Study of ophtomologist


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Study of ophtomologist

  1. 1. Seek : Study : Succeed<br />
  2. 2. Study of Ophthalmology in India<br />
  3. 3. Opthomology Means -<br />Ophthalmology literally means 'the science of eyes'. Ophthalmologist as a word has originated from the Greek roots ophthalmos meaning eye and logos meaning word, thought or discourse. Ophthalmology is concerned with the study of the anatomy, functionality, disorders and diseases of the eyes and the visual system.<br />An ophthalmologist is a specialist doctor, who is a combination of a physician and a surgeon. Ophthalmologists examine, diagnose and treat diseases and injuries in and around the eye. They provide a full spectrum of care including routine eye check up and prescription for eye glasses, treating eye infections like conjunctivitis, catering to serious eye conditions like macular degeneration, and surgical procedures like cataract, corneal implants, retinal detachments etc.<br />
  4. 4. Eligibility and Entrance Tests- <br />Basic Requirement- MBBS<br /> Courses Offered –<br /><ul><li>Doctor of Medicine [M.D.],
  5. 5. Master of Surgery [M.S.] and
  6. 6. Diploma in Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery [DOMS]. </li></ul>(The MD and MS are three years in duration, while the DOMS winds up in two years.)<br />Entrance Tests –<br /><ul><li>The all India post graduate entrance test, or
  7. 7. individual state entrance examinations.
  8. 8. Colleges like All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Post Graduate Institute have their independent examinations,
  9. 9. the private deemed universities.
  10. 10. There is a separate centralized entrance exam for DNB.</li></li></ul><li>Top Colleges -<br />The top five colleges for MS or diploma in ophthalmology are:<br />All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi<br />Post graduate Institute, Chandigarh<br />Maulana Azad medical college, Delhi<br />Madras medical college, Chennai<br />RIO Kolkata.<br />For DNB the well known institutes are:<br />LV Prasad<br />Shankar Netralaya<br />ArvindNetralaya.<br />
  11. 11. Specialization for ophthalmologist -<br /><ul><li>Cataract: deals with phaco emulsification and complicated cataract.
  12. 12. Squint and pediatric ophthalmology: deals with disorders in infants and children, like myopia, infant retinopathy, congenital cataract and so on. It involves medical and surgical management of strabismus, amblyopia, genetic and developmental abnormalities and a wide range of inflammatory, traumatic and neoplastic conditions occurring during childhood.
  13. 13. Glaucoma: deals with treatment of glaucoma and other disorders that may cause optic nerve damage by increasing intraocular pressure. This area involves the medical and surgical treatment of both pediatric and adult patients.
  14. 14. Oculoplasty: deals with plastic surgery on and around the eye, orbital surgery, lid and upper facial reconstructive procedures following trauma and tumors, and cosmetic lid surgery.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Vitreoretinal diseases: deals with diseases and disorders of the retina, like retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, hyper tensive retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa, and so on. The types of diseases treated include manifestations of local, systemic and genetic diseases as they affect the retina and vitreous.
  15. 15. Neuro-ophthalmology: deals with the relationship between neurologic and ophthalmic diseases, neuro-ophthalmology also deals with disorders or diseases affecting the optic nerve and visual pathways.
  16. 16. Cornea and external diseases: deals with the diagnosis and management of diseases of the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva and eyelids, including corneal dystrophies, microbial infections, conjunctival and corneal tumors, inflammatory processes and so on. It also includes corneal transplants and corneal surgery to correct refractive errors.
  17. 17. Ophthalmic Pathology: The ophthalmic pathologist has training in both ophthalmology and pathology. The ophthalmic pathologist generally examines tissue specimens from the eye.</li></li></ul><li><br />Medical -<br />AIEEE -<br />Aviation -<br />Engineering -<br />Commerce -<br />Medical -<br />Science -<br />Animation -<br />Clinical Research -<br />Hotel Management -<br />Media -<br />Fashion Designing -<br />MBA -<br />IIT -<br />CAT -<br />Media -<br />