Program | Symposium 2011

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Program | Symposium 2011

  1. 1. The GW Solar Institute | 3RD ANNUAL SYMPOSIUMSOLAR ENERGY: Sponsored By:A Critical Component of Meetingthe Clean Energy ChallengeApril 26, 2011 • 8:30am–6:00pm U.S. DEPARTMENT OFJack Morton Auditorium805 21st Street, NW, Washington, DC ENERGY
  2. 2. Letter from the DirectorDear Colleagues,Since we last met in 2010, the political environment has shifted substantially. With a new Republican majority in theHouse, a divided Senate, and austere State governments, the public financing outlook for renewable energy looksless favorable. Nevertheless, solar costs are dropping and the public need for clean, renewable energy remains.With this in mind, President Obama issued a challenge to Congress in his 2011 State of the Union: “Now, cleanenergy breakthroughs will only translate into clean energy jobs if businesses know there will be a market for whatthey’re selling. So tonight, I challenge you to join me in setting a new goal: by 2035, 80% of America’s electricity willcome from clean energy sources. Some folks want wind and solar. Others want nuclear, clean coal, and natural gas.To meet this goal, we will need them all—and I urge Democrats and Republicans to work together to make it happen.”Today, we look at the solar component of that vision and ask ourselves, can solar make it happen? What are the barriers?Can we really build a solid energy infrastructure with a resource that fluctuates with every passing cloud? That costsmuch more than conventional electricity? Today, we will face these questions squarely.Thanks for joining us,Ken ZweibelDirector, GW Solar Institute
  3. 3. Symposium AgendaWelcome Kathy Weiss8:30–8:45am VP Federal Government Affairs, First SolarSteven Lerman, Thomas GeorgisProvost, The George Washington University VP Development, Solar ReservePeg Barratt Simon WatsonDean, GW Columbian College of Arts and Sciences Director, Utility Market Strategy, SunEdisonKen ZweibelDirector, GW Solar Institute Break 10:30–10:45amKeynote: “SunShot, the Apollo Mission of Our Time”8:45–9:15am Private Sector Taking Up the Clean Energy ChallengeMinh Le, Chief Engineer, DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program 10:45–11:50am Session Chair: Jerry Bloom, Partner, Winston & Strawn, LLPLeading Energy Companies Taking Up the Clean Scott SklarEnergy Challenge President, The Stella Group9:15–10:30am Andrew MurphyPanel Discussion EVP & President of the Northeast Region, NRG Energy, Inc.Moderator: Randall Packer, Elizabeth SingletonAssociate Dean, The George Washington University Global Business Development Leader, Energy & Climate Change,James Torpey The Dow Chemical CompanyDirector Market Development, SunPower
  4. 4. Lunch Break12:00–1:30pm 3:30–3:45pm“China: Surging Ahead in Renewable Energy”(Marvin Center–Grand Ballroom) Solar: Distributed or Central? Distant or Close By?Doug Guthrie, Dean, GW School of Business 3:45–4:45pm Bill Powers, “California and Distributed PV,” Powers EngineeringWhat’s Next Steve Burns, “Transmission for the Solar Grand Plan,”1:30–2:30pm The George Washington UniversitySession Chair, Jack Hurley, Siemens USA Richard Perez, “Grid parity – A Value Based Perspective,”James Sites, “PV’s Leading Edge,” Colorado State SUNY AlbanyClemens Heske, “Hard Problems Improving the Best PV,” UNLV Open QuestionsStuart Licht, “Solar Thermal Hybrids,” The George Washington 4:45–5:00pmUniversity Ken Zweibel, Director, GW Solar InstituteTackling the Variability Challenge Reception2:30–3:30pm 5:00–6:00pmRobert Gibson, “Utility Perspective on Solar Energy,” Solar Electric All welcome (Jack Morton 2nd Floor Lobby)Power Association (SEPA)Carl Lenox, “Connecting Variable Solar to the Grid,” SunPowerChris Cook, “Regulatory and Economic Issues of Grid Integration,”Keyes & Fox, LLP
  5. 5. Speaker Bios Peg Barratt Jerry Bloom Dr. Peg Barratt is Dean of the Columbian As Department Chair of Winston & Strawn LLP’s College of Arts and Sciences at the George Energy, Project Development and Finance Washington University, the oldest college at Practice Group, Jerry Bloom focuses his practice the University. Departments and programs are on the development, finance, and operation supported in the arts and humanities; social and of domestic and international independent behavioral sciences; and natural, mathematical energy projects, electric-industry restructuring and biomedical sciences. Dr. Barratt served as and privatization, and mergers and acquisitions. Deputy Director of the Clinical Research Policy His expertise in the development