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Scott Sklar | The Stella Group


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Scott Sklar | The Stella Group

  1. 1. SCALING SOLAR THRU 2025 Scott Sklar President, The Stella Group, Ltd. at GWU Solar Conference April 26, 2011
  2. 2. The Stella Group, Ltd.. is a strategic technology optimization and policy firm for cleandistributed energy users and companies which include advanced batteries andcontrols, energy efficiency, fuel cells, geoexchange, heat engines, microhydropower(including tidal and wave), modular biomass, photovoltaics, small wind, and solarthermal (including CSP, daylighting, water heating, industrial preheat, building air-conditioning, and electric power generation). The Stella Group, Ltd. blendsdistributed energy technologies, aggregates financing with a focus on systemstandardization. Scott Sklar serves as Steering Committee Chair of the SustainableEnergy Coalition, composed of the renewable and energy efficiency associations andanalytical groups, and sits on the national Boards of Directors of the non-profitBusiness Council for Sustainable Energy, Renewable Energy Policy Project, teachesa unique interdisciplinary sustainable energy course at George WashingtonUniversity, and appointed by Sec Locke onto the DOC RE/EE Advisory Committee. The Stella Group, Ltd. 1616 H Street, NW, 10th fl Washington, DC 20006
  3. 3. Energy Investments 2009 Investments in renewable energy increased from $39.24 billion in2001 to $336.78 billion in 2009 at a CAGR of 30.8% during this period. (51110)
  4. 4. Clean Energy Reports1. GREENPEACE/DLRThe world could eliminate fossil fuel use by 2090 by spending trillions of dollars on a renewable energyrevolution, the European Renewable Energy Council (EREC) and environmental group Greenpeace said.The 210-page study is one of few reports -- even by lobby groups -- to look in detail at how energy usewould have to be overhauled to meet the toughest scenarios for curbing greenhouse gases outlined by theU.N. a Climate Panel. "Renewable energy could provide all global energy needs by 2090," according to thestudy, entitled "Energy (R)evolution." EREC represents renewable energy industries and trade andresearch associations in Europe.2. ASES/NREL U.S. Energy Experts Announce Way to Freeze Global WarmingOn January 31, 2007 at a press conference in Washington, D.C., ASES unveiled a 200-page report,Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.: Potential Carbon Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency andRenewable Energy by 2030. The result of more than a year of study, the report illustrates how energyefficiency and renewable energy technologies can provide the emissions reductions required to addressglobal warming. U.S. Carbon Emissions Displacement Potential from Energy Efficiency and RenewableEnergy by 2030 - 57% Energy Efficiency, 43% Renewables3. GOOGLE, the philanthropic arm of the search giant, has unveiled a plan to move the U.S. toa clean-energy future. The vision: In 2030, electricity will be generated not from coal or oil but from wind,solar, and geothermal power. Energy demand will be two-thirds what it is now, thanks to stringent energy-efficiency measures. Ninety percent of new vehicle sales will be plug-in hybrids. Carbon dioxide emissionswill be down 48 percent. Getting there will cost $4.4 trillion, says the plan -- but will recoup $5.4 trillion insavings. The Clean Energy 2030 plan would require ambitious national policies, a huge boost torenewables, increased transmission capacity, a smart electricity grid, and much higher fuel-efficiencystandards for vehicles.
  5. 5. MORE REPORTS - 2009National Research Council Renewables Report - June 09Renewable energy resources in the U.S. are sufficient to meet a significantportion of the nation’s electricity needs says a new report from the National Research Council. Press andlink to report at: or FOR LOCAL SELF RELIANCE (October 2009) report by David Morris“SELF RELIANT STATES” -- Excerpted Executive Summary Conclusion:"All 36 states with either renewable energy goals or renewable energy mandates could meet them byrelying on in-state renewable fuels. Sixty-four percent could be self-sufficient in electricity from in-staterenewables; another 14 percent could generate 75 percent of their electricity from homegrown fuels.Indeed, the nation may be able to achieve a significant degree of energy independence by harnessing themost decentralized of all renewable resources: solar energy. More than 40 states plus the District ofColumbia could generate 25 percent of their electricity just with rooftop PV. In fact, these data may beconservative. The report does not, for example, estimate the potential for ground photovoltaic arrays –although it does estimate the amount of land needed in each state to be self-sufficient relying on solar –even though common sense suggests that this should dwarf the rooftop potential..... It is at the local levelthat new technologies like smart grids, electric vehicles, distributed storage, and rooftop solar will havetheir major impact.”Contact for David Morris at: cell 612-220-7649 or
  6. 6. Institute DLR, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Department of Systems Analysis and TechnologyAssessment, Stuttgart, Germany Ecofys BV, P.O. Box 8408, NL-3503 RK Utrecht, Kanaalweg 16-G
  7. 7. Percentage of Clean Energy in 21st Century 20 20 20% Biomass Power 12% Building RE: GCHP/SDL 10% Geothermal10 12 15% Solar-Concentrated Sola 15% Solar-Distributed PV/ST 8 8% Waste Heat 10 10% Water Energy 15 20% Wind Energy 15
  8. 8. U.S. Carbon Emissions Displacement Potential from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by 2030 57% Energy Efficiency, 43% Renewables
