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Most famous people Comenius

Comenius 2009-11 Most famous people

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Most famous people Comenius

  1. 1. Birth and childhood 9 Alexander was born in July (the month of Loos Diary of Macedon) in 356 BC Pella, capital of the Macedonia state. At this time, the genealogy goes back to two major forms of ancient Greek tradition. The demigod Hercules was founder of the dynasty ofArgos Macedonians and Neoptolemos, son of the hero Achilles, founded the royal house of Molossians, a member of which was the Olympics. The legendary origins of Alexander contributed decisively to the shaping of his character from the first years of his life. Similarly, the education that his father made sure to get, especially the assignment of the study the philosopher Aristotle. in 340 BC Alexander stopped his studies and returned to Pella, where he took an active part in political life in Macedonia. During the campaigns of Philip trusted the government of Macedonia in Alexander. At the age of 16 years while his father was missing in Byzantium, suppressed a rebellion Thracians. At the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip crushed the joint forces of Athens and Thebes, and Alexander led his cavalry. After the defeat of the Athenians went to Athens in his father's.
  2. 2. Taking the power and prevalence in Greece ° After the assassination of Philip in 336 BC in Aiges, Alexander moved quickly neutralize all potential claimants to the throne, whom he conquered. Then he began campaigns to the north and south to secure its borders. in spring 335 BC Alexander campaigned against the lllyrians and Trivallon, and he went from Amfipoli to the Balkan in ten days. After defeating the Thracians there, he went to the Danube, defeated Trivallous and attempted attack against Geton, which he had to stop because of the lllyrians. After he turned north and subjugated the Agrianes and Paeonian, ensuring full sovereignty in the region.
  3. 3. .~~'_‘| .‘. .l. ... «¢-H . »/ /415525’; .11. ~~ , “ 1, I , u' AIexanderThe Great
  4. 4. Alexander and his teacher, Aristotle
  5. 5. Ir‘ " use ba— I - 1 | g A | u A ‘. nu -nun-usuu numb: v‘ - , u III now no nos u-ou . ‘x T ' It-you ' ', j-V’----" l Pella Alexander's Home
  6. 6. George Nicholas Papanikolaou born on May 13, 1883, in Kymi on the island of Euboea, Greece, died on February 19, 1962 V Greek pioneer in cytology and early cancer detection, and the inventor of the "Pap smear". / studied at the University of Athens and received his '> . . . medical degree in 1904. . ‘if /1910 received his Ph. D. from the University of Munich, Germany /1913 he emigrated to the U. S. in order to work in the department of Pathology of New York Hospital and the Department of Anatomy at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University. ~/ Recognition of his work; publication, together with Herbert Traut, of "Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear" in 1943.
  7. 7. He thus became known for his invention of ’ I the Papanicolaou test, commonly known as the Pap smear or Pap test, which is used worldwide for the detection and prevention of cervical cancer and other cytologic . diseases of the female reproductive system. _. '___ _y . .H I I l l ~~—- ‘*7 . V G; . ‘.
  8. 8. Scientific discoveries x 1923; technique of gathering cellular debris from the lining of the vaginal tract and smearing it on a glass slide for microscopic examination as a way to identify cervical cancer. ‘ ' x Study of vaginal fluid in women, in hopes of observing cellular changes A U I , F7 . -S over the course of a menstrual cycle. , (5% = e I O . 2 . ,j
  9. 9. x "The first observation of cancer cells in the smear of the uterine cervix, " he later wrote, "gave me one of the greatest thrills I ever experienced during my scientific career. " ' " M 1 , _ . . . .. 1 hi . "ii, . _ ' . n V": ', .} ' . ‘ r’! '3; “ ’ ‘ . ' l __, _ . , . ,. 4 l ‘ ' . 4 l -"x": _._ ~. ‘'l. ‘: j} V .1 . -' . ' ‘t__. y ‘ ( E ‘. ". K / Z . ~. i‘ :2 " ‘ l iag “' ' O :3‘