and financingAnalysis and Coordination Program at NIH (CRpac) until 2006, and of energy infrastructure projects includes renewable, combined heat and power (CHP), and fossil-fuel generation in the United States andbefore that as Division Director for Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences abroad. He is active in the development of wind, biomass, and smalland Program Director for Developmental and Learning Sciences/ and utility scale photovoltaic and thermal solar facilities.Children’s Research Initiative at the National Science Foundation. Jerry Bloom has extensive experience negotiating off-take and powerPrior to her service at NSF, Dr. Barratt directed the Institute for Children, purchase agreements, engineering, procurement, and constructionYouth, and Families at Michigan State University and was a member contracts, operation and maintenance agreements, fuel supplyof the faculty of the University of Wisconsin--Madison for 19 years agreements, syndication and agency agreements and he appearsin the Department of Human Development and Family Studies and regularly before various local, state, and federal regulatory bodies withserved as department chair. She received the University of Wisconsin– jurisdiction over energy infrastructure projects.Madison Distinguished Teaching Award in 1998. Mr. Bloom is leading efforts in the private and public sectors on theShe received a doctorate in developmental psychology from the formation and execution of Sustainability, CleanTech strategies, whichUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison, and received bachelor’s and will be crucial in making energy efficiency and renewable energymaster’s degrees in psychology from Michigan State University. development a key factor in achieving energy independence, resourceShe also holds a Master of Philosophy in psychology from The preservation and greenhouse gas reductions.George Washington University. Degrees: B.A. in Psychology and M.A. in Counseling from The George Washington University,1974 and 1976, respectively; JD from University of Miami School of Law, 1980.
  6. 6. James Torpey Steve Burns Jim Torpey has served as director of market Mr. Burns has nearly 15 years of experience development for SunPower since 2007, in the electric power industry, specializing in renewable energy asset development; bringing two decades of power industry power sector commercial and technical expertise, including, including extensive due diligence; and energy efficiency and experience in solar and renewable energy green power strategies. His experience certificate markets. In his market spans the Americas, Europe, and the Near development role, Jim is responsible for East, where he has been involved in overworking with public policy officials to grow solar markets in the $1 billion in generation development. He currently serveseastern U.S. and designing innovative financing strategies using as a Senior Energy Advisor for the United States Agency forSRECs for residential, commercial, and utility projects in the same International Development where his focus is regulatory reform to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy developmentregion. in transition economies. He previously engaged in a variety ofPrior to joining SunPower, jim was president of Madison Energy technical and financial consulting assignments, where he servedConsultants (MEC), a firm that has helped develop supportive in the acquisition and development of several renewable energypolicy environments at the State and National levels to enable projects, including wind, photovoltaic, biomass, and natural gasclean, distributed resources to become a significant factor in the facilities. He has advised utilities on resource planning effortsU.S. energy supply. Prior to that, Jim spent more than 20 years in and has led multiple power project screening and feasibilitythe electric utility industry, serving in a number of management assessments for the Department of Defense. He holds bachelors and masters degrees in mechanical engineering and is a licensedposts, where led the development of solar independent power professional engineer in Maryland. The Solar Energy Instituteplants in California. is supporting his joint research with Dr. Jonathan Deason onHe has served as the National Chairman of the Solar Electric large scale solar integration through an independent grant toPower Association and the Policy Committee Chair for the Mid- the George Washington University Department of EngineeringAtlantic Solar Energy Industries Association. Management and Systems Engineering.
