harus di atur oleh prinsip Hemeneutika Eksegesis adalah mendengarkan dengan sungguh-sungguh akan apa yang alkitab katakan kepada pengkhotbah sebelum pengkhotbah itu mengatkannya kepada jemaat. Tujuan dari eksegesis adalah menemukamn dan menjelaskan secara terperinci arti yang sebenarnya dari Alkitab.
  11. 11. Proses ini meliputi: 1. Komitmen Waktu 2. Penelitian 3. Membandingkan Ayat demi Ayat 4. Menyeleksi Ayat 5. Menyelesaikan masalah terjemahan-terjemahan 6. Menghargai interpretasi yang berbeda dari para sarjana Alkitab
  12. 12. Sumber- Sumber Khotbah • Observasi • Membaca • Percakapan • Alkitab • Biografi • Sejarah • Koran • Alam • Filsafat • Pengalaman Pribadi • Lagu • Teologi • Buku-buku umum • Psikologi • Puisi • Pidato • Majalah • Khotbah • Ilmu Pengetahuan • Dll.
  13. 13. Persiapan Khusus • Buat Pertanyaan Orientasi: 1. Apa tujuan utama saya? 2. Bagaimana saya dapat memenuhi tujuan ini? 3. Bagaimana bagian-bagian khotbah ini dapat menolong saya capai tujuan? 4. Apakah khotbah ini dapat di mengerti • Tulislah bahan khotbah itu 1. Menulis secara manuscript bahan khotbah 2. Walaupun tidak menggunakan manuscript di mimbar, namun ringkasan yang di dapatkan dari materi yang ditulis banyak terbukti sangat menolong.
  14. 14. Jenis-Jenis Khotbah 1. Khotbah Topikal a) Definisi Khotbah Topikal James Braga menulis Khotbah topikal adalah suatu khotbah yang bagian-bagian utamanya diambil dari topik atau subjeknya, lepas dari teks. b) Langkah-langkah menyusun khotbah topikal 1) Langkah pertama yang harus kita buat adalah menentukan Topik atau Tema 2) Topik atau Tema ini dapat diambil dari ayat ataupun dari luar ayat alkitab. 3) Kemudian poin-poin utama (body) dari khotbah itu dibahas sesuai dengan topik tapi lepas dari ayat tema. 4) Poin utama yang di bahas lepas dari ayat tema tapi harus ditunjang dengan ayat alkitab lain.
  15. 15. 2. Khotbah tekstual a) Definisi khotbah Tekstual adalah suatu khotbah yang bagian utamanya diperoleh dari satu ayat terdiri atas satu bagian alkitab yang pendek. Setiap bagian ini dipakai sebagai garis saran dan ayat memberi tema utama khotbah b) Langkah-langka membentuk khotbah tekstual 1) Pilih perikop/ayat/text 2) Tentukan subjek 3) Kumpulkan semua informasi berhubungan dengan subjek 4) Rumuskan Tema 5) Rumuskan Proposisi 6) Hubungkan Proposisi dengan Body Khotbah 7) Body Khotbah/batang tubuh 8) Mengembangkan Batang tubuh
  16. 16. 3. Khotbah Ekspositori a) Definisi Suatu khotbah dimana suatu bagian alkitab yang pendek atau panjang diartikan dalam hubungan dengan satu tema pokok. Bagian terbesar materi khotbah diambil langsung dari nas alkitab dan kerangkanya terdiri dari serangkaian ide yang diuraikan secara bertahap dan berpangkal pada satu ide utama
  17. 17. 3 Bagian Khotbah 1. Pendahuluan • Pendahuluan 15% dari waktu khotbah Bisa termasuk Ilustrasi, Pengalaman Pribadi maupun konteks dari teks • Tema dan Judul • Subjek • Teks • Proposisi • Kalimat Tanya • Kalimat Peralihan
  18. 18. 2. Body I. Point Analisa Ilustrasi Aplikasi
  19. 19. 3. Penutup • Konklusi • Ringkasan • Panggilan • Ajakan

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