  10. 10. x 1928 medical conference in Battle Creek, Michigan; screening test for early detection of cancerous and precancerous cells. at V 1 x 1941; paper on the diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus. x 1954; "Atlas of Exfoliative Cytology", thus creating the foundation of the modern medical specialty of Cytopathology.
  11. 11. JDYSSEUS EI. YTIS§»
  12. 12. Biography Odysseus Elytis was born on November 2, 1911 in Herakiion, Crete. It was the last of six children of Panagiotis Alepoudelli and Many Vrana. His father came from the settlement of Panagiouda Kalamiaris Lesvos was installed in the city of Herakiion in 1895, when together with his brother founded a factory soap and pyrinelaiourgias. The oldest family name was Alepoudelli lemons, which later transformed into a fox. His mother came from Pappados of the island. in the summer of 1928 got the diploma of high school in Grade 7 and 3/11. After pressure from parents, he decided to study chemical starting special schools for the exams next year. During the same period came in contact with the work of Cavaphys and Kalvos renewing his acquaintance with the charming ancient lyric poetry. Discovered while the work of Paul Eluard and the French surrealists, who had greatly affected his ideas about literature, according to him: ". .. i was forced to watch too unscrupulous to say the opportunities presented, the essence of the free exercise , the lyrical poetry " Under the influence of the literary turn, he relinquished the intention to deal with the chemistry and in 1930 entered the Law School of Athens. When in 1933 founded the ideokratiki Philosophy Group at the university, involving Tsatsos, P. Kanellopoulos, by I. and J. Theodorakopoulos Sykoutris, Elytis was one of the representatives of students participating in "Saturday Symposia" arranged. At the same time studying modern Greek poetry Caesar Emmanuel (the Parafono flute), the collections in the glitomou chazi Theodore's Dora, the Shift (1931) Giorgos Seferis and Poems (1933) by Nikita rand. Enthusiastically pursued while wandering in Greece.
  13. 13. Nobel Prize During the years thatfollowed, Elytis continued the complex intellectual work. In 1978 he received an honorary Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Saloniki and in 1979 won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Announcingthe award of the prize by Swedish Academy was held on 18 October "for his poetry, in a background of Greek tradition, with emotional strength and mental acumen to life the struggle of modern man for freedom and creation" Followingthe reasoning of the decision. Elytis attended the standard award ceremony on December 10, 1979, take delivery of the prize by King Charles Gustavus, and knowing the world public. The following year presented the gold medal and diploma prize at the Benaki Museum. The award of the Nobel awards followed in Greece and abroad, among them a tribute award at a special meeting of the Hellenic Parliament, the nomination of an honorary doctorate from the Sorbonne University, the founding chair of Modern Greek Studies, entitled "Seat Elytis" at Rutgers University in New Jersey, and awarded the silver medal Benson from the Royal Literary Society in London. He died on March 18, 1996 from cardiacarrest in Athens.
  14. 14. _ '_l '1'- ~ Odysseus Elutis
  15. 15. Plate of Odysseus Elytis
  16. 16. Odysseus E| ytis's getting the Nobel Prize
  17. 17. ,~; (awmzm, 2, M23 . . ; _ y ‘ 3.731%! ” /5, /777) | ' ‘Of . ‘_ I‘ ana fia nwflyfia
  18. 18. She turned herself from a heavy woman into a graceful and glamorous one after a mid-career weight loss, which might have contributed to her vocal decline and l the premature end of her career
  19. 19. “I always felt I heard her saying something — it was never just singing notes. That alone is an art. ” Sop rano Martina Arroyo
  20. 20. / September 1945, Callas made the ~ round of auditions fl :9 if " / Contract offered by Edward Johnson, H 4’ l general manager of the Metropolitan ‘l° , ~ Opera ‘’“‘‘‘Zf. f / in a 1958 interview with The New York ~ f 1 ''''' Post; Johnson said “We offered her a V contract. ..She was right in turning it » —‘— - down—it was frankly a beginner's ‘ V“ ‘* contract. " l ’-3
  21. 21. “Yes, but I don't like it. I have to do it, but I don't like it at all because I don't like the kind of voice I have. I really hate listening to myself! ” Maria Callas