nternationally renowned chef Jose Andres kicked off his George Washington University food course, “The World on a Plate: How Food Shapes Civilization,” on Monday, January 14 with an overview of the class syllabus, which includes classes on “Food as an Industry,” the “Science of Food,” “Food and Politics,” “Food and Public Health,” and “Food and Culture.”
A French physician and chemist who in 1912 undertook studies of the reaction between amino acids and sugars. This work is considered one of his major contributions, and the Maillard reaction was named after him.
The culinary use of liquid nitrogen is first mentioned in a recipe book from 1894 titled Fancy Ices authored by Mrs. Agnes B. Marshall. She actually was incorrect in referring to LN2 as “liquid oxygen” because she did not know any better.
Next video is TUNA
Picture of Cap Hill
He was an United States Department of Agriculture explorer who traveled to Asia to collect new plant species. He introduced 2,500 plants into the United States. The Meyer lemon was named in his honor.
The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act is a United States federal law that created the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) to provide low-cost or free school lunch meals to qualified students through subsidies to schools. The program was established as a way to prop up food prices by absorbing farm surpluses, while at the same time providing food to school age children. It was named after Richard Russell, Jr., and signed into law President Harry S. Truman in 1946.
The history of coffee goes at least as far back as the 13th century. A 9th-century Ethiopian goat herder who discovered coffee while searching for his goats, did not appear in writing until 1671. By the 16th century, it had reached the rest of the Middle East, Persia, Turkey, and northern Africa. Coffee then spread to Balkans, Italy, and Europe, to Indonesia, and then to America.
Quinine has been used in unextracted form by Europeans since at least the early 17th century. It was first used to treat malaria in Rome in 1631.
Photo of solar kitchen
Dirty Cook Stove
José Andrés George Washington University Food Course: Class 1, How Food Has Shaped the World
How Food has Shaped the World• Why are you taking this course?• Whatever you are studying you can make a connection to food.• Whatever you end up doing you can make a difference through food.
Course Structure• Final Project 50% of the grade • In a group of five come up with a plan of action to effect change around food. • Document your project in a video• Portfolio of Class Assignments 40% of grade • First class assignment is done by everybody • Pick two additional assignments one of which must be a group project • There are limited numbers for each assignment• Weekly quizzes 10% of the grade • Quizzes will be on the required readings and videos in preparation for each class
Assignment 1: Food Adventure• In a group of five leave your comfort zone• Research and experience • New neighborhood • New cuisine • New restaurant• Write a blog entry on the class blog site
2. Food as an Industry• Guest Speaker: Danny Meyer • Highly Acclaimed NY restaurateur • Author of best-selling book Setting the Table, The Transforming Power of Hospitality in Business
-Restaurants in the U.Salone employ 13.1million people – one ofthe largest privatesector employers-Global hospitalityindustry generates 3.5trillion annually-More than 10% of theglobal workforce isinvolved in thehospitality industry-Restaurant industry jobgrowth has outpacednational growth for 13consecutive years
Hospitality & tourism generate 9% of global GDP and 8% of world employment
Assignment 2: Business Plan• Write a business plan. (min 3 pages)• Your company should be related to food in any way • Restaurant, Catering • Food Store, Kitchen Equipment Store • Composting company • Farm, Vegetable, Fish • PR agency • NGO
The Queen of Ice Cream Agnes B. Marshall 1855-1905
Assignment 4: Science of Food• Pick a recipe or cooking technique• Research the science that explains what is happening.• Write up your findings in an essay.
5. Food Supply Chain• Guest Speaker: Warren Belasco • UMBC Professor of American Studies • Author of Food: The Key Concepts• GW Faculty: James Foster • GW Department of Economics and International Affairs
Assignment 5: Action Plan• How do your food choices impact others and the world around you?• Design a support system to help people make ethical decisions with regard to food.
6. Food and Government• Guest Speaker: Alice Kamps • Curator of the National Archives• GW faculty: John Banzhaf • GW Law School
Assignment 6: Legislative Proposal• Research and design an action plan to deal with an issue related to food• Write up your plan as a proposal• Send your proposal to a local government representative
7. History of Food• Guest Speaker: Christopher Kimball • Editor and Publisher of Cook’s Illustrated • Host of America’s Test Kitchen• GW faculty: Caroline Smith • GW Department of Writing
It is theorized that sugarcanewas first domesticated as a cropin New Guinea around 6,000B.C. Crystallized sugar wasreported 5,000 years before thepresent in the Indus ValleyCivilization, located in modern-day Pakistan and north India
Spanish conquistador HernánCortés may have been thefirst to transfer the smallyellow tomato to Europe afterhe captured the Aztec city ofTenochtítlan, now MexicoCity, in 1521, althoughChristopher Columbus, aGenoese working for theSpanish monarchy, may havetaken them back as early as1493.
Assignment 7: Recipe Comparison• Compare and contrast two different recipes from different times or different cultures.• Discuss what they reveal about the time or place they originate from.• Create a timeline for one of the ingredients.
8. Food and Public Health• Guest Speaker: Phillip Derfler • USDA• GW Faculty: Uri Colon-Ramos • GW School of Public Health
Assignment 8: Public Safety Research • Select a public safety debate • Raw milk • E. coli contamination • Recalls of food • Research the events surrounding the public safety debate within the last ten years.
9. Food and National Security• Guest Speaker: Rear Admiral Jamie Barnett • Mission Readiness• Guest Speaker: Jonathan Shrier • Department of State’s Special Representative for Global Food Security
Assignment 9: National Security• How does insecurity or conflict worldwide influence or contribute to national security issues?• Research current events• Write an essay on your findings
10. Hunger and Obesity• Guest Speaker: Ellen Gustafson • Co-founded FEED Projects • Launched The 30 Project• GW Faculty: Kim Robien • GW School of Public Heatlh
Assignment 10: Food Habits• Determine your current BMI.• Determine the number of calories you need to maintain your current weight.• Keep a food and drink journal for a day.• Review your calories from beverages, is there a way to reduce this calorie-intake?
11. Food and Pop Culture• Guest Speaker: Andrew Zimmern • Co-creator and host of Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern on Travel Channel• GW Faculty: Clay Warren • GW Department of Communication
Assignment 11: Food Advertising• Find a food ad and discuss its properties along straight (persuasion) or crooked (subconscious) dimensions.• Include reasons for why you have come to your conclusion in your essay.
12. Food Crisis and International Aid• Guest Speaker: Michael Elliott • CEO of ONE campaign• GW Faculty: John Forrer • GW School of Public Policy and Administration
Assignment 12: Governance Networks• As a group, interview a member of a governance network.• What are the issues facing this organization?• What are some potential solutions?• In a governance network you are set up not to care about yourselves, is that possible?
Final Project• This is 50% of your grade• As a group make a plan to make a difference through food.• Put your plan into action.• Make a video where you explain your project • Use rule-making proceedings to effect change • Start a business • Start a non-profit