Ggg

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  • The Adult Learner by Cathy Abraham Credit to: PA Pathways training manual
  • Ggg

    1. 1. The Laws of Human Language Free powerpoints at http://www.worldofteaching.com Fromkin and Rodman (1988)
    2. 3. NUMBER 1 <ul><li>HUMAN BEINGS </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul>
    3. 5. NUMBER 2 <ul><li>THERE ARE NO </li></ul><ul><li>“ PRIMITIVE” </li></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGES </li></ul>
    4. 7. NUMBER 3 <ul><li>THE RELATIONSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>BETWEEN SOUND AND MEANING IS ( mostly ) </li></ul><ul><li>ARBITRARY </li></ul>
    5. 8. NUMBER 4 <ul><li>LANGUAGE IS AN INFINITE ARRAY OF SENTENCES FROM A FINITE SET OF SOUNDS AND SIGNS. </li></ul><ul><li>IE. WORDS INTERACT (SEE Zipf’s law) </li></ul>
    6. 10. NUMBER 5 <ul><li>ALL GRAMMARS CONTAIN RULES FOR FORMING WORDS / SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>OF A SIMILAR KIND. </li></ul>
    7. 11. NUMBER 6 <ul><li>ALL LANGUAGES ARE MADE UP OF DISCRETE SOUNDS (Phonemes) WHICH HAVE A LIMITED SET OF PROPERTIES </li></ul>
    8. 13. NUMBER 7 <ul><li>SIMILAR GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES ARE FOUND </li></ul><ul><li>IN ALL LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>( Nouns, verbs etc ….) </li></ul>
    9. 15. NUMBER 8 <ul><li>THERE ARE SEMANTIC (that which gives meaning) UNIVERSALS IN ALL LANGUAGES. (male/female animate/human) </li></ul>
    10. 17. NUMBER 9 <ul><li>EVERY LANGUAGE HAS ITS </li></ul><ul><li>OWN LAWS </li></ul><ul><li>(ways of negation, forming questions, commanding etc …) </li></ul>
    11. 18. NUMBER 10 <ul><li>SPEAKERS ARE CAPABLE OF PRODUCING </li></ul><ul><li>AND COMPREHENDING </li></ul><ul><li>AN INFINITE ARRAY OF SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>(see rule #4) </li></ul>
    12. 20. NUMBER 11 <ul><li>ALL NEWBORNS ARE </li></ul><ul><li>CAPABLE OF ACQUIRING </li></ul><ul><li>ANY LANGUAGE </li></ul>
    13. 22. NUMBER 12 <ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE </li></ul>
    14. 24. http://eflclassroom.ning.com

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