  7. 7. Christopher Cook Thomas Georgis Mr. Cook is a member of the Maryland bar and Thomas Georgis is the Vice President leads the Washington office of Keyes & Fox. of Development at SolarReserve, which Mr. Cook assists clients with renewable energy uses integrated molten salt thermal energy transactional work and power purchase storage technology in conjunction with agreement drafting and negotiation for both solar power towers. He has over 20 years of commercial and utility customers. He also development and operational experience undertakes regulatory filings and policy work in the energy, technology, and government before federal and state renewable energy service sectors, holding several senior policy makers. management positions, most recently as Managing Director of International at GlobalTec Solutions, a privately held technologyPrior to joining the firm Mr. Cook was a Managing Director of company where he was responsible for all aspects of the company’sSunworks, a startup company focused on building US based solar international expansion. Mr. Georgis was a Principal and ManagingPV manufacturing facilities to support utility solar deployment. Mr. Director at Exodus Energy LLC, a Houston based privately held powerCook was formerly Sr. Vice-President, of Regulatory Affairs and New and natural gas firm. While at Exodus, he focused on the developmentMarkets for SunEdison, a company he helped found with three and acquisition of energy assets, acting as lead developer on severalothers in 2003. In his role at SunEdison, Mr. Cook worked with utility multi-million dollar innovative technology energy facilities includingregulators, state and federal policy makers and electric utilities to natural gas storage, offshore LNG regasification, and petroleum cokecreate new opportunities for solar energy. He was the principal gasification. Previously, Mr. Georgis was a manager at Enron Corp.program architect for the design of the New Jersey solar program where he was responsible for developing and structuring energy asset—one of the most successful in the world. projects internationally; negotiating and closing over 500 MWMr. Cook was instrumental in creating the federal standards for of power generation agreements. Mr. Georgis also served nine yearsthe interconnection of small generators with the utility grid. He as a Naval Special Warfare Officer in the United States Navy.is considered by many to be the leading national expert on net Mr. Georgis graduated from Northwestern University with a B.A. inmetering—the economic arrangement by which a customer International Studies and obtained a MBA from the Anderson Schoolgenerating their own power is compensated by their local utility. at the University of California Los Angeles.
  8. 8. Bob Gibson Doug Guthrie Bob Gibson joined the Solar Electric Power An expert in the fields of management, Association (SEPA) as Vice President of Market economic reform in China, leadership, and Intelligence in September 2010. Bob came to corporate governance, Dr. Guthrie is the Dean SEPA from the National Rural Electric Cooperative of The George Washington University School Association (NRECA), where he was a senior of Business. manager in the Cooperative Research Network, Previously, he served as Professor of leading NRECA’s analysis of renewable energy Management at NYU Stern School of Business. and energy efficiency technologies and He also held a joint appointment as Professor of Sociology at NYU’sbusiness models. Bob also worked at an alternative energy services College of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Guthrie has been a trusted advisercompany, marketing fuel cells, microturbines, photovoltaics and other of both multinationals and local Chinese companies andtechnologies to electric utilities. One of his key responsibilities while a student of China for some 25 years. He is the author of Dragon inwith the Technology Transition Corporation was program management a Three-Piece Suit: The Emergence of Capitalism in China, China andfor the Utility Photovoltaic Group. Bob’s diverse background includes Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation ofwork on projects to bring electricity to rural communities in developing Chinese Society, and Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture,countries in Asia and Latin America, as an award-winning magazine and the Changing Nature of Guanxi. He is currently writing China’sand newspaper editor, writer and photographer, and service as a U.S. Radical Transformation: Economic Reform, Global Integration, andPeace Corps Volunteer in the West Indies. Political Change in the World’s Largest Nation, which is an in-depth look at how China’s government-driven form of capitalism has successfully overcome traditional theories of development and helped China become the economic and political juggernaut it is today. In addition to NYU Stern, Doug has also taught at Harvard Business School, INSEAD, and the graduate schools of business at Stanford University, Columbia University, and Emory University. He received his B.A. in Chinese Literature from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. in Organizational Sociology from the UC Berkeley.
  9. 9. Clemens Heske Jack Hurley Dr. Clemens Heske is Professor of Materials Jack Hurley currently leads the US University and Physical Chemistry at the University of Collaboration program for the Siemens Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). Dr. Heske uses soft Corporation. In this role, Jack is responsible x-rays to study surfaces and interfaces in a for establishing and managing strategic wide variety of material systems for energy collaborations with leading North American conversion. With the expertise and technical research universities on behalf of Siemens skills of his research group, he teams up with worldwide. over thirty different national and international Prior to joining Siemens in 2007, Jack worked as a managementpartners in academia, national labs, and industry to investigate and consultant focusing on emerging opportunities in the energyimprove thin film solar cells, materials for hydrogen production, technology and sustainability sectors. Jack’s depth of experiencehydrogen storage, fuel cells, light-emitting devices, nuclear fuel, in the energy technology sector enables him to play a valuable roleand other systems that involve interfaces and require a deeper in energy related strategic initiatives at Siemens Corporate Research.understanding of their properties to optimize the performanceand stability of the final device. Jack earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Villanova University and an MBA from the Wharton SchoolDr. Heske received his Ph.D. (Dr. rer. nat.) in Physics from the at the University of Pennsylvania.University of Würzburg in Germany in 1998. After two years as apostdoctoral fellow at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,he became a “wissenschaftlicher Assistent” at the University ofWürzburg and completed his German Habilitation in ExperimentalPhysics in December of 2003. In 2004, Dr. Heske joined the UNLVChemistry Department as an Associate Professor for Materials/PhysicalChemistry and was tenured in the summer of 2007 and promotedto Professor in the summer of 2009.
