EDEN -Projectoverview


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EDEN -Projectoverview

  1. 1. PPS6 EDEN Project Overview and Portugal Vision Luke Murray Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Introduction • Project Overview – Aims and obectives – Why hydrogen? – The Portugal context – Roadmapping – Outline of EDEN PPS6 methodology • The Vision – Definition and function – Process Copy of vision on each table – Vision refinement in the last workshop session Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  2. 2. Project Aim and Workshop Objectives • EDEN PPS6 Project Aim – To create a roadmap and action plan for the integration of hydrogen into the energy system in Portugal – CONSENSUS ie broad agreement via stakeholder validation • Workshop Objectives – To present and refine the vision – To present, discuss and refine the prelimenary results and inputs Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Why Hydrogen? • Hydrogen and fuel cells have been recognised as an important bridge moving towards sustainable energy systems (HFCTP) • Hydrogen is an energy carrier, as such it decouples natural resources from energy use, like electricity – Flexible, can be produced from any primary energy source and used for most applications – High efficiency levels of fuel cells – Non polluting aspect of fuel cells make them relevant for climate change mitigation Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  3. 3. The Portugal Context • Improve Security of Supply – Decrease reliance on imported fuels (86% TPES) – Especially important in the transport sector where 100% reliance on imported fuels – Ability to harness RES potential for purposes other than electricity generation – Scarcity of fossil fuels – PEAK OIL CONCEPT • Promote Economic Competition – Buffer from likely increased energy costs in a carbon constrained economy – Job creation, manufacturing and services • Ensure Environmental Sustainability – National emission targets (Kyoto and post Kyoto) – Local air pollution Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Roadmapping Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  4. 4. Methodology Outline • Four stage process: 1. Vision development 2. Impact analysis (environmental, economic, social) 3. Transition analysis (socio-economic, infrastructure) 4. Synthesis - roadmap and action plan development Impact analysis Roadmap and Vision Action plan development Transition analysis Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Methodology Timeline • 10th January 2007: Kick-off meeting – Outcome: Project plan completed with detailed, objectives, tasks, roles timings, & deliverables. • 28th March 2007: First workshop Porto – Outcome: First order vision discussed with stakeholders, hydrogen chains selected, methodology and timing outlined and comments requested from stakeholders. • 15th October 2007: Second workshop Lisbon – Outcome: Refinement of the vision, present and refine inputs to and preliminary findings of the models. • 30th November 2007: Deadline for model reports • 15th May 2008: Dissemination of roadmap and action plan Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  5. 5. Vision development • Vision definition – An elaboration of a desireable and (more or less) plausible future. – It emphasizes the benefits of hydrogen – Used as a method to test the implications of various policy actions and their timings. To test the impact via models and methods of different policy and technology choices. – It is NOT A FORECAST!! Hence there can be no right or wrong... – Iterative process – feedback positively encouraged Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Entry Phase (until 2020) • Low demand for Hydrogen Feedstock & Production – Sourced directly as by-product from industrial processes – Produced from natural gas by steam methane reforming – Produced onsite via electrolysis using energy from the electricity grid – Produced onsite and central electrolysis using electricity from wind parks as well as via biomass gasification Transportation and Distribution – Existing infrastructures used for transport – trucks – Distribution via bespoke demonstration projects End Use Applications – Emerging market in portable applications and transportation sector (fleets, public transport) Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  6. 6. Transition Phase (2020-2030) • Growing demand for hydrogen Feedstock & Production – Increased demand enlarges the range of options for local and central hydrogen production, as a result more efficient and larger scale forms of production are developed – New options include energy from wave and wind power electrolysed centrally – Scale up of biomass gasification – Increase in number of units on-site electrolysis based on wind energy and solar PV – The capture and storage of CO2 from central SMR installations and coal gasification plant – Producing hydrogen centrally with electricity from the grid Transportation and Distribution – Transport via gaseous and liquid hydrogen trucks, growth in numbers – Some early dedicated infrastructures (such as dedicated hydrogen pipelines) will be built – The distribution centres from this phase are small in scale and located close to areas of high demand, such as major urban centres End Use Applications – Transport and stationary applications for hydrogen are projected to begin to reach the market during this time Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Long term phase (2030 – 2050) • Massive demand for hydrogen Feedstock & Production – All existing primary energy sources and related production systems are ramped up to be delivering on a large scale – New options include solar thermal, import via ship and nuclear high temperature reactors Transportation and Distribution – dedicated pipeline becomes progressively the most attractive option for significant quantities – transport by truck is preferred for smaller quantities. – Distribution via refueling stations,for hydrogen cars, and distribution centres, through local hydrogen pipelines, for the heating and cooling needs of individual households, buildings and industry – The refuelling stations are sited near urban centres and alongmain roads and the distribution centres near urban and industrial areas. End Use Applications – End use of hydrogen in transport and stationary applications is widespread. Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007
  7. 7. Workshop Agenda Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007 Thank you! • Copy of background info on tables for ref • All presentations available after the workshop at the project website: • www.h2eden.com • Any further project information contact: • lukemurray@ist.utl.pt Second Workshop PPS6 EDEN, Lisboa, 15th October 2007