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A Linear Programming Model to Support Development and Maintenance of a Solar Grand Plan Deployment Schedule Institute for ...
Renewable energy’s role in the future energy supply <ul><li>Transmission capacity limits </li></ul><ul><li>Power grid stab...
Technical limitations of large-scale solar deployment <ul><li>Timelines identified through optimization of annual electric...
Transmission upgrades to increase solar potential <ul><li>Organic transmission growth versus (inter-)regional planning  </...
Planning necessary to maintain power grid stability <ul><li>Balancing authority demand profiles compared to available powe...
Planned deployment to accelerate market penetration <ul><li>Renewable energy development requires a balance of market fact...
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Steve Burns | A Linear Programming Model to Support a Solar Grand Plan

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Steve Burns | A Linear Programming Model to Support a Solar Grand Plan

  1. 1. A Linear Programming Model to Support Development and Maintenance of a Solar Grand Plan Deployment Schedule Institute for the Analysis of Solar Energy Kick-Off Symposium April 24, 2009 Presented by: Steven Burns
  2. 2. Renewable energy’s role in the future energy supply <ul><li>Transmission capacity limits </li></ul><ul><li>Power grid stability </li></ul><ul><li>Load scheduling and energy storage </li></ul><ul><li>Spinning reserve requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Project construction timelines </li></ul><ul><li>Material availability </li></ul>The vision to bring power from remote resources to population centers… …is being refined through accounting of the technological barriers
  3. 3. Technical limitations of large-scale solar deployment <ul><li>Timelines identified through optimization of annual electricity supply and demand </li></ul><ul><li>Scenarios allow for introduction of hybrid vehicle energy demand (and associated infrastructure requirements) </li></ul><ul><li>Model focused on technical as opposed to market limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Intent is to identify limiting deployment factors on an annual basis </li></ul>
  4. 4. Transmission upgrades to increase solar potential <ul><li>Organic transmission growth versus (inter-)regional planning </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission needs with increased load but offset by better scheduling, demand response, and storage </li></ul><ul><li>Timing and location of upgrades </li></ul>The congested transmission system requires upgrades to incorporate large amounts of renewable energy capacity Chronically congested power lines
  5. 5. Planning necessary to maintain power grid stability <ul><li>Balancing authority demand profiles compared to available power output </li></ul><ul><li>Load scheduling and the need to maintain spinning reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to transfer power to/from other regions </li></ul>Over 100 balancing authorities are charged with maintaining grid stability Authorities noted by color
  6. 6. Planned deployment to accelerate market penetration <ul><li>Renewable energy development requires a balance of market factors, regulation, and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Model allows for market and regulatory limitations but focuses on technical barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Model also steps beyond typical regional technical planning </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying limiting deployment factors allows for the optimization of deployment timelines </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, cost-effective clean energy will be available to the market earlier </li></ul>

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