  10. 10. Andrew Murphy Steven Lerman J. Andrew Murphy, Drew has been an Steven Lerman became provost of The George Executive Vice President of NRG Energy Inc., Washington University on July 1, 2010. Dr. Lerman since December 18, 2006 and its President joined The George Washington University from of the Northeast Region since February 2009. the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Mr. Murphy lead NRG’s Northeast Region, where he served as vice chancellor and dean for representing more than 7,000 megawatts graduate education, acting as the chancellor’s of electricity in Connecticut, Delaware, chief deputy and working to develop strategic Maryland, Massachusetts and New York. initiatives across the units of the Office of theHe served as General Counsel of NRG Energy Inc., from December Dean of Graduate Education, Office of the Dean for Undergraduate18, 2006 to February 2009. He advises and support NRG on all Education and the Division for Student Life.legal matters relevant to its terms of compliance, governance Dr. Lerman brings to GW more than 35 years of experience as aand general business operations. He came to NRG from the law leader and scholar at one of the nation’s most prestigious researchfirm of Hunton & Williams where he served as Partner in Charge universities. He began at MIT as a student, earning a Bachelor ofof their energy practice. He has more than 15 years of experience Science in Civil Engineering, a Master of Science in Civil Engineeringrepresenting issuers, developers, investors and lenders in a wide and a Ph.D. in Transportation Systems Analysis. He joined the facultyvariety of U.S. and cross-border energy projects and structured in 1975 as assistant professor of civil engineering and rose through thefinancings. His legal expertise includes supporting various ranks, serving twice as chair of the faculty and then as dean of graduatedevelopment projects and financings including coal- and gas-fired education since 2007 and as vice chancellor since 2008. His awardspower plants, transmission lines, gas storage facilities, waste-to-energy and honors have included the Advisor of the Year Award from thefacilities, water treatment facilities and renewable energy projects. National Association of Graduate and Professional Students, the MaseehMr. Murphy has a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Harvard College Teaching Award for best departmental teacher and the Class of 1922and a Law Degree from the George Washington University. Distinguished Professorship.
  11. 11. Minh Le Carl Lenox Minh Le is the Chief Engineer of the Solar Carl Lenox is a principal engineer in technology Energy Technologies Program within the for SunPower Corporation and currently leads Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable a cross-functional team that is addressing the Energy at the US Department of Energy. challenges of integrating photovoltaic power The Solar Energy Technologies Program plants into the utility system. He has spent represents and provides the national more than ten years in the solar industry in programmatic expertise in solar energy diverse roles, including product development to support the formulation and execution and certification; codes and standardsof national energy policies. Secretary Chu recently announced development; performance modeling; and testing and reliability.a new initiative called SunShot, aimed at helping make solar energy Lenox holds three U.S. patents with numerous applications pending.competitive with fossil fuels without subsidies by the end of the Mr. Lenox earned a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the Universitydecade. Minh helps manage and balance the portfolio of Research, of California San Diego.Development, Demonstration, and Deployment programs inachieving our national goals.Prior to his current role at the DOE, Minh spent his career in industrydeveloping technologies and scaling new technologies to highvolume manufacturing. Most recently, he was at Evergreen Solarwhere he managed the team that developed the Quad StringRibbon Silicon wafer technology. He served on the Boardof Directors of a Design For Manufacturing startup and has adviseda number of other high technology startups. Minh earned his SBand SM degrees from MIT where he held fellowships by the DoD,DoE, and the Bose Foundation.