  9. 9. 32 States can be
  10. 10. DG 24-7 Solar/Wind powered disaster and emergency water filtering unit also removes arsenic and lead• Ultrafiltration removes 99.99% of bacteria, viruses, cysts, pathogens, medical waste• Filtration media removes 99.99% of arsenic, lead and other heavy metals• Robust, scalable with a small foot print – 6500 gallons per day on solar power, 13000 gallons per day with upscaled solar power• Minimal/Versatile power requirements – 24-7 can be solar/wind powered or attached to power grid/generator• Rapid deployment – Small size, 6x6x5ft, designed to fit 463L pallet – Air, surface or surface ship deliverable – Setup in less than 30 minutes• Simple and reliable components – Proven water filtering capability in austere environments (888) 235-7755
  11. 11. ENERGY POLICIES 2005 - 2011Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 (P.L. 109-58, 8 Aug 05)National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2007 (P.L. 109-364, 17 Oct 06),10 USC 2911Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 (P.L. 110-140, 19 Dec 07)American recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 (P.L.. 111-5, 11 Feb 09)known as The Stimulus BillThey established –• Federal RD&D and Loan Guarantees and Manufacturing Grants• Federal Procurement Goals and Guidelines (ESPC, Contracts, etc)• Investment Tax Credits and recently Payment In-Lieu of Tax Credits
  12. 12. Distributed Solar - PV/ST — 15% of US Electricity Energy on and in Rooftops - bottom line is probably half the energy for buildings can be generated on-site - so lets say 15% in US Rooftop solar power: The solar energy potential of commercial building rooftops in the USA• United States commercial building rooftops may be the most wasted real estate in North America. Combined, these predominantly flat rooftops represent an area of more than 1,000 square miles that, outside of their sheltering function, do nothing more than soak up the sun, literally. More than half of this space has the potential to produce energy using simple photovoltaic, or solar electric, generating stations. Bill Jeppesen, for RWE SCHOTT Solar, Inc., USA reports (8/20/04)and• Navigant / Energy Foundation 2005 market study - technical potential of PV in the US. Using only roof space (per Census) and using average amounts of shading, tilt, etc., within the US, their estimate was maximum technical potential
  13. 13. Camp Pendleton Marine Corp BaseAward: 2008 SDG@E Large Sustainable Communities ChampionDaylight Inside’s Contribution: Designed, manufactured and installed passive daylighting Light HarvestFixtures in 43 buildingsResults: Average 75 fc for 8 hours per day, reduction of kWh usage, safer working environmentAnnual Savings: Estimated $238,000Referral: “MCB Camp Pendleton is including daylighting installations in future modernization projectsand would recommend the services of Daylight Inside.”Jeff Allen, Energy Manager, Camp Pendleton, USMC
  14. 14. O’Hare Airport Fire and Rescue Station: a 10 panel array; part of a multi-building Chicago Fire Department retrofit program to provide hot water. Baxter Pharmaceuticals, Deerfield, IL. This 20 collector array provides hot water for the building cafeteria.16
  15. 15. Solar air conditioning installation comprised of 180 collectors powering a 30 ton capacity single- effect absorption cooling system. Sandhill Power Plant, Austin, Texas www.solargenix.com17
  16. 16. Concentrated Solar Power — 15% of US Electricity• Concentrated Solar Power from Earth Policy Institute - easy 15%• also see: SOLAR ENERGY COULD PROVIDE 8000+ MW OF CAPACITY IN WESTERN STATES BY 2015• WAPA and Sandia/NREL Studies - similar conclusions• A USDOE report for the Western Governors’ Association (WGA) in 2005 provided an assessment of the potential impact of CSP. It found that by using only available land with the most intense sunshine, over 6,800 GW of electricity could be generated in the Southwest.17 To put this in perspective, the electric generating capacity of the entirecountry is currently about 1,000 GW.18 And further: Assessment of Parabolic Trough and Power Tower Solar Technology Cost and Performance Forecasts” Draft 3, Sargent and Lundy, LLC, October 2002•
  17. 17. Nellis AFB NV Solar Photovoltaic North America’s Largest Solar PV System 5,821 tracking panel assemblies 72,416 solar panels On 140 acres 14.2 MW capacity Annual output 30,000 MWH21
  18. 18. Solar Energy Siting Software
  19. 19. TOP TEN CHANGES THAT ARE NEEDED TO DRIVE SOLAR and RENEWABLEENERGY and HIGH-VALUE ENERGY EFFICIENCY “TO SCALE” –1. Remove energy subsidies of mature energy technologies by mature energy companies in mature energy markets - the quad sources: coal, natural gas, nuclear, and petroleum (incl Price-Anderson)2. Extend tax incentives for clean energy through 2025 and ramp down in steps to zero every five years3. Override restrictive covenants of solar by homeowner associations4. Impose IEEE interconnection standards (net metering) nationally and support and enhance FERC 2 MW and 20 MW rulings5. Allow 20 year PPA’s for utility-scale solar or on-site solar for federal, state and local governments (all solar types and hybrids)6. Allow F-I-T’s for Federal Power Authorities (BPA. TVA, WAPA)7. Enhance Conservation and RE Bonds (CREBs) for Critical Infrastructure8. Authorize FannieMae, FreddieMac and SallieMae to lower rates for High-Value EE and all Solar Applications9. No Environmental Waivers for Mtn Top Removal, Coal Ash, Nuclear Repositories, and redirect CAA SIP funds for solar applications **10. DHS Critical Infrastructure Grants to local governments, institutions, transportation (all), communications, pipeline pumps (fuels, water..)