  12. 12. Stuart Licht Randall Packer Dr. Licht is Professor of Chemistry in The Dr. Randall Packer is Associate Dean for Special George Washington University Columbian Projects at the Columbian College of Arts and College of Arts and Sciences and is a founding Sciences at the George Washington University, member of the GWU Institute of Basic Energy and serves as Scientific Director for the GW Science and Technology. His current research Solar Institute. He is a Professor of Biology focuses on the generation of fuels from and also serves on the faculty of graduate sunlight, and he has published numerous programs in Environmental Resource Policy articles on the subject, which have been and Molecular Medicine. He received his Ph.D.featured in the Journal of Physical Chemistry. in Zoology from the Pennsylvania State University and has served as a visiting scientist in the Laboratory of Kidney and ElectrolytePrior to coming to the George Washington University, Dr. Licht served Metabolism, Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; The National Institutesas a Program Director in the Chemistry Division of the National of Health (Bethesda, Md); The Laboratory of Comparative Respiration,Science Foundation. He also held professor positions at Technion Bristol University (Bristol, England); and the Department of Zoology,Israel Institute of Technology, Clark University, and the University of University of British Columbia (Vancouver, BC). His research interestsMassachusetts, Boston, where he served as Chair of the Chemistry include mammalian renal physiology as well as ion balance,Department from 2003 to 2006. respiration and acid-base balance in other vertebrates, especiallyDr. Licht earned his doctorate from the Weizmann Institute of Science as affected by acid pollution and temperature.and a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and a master’s in physics from Dr. Packer’s work has appeared in Science, Journal of theWesleyan University. American Society of Nephrology, American Journal of Physiology,. Kidney International, Physiological Reviews, and the Journal of Experimental Biology.
  13. 13. Richard Perez Bill Powers Richard Perez is a Research Professor at the Mr. Powers is a registered professional University at Albany’s Atmospheric Sciences engineer in California with over 25 years of Research Center, where he directs applied experience in the energy and environmental research and teaches in the fields of solar fields. He is involved in siting distributed radiation, and solar energy applications, PV plants and has permitted numerous and daylighting. He holds a Master and peaking gas turbine, microturbine, and a Doctorate in Atmospheric Sciences engine cogeneration plants in California. (University of Paris and SUNY-Albany) and Mr. Powers organized the first U.S. conferencean Undergraduate Degree in Electrotechnics (University of Nice, focused exclusively on dry cooling systems for power plants inFrance). Noted contributions to the field of solar energy include; 2002. He is the author of the October 2007 strategic energy plan,identifying the potential of photovoltaic power generation to “San Diego Smart Energy 2020,” for the San Diego region. The planmeet the electrical power demand of large cities in nontraditional uses California’s Energy Action Plan as the template for acceleratedsolar regions such as the northeastern United States; and, the introduction of local distributed renewable and combined heat anddevelopment solar radiation models which have been incorporated power resources to reduce GHG emissions from power generationin standard solar energy and daylighting calculation practice in the San Diego region by 50 percent by 2020. Mr. Powers servedaround the world. as an expert witness in a landmark California Energy Commission proceeding where the Commission determined urban PV couldPerez has produced over 200 journal articles, conference papers potentially serve as a cost-effective alternative to conventionaland technical reports and holds two US patents on methods of gas turbine peaking power. He has written articles on the strategicload management using photovoltaics. He has received several cost and reliability advantages of local PV over large-scale, remote,international awards including a Certificate for Outstanding transmission-dependent renewable resources. Mr. Powers has aResearch from the USDOE, Best Published Article from the B.S. in mechanical engineering from Duke University and an M.P.H.International Solar Energy Society, and the American Solar Energy in environmental sciences from the UNC–Chapel Hill.Society’s highest award, the Charles Greeley Abbot Award. Herecently received the 2008 Solar Industry Professional of the YearAward from the New York Solar Energy Industries Association.
  14. 14. Elizabeth Singleton James Sites Elizabeth Singleton is the Global Business Dr. Sites studies the device physics of Development Leader for Energy & Climate CdTe and CIGS thin-film solar cells. His Change at The Dow Chemical Company. photovoltaics lab makes precision electrical In this role, Elizabeth is responsible for and optical measurements on solar cells identifying innovative business opportunities fabricated by several partners in the U.S. that help Dow minimize its own energy and abroad. The goals are to separate the footprint as well as developing new solutions various solar-cell losses, to explain the losses for the energy marketplace through Dow’s on a fundamental basis, and to suggestcurrent product portfolio and expertise. strategies for improved solar–cell performance.Elizabeth joined Dow in 2008 as a Sustainability Leader to work on Professor Sites has an increasing leadership role in the thin–filmDow’s 2015 Sustainability Goal: Breakthroughs to World Challenges, solar–cell community. He has published 150 papers, includingwhere she was responsible for designing a new strategy for goal being co-author of the chapter on CdTe in the Handbook ofimplementation. Prior to her current position, she helped establish Photovoltaic Science and Engineering. 26 of his students haveDow’s Government Markets Group, building relationships with key completed the Ph.D., and many are active in the U.S. PV community.government agencies, seeking support for Dow initiatives, anddeveloping new channels to government purchasing programs.Her early career was spent working in international developmentin East Africa where she was the inaugural Coordinator for theTanzania Natural Resource Forum, a civil society network focusedon sustainable natural resource management.
  15. 15. Scott Sklar Simon Watson Scott Sklar is President of The Stella Group, Simon Watson is the Director of Utility a strategic marketing and policy firm for clean Market Strategy at SunEdison, based in their distributed energy users and companies. Maryland headquarters. He is responsible for The firm specializes in blending technologies product development and market strategy for and financing for projects, assisting companies the North American utility business segment. to scale-up market penetration, and facilitating Prior to joining SunEdison he was General federal and state polices to expand markets. Manager of Tetronics Ventures LLC, a thermal He joined the company full-time as its plasma technology and investment company President in 2000. and has held senior positions in management consulting firms, including Accenture and Navigant Consulting, advising a wideFor fifteen years, he was simultaneously the Executive Director of range of US and international utility businesses on strategy andthe Solar Energy Industries Association and the National BioEnergy regulatory matters. He began his career as an economist at BritishIndustries Association. Sklar also served as Political Director of the Aerospace plc and then at British Energy plc, the nuclear generator,Solar Lobby, formed by several national environmental groups, and where he also served as the company’s representative to theco-founded the Congressional Solar Coalition, which helped drive European Union in Brussels.legislation for renewables in the 1970s. His coauthored book,A Consumer Guide to Solar Energy, was re-released for its third Simon is a graduate of the University of Liverpool and the Londonprinting, and his co-authored book, The Forbidden Fuel: Power School of Economics.Alcohol in the Twentieth Century, was updated and re-releasedin early 2010 by University of Nebraska Press.Sklar serves on and chairs numerous industry and non-profitboards. Sklar will join GW in September 2010 to teach a courseon sustainable energy within the Columbian College of Artsand Sciences.
  16. 16. Kathy Weiss Ken Zweibel Kathy is a Vice President of Federal Ken Zweibel has almost 30 years experience Government Affairs and is responsible for in solar photovoltaics. During his 26 years at managing the company’s interests before the National renewable Energy Lab (NREL), Congress and within the Administration. Zweibel led their development of thin film She also serves on various trade and business PV, serving as program leader for the Thin associations, including the Solar Energy Film PV Partnership Program until 2006. The Industry Association’s Board of Directors. Thin Film Partnership worked with most First Solar manufactures solar modules U.S. stakeholders in thin film PV (companies,with an advanced thin film semiconductor process and provides universities, scientists) and is often credited with being importantcomprehensive system solutions that significantly reduce solar to the success of thin film PV in the U.S. Zweibel subsequentlyelectricity costs. cofounded and became Chairman and President of a thin film CdTe PV start-up, PrimeStar Solar, a majority of which has been purchasedPrior to joining First Solar, Kathy worked for Centex Corporation, by General Electric. Zweibel authored the “Solar Grand Plan,”a leading national homebuilder. As Vice President, Government an article appearing in Scientific American (January 2008).& Public Affairs, Kathy managed federal, state and local legislativeand regulatory issues affecting the company. Kathy was also Since July 2008, Zweibel has been Director of the Solar Institute atresponsible for managing the Centex Political Action Committee The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. The Instituteas well as representing Centex within various trade and business conducts research into the economic, technical, and public policyassociations. issues associated with the development and deployment of solar energy to meet global energy and environmental challenges.Prior to joining Centex, Kathy worked for MeadWestvaco, a global Zweibel has been on the Steering Committee of the “DOE Solarpaper and packaging company, holding management positions Vision” since June 2009, when it began an effort to developin Government Relations and Investor Relations during her tenure. a deployment plan for solar through 2030. Zweibel also keepsKathy has an undergraduate degree in economics from UCLA and an active blog on solar energy, thesolarreview.org.a master’s degree in political management from the GraduateSchool of Political Management at the George Washington University.
  17. 17. Printed on recycled paper made with process-chlorine-free 100% post-consumer waste fiber, manufactured with electricity generated by wind power. G42042
  18. 18. The George WashingtonUniversity Solar Instituteresearches the economic,technical, and public policyissues associated with thedevelopment and deploymentof solar energy to meetglobal energy needs andenvironmental challenges.

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